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Viewing 181 to 210 of 8668
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-1043
Kwang-Ho Oh, Won Hee Han, Jun-Ho Jang, Yong-Choo Tho, Hak Hyun Kim
Abstract Light weighting is a critical objective in the automotive industry to improve fuel efficiency. But when redesigning parts for light weight, by changing from metal to plastic, the resulting design gives NVH issues due to differences in part mass and material stiffness. Many parts were not converted from metal to plastic because of NVH issues that could not be solved. Many engine parts such as cylinder head cover, air intake manifold, oil pan and etc. previously made of metal have since long been replaced with plastic. But timing chain cover has not been replaced because of the aforementioned issue. Sealing performance due to the dynamic characteristics of the application is another challenging factor. In this paper, the key aspects of the plastic timing chain cover as well as its advantage are presented.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0439
Xingyu Liang, Kang Sun, Yuesen Wang, Gequn Shu, Lin Tang, Lei Ling, Xu Wang
Abstract Like outside scenery, the car interior noise and road condition will affect the driver's mental state when driving. In order to explore the influence of external visual and auditory factors on the driver's mood in the driving process based on research of traffic soundscape, this paper has selected four backbone roads of Tianjin city (China) to test and drive a gasoline passenger vehicle at different speeds. Near Acoustic Holographic was used to scan interior acoustic field distribution, while the tracking shot of the driver's location was recorded by a Sony camera. People with different characteristics were invited to watch the video and completed a self-designed survey questionnaire. The external factors affecting the driver's mood were explored by analyzing all these data. After the investigation, we found that the sound field distribution inside the car could be affected directly and significantly by the opening and closing the car window when driving; in the case of keeping the window closed, the acoustic characteristics of the car cabin was relatively stable; and the visual impact factor of the driver's mood is mainly related to the traffic congestion degree and the construction quality of road surface, whereas the road appearance and aesthetics, which people usually concern about have very little influence.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0221
John Morello
Abstract As automotive and commercial vehicle OEM's continue their quest to reduce cost, product selection, quality, and reliability must be maintained. On-engine and wheel located connection systems create the greatest challenges due to the extreme levels of vibration. In the past, devices were fewer, and there where less direct connects in high vibration locations (Engine/ wheel sensors, electronic controllers, fuel injectors). Instead, small wire harnesses (“pigtails”) were commonly used. These pigtails can dampen the effect of the environment which includes mild to severe vibration by keeping the environmental effect away from the electrical connection contact point. Electrically connecting directly to the device creates new challenges in the connection system with the increased threat of fretting corrosion. Suppliers supporting OEM's are attempting to meet these direct connect requirements with lubrication, precious metal plating, and high contact force contacts. Some are more effective than others, and all have their drawbacks.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0237
Prasad Rao Yerraguntla, Shashi Kulkarni, Deepak Asthana
Abstract Automotive Audio Signaling system is very vital and is controlled by local regulatory requirements. In India, usage of horn is very frequent due to highly congested traffic conditions, and is in the order of 10 to 12 times per kilometer. This results in the deterioration of the “contact”, which enables the functioning of the device. Hence the device requires premature replacement or frequent tuning, which are time consuming and results an increase in warranty costs and cost of service as well. Thus, to overcome this problem a unique and novel approach is proposed in this paper which enhances the life of the automobile horn, by implementing an additional pair of Contacts on circuit breakers, providing a parallel path for the power supply. This effort ensures that the life of the horn is increased by 5 times than the existing design. In addition, this approach completely eliminates the problems of premature failure or frequent tuning, yet without any change in the physical dimensions of the device, thus ensuring that no additional engineering efforts are required for its implementation.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0004
Ajo John Thomas, Avnish Gosain, Prashanth Balachandran
