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2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0034
Tushar Kanikdale, Shankar Venugopal
We present a framework for creating and analyzing future scenarios that are relevant to automotive engines in India. We propose an approach to enable us to continuously capture the diverse inputs from an ever changing external environment and be agile in responding to the changes. We have illustrated the application of future scenarios building process to IC engines used in commercial vehicles. We have designed a critical technologies / parameters dashboard for the commercial vehicle industry to continuously monitor the evolution of the scenarios. The critical parameters are assigned current and future probabilities to visualize plausible alternative futures.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0236
Zhiteng Zhou, Yaohua He, Dong Wang
  In order to satisfy the requirements of wireless communication in online automatic testing system for vehicle driving wandering, this essay discusses the application of persistent connection strategy in testing system. Through the experimental analysis of delay problem of communication strategy, it draws the timeline from the perspective of transport layer in TCP/IP protocol, and proposes the spit connection strategy. Based the Markov Chain of the two strategies, it deeply analyzes the instantaneity of dynamic communication in different electromagnetic environments from the perspective of state transition. Split connection, which meets the need of engineering test, is proved to have higher instantaneity and efficiency after numerous field tests under complicated electromagnetic interference environment.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0177
Mandip Goswami, Prashant SAXENA, Shashi Bhushan
Automotive OEMs, the world over, have always given high priority for the luggage area of the vehicle. This area primarily consists of the luggage board or luggage carpet for keeping luggage and various other items. Most OEMs also provide an additional structure known as the parcel shelf or parcel tray. This part has varied usage, depending upon the OEM, ranging from holding light weight items, providing support and even as a part for covering the luggage area which looks aesthetically pleasing. In a country like India, the parcel shelf generally attracts unwanted high load storage. A majority of the solutions to this problem have been in the form of part thickness increase leading to subsequent increase in weight and cost, the two major concern areas for all auto manufacturers. A strong, but light-weight and cost effective solution is, hence, desired through innovation in design, material and manufacturing process.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0173
Eloi Boix, Adria Ferrer, Xavier Sellart, Sandra Fernandez
The increasing variety of test configurations and requirements has encouraged the Passive Safety Department to carry out tests of greater complexity. These advanced crash tests usually involve vehicle trajectories which are not straight and cannot be performed with the usual testing system. In order to increase the testing capabilities, a new guiding system was developed to satisfy the abovementioned requirements. Several requirements for the desired system were established: 1. High reliability and robustness: to guarantee repeatability and durability in crashes. 2. In-vehicle system: to avoid the modification of the structure and without interfering in the mass distribution. 3. Electrically compatible: no electrical interference should be added in the vehicle. Based on these requirements a new vehicle guiding system was designed and developed. An in-loop processing of the images filmed by a camera enables the vehicle to follow a path marked on the floor.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0071
Ajay Joshi, Shankar Venugopal
We present a strategic framework for creating sustainable innovations relevant to automotive technologies in India. Our framework utilizes diverse inputs like business strategy, competitive analysis, technology roadmaps and IP strategy. Our framework helps the technology organization to respond to the megatrends in the Industry. We describe a structured approach for critical processes like technology road-mapping, IP creation and IP portfolio management. Creating a synergy between the three strategic elements – business, technology and IP - fosters sustainable innovations in the automotive industry. Our framework can be adopted at super system, system and sub system levels for developing profitable innovative products / processes and driving business growth
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0072
Suresh Kumar Gurusamy, Devaradjane G
Globally, agriculture Tractor is the widely used prime mover to pull the "Implements" to do overall field operations. There are specific, custom made equipments for certain operations like Rice Transplanter, Manuare Spreader, Combine Harvester, Cotton Picker, etc to increase productivity in the agriculture farms, apart from Tractors, which just pulls implements or specially designed soil operation attachments. Due to large landholdings in rest of the world, the size and capacity of these tractors & equipments are much higher to meet the timliness in agriculture operations, which is the major decisive factor in an agriculture equipment design. Similar to other automotive products, agriculture tractors design in India also follows global designs. However, due to the narrow / marginal landholding in India it becomes mandatory to stand-off the global trend and to design specific automotive propulsion devices for agriculture applications in India which could do intercrop operations.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0119
