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This special collection highlights some of the best technical papers that represent the breadth of the entire technical program. Leading industry perspectives are reflected by the corporate contributions that are included in this group, along with a specific focus on connectivity, the theme of the 2016 event. The commercial vehicle industry has always been focused on improving efficiency. These ten characteristic offerings present cutting-edge trends, technologies, and solutions that provide greater benefit and the application of knowledge to solve problems and guide future innovation.
Johneric Leach
Since the last edition of this report in 2013, the demand on automakers has been relentless in terms of improving fuel economy and reducing emissions, thus driving increased sales of forced induction systems. The use of pressure charging techniques has therefore expanded significantly. Recent years have seen the ascendancy of the turbocharger and its use by almost every major global manufacturer.
Organized in cooperation with SAE International, AVL’s International Commercial Powertrain Conference- ICPC, happens every two years. This event offers a unique opportunity for engineers to address the synergy effects and distinctive characteristics of commercial vehicles, agricultural tractors and non-road vehicles, and industrial machinery. In 2015, the 8th ICPC focused on alternative powertrain technologies and innovations improving operating efficiency. These proceedings include 17 papers focusing on the following topics: • Emissions reduction for heavy-duty vehicles • Alternative drivetrains • Autonomous driving • Connected driving • Efficiency • Alternative fuels • Product diversity • Challenges of cost vs. complexity
Jon Harrop, Peter Harrop
The electric vehicle business will approach a massive $500 billion in 2025 with the traction motors segment capturing over $25 billion. Traction motors propelling land, water and air vehicles along can consist of one inboard motor or - an increasing trend - more than one near the wheels, in the wheels, in the transmission or ganged to get extra power. Complex trends in this industry are explained with this updated report, and future winning suppliers are identified alongside market forecasts. The information is especially important as hybrid vehicles may have the electric motor near the conventional engine or its exhaust, and this may mean they need to tolerate temperatures never before encountered in pure electric vehicles. Motors for highly price-sensitive markets such as electric bikes, scooters, e-rickshaws and micro EVs avoid the price hikes of neodymium and other rare earths in the magnets.
The new Bosch Automotive Handbook , now in its 9th English edition, has been completely revised and enhanced to include the most recent developments in automotive technology. About 200 specialist authors contributed to this new version of every engineer’s must-have reference. The book's format has been revised: it is now 20 percent longer and wider, as this allows for a larger font size. This makes the texts and graphics easier to read. The index has been strongly expanded to make looking up technical terms easier. The Bosch Automotive Handbook is a best-seller, with a broad global readership. Students of engineering programs consult it, as do researchers and engineers in the automotive industry. Mechanics who are studying to become master craftsmen also use it as a reference work. Experts trust the well-founded and extensive expertise that can be found in the classic. The Bosch Automotive Handbook is widely regarded around the world as a standard work for automotive technology.
Daniel Vallero
This thoroughly revised fifth edition of Fundamentals of Air Pollution has been updated throughout and remains the most complete text available, offering a stronger systems perspective and more coverage of international issues relating to air pollution. Sections on pollution control have been reorganized and updated to demonstrate the move from regulation and control approaches to green and sustainable engineering approaches. This edition maintains a strong interdisciplinary approach to the study of air pollution, covering such topics as chemistry, physics, meteorology, engineering, toxicology, policy, and regulation. New material includes near-road air pollution, new risk assessment approaches, indoor air quality, the impact of biofuels and fuel additives, mercury emissions, forecasting techniques, and the most recent results from the National Air Toxics Assessment.
Ronald M. Dell, Patrick T. Moseley, David A J Rand
Increasing pressure on global reserves of petroleum at a time of growing demand for personal transport in developing countries, together with environmental concerns, are leading to a requirement for more sustainable forms of road transport. Major improvements in the efficiency of all types of road vehicles are called for, along with the use of fuels derived from alternative sources, or entirely new fuels. Towards Sustainable Road Transport describes the evolution of vehicle designs and propulsion technologies over the past two centuries, before looking forward to possible new forms of energy to substitute for petroleum. It also discusses the political and socio-economic drivers for change, investigates barriers to their broad implementation, and outlines the state-of-the-art of candidate power sources, advanced vehicle design, and associated infrastructure.