Abstract The automobile market is witnessing a different trend altogether - the trend of shifting preference from powerful to fuel efficient machines. Certain factors like growing prices of fuel, struggling global economy, environmental sensitiveness and affordability have pushed the focus on smaller, efficient and cleaner automobiles. To meet such requirements, the automobile manufacturers, are going stringent on vehicle weights. Using electric and hybrid power-plants are other options to meet higher fuel efficiency and emission requirements but significant cost of these technologies have kept their growth restricted to only few makers and to only few regions of the globe. Optimizing the vehicle weight is a more attractive option for makers as it promises lesser time to market, is low on investment and allows use of existing platforms. However, lightweighting and NVH often conflict each other in vehicle development and hence design optimization plays a vital role in assigning a tradeoff between the lightweighting and NVH.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0005
Atul Devidas Pol, Praveen Naganoor
Abstract Achieving targeted global modes (torsion, vertical bending and lateral bending) is one of the main enablers in meeting desired NVH performance characteristics of a new vehicle program. The torsion mode of next generation Land Rover - Freelander was lagging behind its target while the development cycle was quite progressed beyond underbody freeze. There was a challenge to recover more than 8 Hz in BIW torsion mode. A combination of Nastran Sol 200 (design sensitivity and optimization) and iterative process was adopted to demonstrate how the mode could be recovered with optimum mass penalty to the program. The paper states the existing modal status when this work was taken up. Next it elucidates design sensitivity/optimization module outcome which identifies sensitive areas to improve torsion mode. Then it describes how feasible design solutions were developed while iterating using Nastran Sol 103 modal analysis, based on the outcome of above sensitivity/optimization analyses, to converge to the specified target.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0002
Marcus Becher, Stefan Becker
Abstract This paper focuses on the applicability of numerical prediction of sound radiation caused by an axial vehicle cooling fan. To investigate the applicability of numerical methods, a hybrid approach is chosen where first a CFD simulation is performed and the sound radiation is calculated in a second step. For the acoustic simulation an integral method described by Ffowcs-Williams-Hawkings is used to predict the sound propagation in the far-field. The simulation results are validated with experiments. The corresponding setup in experiments and simulation represents an overall system which includes the cooler, the cooling fan and a combustion engine dummy. To optimize the economical applicability in terms of simulation setup and run time, different approaches are investigated. This includes the simulation of only one blade using a periodic boundary condition as compared to the whole fan geometry. In the CFD simulation an SAS-turbulence-model is applied. The results show that this is a very useful approach considering the challenges in prediction of numerical sound.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0010
Hyungtae Kim, Sehwun Oh, Ki-Chang Kim, Ju Young Lee, Jungseok Cheong, Junmoo Her
Abstract It is common knowledge that body structure is an important factor of road noise performance. Thus, a high stiffness of body system is required, and determining their optimized stiffness and structure is necessary. Therefore, a method for improving body stiffness and validating the relationship between stiffness and road noise through CAE and experimental trials was tested. Furthermore, a guideline for optimizing body structure for road noise performance was suggested.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0011
Xiaozhen Sheng, Shouhui Huang, Sheng Tian, Xia Cao, Youlin Huang
Abstract Subject to excitations from pressure pulsations in boost air, the rubber pipe connecting the turbo compressor outlet and the intercooler of an engine vibrates structurally and radiates noise. If the pipe is improperly selected, the resulted vibration may be strong enough to radiate noise which is sufficient to damage the sound quality of the vehicle. This paper presents an initial analysis on this issue. First, formulae are derived for predicting vibration and sound radiation of the pipe for a given pressure pulsation, resulting in sound transmission index for the pipe to quantify its sound insulation behavior. Then effects on the sound transmission index are investigated for pipe parameters such as pipe wall thickness, Young's modulus and density of pipe material.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0013
Ravi Kiran Cheni, Chetan Prakash Jain, Revathy Muthiah, Srikanth Gomatam
Abstract Automotive OEMs quest for vehicle body light weighting, increase in Fuel efficiency along with significant cut in the emissions pose significant challenges. Apart from the effect on vehicle handling, the reduction of vehicle weight also results in additional general requirements for acoustic measures as it is an important aspect that contributes to the comfort and the sound quality image of the vehicle, thus posing a unique challenge to body designers and NVH experts. Due to these conflicting objectives, accurate identification along with knowledge of the transfer paths of vibrations and noise in the vehicle is needed to facilitate measures for booming noise dampening and vehicle structure vibration amplitude. This paper focuses on the application of a unique design and development of vehicle body structure anti-vibration dynamic damper (DD), unique in its aspect in controlling booming noise generated at a specific RPM range. Design methodology follows the concept of Mass-damper system on vehicle body or engine structure where panel with multi-degree of freedom vibrating at medium level frequency is transferred to damper which is vibrating at same resonant frequency in 180° opposite phase.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0014
