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1976-02-01
Technical Paper
760803
Michael J. Walsh, David J. Romeo
Abstract An experimental program is discussed wherein fresh, unembalmed cadavers and anthropomorphic test dummies (ATD's) were exposed to identical crash situations. Results include tests conducted on the Calspan HYGE acceleration sled and full-scale car crash tests using belt restraint systems and air bag systems. Cadaver test data obtained include head and chest triaxial accelerations from externally mounted sensors, chest deflections and belt loads. Cadaver test data also include arterial and lung pressure measurements as well as X-ray and gross necropsy evaluations. Dummy test data include normally measured internal triaxial head and chest accelerations. High-speed movie coverage produced cadaver and dummy kinematic results. AT THIS TIME there exists some question in the automotive safety community as to the proper role cadaver experiments can play in the design, development and evaluation of safety related vehicle systems.
1976-02-01
Technical Paper
760799
J. D. Horsch, L. M. Patrick
Knee impacts along the femoral axis of unembalmed male cadavers and Part 572 dummies were made with rigid pendulum impactors at Wayne State University. The dummy exhibited significantly higher knee impact forces than the cadaver subjects. This difference of response is shown to be due to differences of effective leg mass and knee padding. The dummy with its heavy rigid metal skeleton is not like its human counterpart, where the majority of the leg weight is composed of loosely coupled flesh. The knee impacts of the dummy subjects showed that the dummy femur transducer force was consistently less than the corresponding dummy knee impact force by a constant ratio of 0.8. We recommend that the “skeletal” weight of the Part 572 dummy leg should be substantially reduced, with the weight difference being added to a properly simulated leg flesh. Also, the simulated flesh covering of the knee should be modified to reduce the peak force resulting from rigid body impacts.
HISTORICAL
1976-02-01
Standard
AS1046A
This standard is intended to apply to portable compressed gaseous oxygen equipment. When properly configured, this equipment is used either for the administration of supplemental oxygen, first aid oxygen or smoke protection to one or more occupants of either private or commercial transport aircraft.
HISTORICAL
1976-01-15
Standard
ARP1320
This ARP covers a procedure to be used in the determination of 0.05 to 0.3 ppm of chlorine in oxygen from any type of generator used for emergency or other life-support systems. The methyl orange method described can be considered as a referee technique. Instrumental analysis is also given in Section 8. This ARP describes a method for rapid and reliable measurement of chlorine in oxygen from a solid chemical oxygen generator. The method of sampling and analysis used in this procedure is adequate to encompass the range of interest relevant to the 0.3 ppm limit set for chlorine in oxygen. The test is sufficiently flexible to make the determination during a part of or for the first 60 s after activation, since this is the usual time during which chlorine may be found in the oxygen being generated.
CURRENT
1976-01-06
Standard
AIR82
ABSTRACT
HISTORICAL
1976-01-01
Standard
AIR1316
The following methods for the determination of Tractive Effort (TE), Drawbar Pull (DBP), Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW), Engine Torque (T), Engine Brake Horsepower (BHP), and Braking Capacity are presented for the purpose of assisting potential buyers and users of airline baggage/cargo tow tractors in the evaluation of their towing requirements and the capabilities of the various vehicles as offered by the equipment manufacturers. In this analysis, exception is taken to the more prevalent tractor DBP/GVW formulas (generally used by ATA, SAE, equipment manufacturers, etc.) which were developed primarily for application to aircraft tow tractors. These tractors differ from the smaller baggage/cargo two tractors in that the former utilizes a four-wheel drive traction system and the latter uses only a two-wheel (rear) traction system. In the case of the four-wheel drive system, all of the tractor GVW can be applied for traction purposes (with a consideration for friction and slippage).
HISTORICAL
1976-01-01
Standard
AS894
Scope unavailable.
HISTORICAL
1976-01-01
Standard
AS896
Scope unavailable.
HISTORICAL
1976-01-01
Standard
ARP1354
This Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides criteria for operational characteristics to be considered in the design of individual, inflatable life preservers intended for air transport safety. The characteristics outlined herein shall apply, where applicable, to the design of individual life preservers to be utilized by four basic classifications of users as follows: a. Adults b. Combination adult/child c. Children d. Infants/small child
HISTORICAL
1976-01-01
Standard
AS1097
No scope available.
HISTORICAL
1976-01-01
Standard
AS1072
This standard defines the requirements for bulk protective sleeve to provide fire resistance for aircraft hose assemblies, which will enable these assemblies to meet the requirements of AS 1055. Note: Use of this sleeve does not eliminate the need to demonstrate that the sleeved assemblies will meet the applicable requirements of AS1055.
HISTORICAL
1975-12-01
Standard
J1038_197512
This recommended practice establishes the test procedures, performance requirements, and criteria necessary to evaluate minimum safety and reliability requirements of a children's snowmobile as identified in 1.3. The purpose of this document is to set forth minimum safety and reliability criteria for use in the design of a children's snowmobile as defined by SAE J33. Requirements not directly related to operator safety are not included, unless they are to delineate the intended purpose of the vehicles as distinct from a small sized regular snowmobile.
