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2017-01-10
Technical Paper
2017-26-0349
Rushil Batra, Sahil Nanda, Shubham Singhal, Ranganath Singari
This study is an attempt to develop a decision support and control structure based on fuzzy logic for deployment of automotive airbags. Airbags, though an additional safety feature in vehicles, have proven to be fatal in various instances. Most of these casualties could have been avoided by using seat belts in the intended manner that is, as a primary restraint system. Fatalities can be prevented by induction of smart systems which can sense the presence and differentiate between passengers and conditions prevailing at a particular instant. Fuzzy based decision making has found widespread use due to its ability to accept non-binary or grey data and compute a reliable output. Smart airbags also allow the Airbag Control Unit to control inflation speed depending on instantaneous conditions.
2016-12-31
Book
Greg Barnett
Battery Fires: Why They Happen and How They Happen was written to assist those interested in this type of incident understand how automotive fires develop, spread and the damage they cause, using both deductive and inductive reasoning. The main focus of the book resides in looking at differences in failure modes between DC and AC systems, general types of battery and electrical failure modes leading to fire, how to interpret electrical fire, determination of the primary failed part, and other skills the investigating engineer will require to perform technical failure mode analysis. However, some fires have consumed the evidence to the point where a determination cannot be made with any degree of certainty. In this instance, evidence will be quite limited, and the analysis will have its limitations and should be included in the discussion as such. In some cases, a “cause undetermined” report is all the evidence will support.
2016-12-01
Article
Delphi rolls out its next-gen automated-driving technology platform, called CSLP, due for production by 2019.
CURRENT
2016-12-01
Standard
ARP1821B
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) includes recommended ground flotation analysis methods for both paved and unpaved airfields with application to both commercial and military aircraft.
CURRENT
2016-11-29
Standard
AIR1873A
This Aerospace Information Report (AIR) describes a Limited Engine Monitoring System that can be used by the flight crew or the maintenance staff, or both, to monitor the health of gas turbine engines in aircraft. This AIR considers monitoring of gas path performance and mechanical parameters, and systems such as low cycle fatigue counters and engine history recorders. It also considers typical measurement system accuracies and their impact. This AIR is intended as a technical guide. It is not intended to be used as a legal document or standard. AIR 1873 supplements ARP 1587, Aircraft Gas Turbine Engine Monitoring System Guide.
CURRENT
2016-11-29
Standard
AS6286
This document establishes the minimum training and qualification requirements for ground based aircraft deicing/anti-icing methods and procedures. All guidelines referred to herein are applicable only in conjunction with the applicable documents. Due to aerodynamic and other concerns, the application of deicing/anti-icing fluids shall be carried out in compliance with engine and aircraft manufacturers’ recommendations. The scope of training should be adjusted according to local demands. There are a wide variety of winter seasons and differences of the involvement between deicing operators and the level and length of training should therefore be adjusted accordingly. However, the minimum level of training shall be covered in all cases. As a rule of thumb, each hour of classroom training should at least equal the same amount (or include more) of practical training wherever this is relevant. Both basic and recurrent practical training shall be performed and documented periodically.
2016-11-28
Article
If there’s any doubt that connectivity is the next wave for advanced features and functions, it should dissipate after CES 2017. A multitude of advances in over the air updates and security will be shown in Las Vegas in January, setting the stage for much of the auto industry’s technology rollouts throughout the year.
CURRENT
2016-11-28
Standard
J2194_201611
Any ROPS meeting the performance requirement of ISO 5700 (Static ROPS Test Standard) or ISO 3463 (Dynamic ROPS Test Standard) meets the performance requirements of this SAE Standard if the ROPS temperature/material and seat belt requirements of this document are also met.
CURRENT
2016-11-23
Standard
J1194_201611
Fulfillment of the intended purpose requires testing as follows: A laboratory test, under repeatable and controlled loading, to permit analysis of the ROPS for compliance with the performance requirements of this SAE Standard. Either the static test (6.1) or the dynamic test (6.2) shall be conducted. A crush test to verify the effectiveness of the deformed ROPS in supporting the tractor in an upset attitude. A field upset test under reasonably controlled conditions, both to the rear and side, to verify the effectiveness of the protective system under actual dynamic conditions. (See 6.4.1.1 for requirements for the omission of this test). In addition to the laboratory and field loading requirements, there is a temperature-material requirement. (See 7.1.2.)
