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Viewing 91 to 120 of 23424
2014-10-13
Journal Article
2014-01-2582
José Galindo, José Ramón Serrano, Pedro Piqueras, Javier Gómez
Abstract Calibration of internal combustion engines at different altitudes, above or below sea level, is important to improve engine performance and to reduce fuel consumption and emissions in these conditions. In this work, a flow test rig that reproduces altitude pressure variation is presented. The system stands out by its altitude range, compactness, portability and easy control. It is based on the use of turbomachinery to provide the target pressure to the engine intake and exhaust lines. The core of the system is composed of a variable geometry turbine (VGT) with a waste-gate (WG) and a mechanical compressor. Given a set of turbomachinery systems, the operation pressure and the air mass flow are controlled by the speed of the mechanical compressor and the VGT and WG position. A simple modification in the installation setup makes possible to change the operating mode from vacuum to overpressure.
2014-10-13
Technical Paper
2014-01-2559
Christopher Bannister
Abstract When evaluating the performance of new boosting hardware, it is a challenge to isolate the heat transfer effects inherent within measured turbine and compressor efficiencies. This work documents the construction of a lumped mass turbocharger model in the MatLab Simulink environment capable of predicting turbine and compressor metal and gas outlet temperatures based on measured or simulated inlet conditions. A production turbocharger from a representative 2.2L common rail diesel engine was instrumented to enable accurate gas and wall temperature measurements to be recorded under a variety of engine operating conditions. Initially steady-state testing was undertaken across the engine speed and load range in order that empirical Reynolds-Nusselt heat transfer relationships could be derived and incorporated into the model. Steady state model predictions were validated against further experimental data.
2014-10-13
Technical Paper
2014-01-2558
Qiyou Deng, Richard Burke
Abstract Current turbocharger models are based on characteristic maps derived from experimental measurements taken under steady conditions on dedicated gas stand facility. Under these conditions heat transfer is ignored and consequently the predictive performances of the models are compromised, particularly under the part load and dynamic operating conditions that are representative of real powertrain operations. This paper proposes to apply a dynamic mathematical model that uses a polynomial structure, the Volterra Series, for the modelling of the turbocharger system. The model is calculated directly from measured performance data using an extended least squares regression. In this way, both compressor and turbine are modelled together based on data from dynamic experiments rather than steady flow data from a gas stand. The modelling approach has been applied to dynamic data taken from a physics based model, acting as a virtual test cell.
2014-10-13
Technical Paper
2014-01-2811
Michal Vojtisek-Lom, Martin Pechout, Michael Fenkl
Abstract The paper focuses on portable “on-board” instrumentation and methods for evaluation of exhaust emissions from scooters and various small machinery under real-world driving conditions. Two approaches are investigated here. In one, a miniature on-board system mounted on the equipment itself performs online measurements of the concentrations of the pollutants of interest (HC, CO, CO2, NOx, some property of particulate matter), and measurement or computation of the intake air flow. This approach has been used on a 50 cm3 scooter fitted with a 14-kg on-board system and driven on local routes. Measured concentrations of gaseous compounds, particle mass and total particle length were multiplied with the corresponding intake air flow computed from measured engine rpm, intake air manifold pressure and temperature. In the second approach, a full-flow dilution tunnel, gas analyzers and particle measurement or sampling devices are mounted on an accompanying hand cart or vehicle.
2014-10-13
Journal Article
2014-01-2840
Juan J. Hernández, Rosario Ballesteros, Javier Barba, José Guillén-Flores
Abstract In order to reduce the pollutant emissions (NOx and PM) of diesel engines, the addition of small gaseous fuel amounts or dual mode operation have been proved as potential techniques. This paper is focused on a detailed characterization of the particles emitted from a single cylinder diesel engine when part of the diesel fuel (5 to 20% by energy) is replaced by a gaseous fuel (producer gas, mainly composed by H2, CO, CH4 and inert compounds) coming from biomass steam gasification. The engine was run at constant speed and torque and different EGR rates. Particle samples were collected by means of fiber glass filters placed in a dilution mini-tunnel. Simultaneously, during tests, part of the exhaust gas was conducted to an SMPS to determine the particle size distribution.
2014-10-08
Standard
ARP6200
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) describes the recommended tests and their associated test means for commercial aircraft hydraulic systems at the system level that are required to demonstrate compliance with the 14 CFR Part 25 and EASA CS 25 airworthiness regulations, and to show that the required level of maturity at the aircraft entry into service (EIS) has been achieved.
2014-10-08
Standard
AS5127/1C
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) describes test methods to determine the application and performance properties of two-component sealing compounds. It shall be used in conjunction with AS5127 and the applicable material specification. When modifications to these test methods are called out in material specifications, the material specification shall take precedence.
2014-10-06
WIP Standard
AS955A
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) covers high strength thin wall (commercial) metric sockets, universal metric sockets, metric box wrenches and metric torque adaptors which possess the strength, clearances, and internal wrenching design so configured that, when mated with 12 point fasteners conforming to the requirement of ISO 4095, they shall transmit torque to the fastener without bearing on the outer 5% of the fastener's wrenching points. This standard provides additional requirements beyond ASME B107.100 and B107.5M appropriate for aerospace use. Inclusion of dimensional data in this document is not intended to imply that all of the products described herein are stock production sizes. Consumers are requested to consult with manufacturers concerning lists of stock production sizes. The dimensional limits of box and combination wrench lengths have been established to provide configuration control for tool storage applications.
