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Technical Paper
2014-04-01
George Nerubenko
Abstract The results of dynamical study of new patented Torsional Vibration Damper for an engine crankshaft are presented. Design and structure of Torsional Vibration Damper is based on author's US Patent 7,438,165 having the control system with instantaneous frequencies tuner for all frequencies in running engine. Basically the tuner should be designed in three optional manners: having mechanical structure, electromechanical structure with control system and micro-channels filled by electrolyte solution. The focus of the study is on Torsional Vibration Damper equipped with micro-channels filled by electrolyte solution. Mathematical model based on the system of ordinary differential equations describing the rotation and vibration of mechanical components combined to Navier-Stokes equations reflecting the fluid flow and Poisson - Boltzmann equations applicable for electrolyte solution flow in micro-channels has been used for the analysis of the dynamic behavior of engine crankshaft system having proposed Torsional Vibration Damper.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
S. Christopher Zugo, Craig D. Smith, Charles W. Braun, Joseph Kazour
Abstract The audible noise characteristics of direct injectors are important to OEM customers when selecting a high pressure gasoline fuel injector. The activation noise is an undesirable aspect that needs to be minimized through injector design, injector mounting, and acoustic treatments. Experimentally identifying the location and frequency of noise sources is beneficial to the improvement of injector designs. Acoustic holography is a useful tool in locating these noise sources by measuring a sound pressure field with multiple microphones and using this field to estimate the source location. For injector testing, the local boundary conditions of the noise source will affect the resultant sound field. Therefore, how the injector is mounted within the test fixture will change the resultant noise field measured. In this study, the process of qualifying an acoustic holography fixture using measurement system analysis for GDi fuel injector testing will be documented. The noise levels and source locations for different injector mounting conditions will be evaluated.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Manivasagam Shanmugam, Raghavendra Kharatmal, Shirish Satpute
Abstract This paper describes the rapid design and development of thin walled powertrain components which act as external cover for engine subsystem assemblies. Computer Aided Engineering plays a major role in reducing the overall product development lead time. An approach by using ‘Simulation Driven Design and Development’ helps the developers to bring the necessary confidence about the components' required functionality during the design stage itself. During the design stage, typical inputs available for the development of these components are the broad dimensions obtained from the packaging considerations. The designer is required to develop the concepts targeting least noise radiation from component surfaces due to various excitations. Based on cost considerations, the designer can even opt for plastic materials instead of steel. The current paper considers two major noise radiation members namely valve cover and timing gear cover for rapid product development. A conventional modal analysis followed by harmonic response studies provides the basis for the iterations towards designing these members.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Todd Tousignant, Kiran Govindswamy
Abstract Increased customer expectation for NVH refinement creates a significant challenge for the integration of Diesel powertrains into passenger vehicles that might have been initially developed for gasoline engine applications. A significant factor in the refinement of Diesel powertrain sound quality is calibration optimization for NVH, which is often constrained by performance, emissions and fuel economy requirements. Vehicle level enablers add cost and weight to the vehicle and are generally bounded by vehicle architecture, particularly when dealing with a carry-over vehicle platform, as is often the case for many vehicle programs. These constraints are compounded by the need to make program critical sound package content decisions well before the availability of prototype vehicles with the right powertrain. In this paper, a case study on NVH development for integration of a light duty Diesel powertrain is presented. A process, based on a time-domain transfer path methodology was applied to provide focused engineering development of powertrain and vehicle level NVH enablers.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Ravi Kiran Cheni, Chetan Prakash Jain, Revathy Muthiah, Srikanth Gomatam
Abstract Automotive OEMs quest for vehicle body light weighting, increase in Fuel efficiency along with significant cut in the emissions pose significant challenges. Apart from the effect on vehicle handling, the reduction of vehicle weight also results in additional general requirements for acoustic measures as it is an important aspect that contributes to the comfort and the sound quality image of the vehicle, thus posing a unique challenge to body designers and NVH experts. Due to these conflicting objectives, accurate identification along with knowledge of the transfer paths of vibrations and noise in the vehicle is needed to facilitate measures for booming noise dampening and vehicle structure vibration amplitude. This paper focuses on the application of a unique design and development of vehicle body structure anti-vibration dynamic damper (DD), unique in its aspect in controlling booming noise generated at a specific RPM range. Design methodology follows the concept of Mass-damper system on vehicle body or engine structure where panel with multi-degree of freedom vibrating at medium level frequency is transferred to damper which is vibrating at same resonant frequency in 180° opposite phase.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Kun Diao, Lijun Zhang, Dejian Meng
