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Viewing 1 to 30 of 2611
Technical Paper
2014-05-09
John O. Manyala, Todd W. Fritz
Electro-hydraulic actuated systems are widely used in industrial applications due to high torque density, higher speeds and wide bandwidth operation. However, the complexities and the parametric uncertainties of the hydraulic actuated systems pose challenges in establishing analytical mathematical models. Unlike electro-mechanical and pneumatic systems, the nonlinear dynamics due to dead band, hysteresis, nonlinear pressure flow relations, leakages and friction affects the pressure sensitivity and flow gain by altering the system's transient response, which can introduce asymmetric oscillatory behavior and a lag in the system response. The parametric uncertainties make it imperative to have condition monitoring with in-built diagnostics capability. Timely faults detection and isolation can help mitigate catastrophic failures. This paper presents a signal-based fault diagnostic scheme for a gearbox hydraulic actuator leakage detection using the wavelet transform. The novelty of the work is the development of a high fidelity leakage fault detection as low as 0.128 lit/min.
Technical Paper
2014-05-09
Byeong wook Jeon, Sang-Hwan Kim
This study was conducted to develop and validate a multidimensional measure of shift quality as perceived by drivers during kick-down shift events for automatic transmission vehicles. As part of the first study, a survey was conducted among common drivers to identify primary factors used to describe subjective gear-shifting qualities. A factor analysis on the survey data revealed four semantic subdimensions. These subdimensions include responsiveness, smoothness, unperceivable, and strength. Based on the four descriptive terms, a measure with semantic scales on each subdimension was developed and used in an experiment as the second study. Twelve participants drove and evaluated five vehicles with different gear shifting patterns. Participants were asked to make kick-down events with two different driving intentions (mild vs. sporty) across three different speeds on actual roadway (local streets and highway). After each event, participants were asked to complete the rating of the four descriptive terms as well as a comprehensive rating on the gear-shifting event.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Hiroko Ohtani, Khaled Zreik, Edgar Steigerwald, Martin Knaffel, Robert Neumann, Gordon P. Small, Gregory Mordukhovich, Tracey E. King
Under the initiative of The United States Council for Automotive Research LLC (USCAR) [1], we have developed and run comprehensive friction tests of dual clutch transmission fluids (DCTFs). The focus of this study is to quantify the anti-shudder durability over a simulated oil life of 75,000 shifts. We have evaluated six DCT fluids, including 2 fluids with known field shudder performance. Six different tests were conducted using a DC motor-driven friction test machine (GK test bench): 1. Force Controlled Continuous Slip, 2. Dynamic Friction, 3. Speed controlled Acceleration-Deceleration, 4. Motor-torque controlled Acceleration-Deceleration, 5. Static Friction, and 6. Static Break-Away. The test fluids were aged (with the clutch system) on the test bench to create a realistic aging of the entire friction system simultaneously. The Force Controlled Continuous Slip mode has demonstrated a correlation with anti-shudder performance in the field, whereas other tests revealed important properties such as torque capacity and shift qualities.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Darrell Robinette
This paper presents a methodology to represent automatic transmission clutch-to-clutch shift dynamics with a two degree of freedom, lumped inertia model. The method of reducing the automatic transmission to a lumped, two inertia model as a function of shift and input shaft acceleration is detailed using a full kinematic representation of the automatic transmission. For a given clutch-to-clutch shift maneuver there are two dependent equations that utilize the two lumped inertias and represent the response of the transmission system from input to output shaft. Applicability of the method is shown for planetary automatic and layshaft dual clutch transmissions. Typical clutch-to-clutch shift maneuvers are illustrated with the two inertia model for power on upshifts and downshifts. The simplification of automatic transmission shift dynamics using this method enables rapid synthesis of a given transmission powerflow for estimation of shift quality potential, required clutching torques, inertia phase engine torque intervention and output torque through all phases of a shift event.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Matija Hoic, Nenad Kranjcevic, Zvonko Herold, Josko Deur, Vladimir Ivanovic