2014-10-06
WIP Standard
J2188
This SAE Recommended Practice takes into account modern standardized methods for collecting and summarizing data that has an effect on vehicle steady-state performance, such as engine output (gross and net), transmission losses, drivetrain efficiency, vehicle aerodynamic devices for various vehicle and body configurations, as well as road surface variations and air density variations resulting from altitude and barometric effects. The procedure does not address vehicle transient performance (acceleration, braking, and cornering), because of the considerable amount of additional data required such as moment of inertia of all the rotating parts. Nor does it address vehicles with torque converters and automatic transmissions. This document is, therefore, intended for vehicles having fixed-ratio type transmissions and positive engagement clutches. Metric and ISO unit conversions are provided in the metric conversion tables at the end of this procedure (see Appendix B).
2014-10-06
Standard
AS9102B
This standard establishes the baseline requirements for performing and documenting FAI. Should there be a conflict between the requirements of this standard and applicable statutory or regulatory requirements, the applicable statutory or regulatory requirements shall take precedence.
2014-10-02
Article
The U. S Department of Transportation/NHTSA Vehicle Research and Test Center has commissioned dSPACE to supply an in-lab GPS simulation system. GPS simulation is used in the development and testing of numerous intelligent driving and traffic systems, including collision avoidance, advanced driver-assistance systems, navigation, and V2X communications.
2014-10-02
WIP Standard
AS23053/10
This detail specification establishes the requirements for a type of electrical insulating sleeving that will shrink to a predetermined size upon the application of heat.
2014-10-02
WIP Standard
AS23053/11
This detail specification establishes the requirements for a range of similar electrical insulating sleevings that will shrink to a predetermined size upon the application of heat.
2014-10-02
WIP Standard
AS23053/1
This detail specification establishes the requirements for a range of similar electrical insulating sleevings that will shrink to a predetermined size upon the application of heat.
2014-10-02
WIP Standard
AS23053/14
This detail specification establishes the requirements for a type of electrical insulating sleeving that will shrink to a predetermined size upon the application of heat.
2014-10-02
WIP Standard
AS23053/15
This detail specification establishes the requirements for a range of similar electrical insulating sleevings that will shrink to a predetermined size upon the application of heat.
2014-10-02
WIP Standard
AS23053/13
This detail specification establishes the requirements for a type of electrical insulating sleeving that will shrink to a predetermined size upon the application of heat.
2014-10-02
WIP Standard
AS23053/4
This detail specification establishes the requirements for a range of similar electrical insulating sleevings that will shrink to a predetermined size upon the application of heat.
2014-10-02
WIP Standard
AS23053/12
This detail specification establishes the requirements for a range of similar electrical insulating sleevings that will shrink to a predetermined size upon the application of heat.
2014-10-02
WIP Standard
AS23053/5
This detail specification establishes the requirements for a range of similar electrical insulating sleevings that will shrink to a predetermined size upon the application of heat.
2014-10-02
WIP Standard
AS23053/16
This detail specification establishes the requirements for a type of electrical insulating sleeving that will shrink to a predetermined size upon the application of heat.
2014-10-02
WIP Standard
AS23053/18
This detail specification establishes the requirements for a range of similar electrical insulating sleevings that will shrink to a predetermined size upon the application of heat.
2014-10-02
WIP Standard
AS23053/7
This detail specification establishes the requirements for a range of similar electrical insulating sleevings that will shrink to a predetermined size upon the application of heat.
2014-10-02
WIP Standard
AS23053/6
This detail specification establishes the requirements for a range of similar electrical insulating sleevings that will shrink to a predetermined size upon the application of heat.
2014-10-02
WIP Standard
AS23053/8
This detail specification establishes the requirements for a type of electrical insulating sleeving that will shrink to a predetermined size upon the application of heat.
2014-10-01
Journal Article
2014-01-9030
Sermet Yucel, Melinda Moran Lucking, Jon Magnuson, Germana Paterlini, Benjamin Worel
Fuel economy and performance vary significantly with the vehicle design and configuration, road profile, and payload. The variation is more pronounced for heavy-duty trucks and understanding its origin is critical to maximizing fleet profitability. In this paper we demonstrate a method to continuously estimate fuel consumption breakdown over resistive forces while the vehicle is driven on a public highway. The method is fast, cost-effective, and capable of analyzing trip segments as short as one second. The method utilizes a non-linear Kalman filter and a vehicle dynamical model that has a coupled longitudinal and vertical motion. The paper presents the breakdown of fuel consumption and an estimate of road grade profile obtained by driving a heavy-duty vehicle at the MnROAD research facility in Albertville MN.
2014-09-30
Article
The Model T261 series rotary transformer coupled torque sensors from SensorData Technologies meet the demanding in-line testing requirements of small motors, pumps, compressors, turbines, fans, and other fractional horsepower rated devices.
2014-09-30
WIP Standard
AIR6334
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) examines the need for and the application of a power train usage metric that can be used to more accurately determine the TBO for helicopter transmissions. It provides a formula for the translation of the recorded torque history into mechanical usage. It provides examples of this process and recommends a way forward. This document of the SAE HM-1 IVHM Committee is not intended as a legal document and does not provide detailed implementation steps, but does address general implementation concerns and potential benefits.
2014-09-30
WIP Standard
AS81936/3
This SAE Aerospace Standard will cover airframe plain spherical bearings ustilizing a Copper Nickel Tin ball and a Corrosion Resistant Steel outer race for use between -65F and+350F.
2014-09-30
WIP Standard
AS81936/4
This SAE Aerospace Standard will cover airframe plain spherical bearings ustilizing a Copper Nickel Tin ball and a Corrosion Resistant Steel outer race for use between -65F and+350F.
Viewing 91 to 120 of 23424

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