Fixed rigid barrier collisions can represent severe automotive impacts. Deceleration conditions during fixed rigid barrier collisions are more readily reproducible than those occurring during impacts with yielding barriers. Barrier collision tests are conducted on automotive vehicles to obtain information of value in reducing occupant injuries and in evaluating structural integrity. The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to establish sufficient standardization of barrier collision methods so that results of similar tests conducted at different facilities can be compared. The barrier device may be of almost any configuration, such as flat, round, offset, etc.
Collision tests are conducted on automotive vehicles to obtain information of value in evaluation of structural integrity and in reducing the risk of occupant injuries. The deformation resulting from a moving rigid barrier impact is more severe at a given speed than that produced by using an actual vehicle, but is more readily reproducible than that occurring during vehicle to vehicle impacts. The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to establish sufficient standardization of such moving barriers and moving barrier collision methods so that results of tests conducted at different facilities may be compared.
This SAE Recommended Practice provides test procedres, performance requirements, and guidelines for headlamp cleaners intended for use on motor vehicles. It includes informatino from European regulations and International Standards. It is applicable for all types of headlamp cleaners available and in use.
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) covers information relative to ULDs (Unit Load Devices) container and pallet configurations, maximum usable container, pallet and bulk compartment volumes and tare weights for the lower deck of various wide-body aircraft. Bulk compartment volumes are also included for standard-body aircraft. This document brings together data concerning the lower deck capacity of wide-body and standard- body airplanes. The information includes airplanes manufactured by Airbus, Boeing, British Aerospace, British Aircraft, Fokker-VFW, Hawker Siddeley, Ilyushin, Lockheed and McDonnell- Douglas.
SAE International’s new book, Counterfeit Electronic Parts and Their Impact on Supply Chains, examines how counterfeit parts are negatively affecting the aviation, spacecraft, and defense sectors and what can be done about it.
This SAE Recommended Practice provides a standardized test procedure for heavy-duty truck sleeper berth restraints to determine whether they meet the FMCSR 393.76(h) requirements.
Toyota today called for a coordinated industry-wide joint initiative to independently test Takata airbag inflators that have been the subject of recent recalls by several automakers. "By combining our collective efforts behind a coordinated, comprehensive testing program, we believe we can achieve greater results.
This Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides information on the thrust vectoring flight control systems incorporated on various aircraft development programs and production military aircraft. This report includes V/STOL aircraft thrust vector applications in addition to recommendations for use of thrust vectoring for the improvement of low speed maneuverability in conventional aircraft. Descriptions of each aircraft are provided along with a summary of the thrust vector control system, and, mechanical design methodologies used. Block diagrams, system schematics, and, several system level components are presented.
This specification covers the following types and classes of extinguishers: Type I Stored pressure type: Category A - Operational Temperature range -40 to +140 °F (-40 to +60 °C), Category B - Operational Temperature range +35 to +140 °F (+1.7 to +60 °C) Type II Cartridge operated type: Category A - Operational Temperature range -40 to +140 °F (-40 to +60 °C), Category B - Operational Temperature range +35 to +140 °F (+1.7 to +60 °C)
TDK Corp.’s BCEM series of EPCOS high-current chokes are designed specifically for buck-boost converters in 48-v automotive power systems.
Human Factors in Forward Collision Warning Systems: Operating Characteristics and User Interface Requirements
Forward Collision Warning (FCW) systems are onboard systems intended to provide alerts to assist drivers in avoiding striking the rear end of another moving or stationary motorized vehicle. This SAE Information Report describes elements for a FCW operator interface, as well as requirements and test methods for systems capable of warning drivers of rear-end collisions. This Information Report applies to original equipment and aftermarket FCW systems for passenger vehicles including cars, light trucks, and vans. This report does not apply to heavy trucks. Furthermore, this document does not address integration issues associated with adaptive cruise control (ACC), and consequently, aspects of the document could be inappropriate for an ACC system integrated with a FCW system.
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) covers combustion heaters used in the following applications: a. Cabin heating (all occupied regions and windshield heating) b. Wing and empennage anti-icing c. Engine and accessory heating (when heater is installed as part of the aircraft) d. Aircraft de-icing
This recommended practice is a source of information for body and trim engineers and represents existing technology in the field of on-highway vehicle seating systems. It provides a more uniform system of nomenclature, definitions of functional requirements, and testing methods of various material components of motor vehicle seating systems.
Define and develop test parameters, test methods, measurements, and acceptable performance criteria for composite aircraft seat structures.
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) was prepared by a panel of the SAE A-5 Committee. This document establishes the specifications for fluids used in landing gear shock struts with extreme pressure and antiwear additives that have been added for improved lubrication.
Announced as part of a large change in personnel, Ford has named Kim Pittel its Vice President, Sustainability, Environment & Safety Engineering, effective Jan. 1, 2015. In this new role, she will be responsible for the continued development and implementation of the company’s global environment and safety strategy, policy and performance, and Ford’s Blueprint for Sustainability.
