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Book
2014-01-01
George Rzevski, Petr Skobelev
Managing Complexity is the first book that clearly defines the concept of Complexity, explains how Complexity can be measured and tuned, and describes the seven key features of Complex Systems: 1. Connectivity 2. Autonomy 3. Emergency 4. Non-equilibrium 5. Non-linearity 6. Self-organisation 7. Co-evolution The thesis of the book is that complexity of the environment in which we work and live offers new opportunities and that the best strategy for surviving and prospering under conditions of complexity is to develop adaptability to perpetually changing conditions. An effective method for designing adaptability into business processes using multi-agent technology is presented and illustrated by several extensive examples, including adaptive, real-time scheduling of taxis, see-going tankers, road transport, supply chains, railway trains, production processes and swarms of small space satellites. Additional case studies include adaptive servicing of the International Space Station; adaptive processing of design changes of large structures such as wings of the largest airliner in the world; dynamic data mining, knowledge discovery and distributed semantic processing.
Article
2013-12-20
Under an agreement announced Dec. 19, Mercedes-AMG (a Daimler AG subsidiary) and Aston Martin Lagonda Ltd. will develop custom-made V8 engines supporting the latter’s launch of next-generation car models that, the companies say, will combine high performance and fuel efficiency.
Article
2013-12-18
Key input from Ford of Europe engineers and designers played a major role in creating a Mustang for world markets.
Book
2013-12-12
The future looked bleak for Chrysler when the carmaker entered bankruptcy proceedings in 2009. With an aging product range and little access to credit, it appeared only to be a matter of time before the liquidators were called in. But having been rescued by the Fiat Group, four years on, the US OEM is now experiencing one of the strongest sales periods in company history, with the cash earned being used to develop new models, improve internal efficiencies and possibly expanded production to new global regions. Although the Fiat Chrysler Group might appear an unlikely pairing, closer inspection uncovers that the tie up makes sense on a number of levels. For example, each OEM has a series of mutually exclusive technologies that are - or will be - shared across the other company; in Fiat’s case, the Italian carmaker is an expert in fuel efficiency and lightweighting, while Chrysler can be considered a D-segment and SUV specialist. But there are also complementary elements. For example, neither company has invested great amounts in proprietary petrol/electric hybrid technologies, which means they are both free to co-develop new, highly-efficient petrol and diesel powertrains without the financial drag of supporting an additional technology stream.
Magazine
2013-12-12
Achieving efficiency via virtual validation Model-based design and V-Cycle-based development processes address the need for managing complexity, and to some extent, efficiency in product development.
Article
2013-12-10
Mary Barra, GM's head of global product development, will be the auto industry's first female CEO—and its ranking female engineer, in January.
Article
2013-12-10
Currently just an importer, Renault will develop and build vehicles in China under a joint venture with Dongfeng that on Dec. 5 was officially approved by the Chinese federal government. According to a very brief Renault press release on the joint venture, "With the support of both Dongfeng Motor and the Renault-Nissan Alliance, stakeholders of both sides will push forward close cooperation in every sector, notably research and development, purchasing, manufacturing, and marketing."
Article
2013-12-06
According to SAE International's AS6496, a work-in-progress standard called "Fraudulent/Counterfeit Electronic Parts: Avoidance, Detection, Mitigation, and Disposition – Authorized/Franchised Distribution," there has been a significant and increasing volume of fraudulent/counterfeit electronic parts entering the supply chain.
Book
2013-12-01
Raghu Das, Peter Harrop
This master report summarizing and forecasting every sector of the EV industry remains unique. It adds new sectors as they become substantial, the latest being car-like MicroEVs homologated as quadricycles in Europe. In the last year it has become a more closely integrated market - pure electric and hybrid whether on land, water or airborne. For example, Nissan has launched hybrid cars selling in tens of thousands yearly. The e-bike company Brammo has taken orders for 4,000 of its $20,000 record-breaking e-motorbike on its launch in the USA. Previously, e-motorbikes have been merely a curiosity. Many profitable niches are emerging just as the largest major sectors are changing in importance; the industrial and commercial sector is now bigger and much more profitable than e-cars, and is set to remain so for at least eight more years. All components are changing with supercapacitors sometimes replacing or partly replacing batteries and also new types of battery, energy harvesting, power electronics and structure powering growth in this already huge and prosperous business.