Abstract Brake squeal shows a significant uncertainty characteristic. In this paper, a series of bench tests were carried out to study the uncertainty of brake squeal on a multi-function brake inertia dynamometer test bench. Then based on time-frequency analysis results, a creative squeal confirmation and determination method was presented, which can show the squeal variations in the domains of time, frequency and amplitude together. An uncertainty analysis method was also established, in which the statistical parameters of squeal frequency and sound pressure level (SPL), and probability density evaluation of frequency based on Quantile-Quantile Plot (QQ plot) were given. And a judgment method of the frequency doubling was devised based on numerical multiple and occurrence concurrence, as well as the uncertainty statistical analysis method considering frequency doubling. All the methods established were applied to the uncertainty analysis of brake squeal. It was found that, both the squeal frequency and SPL are dispersed, and each squeal has its own statistical results.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Tomoya Ishii, Tomohiro Sudo, Masanori Morikawa, Daisuke Nagahata
Abstract General analysis methods which are known as Transfer Path Analysis and Air borne Source Quantification have been extended to estimate forces of an air conditioner's parts and also clarify the path from air conditioner system. These results show noise transfer path to be improved. Originally, the existing methods are known to require considerable amount of time for the cause of complicated measurement to get analysis results. In the work of this paper, required measurement is simplified, and time reduction of 50% is achieved without critical decrease in analysis accuracy.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Hiroyuki Tanaka, Hisashi Ihara, Akira Satomura, Yasuhiko Wada, Hideto Momii, Tatsuya Suma
Abstract In order to enhance product attraction, it is important to reduce the impact noise when a vehicle go over bumps such as bridge joints. Vehicle performance to transitional noise phenomena is not yet analyzed well. In this paper, a prediction method is established by vector composition and inverse Fourier transform with the combination of Multibody Dynamics (MBD) and FEM. Also, a root cause analysis method is established with the following three mechanism analysis methods; transfer path analysis, mode contribution analysis, and panel contribution analysis.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Masashi Terada, Takashi Kondo, Yukihiro Kunitake, Kunitomo Miyahara
Abstract In automobile development, steering vibrations caused by engine excitation force and suspension vibration input from the road surface are a problem. The conventional method of reducing vibrations and thereby securing marketability has been to dispose a dynamic damper inside the steering wheel. The resonance frequency of a steering system varies for each vehicle developed (as a result of the vehicle size, the arrangement of the stiff members of the vehicle body, and the like). As a result, the individual values of dynamic dampers that are used with vehicles must be adjusted for each developed vehicle type. To address this problem, we have developed a new structure in which, rather than using a conventional dynamic damper, we disposed a floating bush on the Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) module attachment section and used the SRS module itself as the weight for the dynamic damper. In this structure, the dynamic damper weight is approximately eight times greater than the conventional weight, the vibration reduction effect is enhanced, and the effective frequency range is widened.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Pablo Ballesteros, Xinyu Shu, Christian Bohn
In this paper, a control approach for the active reduction of engine-induced vibrations in automotive vehicles is presented. As a controller, a discrete-time multiple input multiple output (MIMO) disturbance-observer-based state-feedback controller is designed using linear parameter-varying (LPV) gain-scheduling techniques. The use of LPV control design techniques has the advantage that the stability of the overall system is guaranteed even when the gain-scheduling parameters are changing. The control approach is validated experimentally with an active vibration control system installed in a Golf VI Variant. Two inertia-mass actuators (shakers) and two accelerometers are attached to the engine mounts. Nine frequency components are targeted in the reduction and excellent results are achieved in vehicle driving tests for constant and time-varying engine speeds.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Gen Shibata, Hirooki Ushijima, Hideyuki Ogawa, Yushi Shibaike