2016-11-23
WIP Standard
AS407E
To specify minimum requirements for Fuel Flowmeters for use primarily in reciprocating engine powered civil transport aircraft, the operation of which may subject the instruments to the environmental conditions specified in Section 3.3. This Aeronautical Standard covers two basic types of instruments, or combinations thereof, intended for use in indicating fuel consumption of aircraft engines as follows: TYPE I - Measure rate of flow of fuel used. TYPE II - Totalize amount of fuel consumed or remaining.
2016-11-22
Article
Emerging markets and technologies are both creating openings for Taiwanese suppliers. China’s burgeoning automotive market is a primary target for companies that focus on OEM sales, while emerging technologies like LEDs and head-up displays (HUD) are also providing opportunities.
CURRENT
2016-11-22
Standard
AS6286/2
This document covers the standards of de-icing/anti-icing equipment. In conjunction with the main document and other related slash sheets it will provide guidelines for the proper procedures to deice and anti-ice aircraft on the ground information to support this training program is provided to make the material a better tool for the preparation and execution of the training & qualification. It is intended to provide a common basis for de-icing/anti-icing training and qualification for de- icing providers and airlines. This material was compiled using various international documents with support from SAE documents and individually contributed editorial comments. Its purpose is to serve as a "Globalized Deicing Training Manual".
2016-11-21
WIP Standard
J3134
This SAE Recommended Practice provides test procedures, performance requirements, and design guidelines for autonomous vehicle lighting.
2016-11-18
WIP Standard
AS5187A
SCOPE IS UNAVAILABLE.
CURRENT
2016-11-18
Standard
J2358_201611
This SAE Standard defines the safety and performance requirements for Low Speed Vehicles (“LSV”). The safety specifications in this document apply to any powered vehicle with a minimum of 4-wheels, a maximum level ground speed of more than 32 km/h (20 mph) but not more than 40 km/h (25 mph),), and a maximum gross vehicle weight of 1361 kg (3000 pounds), that is intended for operating on designated roadways where permitted by law.
CURRENT
2016-11-18
Standard
J2258_201611
This SAE Standard defines requirements relating to the elements of design, operation, and maintenance of light utility vehicles. The safety specifications in this document apply to any self-propelled, operator-controlled, off-highway vehicle 1829 mm (72 in) or less in overall width, exclusive of added accessories and attachments, operable on three or more wheels or tracks, primarily intended to transport material loads or people, with a gross vehicle weight of 2500 kg (5500 lb) or less, and a maximum design speed less than or equal to 40.23 km/h (25 mph). This document is not intended to cover Go-Karts (ASTM F2007-07a), Fun-Karts (ASTM F2011-02e1), Dune Buggies, and all terrain vehicles (ATVs) complying with ANSI/SVIA 1.
2016-11-18
WIP Standard
J100
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes boundaries for shade bands on glazed surfaces in class "A" vehicles. These boundaries are located so that the shade band can provide occupant comfort and driver vision protection from glare, with respect to solar radiation, under some lighting and driving conditions. Since shade bands transmit less visible light than adjacent glazed surfaces, the shade band boundaries establish boundaries for the driver's field of view.
2016-11-18
WIP Standard
AS5189A
SCOPE IS UNAVAILABLE.
2016-11-16
Magazine
Focus on advanced safety systems and human-factor interventions The impact of REACH on the aviation sector Considered the most comprehensive chemical-regulation legislation to date, REACH presents serious ramifications for the aircraft industry. Lightweighting: What's Next? Experts weigh in on the challenges and future enablers in the battle to reduce vehicle mass. The best of COMVEC 2016 Autonomous vehicles and improved fuel efficiency via advanced powertrain solutions are pressing topics detailed in this select group of technical papers from the SAE Commercial Vehicle Engineering Congress. Optimizing waste heat recovery for long-haul trucks Autonomous solutions in agriculture Downsizing a HD diesel engine for off-highway applications Zero-emissions electric aircraft: Theory vs. reality
2016-11-15
Article
Connectivity spawns need for security designed-in from the beginning, a complex issue that spans many disciplines.
