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Standard
2014-04-09
AMS 2980/2 gives specific information about the qualification program for carbon fiber fabric, epoxy systems and the material combination used for wet lay-up repair of carbon fiber reinforced epoxy structures.
Standard
2014-04-08
AMS 2980/1 gives information about the technical requirements and qualification procedure for carbon fiber fabric and epoxy resin systems used for wet lay-up repair of carbon fiber reinforced epoxy structures.
Standard
2014-04-08
The PS specifies the batch release and delivery requirements for carbon fiber and carbon fabric used for wet lay-up repair purposes.
Article
2014-04-07
Atego Vantage is an integrated solution combining model-based systems and software engineering with asset-based modular design.
Article
2014-04-07
Elysium’s CADfeature 11.3 is a feature-based program for repairing, migrating, and reporting on product engineering data in manufacturing.
Article
2014-04-07
Meggitt Sensing Systems introduces a line of Endevco general purpose isotron IEPE accelerometers designed to meet the needs of various test applications.
Article
2014-04-07
Multiquip recently chose Exa to evaluate and reduce noise propagation from its containerized power generators.
Article
2014-04-07
The Maulflex conduit system from TE Connectivity is a lightweight, flexible, customizable shielded electrical conduit system for rugged environments.
Article
2014-04-07
XCal-View software from Renishaw offers improved functionality and flexibility for laser calibration data analysis.
Article
2014-04-04
According to CD-adapco's Frederick Ross, the first, and most difficult, stage in the construction of a virtual prototype is the process of pulling together all of the individual CAD parts that define a vehicle.
Standard
2014-04-03
This PS specifies the batch release and delivery requirements for epoxy resin systems (base resin and curing agent) used for wet lay-up repair purposes. This specification relates to qualified epoxy resin systems listed in the associated QPL.
WIP Standard
2014-04-02
This specification provides a standard set of procedures for sampling and testing to meet the requirements of material specifications for wrought titanium and titanium alloy products except forgings and forging stock. It is applicable to the extent specified in a material specification.
Article
2014-04-01
Palmer Wahl Instrumentation Group’s Wahl DST500-FM temperature indicator with fixed probes is a high-accuracy, wide-range thermometer designed for hazardous locations where accurate and reliable temperature monitoring is critical.
Article
2014-04-01
Dakota Instruments’ 6A03 acrylic flow meters are offered with interchangeable direct reading scales for air, water, argon, oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, helium, and hydrogen.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Takamasa Shimodaira
Abstract The aim discussed in this paper is to show a technique to predict loads input to the wheels, essential to determining input conditions for evaluation of suspension durability, by means of full vehicle simulations using multi body analysis software Adams/Car. In this process, model environments were built to enable reproduction of driving modes, and a method of reproducing the set-up conditions of a durability test vehicle was developed. As the result of verification of the accuracy of the simulations in the target driving modes, good correlation for waveforms can be confirmed. And also confirm a good correlation in relation to changes of input load due to changes in suspension specifications.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Ram Kiran Tholeti, Shyamsundar Kumbhar, Nainish Kumar B, R Govindarajan
Abstract Scooter segment growth is tremendously increasing in India. The increased competition challenges automotive manufacturers to deliver the high quality and high reliable product to the market. Higher reliability involves increased durability testing which involves time and cost. Stress testing a part of durability is initially conducted on prototype vehicles for structural design validation and then later on production units to ensure its structural integrity. The obtained data from the tests can be used for future structural design improvements. Scooters with small tires, suspension limitations transfers more loads to structure, challenges engineers to design robust structure without compromising on weight much. It is necessary to look at Real World Usage Pattern (RWUP) and to create a stress life cycle block for simulation of accelerated testing, thereby optimizing the testing time and the development costs. The aim of this paper is to provide a procedure for deriving an accelerated stress test cycle for evaluation of chassis based on Road Load Data Acquisition (RLDA).