Abstract When fuel is vaporized and mixed well with air in the cylinder of premixed diesel engines, the mixture auto-ignites in one burst resulting in strong combustion noise, and combustion noise reduction is necessary to achieve high load premixed diesel engine operation. In this paper, an engine noise analysis was conducted by engine tests and simulations. The engine employed in the experiments was a supercharged single cylinder DI diesel engine with a high pressure common rail fuel injection system. The engine noise was sampled by two microphones and the sampled engine noise was averaged and analyzed by an FFT sound analyzer. The engine was equipped with a pressure transducer and the combustion noise was calculated from the power spectrum of the FFT analysis of the in-cylinder pressure wave data from the cross power spectrum of the sound pressure of the engine noise. The parameters investigated in the engine tests were the maximum rate of pressure rise, intake pressure by the supercharger, intake oxygen content by EGR, and the fuel injection timing, in all experiments the engine speed was maintained at 1600 rpm.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Wei Yang, Wenku Shi, Chunxue Chen
Aiming at the abnormal vibration of driver seat of a passenger car in idle condition, vibration acceleration of engine, frame and seat rail was tested to identify vibration sources. Order tracking and spectrogram analysis indicated that the second order self-excitation of engine was the main cause. To solve the problem, semi-active controlled hydraulic engine mount with air spring of which characteristics could shift between a high dynamic stiffness and a low one was applied. Then the structure and principle of the mount with variable characteristics was introduced and control mode was analyzed. Dynamic characteristics were obtained by bench test. With sample mount applied, vibration of seat rail was tested again in multiple vehicle and engine working conditions. Dates showed that abnormal vibration in idle condition was extremely reduced and the mount could also meet the requirement of engine to dynamic stiffness in driving conditions.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Tamer Elnady, Mats Abom, Yong Yang
Exhaust noise is a major contributor to the radiated noise level of a vehicle, especially at idle. The radiated noise level has to meet a certain criteria based on regulation and consumer demand. In many cases, the problem appears after the vehicle is manufactured and the tailpipe noise measurement is performed indicating a high noise level that needs to be reduced. This paper describes one of those cases where the radiated noise level of a certain passenger car at idle was required to be reduced by 6 dB(A). The exhaust system consists of one main muffler and one auxiliary muffler. A 1D two-port model of the exhaust system including the two mufflers was built using commercial software. This model was validated against the measurement of the two-port matrix of both mufflers. The model was then used together with tailpipe noise measurements to estimate the characteristics of the source strength and impedance. Using a 1D model of the complete system, it was possible to propose several modifications for the vehicle manufacturer to choose from.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Meng Huang
A 2 DOF nonlinear dynamic model of the automotive wiper system is established. Complex eigenvalues are calculated based on the complex modal theory, and the system stability as well as its dependence on wiping velocity is analyzed. Bifurcation characteristics of frictional self-excited vibration and stick-slip vibration relative to wiping velocity are studied through numerical analysis. Research of nonlinear vibration characteristics under various wiping velocities is conducted by means of phase trajectories, Poincaré map and frequency spectrum. The pervasive stick-slip vibration during wiping is confirmed, and its temporal and spatial distributions are analyzed by way of time history and contour map. Duty ratio of stick vibration and statistics of scraping residual are introduced as quantitative indexes for wiping effect evaluation. Results indicate that the negative slop of frictional-velocity characteristic is the root cause of system instability. As the wiping velocity decreases, the vibration state transforms from periodic to quasi-periodic and then to chaos in both high and low velocity ranges.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Cha-Sub Lim, Eunjun Han, Chahe Apelian, David Bogema
A new approach to achieve better customer perception of overall vehicle quietness is the sound balance improvement of vehicle interior sound during driving. Interior sound is classified into 3 primary sound source shares such as engine sound relative to revolution speed, tire road noise and wind noise relative to vehicle speed. Each interior sound shares are classified using the synchronous time-domain averaging method. The sound related to revolution order of engine and auxiliaries is considered as engine sound share, tire road noise and wind noise shares are extracted by multiple coherent output power analysis. Sound balance analysis focuses on improving the relative difference in interior sound share level between the 3 primary sound sources. Virtual sound simulator which is able to represent various driving conditions and able to adjust imaginary sound share is built for several vehicles in same compact segment. Objective sound evaluation targeting the North American customer is carried out using the virtual sound simulator tool in audio lab and it is verified that overall customer perception is improved by modification of sound balance between 3 primary sound shares.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Meng Huang