Magazine
2013-12-01
UK plc? It's the only place to be! Where is the best location for global car makers and suppliers to grow their businesses and research and development? The UK, says AIO's Joe Greenwell, without hesitation. Ian Adcock reports Time for a rethink A free-piston IC generator has been developed for range-extended hybrids. Steven Ashley looks at the implications One champ, two contenders Breakthrough battery technology and electric power assist are the key factors that will accelerate the transition to 48 volts, says Ian Adcock
Technical Paper
2013-11-27
Kalyan S. Hatti, Vijay Antony John Britto, Sai sankaranarayana
In the automotive industry several attributes needs to be considered for the development of a new vehicle which are important for the customer, such as vehicle dynamics, driveability, fuel consumption, emissions, durability and NVH among many others. Sometimes these characteristics are conflicting and often need is to create a robust trade-off where the design space is sufficient to fit all of them in a vehicle that rhymes with the brand image and is appealing to the intended customer. Automobile manufacturers try to meet the requirements with respect to quality and comfort and often, emotional, aspects supercede the previous objective, pragmatic demands. The satisfaction of the demands by the customers concerning comfort, driving pleasure, design appears dominant and functionality criteria sometimes takes a back seat. NVH is considered to be one of the key buy in factor among the above mentioned attributes. This paper discusses on how the NVH aspect plays an vital role to get a competitive advantage over other vehicle aspects Moving from traditional approach of - ‘Test -Analyse -Fix’ to ‘Design Right First Time’ has been experienced.
Technical Paper
2013-11-27
Muzaffar Ali Quazi, Vikas Dhiman, shakti singh
This paper is about downsizing for off road vehicle diesel engines. While fuel efficiency has to be improved, future Diesel engine emission standards will further restrict vehicle emissions, particularly of nitrogen oxides. Increased in-cylinder filling is recognized as a key factor in addressing this issue, which calls for advanced design of air and exhaust gas recirculation circuits and high cooling capabilities. Two stage turbocharging applied to off road diesel engines is a promising solution for enhancing rated power, low end torque, transient performance, better low-speed torque, longer turbo life and optimized fuel efficiency. In the new engine design, two turbochargers are arranged in series to generate increased air pressure, airflow and a superior turbocharging effect. At high altitudes, 2-stage turbocharging technology guarantees the engine's operational performance by compensating for the reduced air density. However, a trade-off is required to match some conflicting issues, i.e. overall dimensions, cost, emissions control and performance.
Technical Paper
2013-11-27
Narinder Kumar, Anil Kant Bharti, Amit Gautam
To sustain market leadership position one has to continuously improve their product and services so that on one hand customer expectations are met and on the other hand business profitability is maintained. Value engineering is one of the approach through which we can achieve these two objectives simultaneously. Enhancing the value of running products is always a challenge as there is limited scope and flexibility to modify the current design and processes. Value engineering approach, integrated in product development cycle, brings great opportunity to upgrade the new and running products. This study reveals approach to upgrade the base engine of Maruti Alto. Upgraded engine is used in Alto 800 vehicle launched in October 2012. Improvement points were studied based on the business requirement, market competition, and legislative requirements. Based on functional improvement points, all the design parameters were studied and finalized. Finalized design parameters were evaluated and verified in actual testing and results were compared with the targeted values.
Article
2013-11-26
“Beneath the outer skin is a brand new car with state-of-the art technology. As always, we want our new Mini to offer that famous go-kart feeling,” said company boss Peter Schwarzenbauer of the latest generation hatchback.