Changxin Wang, Deguang Fang, Fuxiang Guo
Abstract To find out the main excitation sources of a bus floor's vibration, modal analysis and spectral analysis were respectively performed in the paper. First we tested the vibration modal of the bus's floor under the full-load condition, and the first ten natural frequencies and vibration modes were obtained for the source identification of the bus floor's vibration. Second the vibration characteristic of the bus floor was measured in an on-road experiment. The acceleration sensors were arranged on the bus's floor and the possible excitation sources of the bus, which includes engine mounting system, driveline system, exhaust system, and wheels. Then the on-road experiment was carefully conducted on a highway under the four kinds of test condition: in-situ acceleration, uniform velocity (90km/h, 100km/h, 110km/h, 120km/h), uniform acceleration with top gear, and stall sliding condition with neutral gear. After that, by performing order tracking analysis and spectral analysis, the 1st order rotation frequency of the driveline and the 2nd order frequency of engine were identified to be the main cause of bus floor's vibration.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0020
Hangsheng Hou
Abstract The purpose of this work is to analytically investigate automotive exhaust system noise generation and propagation phenomena. The turbulent exhaust gas flow interacts with the exhaust system structure, and as a result of this interaction, the structure vibrates and radiates noise. In the meantime, pressure wave becomes acoustic wave at its outlet. This study focuses on an exhaust system and carrying out transient fluid-structure analysis by using an explicit finite element solver that is capable of solving the Navier Stokes equations for turbulent, compressible viscous fluids as well as the field equations for solid structures in a fully coupled fashion. The time domain signals obtained from the transient analysis are post-processed to yield frequency domain data, sound pressure levels, noise source pattern as well as the selected acoustic field contour snapshots. The work involves evaluating different design proposals and comparing their corresponding sound pressure levels and acoustic fields.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0019
Vijay Antony John Britto, Kalyankumar Sidram Hatti, Sai Sankaranarayana, Sivasankaran Sadasivam, Ekambaram Loganathan
Abstract Commercial vehicle NVH attributes primarily focus on interior noise for driver's comfort and exterior noise for environmental legislation. Major sources for both the interior and exterior noise are power train unit, exhaust and air intake system. This paper focuses on development of Air Intake System (AIS) for better interior and exterior NVH performance for medium and heavy commercial vehicles. For air intake system, structural radiations from its panels and nozzle noise are significant contributors on overall vehicle NVH. Noise generation mechanism in air intake system occurs due to opening and closing of the valves and inlet air column oscillation by sharp pressure pulse from cylinder. Based on benchmarking, vehicle level targets have been arrived, and then cascaded to system and sub-system level targets. For air intake system, targets for nozzle noise at wide open throttle condition have been set for exterior NVH performance. These targets are further cascaded down to transmission loss (TL), snorkel breathing mode, isolation & dynamic stiffness attributed for improvement in interior/exterior noise and sound quality.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0024
Todd Tousignant, Kiran Govindswamy
Abstract Increased customer expectation for NVH refinement creates a significant challenge for the integration of Diesel powertrains into passenger vehicles that might have been initially developed for gasoline engine applications. A significant factor in the refinement of Diesel powertrain sound quality is calibration optimization for NVH, which is often constrained by performance, emissions and fuel economy requirements. Vehicle level enablers add cost and weight to the vehicle and are generally bounded by vehicle architecture, particularly when dealing with a carry-over vehicle platform, as is often the case for many vehicle programs. These constraints are compounded by the need to make program critical sound package content decisions well before the availability of prototype vehicles with the right powertrain. In this paper, a case study on NVH development for integration of a light duty Diesel powertrain is presented. A process, based on a time-domain transfer path methodology was applied to provide focused engineering development of powertrain and vehicle level NVH enablers.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0022
Youichi Kamiyama
