This title includes the technical papers developed for the 2016 Stapp Car Crash Conference, the premier forum for the presentation of research in impact biomechanics, human injury tolerance, and related fields, advancing the knowledge of land-vehicle crash injury protection. The conference provides an opportunity to participate in open discussion about the causes and mechanisms of injury, experimental methods and tools for use in impact biomechanics research, and the development of new concepts for reducing injuries and fatalities in automobile crashes. The topics covered this year include: • Head/brain biomechanics • Thorax, spine, and pelvis biomechanics • Foot-Ankle Biomechanics • Injury and effect of directional impacts • Pedestrian and cyclist injury factors and testing • Commercial truck and pedestrian accidents factors and testing
In 1967, Derwyn M. Severy and his colleagues published several SAE papers that demonstrated improvements in occupant retention with rigid (stiff) seats, sparking a debate that lasted for nearly four decades. The Debate Between Stiff and Yielding Seats presents an interesting and informative history of this debate, delving into the many questions and answers that continue to surround each of these seat types. The Debate Between Stiff and Yielding Seats begins with new material from editor David C. Viano, explaining the key factors that allowed the debate to be resolved. The publication then analyzes the effects of stiff and yielding seats on various crash scenarios, followed by an exploration of high retention seats. Patent information, new studies, and historical information are also included, making this comprehensive collection an essential resource for any safety professional's library.
Role of the Seat in Rear Crash Safety addresses the historic debate over seatback stiffness, energy absorbing yielding, occupant retention and whiplash prevention; and it provides a scientific foundation for the direction GM pursued in the development and validation of future seat designs. It also describes the multi-year research study into the role of the seat in rear crash safety - first by addressing the need for occupant retention in the more severe rear crashes; and then by addressing the needs for an adequately positioned head restraint and changes in the compliance of the seatback to lower the risks of the whiplash in low-speed crashes.