Magazine
2013-11-25
Q&A with Dr. Pawan Goenka The Executive Director & President-- Automotive & Farm Equipment Sectors, Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd. answers questions on a range of subjects such as auto fuel efficiency, emissions, alternative fuels, safety, telematics, manufacturing, and sustainability. Advances in surface engineering Newer materials with improved properties can enhance the properties of the working surfaces of cylinder components for the demands of increased temperatures, pressures, and corrosive atmospheres and still satisfy performance and life requirements. E-mobility opportunities in the Indian ecosphere The Prime Minister of India in January 2013 unveiled the National Mission on Electric Mobility and formed a National Board of Electric Mobility to fast track e-mobility for India through industry-government partnerships. Mobility in 21st Century India India's rapidly growing population has made transportation systems unable to effectively keep up with demand, losing the country untold man hours and wasting money.
Book
2013-11-21
Polymer Matrix, Metal Matrix, and Structural Sandwich Composites 5-Volume Set: • Volume 1: Guidelines for Characterization of Structural Materials • Volume 2: Materials Properties • Volume 3: Materials Usage, Design, and Analysis • Volume 4: Metal Matrix Composites • Volume 6: Structural Sandwich Composites This 5-volume set includes critical properties of composite materials that meet specific data requirements, as well as guidelines for design, analysis, material selection, manufacturing, quality control, and repair. This newly-updated engineering reference tool, part of the Composite Materials Handbook (CMH-17), also contains the latest test data for polymer matrix composites and metal matrix composites, as well as essential material relating to sandwich composites used in military and commercial vehicles. Volume 1 contains guidelines for determining the properties of polymer matrix composite material systems and their constituents, as well as the properties of generic structural elements, including test planning, test matrices, sampling, conditioning, test procedure selection, data reporting, data reduction, statistical analysis, and other related topics.
WIP Standard
2013-11-19
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) establishes guidelines for the use of IEEE-1394b as a data bus network in military and aerospace vehicles. It encompasses the data bus cable and its interface electronics for a system utilizing S400 over copper medium over extended lengths. This document contains extensions/restrictions to "off-the-shelf " IEEE-1394 standards, and assumes that the reader already has a working knowledge of IEEE-1394. This document does not identify specific environmental requirements (electromagnetic compatibility, temperature, vibration, etc.); such requirements will be vehicle-specific and even LRU-specific. However, the hardware requirements and examples contained herein do address many of the environmental conditions that military and aerospace vehicles may experience. One should reference the appropriate sections of MIL-STD-461E for their particular LRU, and utilize handbooks such as MIL-HDBK-454A and MIL-HDBK-5400 for guidance. This document is referred to as a "slash sheet " and accompanies the SAE Sxxxx base standard.
Article
2013-11-15
Engineering students have until Feb. 14, 2014, to submit entries into a contest sponsored by Valeo and designed to bring out the best ideas to make cars more intelligent and intuitive by 2030. The winning team will receive a grant of €100,000, with the first and second runners-up each receiving €10,000.
Standard
2013-11-13
This SAE Standard specifies a stationary test method for determining the masking effect caused by parts of the base machine with equipment as specified by the manufacturer on a visibility test circle around the machine from the eye position point of a seated operator. It specifies a method for evaluating the maskings that may be present. It applies to earthmoving machines which have a specific operator’s station. It does not consider evaluation of maskings which may be present with operational movement of working tools.
Standard
2013-11-13
This SAE Standard specifies a stationary test method for determining and documenting the masking effect caused by parts of the base machine with equipment as specified by the manufacturer within a visibility test circle around the eye position of a seated operator. It applies to earthmoving machinery which has a specific seated operator’s position.
Standard
2013-11-07
This SAE Standard documents standard nomenclature in common use for various types of radiator and radiator core construction, as well as for various radiator-related accessories.
Article
2013-11-06
From new vehicles to new technologies and shared production capacity, Mitsubishi Motors Corp. and the Renault-Nissan Alliance will greatly broaden their current level of collaboration, the two Japanese automakers announced Nov. 5.
WIP Standard
2013-11-05
This document establishes test plans/procedures for the AS5643/1 Slash Sheet. The AS5643/1 Slash Sheet establishes guidelines for the use of IEEE-1394b as a data bus network in military and aerospace vehicles. It encompasses the data bus cable and its interface electronics for a system utilizing S400 over copper medium over extended lengths.