Abstract Tire cavity noise has long been one of the main road noise issues. Various ideas for devices to reduce tire cavity noise have been patented or discussed in technical reports, but many issues remain for commercialization, and at present only some tires have appeared as products. Therefore, technology was developed for mounting Helmholtz resonators on the wheels, enabling reduction of tire cavity noise without placing restrictions on the tires. The advantage of this technology is that the cost and productivity targets needed for mass production can be satisfied without impairing the tire and wheel functions. The aim of this development was to construct low-cost device technology that is well-suited to mass production and enables reduction of tire cavity noise to an inaudible sound pressure without adversely affecting dynamic product marketability such as strength and durability performance and handling performance. In order to realize that aim, the device configuration employed a structure that assembles separate thin, lightweight plastic resonators in the wheel well.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0030
Kun Diao, Lijun Zhang, Dejian Meng
Abstract Brake squeal shows a significant uncertainty characteristic. In this paper, a series of bench tests were carried out to study the uncertainty of brake squeal on a multi-function brake inertia dynamometer test bench. Then based on time-frequency analysis results, a creative squeal confirmation and determination method was presented, which can show the squeal variations in the domains of time, frequency and amplitude together. An uncertainty analysis method was also established, in which the statistical parameters of squeal frequency and sound pressure level (SPL), and probability density evaluation of frequency based on Quantile-Quantile Plot (QQ plot) were given. And a judgment method of the frequency doubling was devised based on numerical multiple and occurrence concurrence, as well as the uncertainty statistical analysis method considering frequency doubling. All the methods established were applied to the uncertainty analysis of brake squeal. It was found that, both the squeal frequency and SPL are dispersed, and each squeal has its own statistical results.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0026
HakSon Han, ChulMin Park, JeongHoi Heo, Sang Kyu Kang
Abstract In order to achieve the proper automobile interior sound, the tailpipe noise of the exhaust system must be considered as a main contributor. This paper describes a study of the achievement of dynamic sound quality through exhaust system design. Firstly, we determined the vehicle's interior sound quality and established a target sound using a subjective assessment of 10 benchmark vehicles. The exhaust noise target is determined by means of transfer path analysis focusing on the noise source and how it's impacted by the muffler design. The exhaust system is commonly modeled as a combination of source strength and impedance. We obtained the source character by the wave decomposition method using two microphones and six loads ultimately leading to an optimized design of the inner muffler structure. Based on this study, we achieved dynamic interior sound and improved exhaust system performance.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0035
Kyoung-Jin Chang, Ki Woong Jeong, Dong Chul Park
Abstract This paper describes a systematic approach to the development of a luxurious driving sound. In the first step, the luxurious sound is conceptualized through jury test, factor analysis and regression analysis. From the results, the main factors and the correlation equation for the luxurious sound are extracted. Also, customer's preference for the luxurious sound is investigated from the customer clinic. In the second step, three core axes and the detailed indices for luxurious sound are defined and quantified. These core axes are a dynamic sound character, a sound balance and a sound harmony. These core axes are also composed of detailed indices and quantified by guide lines. In the third step, each contribution of the sub-systems for sound quality is identified and the target values and methods for implementing the luxurious sound are suggested. In this process, noise path analysis and the customer's preference in each region are considered. Finally, the sound is developed by intake, exhaust and ECU tuning which have dominant contributions for the sound quality and verified with respect to each sales region.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0032
Sung Young Shin, Sang Dong Lee, Bong Chul Go
Abstract In terms of the responsive quality of cars, reducing the vibration of car seats is very important, as this vibration is transmitted directly to the driver. Here, a sensitivity analysis method was used to reasonably reduce the vibration of car seats at minimal cost. A laboratory test was conducted under two excitation conditions: first, vibration in idle state; second, random vibration not exceeding 100 Hz. To determine the reliability of the laboratory test, the actual vibration in idle state was simulated in a multi-axial simulation table for the idle excitation environment of cars that are sensitive to even the smallest changes in the environment. The frequencies of interest were selected by adding the sums of frequency response functions measured at the 24 nodal points of interest under the two excitation conditions. Sensitivity factors were derived at the 24 nodal points of interest and a design modification plan with relatively large sensitivity factors was suggested to reinforce the overall rigidity of the part modules containing the points of interest.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0045
Swapnil S. Kulkarni, Muragendra Magdum, Ravi B.