CURRENT
2016-11-15
Standard
J100_201611
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes boundaries for shade bands on glazed surfaces in class "A" vehicles. These boundaries are located so that the shade band can provide occupant comfort and driver vision protection from glare, with respect to solar radiation, under some lighting and driving conditions. Since shade bands transmit less visible light than adjacent glazed surfaces, the shade band boundaries establish boundaries for the driver's field of view.
2016-11-13
Article
Focused on the near-term safety-improvement potential underlying autonomous-driving technology, Toyota - counter to much of the auto industry - sees real promise in developing SAE Level 2-3 systems.
2016-11-11
WIP Standard
AS5385D
This Standard aims at identifying the design criteria and testing methods adequate to guarantee the ultimate load and operational dependability of cargo restraint strap assemblies with a typical 22,250 N (5,000 lbf) rated ultimate tension load capability, as used by the airline industry in order to restrain on board civil transport aircraft during flight: a. cargo loaded and tied down onto airworthiness certified air cargo pallets, themselves restrained into aircraft lower deck or main/upper deck cargo systems and meeting the requirements of NAS 3610 or AS36100, or b. non-unitized individual pieces of cargo, or pieces of, cargo placed onto an unrestrained ( "floating ") pallet into either lower deck or main deck containerized cargo compartments of an aircraft.
CURRENT
2016-11-10
Standard
AMS3827C
This specification covers a style 7781 glass cloth impregnated with a heat-curable polyester resin system, the resin being processed to a "B" stage condition, and furnished in the form of continuous rolls.
2016-11-09
Article
Computer chips literally run our world. These tiny electronic circuits can contain millions of transistors for processing and memory.
2016-11-08
Journal Article
2016-32-0059
Maki Kawakoshi, Takashi Kobayashi, Makoto Hasegawa
Abstract For applying ISO 26262 to motorcycles, controllability classification (C class evaluation) by expert riders is considered an appropriate technique. Expert riders have evaluated commercial product development for years and can appropriately conduct vehicle tests while observing safety restrictions (such as avoiding the risk of falling). Moreover, expert riders can ride safely and can stably evaluate motorcycle performance even if the test conditions are close to the limits of vehicle performance. This study aims to construct a motorcycle C class evaluation method based on an expert rider’s subjective evaluation. On the premise that expert riders can rate the C class, we improved a test procedure that used a subjective evaluation sheet as the concrete C class evaluation method for an actual hazardous event.
2016-11-08
Technical Paper
2016-32-0057
Yuji Arai, Makoto Hasegawa, Takeshi Harigae
Abstract ISO 26262 was established in 2011 as a functional safety standard for road vehicles. This standard provides safety requirements according to ASIL (Automotive Safety Integrity Level) in order to avoid unreasonable residual risk caused by malfunctioning behavior of electrical and/or electronic systems. The ASIL is determined by considering the estimate of three factors including injury severity. While applicable only to passenger cars at present, motorcycles will be included in the scope of application of ISO 26262 in the next revision. Therefore, our previous study focused on severity class evaluation for motorcycles. A method of classifying injury severity according to vehicle speed was developed on the basis of accident data. In addition, a severity table for motorcycles was created using accident data in representative collision configurations involved with motorcycles in Japan.
2016-11-08
Journal Article
2016-32-0058
Makoto Hasegawa, Takanobu Kaneko
Abstract ISO 26262, an international functional safety standard of electrical and/or electronic systems (E/E systems) for motor vehicles, was published in November 2011 and it is expected that the scope will be extended to motorcycles in a second edition of ISO 26262 going to be published in 2018. In order to apply ISO 26262 to motorcycle, proper estimation of Exposure, Controllability, and Severity are key factors to determine Motorcycle Safety Integrity Level (MSIL). Exposure is a factor to indicate the probability of the state of an operational situation that can be hazardous with the E/E system malfunction. And it is not easy to estimate the motorcycle Exposure due to less availability of back ground data in actual operational situation compared to motor vehicle. Therefore real traffic situation should be investigated in order to provide rationales for MSIL determination.
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