A disc-pad system is established to study impacts of surface topography on brake squeal from the perspective of statistical analysis. Firstly, surface topographies of brake disc and pad are precisely measured on the scale of micron and are statistically analyzed with a three-dimensional evaluation system. Secondly, the finite element model of brake disc and pad without surface topographies is created and verified through component free modal tests. Thereby the valid brake squeal model for complex modal analysis is built with ABAQUS. An effective method is developed to apply interface topographies to the smooth contact model, which consequently establishes sixty brake squeal models with topographies. Thirdly, impacts of surface topography on brake squeal are studied through comparison and statistical analysis of prediction results with and without topographies. The analysis manifest that topography amplitudes and evaluation index deviations of brake pad far exceed those of the disc, indicating the surface of brake pad is relatively much rougher.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Nicholas Oettle, David Sims-Williams, Robert Dominy
On-road, a vehicle experiences unsteady flow conditions due to turbulence in the natural wind, moving through the unsteady wakes of other road vehicles and travelling through the stationary wakes generated by roadside obstacles. Separated flow structures in the sideglass region of a vehicle are particularly sensitive to unsteadiness in the onset flow. These regions are also areas where strong aeroacoustic effects can exist, in a region close to the passengers of a vehicle. The resulting aeroacoustic response to unsteadiness can lead to fluctuations and modulation at frequencies that a passenger is particularly sensitive towards. Results presented by this paper combine on-road measurement campaigns using instrumented vehicles in a range of different wind environments and aeroacoustic wind tunnel tests. A new cabin noise simulation technique was developed to predict the time-varying wind noise in a vehicle using the cabin noise measured in the steady environment of the wind tunnel, and a record of the unsteady onset conditions on the road, considering each third-octave band individually.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Shuming Chen, Yawei Huang, Dengfeng Wang, Dengzhi Peng, Xuewei Song
This paper proposes a new method of predicting the sound absorption performance of polymer wool using artificial neural networks (ANN) model. Some important parameters of the proposed model have been adjusted to best fit the non-linear relationship between the input data and output data. What's more, the commonly used multiple non-linear regression model is built to compare with ANN model in this study. Measurements of the sound absorption coefficient of polymer wool based on transfer function method are also performed to determine the sound absorption performance according to GB/T18696. 2-2002 and ISO10534- 2: 1998 (E) standards. It is founded that predictions of the new model are in good agreement with the experiment results.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Weiguo Zhang, Rakesh Khurana, Mark Likich, Mac Lynch
Taguchi method is a technology to prevent quality problems at early stages of product development and product design. Parameter design method is an important part in Taguchi method which selects the best control factor level combination for the optimization of the robustness of product function against noise factors. The air induction system (AIS) provides clean air to the engine for combustion. The noise radiated from the inlet of the AIS can be of significant importance in reducing vehicle interior noise and tuning the interior sound quality. The porous duct has been introduced into the AIS to reduce the snorkel noise. It helps with both the system layout and isolation by reducing transmitted vibration. A CAE simulation procedure has been developed and validated to predict the snorkel noise of the porous ducted AIS. In this paper, Taguchi's parameter design method was utilized to optimize a porous duct design in an AIS to achieve the best snorkel noise performance. The virtual experiments based on an orthogonal array in the parameter design method were conducted by the developed simulation procedure and the optimized design was recommended.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Guangqiang Wu, Shuyi Jin
During a car launch, the driving torque from driveline acts on brake disk, and may lead the pad to slip against the disk. Especially with slow brake pedal release, there is still brake torque applies on the disk, which will retard the rotation of disk, and under certain conditions, the disk and pad may stick again, so the reciprocated stick and slip can induce the noise and vibration, which can be transmitted to a passenger by both tactile and aural paths, this phenomenon is defined as brake groan. In this paper, we propose a nonlinear dynamics model of brake for bidirectional, and with 7 Degrees of Freedom (DOFs), and phase locus and Lyapunov Second Method are utilized to study the mechanism of groan. Time-frequency analysis method then is adopted to analyze the simulation results, meanwhile a test car is operated under corresponding conditions, and the test signals are sampled and then processed to acquire the features. Finally, the results of the simulation and those of the test are compared, and the mechanism of groan and its contributory factors are revealed.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Mohamed Senousy, Paul Larsen, Peiran Ding
