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Viewing 1 to 30 of 15128
2015-01-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-9101
Susan Sawyer-Beaulieu, Edwin K.L. Tam
Abstract Life-cycle assessments (LCAs) conducted, to date, of the end-of-life phase of vehicles rely significantly on assumed values and extrapolations within models. The end phase of vehicles, however, has become all the more important as a consequence of increasing regulatory requirements on materials recovery, tightening disposal restrictions, and the rapid introduction of new materials and electronics, all potentially impacting a vehicle's efficacy for achieving greater levels of sustainability. This article presents and discusses selected research results of a comprehensive gate-to-gate life-cycle-inventory (LCI) of end-of-life vehicle (ELV) dismantling and shredding processes, constructed through a comprehensive and detailed case study, and argues that managing and implementing creative dismantling practices can improve significantly the recovery of both reusable and recyclable materials from end-of-life vehicles. Although the amount of parts and materials recovered and directed for reuse, remanufacturing or recycling may be as much as 11.6% by weight of the ELVs entering a dismantling process [1], greater rates of reuse and/or recycling may be achieved by the strategic management of the ELVs entering the dismantling process according to age.
2014-11-11
Technical Paper
2014-32-0026
Alessandro Franceschini, Emanuele Pellegrini, Raffaele Squarcini
Nowadays the challenge in design auxiliary device for automotive small engine is focused on the packaging reduction and on the increase of the performances. This requirements are in contrast to each other and in order to fulfil the project specifications, new and more refined design tools and procedures need to be developed. This paper presents a calculation loop developed by Pierburg Pump Technology Italy S.p.a. (PPT). It supports the design of a variable displacement oil pump component for engine applications. The work is focused on the fatigue life evaluation of a joint, which transmits the drive torque from the engine to the oil pump. The aim of the procedure is to calculate the onset of the surface fatigue phenomenon in the hexagonal joint which drives the oil pump, taking into account the axes misalignment and the flat to flat clearance. The study has involved several matters, experimental measures, CFD, MBA and FEM analyses. A calculation procedure has been set up in order to consider all the necessary loads applied on the joint.
2014-11-11
Technical Paper
2014-32-0028
T Manikandan, S Sarmadh Ameer, A Sivakumar, Davinder Kumar, R Venkatesan, VenkataKalyana Kumar
The proposed paper is on advanced vehicle information panel which shall display instant mileage zone in which the user is operating with inputs from engine crank sensor and vehicle speed sensor alone. And moreover, gear assistance and throttle assistance through visuals is provided. Mileage data for different engine loading at different Speeds is pre-calculated at standard conditions and fed into a micro-controller. In real time, the engine loading, by means of intelligent software, is sensed by engine crank sensor and based on the pre-fed value, the mileage zone of the vehicle at that particular instant is to be displayed using an information panel. Based on the relation between speed sensor and engine crank sensor when the vehicle is running, the gear in which the vehicle is running is to be calculated. For a vehicle running in a certain gear and in certain speed, the ideal engine loading and mileage zone is predefined. So when the user is riding in a certain gear with certain engine load, the micro controller compares that with the programmed data which is the ideal condition data, and assists the user, in case the rider is not riding the vehicle as per the ideal data, by gear up/down prompt or throttle up/down prompt by means of the said information panel.
2014-11-11
Technical Paper
2014-32-0027
T Manikandan, S Sarmadh Ameer, A Sivakumar, Samaraj Dhinagar
The proposed paper is on electrical energy conservation in a two wheeler. Electrical energy generation adds a maximum of 10% excess load torque on an engine and hence saving electrical energy would ultimately reduce the consumption of fuel. Load Control Module is a single intelligent device which is placed in between electrical energy generation and consumption. The Module controls and distributes energy to the corresponding loads depending on parameters like battery voltage, engine RPM, overhead light illumination levels and load usage time. The Module prioritizes battery charging for maintaining the life of the battery. The Module has a microcontroller and it is programmed with algorithm for prioritization and energy distribution with respect to input conditions. A vehicle fitted with the Load Control Module was tested in city driving cycle (CDC) condition as per ARAI (Automotive Research Association of India) standard and it was found that the electrical loading decreased to about 30% when compared to vehicle with uncontrolled loading.