Book
2013-11-01
Peter Harrop
All electric vehicles have at least one traction motor, so the market for electric vehicle traction motors is one of the largest markets for electric vehicle parts and a primary determinant of the performance and affordability of a given vehicle. Indeed, IDTechEx Research finds that in 2013 44.6 million electric motors will be needed for vehicles, rising to 147.7 million in 2023. Today, the motors that propel electric vehicles on land, through water and in the air are mainly brushless because brushed commutator motors are on the way out. Most of the number and the value of those brushless traction motors lies in permanent magnet synchronous ones, notably Brushless DC "BLDC", a form with trapezoidal waveform, and Permanent Magnet AC "PMAC", a type with a sinusoidal waveform. No matter: they both have excellent performance including simple provision of reverse and regenerative braking. However, that dominance is about to change. The main reason is not those well publicized but elusive in-wheel motors coming in at two to six per vehicle but simply the move to much larger vehicles and therefore motors.
Magazine
2013-11-01
New contender for the World Solar Challenge Splitting the solar power supply from the aerodynamics was the innovative approach taken by the U.K.-based Cambridge University Eco Racing Team. Mobility in the 21st Century for India: planning and creating multimodal transportation systems India's rapidly growing population has made transportation systems unable to effectively keep up with demand, losing the country untold man-hours and wasting money. 2014 Corvette: 460 hp, 30 mpg, 1 g, $52,000 No other sports car can match the C7's combination of performance, value, and overall efficiency. Chief Engineer Tadge Juechter provides insight on executing a masterpiece.
Book
2013-11-01
Ian K. Jennions
Although the concept of Integrated Vehicle Health Management (IVHM) can be complex in its implementation, it is essentially based upon a simple idea: the more you know about a particular machine’s ability to function, the quicker you can act to prevent malfunctioning. This rapidly developing area of engineering seeks to enable better management of both the vehicle and vehicle fleet health. Use of IVHM can improve vehicle reliability, safety, and reduce unnecessary, unscheduled maintenance through the use of diagnostic and prognosis systems that monitor data and overall vehicle health. From an initial idea by the SAE IVHM Steering Group, these books have been collaboratively written by experts from academia, research and industry, and represent the collective voice of the most qualified authorities in the field. This groundbreaking set addresses both basic and advanced concepts critical for the understanding of IVHM, along with the commercial justification for the adoption of a new modus operandi in asset health management, and its impact on business strategy and technology.
Standard
2013-10-29
This Recommended Practice applies to technical publications which present instructions for the proper unloading, set-up, installations, pre-delivery inspection, operation, and servicing of off-road self-propelled work machines as categorized in SAE J1116. Advertising/marketing and other pre-purchase publications are not included.
Book
2013-10-24
The Indian automotive industry is currently going through one of its most challenging phases so far. Vehicle sales are set to register a negative growth in 2013 – first time in more than a decade – compared with the previous year. Official data shows that vehicle sales in India declined at a high single-digit rate year on year in the first nine months of 2013 compared to 2012. This downward spiral has prompted automakers and suppliers to cut production to avoid excess inventory build-up. Besides, there’s little respite on the cost front. Though there has recently been some softening in raw materials prices, other costs such as wages, cost of power and finance expenses, continue to erode suppliers’ operating margins. The Indian automotive industry at the moment is facing multiple challenges such as slowing economic growth, high inflation and high interest rates – compared with many of its peers. IHS however is sanguine about the country’s growth trend in the medium to long term, and forecasts recovery in vehicle sales in 2014, and high single-digit growth in vehicle sales for the rest of this decade.
WIP Standard
2013-10-22
This standard defines the data interfaces between a host aircraft (“platform”) and an Electro-Optic/Infrared (EO/IR) sensor. These data interfaces cover various types of data including: imagery, metadata, command, status, and responses (CSR), geospatial postion, time, test and maintenance, and hand-controller. This standard does not cover mechanical or electrical interfaces.
WIP Standard
2013-10-22
This will provide the methods for verifying that the data interfaces between an EO/IR sensor and an aircraft meet AS6135.
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