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2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0031
Alberto Boretti, Joseph Scalzo
Abstract The present paper is an introduction to a novel rotary valve engine design addressing the major downfalls of past rotary valves applications while permitting the typical advantages of the rotary valves. Advantages of the solution are the nearly optimal gas exchange, mixture formation, ignition and combustion evolution thanks to the large gas exchange areas from the two horizontal valves per engine cylinder, the good shape of the combustion chamber, the opportunity to place a direct fuel injector and a spark or jet ignition device at the centre of the chamber. The novel engine design also permits higher speed of rotation not having reciprocating poppet valves and the reduced friction losses of the rotating only distribution. This translates in better volumetric efficiencies, combustion rates and brake mean effective pressures for improved power density and fuel efficiency. Additional advantages are the reduced weight and the better packaging.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0069
Srideep Chatterjee, Ravi Chandra Kyasa, Nithin Reddy Gopidi, Prakash Prashanth Ravi
Abstract Every organization needs to effectively manage its data collection and analysis process in order to efficiently collaborate on a global scale. This paper describes a model for standardizing the data collection and analysis process and specifically deals with two challenges in this regard: 1) A method for standardization of the nomenclature of different physical parameters measured during a typical engine test. This is essential for processing data from facilities spread across the globe to run them through a standard set of calculations. The process of storing and performing a given set of complex processes on the data while allowing analysts to view the steps of the processing in a transparent intuitive manner is also described in the paper. 2) Building on the first point, the paper also describes a process for performing a standard set of data quality checks on data as it is being collected. This allows for detection of issues in the data on a real-time basis.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0076
Srideep Chatterjee, Nithin Reddy Gopidi, Ravi Chandra Kyasa, Prakash Prashanth Ravi
Abstract Typical software that is used for engine test result analysis include spreadsheet (MS Excel) and statistical software (Minitab, MS Excel), data modelling applications (MS Excel, Matlab), and post processing tools for plots, tables etc. Open source software has come a long way since its inception, and is now at a stage where it can provide a suitable alternative to many commercial software packages for data analysis. The paper will describe the areas of concern and the inherent benefits to using open source software. It evaluates the feasibility of incorporating these open source tools into data analysis packages for Engine Development by breaking down the process of data analysis into specific software requirements and then evaluating each of the open-source alternatives against these requirements. The paper will conclude by describing a practical strategy when converting an existing data analysis process over to its open-source equivalent.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0073
Ashutosh G. Joshi
Abstract Access to Knowledge resources around the world demands special skills and calls for judicious investments. Networking is an effective tool and building networks through consortia approach is dire need of the hour. Although this approach has been used in academia, its application in industry, especially among corporate entities, is rare. This paper describes in brief an optimised way to access databases, subscriptions & memberships of different technical societies from global platforms for research & progress of Indian automotive industry. It is imperative for Indian automotive industry to enhance and strengthen its knowledge resource base, particularly in product development and manufacturing domains. This will enable the industry to achieve its mission -“AMP-2016” of becoming a hub for global auto industry. Instead of “compete and grow,” an approach of “collaborate and grow” is thought of.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0112
Pranay Verma, Mohammad Khan, Tapan Sahoo
Abstract In this study, an alternate way of development and implementation of control strategy for torque split of a Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) is proposed. The control strategy evaluates each and every operating point for Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) and electric motor-generator (E-machine) corresponding to all possible torque split combinations at present time instant and finally chooses one combination with the least cost function, which is estimated by converting electrical energy into equivalent fuel consumption[2]. Henceforth, the control strategy is able to perform real time iterations to choose the E-machine and ICE torque combinations with least effective fuel consumption also referred herein to as the optimal operating points. As a result, by running the vehicle at optimal operating points, overall fuel consumption over the complete drive cycle is reduced.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0099
Rehan Shaik, Anand Kumar, R Padmavathi, G Jagan, Agarwal Anshul, Gourav Ganguly, Krishna Dwarshala, Siva Subramanian Ravishankar
Abstract From International Energy Statistics (IES) survey, China, US and India are top three countries in emitting CO2 emissions. Further, worldwide national governments are focused to control CO2 emissions at source by stringent regulatory limits. OEMs and Research laboratories are working on several technology options such as advanced fuel injection system, optimizing in cylinder combustion system, thermal management and reduced engine friction to meet this legal requirements. In this paper, research work focused on improving combustion system through selection optimum bowl geometry and increasing volumetric efficiency through valve timings, profile and intake system using both 1D and 3D-CFD numerical approach. The main objective of this approach to utilize fossil fuel to its maximum potential in a single cylinder Naturally Aspirated (NA) water cooled engine with CRDI.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0115
MV Rajasekhar, J Perumal, Samir Rawte, Nabin Nepal