Electric motors and generators produce vibrations and noise associated with many physical mechanisms. In this study, we look at the vibrations and noise produced by the transient electromagnetic forces on the stator of a permanent magnet motor. In the first stage, electromagnetic simulation is carried out to calculate the forces per tooth segment of the stator. The harmonic orders of the electromagnetic forces are then calculated using Fourier analysis, and forces are mapped to the mechanical harmonic analysis of the second stage. As a third stage, the vibrations of the structure are used to drive the boundary of acoustic domain to predict the noise. Finally, optimization studies are made over the complete system to improve the motor design and reduce noise. A simulation environment (ANSYS Workbench) is used to integrate a seamless workflow.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Devadatta Mukutmoni, Robert Powell, L.A.Raghu Mutnuri
Flow generated acoustic sources are of significant import for automotive applications since perception of noise is a critical customer satisfaction issue. High temperature acoustic sources known as thermo-acoustics such as those occurring inside an exhaust system of a vehicle, an important subset of acoustic sources, is the subject of the investigation. In this article, we study a Rijke tube configuration that consists of a vertical and hollow cylindrical tube open at both ends where sound is generated by buoyancy driven flow as a result of a heated wire gauze placed in the bottom half of the tube. This configuration captures the essence of the thermo-acoustic phenomena and was investigated both numerically and experimentally and good agreement was observed between the two.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Pragadish Nandakumar
The fuel prices are increasing every day and so are the pollution caused by vehicles using fossil fuels. Moreover, in a car with an internal combustion engine, we get on average 25% efficiency, the other 75% is wasted, mostly through friction and heat. One important loss is the dissipation of vibration energy by shock absorbers in the vehicle suspension under the excitation of road irregularity and vehicle acceleration or deceleration. In this paper we design, manufacture and test a regenerative coil-over strut that is compact, simple in design and more economical. Since our strut is a modification of an existing strut design, it would be much more feasible to implement. We tested our prototype strut using a TATA Indica car under city road conditions. The damping characteristics and output voltage of the strut were recorded and compared with a normal coil over strut. Based on the test data, it was found that the strut was able to recover about 8-10 watts of electricity at 20kmph.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Shuming Chen, Dengfeng Wang
In this paper, the relationship was investigated between objective psychoacoustic parameters, A-weighted sound pressure level (SPL) and the results of the subjective evaluation by using grey relational analysis (GRA). The sounds were recorded with eight different passenger cars at four different running conditions. The sound quality indices were calculated, including loudness, sharpness, roughness, fluctuation, and A-weighted SPL. Subjective evaluation was performed by thirty subjects using rating scale method. GRA was compared with traditional correlation analysis, and the comparison shows that some hidden information which could not be found in the traditional correlation analysis was revealed. In order to know the further relationship between fluctuation and subjective evaluation, another subjective evaluation was performed by the same 30 subjects. The result demonstrates that the relationship revealed from GRA is correct. Furthermore, some measures were presented to improve the sound quality of vehicle interior noise.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Xiaobing Liu, Paul Nahra, Anna Strehlau
Abstract Engine stop/start systems are one technology being developed to meet ever tightening fuel economy regulations. Several production vehicles in the market have adopted stop/start systems with 12 volt batteries and enhanced starters. During engine autostart events (restart after autostop), the engine/vehicle vibration may be objectionable to customers. In this paper, the impact of extended range retarded intake cam phasing on first cycle combustion and vehicle vibration during engine autostart is provided. The engine intake cam phasers of a production vehicle were modified so the effective compression during autostart could be set as low as 3.5. Achieving these autostart conditions while maintaining typical cam timing positions under cold start conditions is achievable with an innovative dual park phaser. NVH measurements and engine speed traces indicate that this approach reduced vibration during engine autostart by a measurable amount. Subjective driver feedback was also positive.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Mohit Kohli, S Nataraja Moorthy, Manchi Venkateswara Rao, Prasath Raghavendran