Clutch wear is dominantly manifested as the reduction of friction plate thickness. For dry dual clutch with position-controlled electromechanical actuators this affects the accuracy of normal force control because of the increased clutch clearance. In order to compensate for the wear, dry dual clutch is equipped with wear compensation mechanism. The paper presents results of experimental characterization and mathematical modeling of two clutch wear related effects. The first one is the decrease of clutch friction plate thickness (i.e. increase of clutch clearance) which is described using friction material wear rate experimentally characterized using a pin-on-disc type tribometer test rig. The second wear related effect, namely the influence of the clutch wear compensation mechanism activation at various stages of clutch wear on main clutch characteristics, was experimentally characterized using a clutch test rig which incorporates entire clutch with related bell housing. Finally, the previously proposed and experimentally validated physical clutch model, which was focused on the clutch actuator and axial dynamics, is extended to capture both wear related effects as a further step towards a more comprehensive overall clutch dynamics model.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Jinning Li, Fan Luo, Yong Luo, Yunqing Zhang, Ming Jiang
Abstract This paper presents the dynamic and analysis models of a typical synchronizer, which are mainly used to analyze the sensitivity of parameters of synchronizer on the gear shift performance. Because there are so many parameters namely coefficient of friction, cone angle, mean radius, blocker angle, etc, affected the synchronizer performance, which the times of experience will increase in a geometrical ratio if tested them one by one, it is almost impossible to evaluate all parameters by experience alone. Due to virtual prototype technology, the synchronizer parameterized virtual models can be built for the synchronizer studies. The parameterized virtual models of the typical synchronizers are developed with ADAMS. Then the gear shift process is simulated and analyzed for the given input parameters respectively. The models also predict the shift time and the peak of the shift force, and the model is validated by the good correlation between simulation results and test data. Finally, this paper discusses the influence of the main parameters of synchronizer on the gear shift performance.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Yashodhan V. Joshi, Jordan E. Kelleher
In recent years, the focus on engine parasitic losses has increased as a result of the efforts to increase engine efficiency and reduce greenhouse gasses. The engine gear train, used to time the valve system and drive auxiliary loads, contributes to the overall engine parasitic losses. Anti-backlash gears are often used in engine gear trains to reduce gear rattle noise resulting from the torsional excitation of the gear train by the engine output torque. Friction between sliding surfaces at the gear tooth is a major source of power loss in gear trains. The effect of using anti-backlash gears on the gear friction power loss is not well known. As a part of the effort to reduce parasitic losses, the increase in friction power loss in the Cummins ISX 15 gear train due to the anti-backlash gear was quantitatively determined by modifying the methods given in ISO 14179-2 to fit the anti-backlash gear sub-assembly. A test case with a two gear mesh arrangement was designed for the purpose of validating the analysis by rig testing.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Joseph Y. Chen
The planetary gear train has been used as a core element for most of automatic transmissions (AT) due to its unique advantages: such as high power density, lower noise level, lower support bearing cost, and easier for mass production, compare to lay shaft or other types. In particularly, when multiple-pinion (MP) arrangement is used to accommodate flexible packaging design specifications. However, the planetary gear train does inherit a critical limit that is the lack of flexibility on gear ratio selection, because it needs to comply with certain constraints on tooth combination to meet gear train installation for assembly, load sharing for durability and phasing arrangement for noise concerns. To fully take the MP advantages for AT transmission applications, while increase the gear ratio selection was the primary motivation that prompted us to seek for some potential solutions on the MP arrangement. This report will provide the method for the proposed approach, and also reveal some of the associated assessment results.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Yoshiharu Inaguma, Naohito Yoshida
Abstract This article describes the friction torque caused by pushing vanes on a cam contour and its influence on a variation of pump driving torque in a balanced vane pump. In the vane pump, the friction torque of the vane is significant to discuss a variation in the driving torque as well as an improvement in the mechanical efficiency. In this work, the influence of the thickness of a vane and the number of vanes on the friction torque of the vane and their additional effect on the variation in the pump driving torque are theoretically and experimentally investigated. The friction torque of the vane occupies a large part of the total friction torque in the vane pump and strongly depends on the number of vanes existing in a suction area as well as the thickness of the vane. The variation in the pump driving torque is composed of the variation of the ideal torque and that of the friction torque of the vane. The former is determined by vane arrangement in the suction area, and the latter is caused by a change in the number of vanes in the suction area.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Gary L. Anderson, Pete G. Imbrogno