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Valerie Earlene Bumbaca
Abstract Virtually every major automaker has announced intentions of producing an electric vehicle (EV). Hyundai Motor Group has also announced plans to sell an electric vehicle in the next several years. There is strong and increasing support for electric vehicles in the USA due to an interest in protecting the environment, limiting dependence on oil, and reducing the associated cost of petroleum-based transportation. From a durability perspective, battery performance and longevity are significant concerns. In order to better prepare for upcoming electric vehicles, Hyundai-Kia America Technical Center, Inc (HATCI) Vehicle Evaluation group is developing an EV durability test and battery lifecycle laboratory test based on real world EV customer usage. Since there is limited availability of real world customer information for electric vehicles, a program has been started to collect EV customer usage data. This will be correlated with test inputs for both road and lab testing. An outside vendor has been contracted to collect data on customer usage from existing Nissan Leaf and Chevrolet Volt customers.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Venkatesh Agaram
Abstract Cars and trucks today are getting fitted with a large number of sensors in an effort to improve safety, comfort, fuel economy and emissions. The revenue from the automotive sensors market, driven by intense global competition and regulation, is expected to double over the next decade, while the size of the automotive sensors market, over the same period, is expected to triple The field of sensor-fusion is highly multi-disciplinary, making use of technics from artificial intelligence, pattern recognition, digital signal processing, control theory, and statistical estimation. Sensor-fusion strategies based on probability theory, evidence theory, fuzzy theory, and possibility theory are being explored in different industries, e.g., defense, robotics, automotive, etc. The majority of sensor-fusion operators are based on optimistic assumptions about reliability of the information generated by the sensors. However, many or all of sensors in a fused sensor system may exhibit substantially different reliability levels over the life of a vehicle, and it is necessary to account for this variation/degradation to avoid any decrease in performance of the fusion results.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Mohamed Sithik, Rama Vallurupalli, Barry (Baizhong) Lin, Subash Sudalaimuthu
Abstract In recent trend, there is a huge demand for lightweight chassis frame, which improves fuel efficiency and reduces cost of the vehicle. Stiffness based optimization process is simple and straightforward while durability (life) based optimizations are relatively complex, time consuming due to a two-step (Stress then life) virtual engineering process and complicated loading history. However, durability performances are critical in chassis design, so a process of optimization with simplified approach has been developed. This study talks about the process of chassis frame weight optimization without affecting current durability performance where complex durability load cases are converted to equivalent static loadcases and life targets are cascaded down to simple stress target. Sheet metal gauges and lightening holes are the parameters for optimization studies. The optimization design space is constrained to chassis unique parts. The optimized design is verified for detailed load case and life target.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Christian Scheiblegger, Nantu Roy, Orlando Silva Parez, Andrew Hillis, Peter Pfeffer, Jos Darling
Abstract Cab mounts and suspension bushings are crucial for ride and handling characteristics and must be durable under highly variable loading. Such elastomeric bushings exhibit non-linear behavior, depending on excitation frequency, amplitude and the level of preload. To calculate realistic loads for durability analysis of cars and trucks multi-body simulation (MBS) software is used, but standard bushing models for MBS neglect the amplitude dependent characteristics of elastomers and therefore lead to a trade-off in simulation accuracy. On the other hand, some non-linear model approaches lack an easy to use parameter identification process or need too much input data from experiments. Others exhibit severe drawbacks in computing time, accuracy or even numerical stability under realistic transient or superimposed sinusoidal excitation. To improve bushing modeling of cab/box mounts for heavy duty/light duty trucks, a practical approach to model non-linear bushing dynamic characteristics has been tested and validated against standard bushing models.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Zhigang Wei, Limin Luo, Shengbin Lin, Dmitri Konson
Abstract A modern definition of quality control and improvement is the reduction of variability in processes and products. The reduced variability can be directly translated into lower costs, better functions and fewer repairs. However, the final quality of processes and products is sometimes derived from other measured variables through some implicit or explicit functional relationships. Sometimes, a tiny uncertainty in a variable can produce a huge uncertainty in a derived quantity. Therefore, the propagation of uncertainty needs to be understood and the individual variables need to be well controlled. More importantly, the critical factors that affect quality the most should be identified and thoroughly investigated. Design of experiments and statistical control plays central roles in finding root cause of failure, reduction of variability and quality improvement. In this paper, the theories on quality control and improvement are reviewed first with the emphasis on statistical data analysis and uncertainty propagation.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Hong Su
Durability of a product is related to three major factors, the load, structure and material. The durability performance of an automotive product is, therefore, not only depended on the structure configuration, but also on the road load dynamic characteristics (profiles and frequency spectrum), and the material fatigue properties as well. Due to the dynamic nature of vehicle loads, one of the major technical challenges, to the durability design optimization of automotive products, is how to define a set of representative road loads, for fidelity and efficiency, based on the measured proving ground durability data of huge size. This paper presents a procedure of processing the proving ground road loads, for vehicle durability design and optimization of automotive products, based on the statistical characteristics evaluation and fatigue damage equivalency techniques. A practical method for constructing a set of representative road load data, with much shorter time duration, is introduced, which satisfy all statistical property fidelity requirements with respect to the original measured load data.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Weiguo Zhang, Rakesh Khurana, Mark Likich, Mac Lynch