Abstract The present quiet and comfortable automobiles are the result of years of research carried out by NVH engineers across the world. Extensive studies helped engineers to attenuate the noise generated by major sources such as engine, transmission, driveline and road excitations to a considerable extent, which made other noise sources such as intake, exhaust and tire perceivable inside. Many active and passive methods are available to reduce the effect of said noise sources, but enough care needs to be taken at the design level itself to eliminate the effect of cavity resonances. Experimental investigation of cavity resonances of real systems is necessary besides the FEA model based calculations. Acoustic cavity resonance of vehicle sub systems show their presence in the interior noise through structure borne and air borne excitations. Cavity resonances for some systems e.g. intake can only be suppressed through resonators. The exact location and nature of acoustic cavity resonance needs to be found as accurately as possible to bring out the best from a resonator.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Manchi Venkateswara Rao, Jos Frank, Prasath Raghavendran
Abstract Accurate quantification of structure borne noise is a challenging task for NVH engineers. The structural excitation sources of vibration and noise such as powertrain and suspension are connected to the passenger compartment by means of elastomer mounts and spring elements. The indirect force estimation methods such as complex dynamic stiffness method and matrix inversion method are being used to overcome the limitations of direct measurement. In many practical applications, the data pertaining to load dependent dynamic stiffness of the connections especially related to mounts is not available throughout the frequency range of interest which limits the application of complex dynamic stiffness method. The matrix inversion method mainly suffers from the drawback that it needs operational data not contaminated by the effect of other forces which are not considered for calculation. In this paper, a new method is proposed in which the structure borne noise associated with powertrain is quantified easily and reliably.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Jeremie Dernotte, John E. Dec, Chunsheng Ji
This article presents an investigation of the sources combustion-generated noise and its measurement in HCCI engines. Two cylinder-pressure derived parameters, the Combustion Noise Level (CNL) and the Ringing Intensity (RI), that are commonly used to establish limits of acceptable operation are compared along with spectral analyses of the pressure traces. This study focuses on explaining the differences between these two parameters and on investigating the sensitivity of the CNL to the ringing/knock phenomenon, to which the human ear is quite sensitive. Then, the effects of independently varying engine operating conditions such as fueling rate, boost pressure, and speed on both the CNL and RI are studied. Results show that the CNL is not significantly affected by the high-frequency components related to the ringing/knock phenomenon. In contrast, CNL is found to be sensitive to increasing energy in the 0.4 to 2.0 kHz frequency range generated by the combustion-induced uniform pressure rise.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Prasad Rao Yerraguntla, Shashi Kulkarni, Deepak Asthana
Abstract Automotive Audio Signaling system is very vital and is controlled by local regulatory requirements. In India, usage of horn is very frequent due to highly congested traffic conditions, and is in the order of 10 to 12 times per kilometer. This results in the deterioration of the “contact”, which enables the functioning of the device. Hence the device requires premature replacement or frequent tuning, which are time consuming and results an increase in warranty costs and cost of service as well. Thus, to overcome this problem a unique and novel approach is proposed in this paper which enhances the life of the automobile horn, by implementing an additional pair of Contacts on circuit breakers, providing a parallel path for the power supply. This effort ensures that the life of the horn is increased by 5 times than the existing design. In addition, this approach completely eliminates the problems of premature failure or frequent tuning, yet without any change in the physical dimensions of the device, thus ensuring that no additional engineering efforts are required for its implementation.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Zhengfei Tang, Yongfu Chen, Jian Zeng, Yu Yang, Yunqing Zhang
NVH quality is one of the most important criteria by which people judge the design of a vehicle. The Powertrain Mounting System (PMS), which can reduce the vibration from engine to vehicle cab as well as the inside noise, has attained significant attention. Much research has been done on the isolation method for three- and four-point mounting. But the six-point mounting system, which is usually equipped in commercial vehicle, is seldom studied and should be paid more attention. In this paper, the support rod installed on the upside of the transmission case is considered as a flexible body. Thus a rigid-flexible coupling model of PMS is established and the necessity of the established model is analyzed by comparing the simulation results of the new model and those of the conventional model. Based on the traditional theory of energy decoupling and reasonable allocation of the natural frequencies, Adams and MATLAB are integrated into the optimization software iSIGHT to optimize the six-point PMS.
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