Sudhir Gupte, Sonakshi Sharma, Shubhranshu Garg, Vipul Kumar
MULTISTAGE COMBINED MOTORS SERVING VARYING TORQUE AND CURRENT REQUIREMENTS FOR HYBRID AND PURE ELECTRIC VEHICLES Sudhir K. Gupte, Shubhranshu Garg, Sonakshi Sharma and Vipul Kumar (Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Vidya College of Engineering Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India ; Department of Automobile Engineering, A.D. Patel Institute of technology, V.V. Nagar, Anand, Gujarat, India E-mail: sonakshi921@gmail.com , sudhirkgupte@gmail.com, vipul.warrior@gmail.com , garg.shubhranshu@gmail.com ) The torque and current requirement of a vehicle, be it a hybrid vehicle or purely electric vehicle, tends to vary as per the variations in the driving cycles, for example while going uphill the torque requirement of the vehicle entails for a sudden increase and similarly when the vehicle is traversing downhill the torque requirement of the vehicle deteriorates.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0145
Sankaranarayanan Arthanathan
The objective of this project is "Bringing Field to Lab". Normally in field, tractors are utilized for various applications like harvesting and threshing operation in a dusty environment which consists of paddy, sand, straw etc,. These dusts would affect the tractor performance and often cause problem like engine choking at severe condition. We had acquired field data on threshing from north Indian places like Jaitsar, Jalandhar where threshing done in summer at a temperature around 50°C. Also during threshing full tractor power is used through PTO (power take off) and this load fluctuates according to manual loading of paddy in thresher.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0069
Srideep Chatterjee, Ravi Chandra Kyasa, Nithin Reddy Gopidi, Prakash Prashanth Ravi
Every organization needs to effectively manage its data collection and analysis process in order to efficiently collaborate on a global scale. This paper describes a model for standardizing the data collection and analysis process developed in Caterpillar and specifically deals with two challenges in this regard: 1. A method for standardization of the nomenclature of different physical parameters measured during a typical engine test. This is essential for processing data from various facilities spread across the globe especially when we need to run them through a standard set of calculations. The process of storing and performing a given set of complex processes on the data while allowing analysts to view the steps of the processing in a transparent intuitive manner is also described in the paper. 2. Building on the first point, the paper also describes a process for performing a standard set of data quality checks on data as it is being collected.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0242
Rolf Bücker
Future doors require light weight, cost efficient and acoustic optimized solutions. Current steel doors offer only a small range of possibilities in these areas. With the use of Aluminum doors the weight will be reduced but production complexity and costs will be increased. A modular door approach supports all of these future demands. Door modules have set milestones for door concepts already in the past. Due to technological progress, door modules are more relevant than ever. The use of reinforced plastics allows a high degree of design freedom with high functional integration features (i.e. window regulator rails). In addition to weight reduction of up to 1,5kg per door the complete production process comes leaner with a higher grate of quality. Finally the acoustic performance of a door system can be adjusted for improving the sound quality of speakers and noise reduction.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0073
Ashutosh G. Joshi
Explains in brief an optimised way to access databases, subscriptions & memberships of different technical societies on global platforms for research & progress of Indian automotive industry. Getting access to such resources around the world is becoming crucial, demands special skills and calls for optimum investments in strengthening ICT infrastructure and skills .The application of network systems, archival methods and consortia approach is required. It is imperative for the Indian automotive industry to enhance and strengthen it's knowledge resource base. Especially in product development and manufacturing domains. This will enable the industry to achieve its mission -"AMP-2016" of becoming a hub for global auto industry. Instead of "compete and grow," an approach of "collaborate and grow" is thought of. It is proposed to have a knowledge-centric Initiative for Indian Automotive Industry namely a Knowledge Consortium of Indian Automotive Industries (KCIAI).