Abstract In current scenario importance of fuel efficient vehicles, lesser emissions & energy efficiency are the major considerations for any vehicle manufacturer. To meet these expectations vehicle manufacturer are exploring alternate powertrains to reduce emissions and produce better fuel efficient vehicles. For any vehicle manufacturer component cost, weight and package volume are the major driving factors for success. This is even true for latest upcoming hybrid and electric vehicles as well. To gain advantage and introduce products faster, OEMs are inclined to electrify their existing platforms to compete with other manufacturers. To convert existing vehicles into hybrid vehicles, all the major components like e machine, High voltage battery, power electronics etc. needs to be carefully packaged along with existing components in the same package space.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0118
N S Gopi Krishnan, Kiran P Wani
Abstract This paper describes the design and development of a prototype parallel hybrid electric two-wheeler vehicle. A unique transmission system is designed, developed and integrated into a two-wheeler with conventional manual transmission system. The vehicle runs on a petrol engine coupled with an electric motor in parallel drive configuration. The vehicle has three basic modes of operation - engine mode, electric mode, hybrid switching mode. Two optional modes are also possible - Regenerative braking mode and Continuous assistance mode. Apart from these, the vehicle has an independent gear box set for the electric motor, meant for three other modes of operation - low speed (high torque), medium speed and high speed operations suitable for high gradient, city and highway conditions respectively when in electric mode. The maximum speed target in electric mode is 25kmph in city drive and 40kmph in highway with a range of 50km per charging in electric mode.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0147
Vladimir Shevtsov, Alexandr Lavrov, Andrei Izmailov, Yakov lobachevskii
Abstract A feature of the present state of the Russian agricultural industry is that productive resources (tractor pool, arable land area and number of workers involved) are diminishing and the reduction does not have a quantified value. In the prevailing conditions of limited resources, agricultural enterprises are forced to operate tractors beyond their amortization periods on a massive scale, which results in an unpredictable service life. This situation calls for an assessment of the optimal composition of the tractor pool in terms of number and age. By way of a solution to this problem, the given article presents a methodological approach as to the analysis of two opposing factors.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0212
Neerav Karani, Aditya Malladi, Sridhar lingan Sr
Abstract In the current competitive automobile market, with growing knowledge and concern for occupant and vulnerable road user safety, design & engineering of passenger cars in stipulated time is a challenge. As front styling is a crucial factor, early involvement of Computer Aided Engineering (CAE) through front loading helps reduce the product development time considerably with a pedestrian friendly engineered design. The present paper explains how initial inputs are given to styling & engineering teams during early stages of product development where availability of Computer Aided Design (CAD) data is minimal. Critical load paths were identified and shape of the front end was modified accordingly. Various locations of hinge mechanism were evaluated to reduce the severity of injury in the head impact zone. Sufficient gaps between the exterior surfaces and interior hard points were worked upon to reduce the impact values.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0071
Ajay Joshi, Shankar Venugopal
Abstract A strategic framework has been presented for creating sustainable innovations relevant to automotive technologies in India. The framework utilizes diverse inputs like business strategy, competitive analysis, technology roadmaps and IP strategy. This framework helps the technology organization to respond to the megatrends in the Industry. The structured approach is described for critical processes like technology road-mapping, IP creation and IP portfolio management. Creating a synergy between the three strategic elements - business, technology and IP - fosters sustainable innovations in the automotive industry. This framework can be adopted at super system, system and sub system levels for developing profitable innovative products / processes and driving business growth. Hypothetical case study of ABC Ltd has been presented using this framework with concluding recommendations.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0061
Sanjay Nibandhe
Abstract The paper presents integrated approach to Automobile Assembly Process. The approach describes about “Production Process Simulations” for New Products under development. This leads towards design verification during early prototype assembly process establishment for newly developed automobile vehicles and its control plan which regulates to final production practice. In recent years the Indian automotive business is expanding and with growing needs of faster new product development, the cycle time reduction becomes very crucial for environmental and economic reasons. The Lean production assembly and robust engineering processes are optimized in this approach. It's an advanced mechanism to identify process failures during final production setup. The experimentation has resulted towards establishing micro level study and critical stages to be captured well in advance for better planning.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0070
Amit Gawande, Virendra Bheda, Dinesh D. Welukar
Abstract Light weighting is the Current trends in automotive to achieve better fuel economy which helps for meeting fuel economy standards & to offset the higher fuel prices. Thus there is a need to develop composite running board which is light weight & structurally sound enough to meet the performance. The present paper provides a composite running board assembly for an automobile. The running board assembly includes a board, an insert body and a plurality of brackets. Upon stepping of a passenger on the board, the board transfers load on the insert body which subsequently transfers the load to the plurality of brackets thus facilitating even distribution of the load on the automobile body. This paper also put lights on the use of improved TRIZ application - an approach to inventive problem solving for designing highly affordable & light weight running board. The cost & weight reduction achieved with innovative design is about 40 % & 35 % comparing to existing cost & weight.