Abstract Improved Power Density through Use of Powder-Forged Helical Gears in Transmissions. With the continuing mileage improvement requirements, increasing power density is an important economic consideration in new vehicle design. This paper describes the power density improvement available through reduced grain size and inclusion levels that are typically found in wrought materials. The powder forged process is similar to tool steel manufacturing rather than wrought steel manufacturing in that powder is used to manufacture the gear resulting in smaller inclusions than typically found in wrought steel.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Miguel De la Cruz, Stephanos Theodossiades
Abstract In this paper, a direct correlation between transmission gear rattle experiments and numerical models is presented, particularly focusing on the noise levels (dB) measured from a single gear pair test rig. The rig is placed in a semi-anechoic chamber environment to aid the noise measurements and instrumented with laser vibrometers, accelerometers and free field microphones. The input torsional velocity is provided by an electric motor, which is controlled by a signal generator, aiming to introduce an alternating component onto the otherwise nominal speed; thus, emulating the engine orders found in an internal combustion engine. These harmonic irregularities are conceived to be the triggering factor for gear rattle to occur. Hence, the rig is capable of running under rattling and non-rattling conditions. The numerical model used accounts for the gear pair's torsional dynamics, lubricated impacts between meshing teeth and bearing friction. The results show that rattle is indeed triggered by the governing engine orders present in the transmission's primary input shaft.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Marco Mammetti, Marina Roche Arroyos
Abstract Over recent years IDIADA has developed several prototype electric vehicles as well as testing a number of electric powertrain configurations. Generally the electric motor output shaft delivers the torque to the transmission under a considerable level of high-frequency load variation and with noticeable torque irregularities that must be smoothed out in order to fulfill general NVH targets. This paper deals with the development phase of a prototype vehicle in which a specific testing activity was carried out to improve the overall NVH behavior of the powertrain. For this purpose, the mechanism of energy transference from the current to the motor and from the motor to the downstream driveline components was deeply characterized. The activity was aimed at smoothing the abrupt change in torque delivery and limiting the transfer of torque irregularities from the motor to the transmission. The torque control software calibration and the driveline elements were developed in order to reduce the noise and vibration critical frequency ranges.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Ewan Pritchard, Richard Gould, Richard Johnson
Abstract The introduction of parallel post transmission hybrid electric vehicles has demonstrated a limitation of previous mathematical models of the hydraulic torque converter. Earlier models developed by Hrovat and Tobler (2) and Kotwicki (4) in the 1980's only covered the cases of the below coupled and coupled states without anticipating the need to analyze the converter in the overrunning case. This study develops the relations for the overrunning case, allowing the reader to establish accurate predictions or computer simulations of the flow, torque, and speeds that will be result in the case of a post transmission hybrid system. Without additional measures, these post transmission hybrid systems will generate large fluid losses in the torque converter.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Xingxing Zhou, Paul Walker, Nong Zhang, Bo Zhu, Jiageng Ruan
Abstract This paper mainly studies the power losses in a refined two-speed dual clutch transmission which is equipped in a electric vehicle test rig. Both numerical and experimental investigations are carried out. After theoretical analysis of the power losses original sources, the developed model is implemented into simulation code to predict the power losses. In order to validate the effectiveness of the proposed model, results from experimental test are used to compare the difference the simulation and test. The simulation and test result agree well with each other. Results show that the power losses in the two-speed are mainly generated by multi-plate wet clutch drag torque and gear churning loss.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Sandeep Mahadev Jadhav
Abstract Objective of this research is to reduce gear rattle and whine noise. Study includes measurement of noise, vibration on transmission for source identification in order to eliminate rattle, whine through optimization of gear design and clutch damper performance. In order to optimize, we measured transmission torsional vibration and analyzed for proper selection of clutch dampers to reduce engine vibration transfer function to transmission. Through Noise & Vibration FFT, order and color map analysis we identified noise sources and further scope for specific gears design improvement. Hence test methodology adopted for development of gears and clutch damper successfully eliminated noise.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Sreenath K. Reghunath, Deepak Sharma, Ashwini S. Athreya
