Minimum Performance Standard for Parts 23, 27, and 29 Aircraft Wheels, Brakes, and Wheel and Brake Assemblies
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) prescribes the Minimum Performance Standards (MPS) for wheel, brake, and wheel and brake assemblies to be used on aircraft certificated under 14 CFR Parts 23, 27, and 29. Compliance with this specification is not considered approval for installation on any aircraft.
Substantiation of Power Available and Inlet Distortion Compliance for Rotorcraft Inlet Barrier Filter Installations
This Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) identifies and defines methods of compliance to power available and inlet distortion requirements for rotorcraft with Inlet Barrier Filter (IBF) installations. The advisory material developed therein may be used as acceptable methods of compliance for determining power assurance, establishing power available, and for substantiating acceptable engine inlet distortion for IBF installations. It is agreed to treat dust, ice, salt water & snow as contaminants to IBF for the purpose of establishing power available and distortion. Flight in known icing will be addressed in ARP6901.
The information presented in this AIR is intended to provide information about current remote identification methods and practical considerations for remotely identifying UAS. Depending on rigor and adherence requirements, Aerospace Standard (AS) and Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) documents may be developed. For example, ARPs may provide methods to remotely identify UAS using existing hardware technologies typically available to most consumers. ARPs may also specify the information exchange and message format between unmanned aerial systems and remote interrogation instruments. An AS, however, may highlight the wireless frequency band, message type, message encoding bits, and message contents.
This recommended practice describes common definitions and operational elements of Event Data Recorders. The SAE J1698 series of documents consists of the following: SAE J1698-1 - Event Data Recorder - Output Data Definition; Provides common data output formats and definitions for a variety of data elements that may be useful for analyzing vehicle crash and crash-like events that meet specified trigger criteria. SAE J1698-2 - Event Data Recorder - Retrieval Tool Protocol; Utilizes existing industry standards to identify a common physical interface and define the protocols necessary to retrieve records stored by light duty vehicle Event Data Recorders (EDRs). SAE J1698-3 - Event Data Recorder - Compliance Assessment; Defines procedures that may be used to validate that relevant EDR output records conform with the reporting requirements specified in Part 563, Table 1 during the course of FMVSS-208, FMVSS-214 and other applicable vehicle level crash testing.
Recommended Environmental Practices for Electronic Equipment Design in Heavy-Duty Vehicle Applications
The scope of this Recommended Practice encompasses the range of environments which influence the performance and reliability of the electronic equipment designed for heavy duty on and off road vehicles, as well as any appropriate stationary applications which also use these vehicle derived components. A few examples of such vehicles are on and off highway trucks, trailers, buses, construction equipment, and agricultural equipment including implements.
xEVs involved in incidents present unique hazards associated with the high voltage system (including the battery system). These hazards can be grouped into 3 categories: chemical, electrical, and thermal. The potential consequences can vary depending on the size, configuration and specific battery chemistry. Other incidents may arise from secondary events such as garage fires and floods. These types of incidents are also considered in the recommended practice (RP). This RP aims to describe the potential consequences associated with hazards from xEVs and suggest common procedures to help protect emergency responders, tow and/or recovery, storage, repair, and salvage personnel after an incident has occurred with an electrified vehicle. Industry design standards and tools were studied and where appropriate, suggested for responsible organizations to implement.
SAE J1942, developed through the cooperative efforts of the U.S. Coast Guard and SAE, became effective August 28, 1991, as the official document for nonmetallic flexible hose assemblies for commercial marine use. This SAE Standard covers specific requirements for several styles of hose and/or hose assemblies in systems on board commercial vessels inspected and certificated by the U.S. Coast Guard. It is intended that this document establish hose constructions and performance levels that are essential to safe operations in the marine environment. Refer to SAE J1273 for selection, installation, and maintenance of hose and hose assemblies. Refer to SAE J1527 Marine Fuel Hose for hose to convey gasoline or diesel fuel aboard small craft, including pleasure craft and related small commercial craft regulated directly or by reference under 33 CFR 183 Subpart J, and boats and yachts meeting American Boat and Yacht Council standards.
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) specifies the testing methods to be used to substantiate performance of air cargo containers, pallets and nets (Unit Load Devices) for airworthiness approval in accordance with NAS 3610 or AS36100.