Abstract Automotive shock absorber shims are subjected to deformation while generating the pressure differential across the rebound and compression chambers. Considering the contact, large deflection, and material this shim stack deformation will be nonlinear throughout the working velocity of shock absorbers. The deformation of shim stack mainly depends on number and geometry of deflection disk, number and geometry of ports, and clamping disk geometry on which shims are rested. During the rebound and compression stroke of the shock absorber, the oil flows through the piston and base valve ports. High pressure oil developed during mid and high velocity of shock absorber results in deflection of shim stack in piston and base valve assembly. This deflection leads to oil leakage through the shim stack which results in change in damping force by the shock absorber. The fluid pressure from the flow passage (well) acting over surface area of shim differs while causing an elastic bending of the shims.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0044
Tomoya Ishii, Tomohiro Sudo, Masanori Morikawa, Daisuke Nagahata
Abstract General analysis methods which are known as Transfer Path Analysis and Air borne Source Quantification have been extended to estimate forces of an air conditioner's parts and also clarify the path from air conditioner system. These results show noise transfer path to be improved. Originally, the existing methods are known to require considerable amount of time for the cause of complicated measurement to get analysis results. In the work of this paper, required measurement is simplified, and time reduction of 50% is achieved without critical decrease in analysis accuracy.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0043
Manchi Venkateswara Rao, Jos Frank, Mohit Kohli
Abstract Brake groan noise is resolved without any major change in the design of brake system and vehicle sub-system components in the development phase of a utility vehicle. The groan noise is observed during the end of the stopping of the vehicle under moderate braking. The concerned NVH issue is perceived as unacceptable noise in the passenger compartment. Groan induced vibration is subjectively felt on steering and seat frame. A typical process is established to successfully reproduce the groan which helped in precisely evaluating the effect of modifications proposed. The temperature range of the disc which has the highest probability to produce the groan noise is found out experimentally. The transfer path analysis is carried out to find the path contributions from suspension. Acoustic transfer functions from considered paths are measured with the suspension removed from vehicle. Effects of addition of mass on various locations of suspension and stiffness change of suspension bushings are studied.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0051
Gang Tang, Jinning Li, Chao Ding, Yunqing Zhang
Abstract This paper describes a simplified model to identify sprung mass using golden section method, the model treats the unsprung mass vertical acceleration as input and the sprung mass vertical acceleration as output, which can avoid the nonlinear influence of trye. Unsprung mass can be also calculated by axle load and the identified sprung mass. This study carries out road test on the vehicle ride comfort and takes a scheme that the group of 20 km/h is used to identify sprung mass and the group of 80 km/h is used to verify the identification result. The similarity of the results from the simulation and experiments performed are, for the sprung mass, 98.59%. A conclusion can be drawn that the simple method to measure the sprung mass in the suspension systems in used vehicles, such as the vehicle shown here, is useful, simple and has sufficient precision.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0631
Kenji Yoshida, Junichi Semura, Itsuhei Kohri, Yoshihiro Kato
Abstract This study investigates the reduction of the Blade Passing Frequency (BPF) noise radiated from an automotive engine cooling fans, especially in case of the fan with an eccentric shroud. In recent years, with the increase of HV and EV, noise reduction demand been increased. Therefore it is necessary to reduce engine cooling fan noise. In addition, as a vehicle trend, engine rooms have diminished due to expansion of passenger rooms. As a result, since the space for engine cooling fans need to be small. In this situation, shroud shapes have become complicated and non-axial symmetric (eccentric). Generally, the noise of fan with an eccentric shroud becomes worse especially for BPF noise. So it is necessary to reduce the fan BPF noise. The purposes of this paper is to find sound sources of the BPF noise by measuring sound intensity and to analyze the flow structure around the blade by Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). From the present results, suggest a design concept of the shroud shape to reduce the fan BPF noise is suggested.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0592
Fred G. Mendonca, Terence Connelly, Satish Bonthu, Philip Shorter
Abstract The interior noise in a vehicle that is due to flow over the exterior of the vehicle is often referred to as ‘windnoise’. In order to predict interior windnoise it is necessary to characterize the fluctuating surface pressures on the exterior of the vehicle along with vibro-acoustic transmission to the vehicle interior. For example, for greenhouse sources, flow over the A-pillar and side-view mirror typically induces both turbulence and local aeroacoustic sources which then excite the glass, and window seals. These components then transmit noise and vibration to the vehicle interior. Previous studies by the authors have demonstrated validated CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) techniques which give insight into the flow-noise source mechanisms. The studies also made use of post-processing based on temporal and spatial Fourier analysis in order to quantify the amount of energy in the flow at convective and acoustic wavenumbers. In the present study, the previously validated transient CFD techniques are used to describe sources that are input to frequency-based vibro-acoustic methods in order to predict interior noise.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-1293