Abstract Availability of road navigation data and route pattern details to the vehicle controller allows the use of predictive algorithms to obtain optimal performance from the vehicle. Conventionally, in the automated transmissions, gear position values are decided from predefined maps depending on the load demand and vehicle velocity at that instant. Due to the instantaneous decisions taken to get the gear position, minor changes in terrain sometimes might cause multiple unwanted gear shifts. The paper presents the concept of predictive optimal gear shifting strategy, utilizing the route information from the vehicle navigation system and vehicle state. Route terrain information is processed to analyze the vehicle behavior at future route gradient segments. Several categories of vehicle behavior are identified and at each decision point, the driving state is classified into one of these categories. Each category of vehicle driving state has an associated predefined shift behavior calculated for optimal fuel economy and vehicle dynamics for that particular state.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Yao Fu, Yulong Lei, Ke Liu, Yuanxia Zhang, Huabing Zeng
Abstract In a traditional shift control strategy, the gear range is selected based on the throttle opening and the vehicle speed. The disadvantage of two-parameter based system is that the shift map is lack of adaptability in certain special conditions. The driving environment and the true intentions of the drivers are not fully taken into account by the shift control system. Therefore, improving the feasibility of the shift control strategy for the true intentions of the driver and driving environment is of great significance. Under braking conditions, Automatic transmission shift map with two parameters is unable to use engine braking effectively, which affects the drivability and safety of vehicles greatly. This paper presents a newly developed shift control strategy under braking conditions. First of all, the necessity of engine braking was analyzed. Then, this paper proposed a shift control strategy based on fuzzy inference of braking duration, load, braking deceleration and the vehicle speed.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Alex O. Gibson, Brad VanDerWege, Steven Wooldridge, Peter C. Moilanen, Seunghoon Lee
Abstract Stop/Start technology for conventional automatic transmissions has recently received considerable attention in the automotive industry due to the potential fuel economy, and CO2 emission reduction, benefit at minimal cost. Stop/Start was first developed for manual transmission applications in the EU and Japanese markets. When stop/start is applied to any automatic transmission powertrain the powertrain control challenge is to restart the engine in a manner that simultaneously minimizes the delay in transferring torque to the driven wheel(s) and provides a consistently smooth launch feel with low NVH. It has recently been shown that stop/start can be added to a gas engine powertrain with a conventional torque converter automatic transmission while achieving the desired launch characteristics with minimal change to the powertrain hardware and cost. This paper describes some of the powertrain control challenges that were addressed in the development of a stop/start system for conventional torque converter based automatic transmission applications.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Sriram Muralidharan, Suryanarayana A N Prasad
Abstract The transmission adapts the output of the internal combustion engine to the drive wheels. For maximizing fuel economy and minimizing emissions, it is recommended to perform the integrated control of engine, motor and transmission by using an automated transmission. Further, in crowded cities, driving with a manual transmission creates stress to the driver due to constant gear shifts and clutch control. Today, several automated transmissions are developed such as an Automatic Transmission (AT), a Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT). But these transmissions are expensive. In manual transmission, due to variations in driving skills, gear utilization is not always optimal. Automation of manual transmission can help us maintain efficiency and reduce driver fatigue in city driving conditions. This paper presents design and developmental steps involved in the automation of shift-select mechanism of a manual transmission and also supplement as a proof of concept.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Xiaofeng Yin, Yuan Zhong, Xiaohua Wu, Han Lu
Abstract The clutch-to-clutch gear-shift process of dual clutch transmission (DCT), which consists of the overlapping of the engagement of the incoming clutch and the disengagement of the outgoing clutch, is a vital stage for the shift quality improvement. The paper investigated an integrated control strategy for the gear-shift process that takes into account the influences of oil pressure of dual clutches and engine speed on shift quality. Firstly, the evaluation indices for the shift quality of DCT were summarized, and the factors affecting the shift quality were analyzed. Secondly, an integrated control strategy for dual clutches pressure and engine speed was proposed. Through analyzing the states of clutch in the gear-shift process and the desired traction torque for different gears, the strategies of variable oil pressure and invariable oil pressure were determined for every gear-shift process. Furthermore, a PID controller for engine speed and a fuzzy controller for clutch pressure were developed respectively.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Shaohua Sun, Shunbo Li, Yao Fu, Cheng Yang