This document will provide recommendations to vehicle manufacturers and component suppliers in securing the SAE J1939-13 connector interface from the cybersecurity risks posed by the existence of this connector.
This recommended practice prescribes clear and consistent labeling methodology for communicating important xEV high voltage safety information. Examples of such information include identifying key high voltage system component locations and high voltage disabling points. These recommendations are based on current industry best practices identified by the responder community. Although this recommended practice is written for xEVs with high voltage systems, these recommendations can be applied to any vehicle type.
This is a joint SAE/EUROCAE development. This document will be released as both an SAE Aerospace Specification (AS) and a EUROCAE Minimum Aviation System Performance Standard (MASPS). This document defines the technical requirements for the safe integration of gaseous hydrogen fueled Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell Systems (FCS) within the aircraft. Most of the technical concepts and approaches covered by this document represent current industry "best practice". Others require specific approval from the procuring activity before use. This requirement for approval is not intended to prohibit their use; but rather to ensure that the prime contractor has fully investigated their capability to perform reliably and to be sufficiently durable under the required conditions and that the prime contractor can present substantiating evidence for approval before the design is committed to.
The scope and purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to provide a classification system for deformation sustained by trucks involved in collisions on the highway. Application of the document is limited to medium trucks, heavy trucks, and articulated combinations.1 The TDC classifies collision contact deformation, as opposed to induced deformation, so that the deformation is segregated into rather narrow limits or categories. Studies of collision deformation can then be performed on one or many data banks with assurance that data under study are of essentially the same type.2 Many of the features of the SAE J224 MAR80 have been retained in this document, although the characters within specific columns vary. Each document must therefore be applied to the appropriate vehicle type. It is also important to note that the Truck Deformation Classification (TDC) does not identify specific vehicle configurations and body types.
Hose Assembly, Polytetrafluoroethylene, Para-Aramid Reinforced, 5080 psi (35000 kPa), 275 °F (135 °C), Aircraft Hydraulic Systems
This document defines the requirements for polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) lined, para-aramid reinforced, hose assemblies suitable for use in 275 °F (135 °C), 5080 psi (35000 kPa) aircraft hydraulic systems.
Ambulance Modular Body Evaluation-Quasi-Static Loading for Type I and Type III Modular Ambulance Bodies
This SAE Recommended Practice describes the test procedures for conducting quasi-static modular body strength tests for ambulance applications. Its purpose is to establish recommended test practices which standardize the procedure for Type I and Type III bodies, provide ambulance builders and end-users with testing procedures and, where appropriate, provide acceptance criteria that, to a great extent, ensures the ambulance structure meets the same performance criteria across the industry. Descriptions of the test set-up, test instrumentation, photographic/video coverage, and the test fixtures are included.
The scope of this document is to: Provide a requirements document for RFID Tag Manufacturers to produce active RFID tags for the Aerospace industry. Identify the minimum performance requirements for active RFID tags to be used on or in close proximity to aircraft. Specify the test requirements specific to active RFID tags for aircraft use, in addition to RTCA DO-160 compliance requirements separately called out in this document. Identify existing standards applicable to active RFID Tag. Provide a certification standard for RFID tags which will use permanently-affixed installation on aircraft and aircraft parts. Battery standards are separately captured and not included in this document.
This standard specifies the characteristics of the SAE Linear Token Passing Bus (LTPB) Interface Unit. The LTPB provides a high reliability, high bandwidth, low latency serial interconnection network suitable for utilization in real time military and commercial applications. Multiple redundant data paths can be implemented to enhance reliability and survivability in those applications which require these attributes. The token passing and data exchange protocols are optimized to provide low latency and fast failure detection and correction. Physical configurations with bus lengths up to 1000 m can be accommodated. This specification defines the following: General Description (3.1): An overview of the LTPB protocol. Physical Media Interface (3.2): This portion of the standard defines the physical interface to both optical and electrical bus media.
This document was developed to provide a method of obtaining repeatable measurements that accurately reflects the performance of a propulsion electric drive subsystem, whose output is used in an electrified vehicle regardless of complexity or number of energy sources. The purpose is to provide a familiar and easy-to-understand performance rating. Whenever there is an opportunity for interpretation of the document, a good faith effort shall be made to obtain the typical in-service performance and characteristics and avoid finding the best possible performance under the best possible conditions. Intentional biasing of operating parameters or assembly tolerances to optimize performance for this test shall not be considered valid results in the scope of this document.