2015-01-12
Article
After a frustrating and delay-ridden 10-year development, Nissan has unveiled its second-generation Titan--the first light-duty pickup that combines diesel V8 muscle with heavy-duty GVWR.
2015-01-12
Article
The world's best-selling plug-in hybrid vehicle was re-engineered from a clean sheet for 2016.
2015-01-09
Standard
AS4877D
This procurement specification covers bolts and screws made from a corrosion and heat resistant, age hardenable nickel base alloy of the type identified under the Unified Numbering System as UNS N07718.
2015-01-06
Magazine
Hard to answer Technical and personal issues make it challenging to link smartphones to vehicles. New OGeco hybrid transmission is a space-saver Finding space for an electric motor, battery, and all the controls that go with them while still providing sufficient 5-passenger cabin room and trunk/luggage capacity is a challenge. Mazda enters subcompact crossover segment Mazda dove into the burgeoning market for subcompact crossover SUVs with the 2014 Los Angeles Auto Show introduction of the CX-3, a stylish new tall wagon built on the platform of the new Mazda2/Demio.
2014-12-18
Standard
ARP210A
"Hot Day ", "Tropical Day ", "Standard Day ", "Polar Day " and "Cold Day " are part of the lexicon of the aircraft industry. These terms are generally understood to refer to specific, generally accepted characteristics of atmospheric temperature versus pressure altitude. There are also other, less well-known days, defined by their frequency of occurrence, such as "1% Hot Day ", "10% Cold Day ", or "Highest Recorded Day ". These temperature characteristics have their origins in multiple sources, including U.S. military specifications which are no longer in force.
2014-12-03
Book
Hyundai and Kia are still heavily reliant on a series of core suppliers operating within the Hyundai Motor Group (HMG). As the OEMs have extended their respective global manufacturing footprints, they have displayed an overwhelming preference for using these suppliers as they too have expanded their respective manufacturing networks. To maintain the market momentum seen over the past five years, the OEMs have noted that it will be critical to improve vehicle quality and increase fuel economy by developing technologies within these areas. Suppliers within HMG have some expertise with technology development, but despite recent investment across the global R&D network, Hyundai and Kia do not have the capacity to deliver each and every ground-breaking function and feature. Supplying Hyundai Kia 2015 reviews all areas of activity across the two OEMs, including best-selling models, platform usage, related production strategies, quality, supply chain, and areas of technology development.
2014-12-02
Magazine
2015 Hot Technologies Our annual year-end review of new and significant technology applications for the upcoming model year's vehicles. Can Toyota's Mirai be the next Prius? Toyota's first fuel-cell car has a range of 300 miles, fills up in 5 minutes, and accelerates from 0 to 60 mph in about 9 seconds. Integrated automotive gateway can enable connected cars One of the biggest challenges connected cars pose is the integration of information and consumer electronics into the car and ensuring connectivity among them.
2014-12-01
Standard
AIR4243A
This document discusses the work done by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Waterways Experiment Station (WES) in support of SAE A-5 Committee activity on Aerospace Landing Gear Systems. It is an example of how seemingly unrelated disciplines can be combined effectively for the eventual benefit of the overall aircraft systems, where that system includes the total airfield environment in which the aircraft must operate. In summary, this AIR documents the history of aircraft flotation analysis as it involves WES and the SAE.
2014-12-01
Standard
AS5452B
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) will specify what type night vision goggles are required, minimum requirements for compatible crew station lighting, aircraft exterior lighting such as anticollision lights and position/navigation lights that are "NVG compatible." Also, this document is intended to set standards for NVG utilization for aircraft so that special use aircraft such as the Coast Guard, Border Patrol, Air Rescue, Police Department, Medivacs, etc., will be better equipped to chase drug smugglers and catch illegal immigrants, rescue people in distress, reduce high-speed chases through city streets by police, etc. Test programs and pilot operator programs are required. For those people designing or modifying civil aircraft to be NVG compatible, the documents listed in 2.1.3 are essential.