Edouard Freund, Paul Lucchese
Hydrogen, energy vector for the future? Or, on the contrary, limited to its current applications in the field of chemistry and refining for decades to come, possibly even until the end of the century? There is much controversy over this issue and two sides to the argument. Advocates of the hydrogen civilization consider that, following a technological revolution hydrogen will play a universal role alongside electricity as a substitute for fossil fuels, especially (but not only) in transport, leading to radical elimination of CO2 emissions. For the skeptics, and even outspoken opponents, hydrogen will remain restricted to its current applications due to the insoluble problems inherent to its generalized use, especially in transport. This book highlights the increasing and inevitable role of "energy" hydrogen – as opposed to chemical hydrogen – in the key sectors of transport and "clean" electricity production.
Rudolf M. Smaling, Haoran Hu, Simon Baseley
This book provides a broad and comprehensive look at hybrid powertrain technologies for commercial vehicles. It begins with the fundamentals of hybrid powertrain systems, government regulations, and driving cycles, then provides design guidelines and key components of hybrid powertrains for commercial vehicles. It was written for vehicle and component engineers and developers, researchers, students, policymakers, and business executives in the commercial vehicle and transportation industries to help them understand the fundamentals of hybrid powertrain technologies and market requirements for commercial vehicles. It is useful for anyone who designs or is interested in hybrid powertrains and their key components. The term ‘commercial vehicle’ applies to everything from light delivery vehicles to class 8 long haul trucks, buses, and coaches. These vehicles are used for a wide range of duties, including transporting goods or people and infrastructure service.
The SAE International Journal of Commercial Vehicles backfile includes online access to all published papers from 2008 through last year. The mission of the SAE International Journal of Commercial Vehicles to showcase state-of-the-art engineering research by promoting high quality theoretical and applied investigations. The Journal achieves this goal by publishing only those peer-reviewed scientific papers on the design, modeling, controlling, and testing of commercial vehicles which bring strong empirical and theoretical contributions to the current and future body of knowledge.
The AVL International Commercial Powertrain Conference is the premier forum for truck, agricultural and construction equipment manufacturers to discuss powertrain technology challenges and solutions across their industries. The topics of the conference, which happens every two years, cover all five elements of a modern powertrain: engine, transmission, electric motor, battery and the electronic control which are used basically the same way in the quest for optimal efficiency and environmental compatibility. This event offers a unique opportunity for highly regarded professionals to address the synergy effects and distinctive characteristics of commercial vehicles, agricultural tractors and non-road vehicles, and industrial machinery. These proceedings are being co-published with SAE International, via a strategic partnership.
This set includes: SAE International Journal of Aerospace March 2010 - Volume 2 Issue 1 SAE International Journal of Commercial Vehicles October 2009 - Volume 2, Issue 1 March 2010 - Volume 2, Issue 2 SAE International Journal of Engines October 2009 - Volume 2, Issue 1 March 2010 - Volume 2, Issue 2 SAE International Journal of Fuels and Lubricants October 2009 - Volume 2, Issue 1 March 2010 - Volume 2, Issue 2 SAE International Journal of Materials and Manufacturing October 2009 - Volume 2, Issue 1 March 2010 - Volume 2, Issue 2 SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars - Electronic and Electrical Systems October 2009 - Volume 2, Issue 1 SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems October 2009 - Volume 2, Issue 1 March 2010 - Volume 2, Issue 2
Jean-Pierre Pirault, Martin L.S. Flint
This book explores the opposed piston (OP) engine, a model of power and simplicity, and provides the first comprehensive description of most opposed piston (OP) engines from 1887 to 2006. Design and performance details of the major types of OP engines in stationary, ground, marine, and aviation applications are explored and their evolution traced. The OP engine has set enviable and leading-edge standards for power/weight refinement, fuel tolerance, fuel efficiency, package space, and manufacturing simplicity. For these reasons, the OP concept still remains of interest for outstanding power and package density, simplicity, and reliability; e.g., aviation and certain military transport requirements. Using material from historic and unpublished internal research reports, the authors present the rationale for OP engines, their diverse architecture, detailed design aspects, performance data, manufacturing details, and leading engineers and applications.
Ronald K. Jurgen
This book contains 46 papers covering the past ten years (1999-2008) of research on various by-wire systems, looking at the challenges faced by design engineers as traditional hydraulic or mechanical linkages are replaced by electronic control systems. Topics covered include: Architecture and Software Considerations; Brake-By-Wire Systems; Steer-By-Wire Systems; Drive-By-Wire Systems; Communication Networks The book also includes editor Ronald K. Jurgen's introduction "Replacing Hydraulics and Mechanics with Electronics" and a concluding section on future trends in X-By-Wire systems.