Abstract In the study of new solutions for motorcycle passive safety, FE models of full-scale crash tests play a strategic role. The most important issue in the development process of FE models is their reliability to reproduce real crash tests. To help the engineering in the validation phase, a sensitivity analysis of a FE model for motorcycle-car crash tests is carried-out. The aim of this study is to investigate the model response subjected to variations of specific input parameters. The DOE is performed generating a list of simulations (each one composed by a unique combination of 8 parameters) through Latin Hypercube Sampling. The outputs monitored are the Head Injury Criterion (HIC) and Neck Injury Criteria (Nij). The analysis of the results is performed using scatter plots and linear regression curves to identify the parameters that have major impact on the outputs and to assess the type of dependency (linear or non-linear).
Abstract Powered Two-Wheelers (PTW) control is more complex than any other motorized vehicle control, in particular during emergency events, such as panic braking or last second swerving. For standard PTW, a common cause of accident in these situations is the loss of stability due to braking maneuvers. It is worth noting that for PTW the loss of stability means a high probability of fall, especially while cornering. Accordingly, the aim of this study is to propose a fall detection algorithm for PTW performing maneuvers leading to potential instability. The algorithm is composed of a number of parameters, named RISKi, able to detect potential fall events, critical for PTW safety. This fall detection methodology was developed to alert an advanced riding assistance system in order to produce proper counteractions against the imminent fall.
Abstract ISO 26262 (Road vehicles - Functional safety), a functional safety standard for motor vehicles, was published in November 2011. In this standard, hazardous events associated with each item constituting a safety-related system are assessed according to three criteria, namely, Severity, Exposure, and Controllability, thereby determining ASILs (Automotive Safety Integrity Levels) representing safety levels for motor vehicles. Although motorcycles are not included in the scope of application of the current edition of ISO 26262, it is expected that motorcycles will be included in the next revision. However, it is not appropriate to directly apply ASILs to motorcycles. In the first place, the situation of usage in practice presumably differs between motorcycles and motor vehicles. Accordingly, in this research, we attempted to newly define Motorcycle Safety Integrity Levels (MSILs).
Guidelines for Requests Received from Outside Sources for the CONAG Council to Originate or Review Technical Reports
This SAE Information Report lists the method which outside sources will follow when submitting documents for origination or review by the SAE CONAG Council.
The ARP shall cover the objectives and activities of Verification & Vallidation Processes required to assure high quality and/or criticality level of an IVHM Systems and Software.
Mechanical Simulation Corp.’s CarSim 9.0 vehicle dynamics software upgrade features major enhancements to the math models, visualization tools, database, and overall architecture.
Fittings, Tube, Fluid System, 3000 psig (21 000 kPa) Rated Pressure, Externally Swaged, Specification For
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) establishes the requirements for externally swaged tube-fitting assemblies used in aircraft fluid systems in the following pressure classes: B (1500 psi or 10 500 kPa), and D (3000 psi or 21 000 kPa), and in temperature types I (-65 to 160 °F or -55 to 70 °C), and II (-65 to 275 °F or -55 to 135 °C) of AS2001. This specification covers a common Cres, titanium, and aluminum fittings that may be used for a range of operating pressures up to 3000 psi with different tubing materials and tubing wall thicknesses, and is assembled with the same tooling in accordance with AS5902. Table 10 shows applicable aerospace fitting part number standard and tubing materials and operating pressures.
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This title carries the papers developed for the 2014 Stapp Car Crash Conference, the premier forum for the presentation of research in impact biomechanics, human injury tolerance, and related fields, advancing the knowledge of land-vehicle crash injury protection. The conference provides an opportunity to participate in open discussion the causes and mechanisms of injury, experimental methods and tools for use in impact biomechanics research, and the development of new concepts for reducing injuries and fatalities in automobile crashes. The topics covered this year include: • Head/brain biomechanics • Thorax, spine, and pelvis biomechanics • Overlap/angled frontal crash testing and real-world performance • Pedestrian and cyclist injury factors and testing • Rollover and side-impact crashes and computational modeling
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) documents a common understanding of terms, compliance issues and occupant injury criteria to facilitate certification of oblique facing seat installations specific to Part 25 aircraft.
Solid chemical oxygen supplies of interest to aircraft operations are 'chlorate candles' and potassium superoxide (KO 2 ). Chlorate candles are used in passenger oxygen supply units and other emergency oxygen systems, such as submarines and escape devices. Potassium superoxide is not used in aircraft operations but is used in closed-cycle breathing apparatus. Characteristics and applications of both are discussed, with emphasis on chlorate candles.
This document is for establishing and addressing anomalies on appearance of new and newly retreaded tires.
This SAE Recommended Practice specifies performance requirements and test procedures for the strength and location of seat belt assembly anchorages. It applies to seat belt anchorages attached to vehicle body structure or to seat assemblies in the vehicle. Design Considerations are specified in SAE J383.
This SAE Recommended Practice specifies design recommendations for the location of seat belt assembly anchorages which will promote proper transfer of occupant restraint forces on the strongest parts of the human anatomy to the vehicle or seat structure. Test procedures are specified in SAE J384.