Gen Shibata, Hirooki Ushijima, Hideyuki Ogawa, Yushi Shibaike
Abstract When fuel is vaporized and mixed well with air in the cylinder of premixed diesel engines, the mixture auto-ignites in one burst resulting in strong combustion noise, and combustion noise reduction is necessary to achieve high load premixed diesel engine operation. In this paper, an engine noise analysis was conducted by engine tests and simulations. The engine employed in the experiments was a supercharged single cylinder DI diesel engine with a high pressure common rail fuel injection system. The engine noise was sampled by two microphones and the sampled engine noise was averaged and analyzed by an FFT sound analyzer. The engine was equipped with a pressure transducer and the combustion noise was calculated from the power spectrum of the FFT analysis of the in-cylinder pressure wave data from the cross power spectrum of the sound pressure of the engine noise. The parameters investigated in the engine tests were the maximum rate of pressure rise, intake pressure by the supercharger, intake oxygen content by EGR, and the fuel injection timing, in all experiments the engine speed was maintained at 1600 rpm.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-1269
Julie Blumreiter, Chris Edwards
Abstract There is significant motivation to extend the operating range of naturally aspirated HCCI combustion to high load (8-12 bar IMEP) to attain a combustion strategy with the efficiency benefits of HCCI but without the lost power density of a lean or highly diluted charge. Currently, the high-load limit of HCCI combustion is imposed by a phenomenon commonly known as ringing. Ringing results when the kinetically-driven autoignited combustion process proceeds in such a way as to form strong pressure waves which reverberate in the engine. Inhomogeneities and gradients in mixture reactivity lead certain regions to react ahead of others, and as a result, coupling can occur between a pressure wave and the reaction front. This paper seeks first to sort several related but distinct issues that impose the high load limit: ringing, engine damage, peak in-cylinder pressure, peak rate of pressure rise, and engine noise. The fundamental gasdynamics underlying the upper load limit for premixed, autoignited engines are explored and elucidated with a quasi-1D reacting compressible flow model.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-1708
Xiaoxun Chen, Yu Zhang, Yunqing Zhang, Ming Jiang
Abstract In the present study, the research of the exhaust system is performed in three steps. In the first step, the average driving degree of freedom displacement (ADDOFD) is calculated by the free modal analysis of the exhaust system. It is easy to find the reasonable location of the hanger according to the value of the ADDOFD, since it represents the relative size of some DOF's response displacement at excitation state. The second of which is to analyse the vibration isolation performance of the exhaust system based on the first step. The dynamic analysis of the exhaust system together with the powertrain is studied, by which way the unit sinusoidal excitation is applied at the powertrain's mass centre, so that the response force at the hanger can be obtained. Finally, the relationship between the constrained model of the exhaust system and the stiffness of the hanger is investigated, which is significant in engineering.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-1700
Xiaobing Liu, Paul Nahra, Anna Strehlau
Abstract Engine stop/start systems are one technology being developed to meet ever tightening fuel economy regulations. Several production vehicles in the market have adopted stop/start systems with 12 volt batteries and enhanced starters. During engine autostart events (restart after autostop), the engine/vehicle vibration may be objectionable to customers. In this paper, the impact of extended range retarded intake cam phasing on first cycle combustion and vehicle vibration during engine autostart is provided. The engine intake cam phasers of a production vehicle were modified so the effective compression during autostart could be set as low as 3.5. Achieving these autostart conditions while maintaining typical cam timing positions under cold start conditions is achievable with an innovative dual park phaser. NVH measurements and engine speed traces indicate that this approach reduced vibration during engine autostart by a measurable amount. Subjective driver feedback was also positive.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-1693
Daniela Siano, Luigi Teodosio, Vincenzo De Bellis, Fabio Bozza
Abstract The present paper reports 1D and 3D CFD analyses of the air-filter box of a turbocharged VVA engine, aiming to predict and improve the gas-dynamic noise emissions through a partial re-design of the device. First of all, the gas-dynamic noise at the intake mouth is measured during a dedicated experimental campaign. The developed 1D and 3D models are then validated at full load operation, based on experimental data. In particular, 1D model provides a preliminary evaluation of the radiated noise and simultaneously gives reliable boundary conditions for the unsteady 3D CFD simulations. The latter indeed allow to better take into account the geometrical details of the air-filter and guarantee a more accurate gas-dynamic noise prediction. 3D CFD analyses put in evidence that sound emission mainly occur within a frequency range of 350 to 450 Hz. Starting from the above result, the original air-box design is modified through the installation of a single Helmholtz resonator, taking into account layout constraints and the influence on engine performance, as well.
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