2014-10-21
WIP Standard
AIR825/5B
This Aerospace Information Report provides general information to aircraft designers and engineers, regarding LOX, its properties, its storage and its conversion to gas. Much useful information is included herein for aircraft designers regarding important design considerations for a safe and effective installation to an aircraft. The associated ground support equipment needed to support operations of LOX equipped aircraft is also discussed. It is important to realize that LOX equipped aircraft cannot be supported unless this support infrastructure is also available. A significant part of this document will address the specific advantages, disadvantages and precautions relating to LOX systems. These are important issues that must be considered in deciding which oxygen system to install to the aircraft. Also, many commercial and military aircraft use aeromedical LOX equipment that is mostly portable equipment. Aeromedical LOX equipment is not addressed herein as it is beyond the scope of this document.
2014-10-20
Standard
AS3282C
Scope is unavailable.
2014-10-20
Standard
AS3293B
Scope is unavaialble.
2014-10-20
WIP Standard
AS5781A
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) covers scarf-cut polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) retainers (backup rings) for use in glands in accordance with AS4716. They are for use in hydraulic and pneumatic system components as anti-extrusion devices in conjunction with O-rings, packings and other elastomeric seals for static and dynamic applications. Because of the construction of groove dimensions, backup rings specific to rod applications are designated "R" ~ Rod (Female), backup rings specific to piston applications are designated "P" - Piston (Male). Piston and rod types of virgin pigmented PTFE are also identified by color code which also distinguishes parts to this standard from those made from virgin PTFE to other standards. Backup rings specified herein have been designed for a temperature range of -65 to 275 °F (-54 to 135 °C) and a nominal operating pressure of 3000 psi (20.7 MPa) for code 09 material (AMS 3678/9). Alternate materials to AMS 3678 are offered for more arduous operating conditions.
2014-10-20
WIP Standard
AS6235A
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) specifies standardized gland design criteria and dimensions for static face seals for internal pressure and external pressure applications for aerospace hydraulic and pneumatic applications using the same size range as AS4716 and AS5857 where applicable. Some small diameter sizes are excluded because they are not practical. The glands have been specifically designed for applications using AS568 size elastomeric O-rings with related Class 2 tolerances at nominal system operating pressures up to 3000 psi (20 680 kPa) utilizing no anti-extrusion (backup) rings. While the gland dimensions herein have been designed for pressures up to 3000 psi (20 680 kPa) these glands may be used for higher pressures, but extra precautions need to be taken and testing should be performed to ensure to ensure integrity of performance. This specification covers the basic design criteria and recommendations for use with standard size elastomeric O-rings, however, these glands are also suitable for use with other elastomeric and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) based seal geometries.
2014-10-17
WIP Standard
ARP5312
The recommended test method applies to hydraulic actuators that are components of commercial and military aircraft control systems. This recommended practice establishes guidelines for comparison testing and reporting the effectiveness of rod scrapers only against dry dust and ingression of ISO standardized test dust into the fluid and should not be construed as a qualification process for rod scrapers since the macro contaminants which are not being tested here can affect scraper performance. To fully evaluate rod scraper effectiveness, the subject actuator design and its full operating environment needs to be evaluated.
2014-10-16
WIP Standard
AS25050B
This specification covers the chromaticity and transmission requirements of equipment light transmitting ware in the descending order of transmission. It is intended for use in military aircraft lighting.
2014-10-15
WIP Standard
AS85731/1B
No scope available.
2014-10-15
WIP Standard
AS85731B
This specification covers positive locking fasteners intended for use in aircraft to secure electronic line replaceable units (LRUs).
2014-10-13
Standard
AMSQQA200/11A
This specification covers the specific requirements for aluminum alloy 7075 bar, rod, shapes, tube, and wire produced by extrusion. AMS-QQ-A-200/11A has been declared "STABILIZED" by AMS Committee D. This document will no longer be updated and may no longer represent standard industry practice. This document was stabilized because it contains requirements that are no longer state of the art and are also contained in alternate documents that contain equivalent requirements. Previously this document was reaffirmed. AMS Committee D has never performed a technical update of this document. Users of this document should refer to the cognizant engineering organization for disposition of any issues with reports/certifications to this specification; including exceptions listed on the certification. NOTE: In many cases, the purchaser may represent a sub tier supplier and not the cognizant engineering organization.
Viewing 1 to 30 of 15128

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