Abstract In the electro-pneumatic automated mechanical transmission (AMT) system, the manufacturing, assembly, wear, replacement and other issues often lead to gear position change and some differences in various gears of transmission, which reduces the success rate and even results in abnormally working. To solve these problems, based on the intelligent control theories of fuzzy PI control, this research developed an intelligent self-learning system for the AMT gear position. This system contains the position initialization module after assembling (offline module) and the position correction module in use (online module). The system can automatically recognize gear position deviation and actively correct it, which improves the robustness of shift actuator. The precise control of shift actuator is the key of this self-learning system. However, due to the compressibility of air and uncertainty of external flexible dynamics, it is difficult to establish accurate models of the system in each stage, so conventional PID control methods have been unable to accurately control the position of shift cylinder.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Jiageng Ruan, Paul Walker
Abstract Regenerative braking energy recovery bears significance in extending the driving mileage of electric vehicles (EVs) while fulfilling real-time braking demands. Braking energy strategy plays a significant role in improving the regenerative braking performance and ensuring braking safety. This paper presents a regenerative braking energy recovery strategy for an example EV with a two-speed Dual Clutch Transmission (DCT). The two-speed DCT, with simple structure, can effectively extend the active vehicle speed-range for regenerative braking. Meanwhile, a shifting strategy is proposed for the DCT, working with the presented braking energy recovery strategy, to optimize the brake force distribution between front and rear wheels, motor and friction brake force. The EVs' model with the proposed regenerative braking strategy and the optimal shifting schedule was established and implemented in Matlab/Simulink. A testing rig based on an example EV was then set up in our laboratory to experimentally validate the proposed strategy.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Chao Jiang, Wenhua Huang, Weirong Fang, Jun Xin
To meet the requirements of low fuel consumption, good driving performance, vehicle packaging constraint, and manufacturing feasibility, a new wet dual clutch transmission family has been developed by SAIC Motor. This paper will provide a design overview of the transmission architecture, main characteristics, key subsystems and control strategies. The paper will also provide an overview of the development process, and the fuel economy benefit to the vehicle. The transmission family adopts compact layout of gears and shafts, wet dual clutch, hydraulic system for actuation of clutch and forks, integrated parking system, integrated fork and synchronizer system, etc. To achieve compact package target, a coaxial dual clutch with integrated damper system, two countershafts system, and optimized layout of gear system are adopted. The technical features for low fuel consumption include waved clutch plates, targeted cooling of wet clutch, optimized gear ratios, optimized control strategies. The technical features for high driving performance include optimized control on clutch pre-filling and clutch swap, close loop control on gear engagement, optimized control on different driving mode.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Amit Sandooja
Abstract In a transmission for Automobiles, the driver's comfort of smooth shifting and selection of gears is a major concern for the transmission designer. To achieve this comfort, lot of work and improvement has been done in the past few years and still some more improvements are in continuation by the automobile manufacturer. Apart from the smooth shifting and selection of gears while driving, the safety of the driver is also a major concern for the vehicle manufacturer. This paper relates to a safety Interlock mechanism of vehicle gear shifter selector lever to a drive position, until a predetermined condition is satisfied. There are various gear shift pattern exists in the vehicles, which depends upon the number of gears in the gearbox. Generally, two types of gear shift pattern are commonly used in commercial vehicles. 1st-2nd, 3rd- 4th, 5th-6th, Rev and Rev-1st, 2nd-3rd, 4th-5th, 6th. In the first type of gear shift pattern, neutral gear is placed in between 3rd-4th gear and reverse gear is separate.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Abhijeet Pingale
Advancements in engine technology have increased overall torque rating of engine and demanded further improvement in transmissions to sustain higher input torque. Conventional brass synchronizers have proved inadequate for these torque and gear inertia. It becomes necessary to use advanced material science and enhanced technology to synchronizer capabilities. Multi-cone compact synchronizer with carbon composite friction material technology has been tested successfully for these more demanding applications. This paper will focus on some of the key challenges in modern synchronized transmission, and way forward to address those. Some of the key areas delivering highest impact are being discussed. A combination of various techniques has enabled a significant reduction in overall transmission length along with enhancement in shift effort, life and overall performance.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Raunak Santosh, Vijayakumar Chekuri