2014-11-30
Magazine
Riding on a high Rudi Schurmans and Ben Patel head up Tenneco's suspension and clean air divisions. Ian Adcock discovers what the automotive future holds for them Driverless revolution has begun! Breakthrough Photonic radar promises greater accuracy at lower cost, Ian Adcock discovers Winds of change are here Simulating aerodynamics will make a step-change in vehicle design, as Stephen Remondi, President and CEO of EXA, explains to Ian Adcock
2014-11-25
Book
The Automotive Seating Systems Report from IHS SupplierBusiness takes an in-depth look at the global seating market including the key changes currently underway in the industry and what the future holds for this sector. The report considers in-house seat manufacture and supply chain developments along with advances in safety, comfort and convenience. Fitment rates for various seat features such as powered and memory functions, lumbar support and massage have been increasing and will continue to do so as vehicle interiors become “smarter”. Much of the technology in today’s seats is electric or electronically driven, and can be remotely controlled via links on the dashboard or controllers located throughout the vehicle. The market is opening up to New Tier 1 suppliers as well as Tier 2 and specialist niche technology players, all of whom will intensify the competition for supplying the world’s leading seating companies.
2014-11-24
Book
Gijs Mom
This book covers one and a quarter century of the automobile, conceived as a cultural history of its technology, aimed at engineering students and all those who wish to have a concise introduction into the basics of automotive technology and its long-term development . Its approach is systemic and includes the behavior of drivers, producers, nonusers, victims, and other "stakeholders" as well as the discourse around mobility. Nowadays, students of innovation prefer the term co-evolution, emphasizing the parallel and mutually dependent development of technology and society. This acknowledges the importance of contingency and of the impact of the past upon the present, the very reason why The Evolution of Automotive Technology: A Handbook looks at car technology from a long-term perspective. Often we will conclude that the innovation was in the (re)arrangement of existing technologies. Since its beginnings, car manufacturers have brought a total of 1 billion automobiles to the market.
2014-11-20
Standard
EIA649_1
This document is used for placing Configuration Management Requirements on Defense Contracts after being tailored by the Acquirer. When effectively and consistently applied, Configuration Management (CM) provides a positive impact on product quality, cost, and schedule. The planning and execution of Configuration Management (CM) is an essential part of the product development and life cycle management process. It provides control of all configuration documentation, physical parts and software representing or comprising the product. Configuration Management's overarching goal is to establish and maintain consistency of a product's functional and physical attributes with its requirements, design and operational information throughout its life cycle. When effectively and consistently applied, Configuration Management (CM) provides a positive impact on product quality, cost, and schedule.
2014-11-19
WIP Standard
J1451
This dictionary of terms was prepared for use by those with a need to describe and understand the dynamics and handling of two-wheeled, single track vehicles. It is intended to span the gap between vehicle dynamics specialists and those with a more general interest. This report is pertinent to such areas as vehicle design and development, the description of two-wheeler properties, rider training and education, and the preparation of standards and regulations. This report was prepared by the SAE Motorcycle Committee, which solicits suggestions for improvements and additions to be considered in future revisions. Comments should be directed to SAE Headquarters.
2014-11-19
Book
This latest edition of Japanese Automotive Supplier Report offers an informed perspective on the current status and the way ahead for Japan’s automotive industry. The report presents detailed chapters on the recent improvement in Japan's macroeconomic fundamentals and comprehensive analysis of the Japanese automotive industry, automakers’ production strategy including sourcing strategy and OEM supplier relations. It also discusses the various challenges that the Japanese supplier industry is currently facing. The report offers a detailed analysis of outlook for the Japanese supplier industry, supported by extensive data, including forecasts by IHS. Japan is the world’s third largest market in term of vehicle production after China and the United States. The country produced 9.4 million vehicles in 2013 compared with 22.1 million in China and 11.1 million in the United States.
2014-11-19
Standard
J782_201411
This recommended practice is a source of information for body and trim engineers and represents existing technology in the field of on-highway vehicle seating systems. It provides a more uniform system of nomenclature, definitions of functional requirements, and testing methods of various material components of motor vehicle seating systems.
2014-11-14
Standard
TSB001_201411
ABSTRACT
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