Taguchi method is a technology to prevent quality problems at early stages of product development and product design. Parameter design method is an important part in Taguchi method which selects the best control factor level combination for the optimization of the robustness of product function against noise factors. The air induction system (AIS) provides clean air to the engine for combustion. The noise radiated from the inlet of the AIS can be of significant importance in reducing vehicle interior noise and tuning the interior sound quality. The porous duct has been introduced into the AIS to reduce the snorkel noise. It helps with both the system layout and isolation by reducing transmitted vibration. A CAE simulation procedure has been developed and validated to predict the snorkel noise of the porous ducted AIS. In this paper, Taguchi's parameter design method was utilized to optimize a porous duct design in an AIS to achieve the best snorkel noise performance. The virtual experiments based on an orthogonal array in the parameter design method were conducted by the developed simulation procedure and the optimized design was recommended.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
David E. Verbitsky
Failure analysis (FA) management is insufficiently described by current standards and literature. Previously proposed three-step systemic FA methodology provides effective and efficient alternative to sporadic FA. Organization, methods and results of the first step of the systemic FA, failure mode analysis (FMA), during product/project life cycle, is described. FMA promptly address ∼80% of all problems and justify/supports further actions using conventional ready techniques and resources. Original subject matter tools (three FMA levels, joint FMA-FMECA-F5 technique, and P5 failure classification) substantiate, facilitate and illustrate FMA. Multiple examples demonstrate FMA strengths and limitations with uniquely broad range of products and applications. Particular attention is paid to rare combination of high quality, reliability and profitability.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
James G. McLeish, Russell Haeberle
Quality, Reliability, Durability (QRD) and Safety of vehicular Electrical/Electronics (E/E) systems traditionally have resulted from arduous rounds of Design-Built-Test-Fix (DBTF) Reliability and Durability Growth Testing. Such tests have historically required 12-16 or more weeks of Accelerated Life Testing (ALT), for each round of validation in a new product development program. Challenges have arisen from: The increasing number of E/E modules in today's vehicle places a high burden on supplier's test labs and budgets. The large size and mass of electric vehicle power modules results in a lower test acceleration factors which can extend each round of ALT to 5-6 months. Durability failures tend to occur late in life testing, resulting in the need to: perform a root cause investigation, fix the problem, build new prototype parts and then repeat the test to verify problem resolutions, which severely stress program budgets and schedules. To resolve these challenges, automakers and E/E suppliers are moving to Physics of Failure (PoF) based durability simulations and reliability assessment solutions performed in a Computer Aided Engineering (CAE) Environment.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Andre Kleyner
This paper discusses the effect of the field stress variance on the value of demonstrated reliability in the automotive testing. In many cases the acceleration factor for a reliability demonstration test is calculated based on a high percentile automotive stress level, typically corresponding to severe user or environmental conditions. In those cases the actual field (‘true’) reliability for the population will be higher than that demonstrated by a validation test. This paper presents an analytical approach to estimating ‘true’ field reliability based on the acceleration model and stress variable distribution over the vehicle population. The method is illustrated by an example of automotive electronics reliability demonstration testing.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Alaa El-Sharkawy, Asif Salahuddin, Brian Komarisky
In this paper a design methodology for automotive heat exchangers has been applied which brings robustness into the design process and helps to optimize the design goals: as to maintain an optimal coolant temperature and to limit the vehicle underhood air temperature within a tolerable limit. The most influential design factors for the heat exchangers which affect the goals have been identified with that process. The paper summarizes the optimization steps necessary to meet the optimal functional goals for the vehicle as mentioned above. Taguchi's [1] Design for Six Sigma (DFSS) methods have been employed to conduct this analysis in a robust way.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Melanie Zielenski, Peter Downes, Darren Jelbert
Abstract Heavy duty diesel engine development has always faced high customer durability requirements, short development timelines and increasingly stringent emissions legislations. However, more frequently heavy duty engines are being used in multiple vehicle platforms across the globe with increasingly stringent quality demands in emerging markets. In order to meet engine life requirements, Delphi Diesel Systems has adapted accepted validation procedures to evaluate their system performance for the global market. In addition to durability and structural testing Delphi Diesel Systems has introduced specialized tests to validate their product at extremes of environmental conditions and fuel properties and has increased OEM collaboration. This paper details some of the adjustments made to the validation test suite to meet the specific challenges of the Heavy Duty market.
Collection
2014-04-01
This technical paper collection focuses on state-of-the-art fatigue theory and advanced development in fatigue analysis methodology and research. Studies and discussions on innovative and improved fatigue theory/methods in material constitutive modeling, damage rules/fatigue damage calculation, and fatigue life predictions will be addressed.
Collection
2014-04-01
This technical paper collection will cover various aspects of system durability and system integration pertaining to Diesel Exhaust Emissions Control. It includes publications contributing to the understanding of durability of exhaust catalysts and particulate filters, mechanisms of their performance degradation and possible mitigation strategies, data from the field tests, analysis of the aged catalysts, laboratory and accelerated on-engine aging studies, along with relevant experimental tools and methodology.
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