This SAE Standard provides design parameters and general requirements for motorcycle turn signal lamps. It does not apply to mopeds.
This SAE information report covers the basic guidelines concerning off-road tire conditions that warrant replacement, removal, or repair. This material can assist the tire user in establishing specific written procedures for each job site.
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to S-CAM, Wedge, and Disc air brake actuators where the stroke can be measured without disassembly from the brake.
This SAE Recommended Practice identifies the minimum truck tractor electrical power output of the stop lamp and ABS (antilock brake system) circuits measured at the primary SAE J560 tractor trailer interface connector(s).
This SAE Recommended Practice pertains to liquid level determination for any fluid compartment of off-road work machines as defined in SAE J1116 and ISO 6165.
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended to describe the application of single-phase DC to AC inverters, and bidirectional inverter/chargers, which supply power to ac loads in Class heavy duty on-highway trucks (10K GVW). The document identifies appropriate operating performance requirements and adds some insight into inverter selection. This document applies to factory and after-market installed DC-to-AC inverter systems (Including inverter chargers) providing up 3000 W of 120 VAC line-voltage power as a convenience for operator and passenger use. Such inverters are intended to power user loads not essential to vehicle Operation or safety (e.g., HVAC, TV, microwave ovens, battery chargers for mobile phones or laptop computers, audio equipment, etc.). Systems incorporate the inverter itself as well as the input, output, control, and signal wiring associated with the inverter.
This document recommends criteria and requirements for a Final Approach Spacing System (FASS) for transport aircraft. This is an Aerospace Recommended Practice to support the development of a Final Approach Spacing System (FASS) for Approach Spacing for Instrument Approaches (ASIA) operations.
This document recommends design criteria for the Flight Deck Alerting System. The FAS shall enhance safety of flight by providing early crew recognition of aircraft system or component status or malfunction as well as of crew operational error. The FAS, therefore, relates to aircraft configuration and flight phase as well as the aircraft systems. To fulfill this objective, the FAS must attract the attention of the crew, must state with clarity the nature and location of the problem, and must be highly reliable and thoroughly responsive to the operational requirements and environment. Wherever possible, it should provide guidance as to the corrective action.
ARP6283/1 In-Service Fiber Optic Inspection, Evaluation and Cleaning, Best Practices, Expanded Beam Termini
Provide user information on best practice methods and processes for the in-service inspection, evaluation and cleaning of expanded beam fiber optic interconnect components, test equipment, and test leads based on the information provided in AIR6031. This document provides the user with a decision making tool to be able to determine if the fiber optic components are acceptable for operation with expanded beam fiber optic termini.
ARP6283/2 In-Service Fiber Optic Inspection, Evaluation and Cleaning, Best Practices, Multi-Fiber Termini
Provide user information on best practice methods and processes for the in-service inspection, evaluation and cleaning of expanded beam fiber optic interconnect components, test equipment, and test leads based on the information provided in AIR6031. This document provides the user with a decision making tool to be able to determine if the fiber optic components are acceptable for operation with multi-fiber fiber optic termini.
This SAE Recommended Practice describes the test procedures for conducting frontal impact restraint system tests for heavy truck applications. Its purpose is to establish recommended test procedures that will standardize restraint system testing for heavy trucks. Descriptions of the test set-up, test instrumentation, photographic/video coverage, and the test fixtures are included.
This SAE standard applies to horizontal earthboring machines (SAE J2022) of the following types: Auger boring machines; Rod pushers; Rotary rod machines; Impact machines. This document does not apply to specialized horizontal directional drills, mining machines, conveyors, tunnel boring machines, pipe jacking systems, micro tunnelers, or well drilling machines.
This SAE Information Report establishes use cases for a Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) communicating with an Energy Management System (EMS) as a Distributed Energy Resource (DER) which must be supported by SAE J2847/3. This document also provides guidance for updates to SAE J2847/2 to allow an inverter in an EVSE to use the PEV battery when operating together as either a DER or as a power source for loads which are not connected in parallel with the utility grid. Beyond these two specific communication objectives, this document is also intended to serve as a broad guide to the topic of reverse power flow.