HISTORICAL
1975-11-01
Standard
J1084_197511
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes the test procedures and minimum performance criteria necessary to fulfill the intended purpose and is applicable to Skidders, Grapple Skidders, and Crawlers when used in the harvesting of trees. Structures meeting these performance criteria may not provide complete operator protection under all conceivable circumstances, but they are expected to minimize the possibility of operator injury under reasonable operating situations. The performance requirements and test criteria included in this document are derived from investigations on operator protection that has performed the intended function in a variety of actual operating conditions. Objective This document is intended to establish a consistent, repeatable means of evaluating Operator Protective Structures (OPS) on Skidders, Grapple Skidders, and Crawlers when used in the harvesting of trees.
HISTORICAL
1975-10-01
Standard
AS930B
No scope available.
CURRENT
1975-09-01
Standard
AS8001
This Standard covers Bank and Pitch Instruments which measure and display the angular displacement of bank and pitch from a gyroscopic vertical reference. This reference may be pneumatically or electrically driven and be contained within the instrument display case or located remotely. Unless otherwise specified, whenever the term "Instrument" is used, it is to be understood to be the complete system of gyro component, any auxiliary equipment and display.
CURRENT
1975-09-01
Standard
AIR1378B
This Aerospace Information Report (AIR) is written as a guide for the wording recommended for use, when applicable, in design and procurement specifications for tube fittings and tube assemblies, both for general aerospace fluid power applications and for specific applications.
HISTORICAL
1975-09-01
Standard
AIR1378
This Aerospace Information Report (AIR) is written as a guide for the wording recommended for use, when applicable, in design and procurement specifications for tube fittings and tube assemblies, both for general aerospace fluid power applications and for specific applications. NOTES: 1. A comprehensive writeup of the Impulse, Flexure and Fire Tests is included in Appendix A, Section 3. 2. The companion metric documents are indicated in Appendix B, Section 4.
HISTORICAL
1975-09-01
Standard
ARP1372
The requirements of this SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) are applicable to ground handling and transport systems equipment which is designated to accommodate main deck unitized cargo in the form of intermodal containers and other compatible unitized load devices. Intermodality in the context of this document concerns primarily air and land modes but does not exclude the marine mode. Equipment with compatibility features for other than main deck cargo is likewise not excluded. It is not the intent of this document to specify equipment design but rather to ensure interface compatibility of the various elements which might make up a total ground handling and transport system developed within a number of different operational schemes. It is the intent of this document to specify minimum ULD handling and restraint features to ensure future interchange capability.
HISTORICAL
1975-09-01
Standard
ARP1400
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) establishes the requirements for lubricating oil filters for general aviation reciprocating engine applications with lubricating oil systems normally operating in a pressure range of 345 to 689 kPa (50 to 100 psig). This specification defines uniform parameters for the design, manufacture, and test of filters for general aviation lubricating oil systems for aircraft type piston engines.
HISTORICAL
1975-09-01
Standard
ARP899A
This ARP establishes the basic test and design requirements for permanently attached tube fittings for use in aerospace fluid systems. Definitions of fitting and related terms are included in 6.3. This document recommends the tooling envelope, design criteria, and test requirements for tube fittings attached to tubing by methods which are usually considered to be permanent (brazing, welding, swaging, shrink fit, etc.).
CURRENT
1975-09-01
Standard
AS8004
This standard covers Turn and Slip Instruments which measure and display the rate of turn about the vertical axis and incorporate an integral slip indicator.
HISTORICAL
1975-07-01
Standard
ARP900
The purpose of this test procedure is to present test methods that can be utilized to evaluate the filtration and operating characteristics of filters that will be utilized in a cryogenic system. The methods presented herein are intended to supplement standard filter testing specifications to allow evaluation of filter performance characteristics in areas that could be affected by extreme low temperatures. The test methods can be utilized to evaluate filters up to and including 60 gpm (230 lpm) capacity. If higher flow rate filters are to be evaluated in accordance with the test methods presented herein, it will be necessary to increase the system flow capacity and the size of effluent sampling system. The test methods presented herein do not encompass testing of cryogenic bypass relief valves, delta P indicators, gages, or components other than a basic filter housing and element.
HISTORICAL
1975-07-01
Standard
ARP583D
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides guidance for the design and location of flight attendant stations, including emergency equipment installations at or near such stations, so as to enable the flight attendant to function effectively in emergency situations, including emergency evacuations. Recommendations regarding design of flight attendant stations apply to all such stations; recommendations regarding location apply to those stations located near or adjacent to floor level exits.
HISTORICAL
1975-06-01
Standard
AIR797B
This document lists military and industry specifications and standards which are used in aerospace systems and for ground servicing equipment. The characteristic limitations of the hose, which are of major importance to designers, and the sizes in which the hoses are standard are shown. Revisions and amendments, which are current for these specifications and standards are not listed.
Viewing 15391 to 15420 of 17251

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