John R Maten, Bruce D Anderson
This reference contains the latest knowledge on vehicle development with CVT powertrains, transmission assembly design and performance, and the design and development of the five major components of CVT technology: launch device, variator systems, geartrains, control systems, and lubrication. Building on an earlier SAE publication, the 37 technical papers selected for this book cover updated information on a variety of topics within the area of CVTs. Although this book is not intended to represent the full body of CVT technology, it provides technical presentations and their reference documents, which can lead to discussions covering several topics of interest in CVTs.
Robert J Moran
This combination of 27 papers covers a decade of technical information reviewing the wide-range of approaches to Variable Valve Actuation (VVA). Each approach has unique benefits and a range of applications. These papers present a balanced view of the progress and challenges associated with VVA technology. Fuel economy and reduced emissions continue to be large factors in engine technology. Therefore the continued development of VVA will become necessary on virtually all gasoline engines, and must be adopted on diesel engines. The benefits achieved with the applications of this technology include: fuel economy, reduced emissions, improved power, performance, reliability and durability.
Paul Nieuwenhuis, Philip Vergragt, Peter Wells
Mobility is in crisis, but few seem aware of the full extent of it. This book shows that for a genuinely sustainable transport future, far more radical change - affecting many aspects of society - is needed. This book brings together a range of views representing both leading-edge thinking and best practices in the mobility sector, with the individual expert contributions framing a broader vision of future mobility. It is necessary to move beyond the technology of new cars to confront the challenges of institutional, cultural, and social change required for increased sustainability. This book breaks through the conventional boundary between engineering and the social sciences, and the contributors represent both sides of this divide, combining economists, engineers, geographers, designers, and others.
Nicholas C. Baines
Turbocharging is used more widely than ever in internal combustion engines. Most diesel engines of all types and sizes manufactured today are turbocharged, and gasoline engines are increasingly so. Turbocharger technology, and often commercial turbocharger components, is being applied in many other fields including fuel cells, miniature gas turbine engines, and air cycle refrigerators. Fundamentals of Turbocharging is the first comprehensive treatment of turbochargers and turbocharging to be made widely available in the last twenty years. It is intended to serve as both an introduction to the turbocharger itself, and to the problems of matching a turbocharger with an internal combustion engine. The turbocharger is a highly sophisticated device. Undoubtedly, the key to its commercial success lies in achieving the correct compromise between performance, life, and cost.
Ronald K. Jurgen
In this second edition of Electronic Engine Control Technologies, the latest advances and technologies of electronic engine control are explored in a collection of 99 technical papers, none of which were included in the book's first edition. Editor Ronald K. Jurgen offers an informative introduction, "Neural Networks on the Rise," clearly explaining the book's overall format and layout. The book then closely examines the many areas surrounding electronic engine control technologies, including: specific engine controls, diagnostics, engine modeling, innovative solid-state hardware and software systems, communication techniques for engine control, neural network applications, and the future of electronic engine controls.
Fuquan Zhao, Thomas N. Asmus, Dennis N. Assanis, John E. Dec, James A. Eng, Paul M. Najt
The homogeneous charge, compression-ignition (HCCI) combustion process has the potential to significantly reduce NOx and particulate emissions, while achieving high thermal efficiency and the capability of operating with a wide variety of fuels. This makes the HCCI engine an attractive technology that can ostensibly provide diesel-like fuel efficiency and very low emissions, which may allow emissions compliance to occur without relying on lean aftertreatment systems.
Bertrand Hsu
The diesel engine is one of the most efficient types of heat engines and is widely used as a prime mover for many applications. In recent years, with the aid of modern computers, engine combustion modeling has made great progress. However, due to the complexities of the processes involved in the practical diesel engine, there are still too many unknowns preventing computational prediction to have the accuracy level required by industry. This book examines some basic characteristics of diesel engine combustion process, and describes the commonly used tool to analyze combustion - heat release analysis. It addition, Practical Diesel-Engine Combustion Analysis describes the performance changes that might be encountered in the engine user environment, with a goal of helping the reader analyze his own practical combustion problems.
Gordon P. Blair
Design and Simulation of Two-Stroke Engines is a unique hands-on information source. The author, having designed and developed many two-stroke engines, offers practical and empirical assistance to the engine designer on many topics ranging from porting layout, to combustion chamber profile, to tuned exhaust pipes. The information presented extends from the most fundamental theory to pragmatic design, development, and experimental testing issues. Chapters cover: Introduction to the Two-Stroke Engine Combustion in Two-Stroke Engines Computer Modeling of Engines Reduction of Fuel Consumption and Exhaust Emissions Reduction of Noise Emission from Two-Stroke Engines and more
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