Abstract Rapid growth in the Indian economy has led to new market trends for commercial vehicles. Customers now expect high levels of comfort from all tactile points in a truck cabin; the gear lever knob is frequently used and its reactions greatly influence how a driver perceives Gear Shift Quality (GSQ) and thereby vehicle quality. The subjectivity of human perception is difficult to measure objectively; therefore this paper represents an objective methodology to correlate customer feedback of gearshift reactions. For the attribute evaluation of a set of intermediate commercial vehicles; detailed subjective appraisals were conducted by expert level assessors for GSQ sub-attributes, and a consecutive objective measurement was performed to investigate and substantiate these vehicle assessments. Dynamic and Static testing techniques were used to measure GSQ parameters like efforts during gear shift/select, feel of different phases of gear engagement /selection, gate definitions and lever travels; this helped in formulating objective metrics that can be used to create a definition of GSQ in a vehicle segment and an objective methodology to assess the same.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Hiroyuki Kitajima, Takanori Ide, Juan Leiva, Brian Watson, Shrinivas Lankalapalli
Abstract A design process to improve the structural performance under contact conditions of automatic transmission of vehicles is presented. The proposed process uses newly developed nonlinear contact optimization techniques. Additionally, useful structural optimization techniques such as 3D topography and the beta method are described. As a demonstrative problem, we consider the improvement of a 6- speed AISIN FWD automatic transmission which is subjected to static loadings and nonlinear contact conditions.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Elana Chapman, Jill Cummings, Mark Winston-Galant
Abstract Corrosion inhibitors (CIs) have been used for years to protect the supply and distribution systems used for transportation of fuel from refineries. They are also used to buffer the potential organic acids present in an ethanol blended fuel to enhance storage stability. The impact of the types of inhibitors on spark-ignition engine fuel systems, specifically intake valve deposits, is known and presented in open literature. However, the relationship of the corrosion inhibitors to the powertrain intake valve deposit performance is not understood. This paper has two purposes: to present and discuss a survey of corrosion inhibitors and how they vary in concentration in the final blended fuel, specifically E85 (Ethanol Fuel Blends); and to show how variation in concentration of components of CIs and detergents impact intake valve deposit formation. Commercially available corrosion inhibitor packages and detergent packages for both gasoline and ethanol blended fuels, specifically E85 fuels (Ethanol Fuel Blends), were studied for their impact on intake valve deposit formation in a naturally aspirated port fuel injection (PFI) engine.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
V. Sundaram, Tharunnarayanan Arthanari, Sathish Kumar S
Abstract The performance of the Transmission Oil Cooler (TOC) is influenced significantly by the TOC plumbing lines which transmit the oil from transmission system to the oil cooler and back. Designing the optimum TOC plumbing line with lesser pressure drop is the need of the hour considering the complex nature of the vehicle packaging. Reducing the pressure drop increases the oil flow rate through the transmission which results in optimum performance. Improved transmission efficiency in turn shall improve the engine efficiency and performance. The improvements obtained from increased transmission and engine efficiency shall result in an overall increase in vehicle fuel economy. Optimization solutions are required in the early product development cycle where the components are not readily available and/or are prohibitively expensive to do testing. In such scenarios, one-dimensional (1D) simulations shall be employed to compute the pressure drop for faster and economical solutions. In this paper, the approach of creating a modeling tool for TOC plumbing line pressure drop is discussed.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Yao Fu, Yulong Lei, Sun Shaohua, Huabing Zeng, Ke Liu, Yuanxia Zhang
Abstract After the analysis of shift quality evaluation methods of stepped automatic transmission, the evaluation indexes of shift quality have been established based on power-on up-shift of DCT (dual clutch transmission). Shift quality objective evaluation method of DCT based on TOPSIS (Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution) model is proposed. Taking the ideal shift process as reference, the shift quality evaluation model based on absolute ideal solution is developed. A comparison with the subjective evaluations shows that the proposed method is in good agreement with the traditional subjective evaluation method. The TOPSIS model provides a new shift quality evaluation approach and thinking for stepped automatic transmission.
Viewing 1 to 30 of 2611