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0076
Srideep Chatterjee, Nithin Reddy Gopidi, Ravi Chandra Kyasa, Prakash Prashanth Ravi
Typical software that is used for engine test result analysis include spreadsheet (MS Excel) and statistical software (Minitab, MS Excel), data modeling (MS Excel, Matlab) applications, and post processing tools for plots, tables etc. Open source software has come a long way since its inception, and is now at a stage where it can provide a suitable alternative to many commercial software packages for data analysis. This paper discusses the efforts done to incorporate these open source tools into data analysis packages for Engine Development. The paper will also discuss the metrics and methods used to compares their performance with their commercial counterparts, in terms of security and stability, support, performance, ease of use, and features and the results thereof. The paper will also describe the areas of concern and the inherent benefits to using open source software.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0112
Pranay Verma, Mohammad Khan, Tapan Sahoo
Indian economy is facing the burden of increasing oil import bill due to continuously rising consumer demands. A major chunk of this is attributed to the automobile industry. Hybridization of automotive vehicles seems to be a viable solution to overcome this burden. However, the effectiveness of hybridization depends upon the control strategy of the vehicle, which, in addition to many other functions also deals with the distribution of the torque between the electric motor and the internal combustion engine. Usually, hybrid vehicles have rule-based control strategies, which are developed from desktop based simulations carried over specific drive cycles on priori basis. Such strategies sometimes do not yield the best distribution of torque between the motor and the engine when the drive cycles are different and/or varying. In this study, an alternate approach to overcome the above stated problem is proposed and also validated using a full parallel hybrid vehicle.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0019
Werner Bick, Cagri Cevik, Christoph Steffens
In order to minimize the development and production costs in the automotive industry, despite steadily increasing variety of models and applications offered by the OEMs, the pressure on standardization of components and production processes is increasing continuously. As a direct consequence, modular engine families are already established with high degrees of equal parts and kits as well as standardized interfaces for all vehicle platforms with most manufacturers these days. At the same time, the world adopted and announced massive legal demands concerning the reduction of CO2 emissions for the entire vehicle fleet. In addition to the optimization of the combustion process, the exhaust gas aftertreatment and thermal management, the use of improved and more resilient materials for higher reduction of mechanical friction leads to a significant amount of the realized lowering in fuel consumption resp. CO2 emissions.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0070
Dinesh D. Welukar
Light weighting is the Current trends in automotive to achieve better fuel economy which helps for meeting fuel economy standards & to offset the higher fuel prices. Thus there is a need to develop composite running board which is light weight & structurally sound enough to meet the performance. The present paper provides a composite running board assembly for an automobile. The running board assembly includes a board, an insert body and a plurality of brackets. Upon stepping of a passenger on the board, the board transfers load on the insert body which subsequently transfers the load to the plurality of brackets thus facilitating even distribution of the load on the automobile body. This paper also put lights on the use of improved TRIZ application - an approach to inventive problem solving for designing highly affordable & light weight running board.
2014-11-24
Book
Gijs Mom
This book covers one and a quarter century of the automobile, conceived as a cultural history of its technology, aimed at engineering students and all those who wish to have a concise introduction into the basics of automotive technology and its long-term development . Its approach is systemic and includes the behavior of drivers, producers, nonusers, victims, and other "stakeholders" as well as the discourse around mobility. Nowadays, students of innovation prefer the term co-evolution, emphasizing the parallel and mutually dependent development of technology and society. This acknowledges the importance of contingency and of the impact of the past upon the present, the very reason why The Evolution of Automotive Technology: A Handbook looks at car technology from a long-term perspective. Often we will conclude that the innovation was in the (re)arrangement of existing technologies. Since its beginnings, car manufacturers have brought a total of 1 billion automobiles to the market.
2014-11-20
Standard
EIA649_1
This document applies to hardware and software and provides CM requirements to be placed on contracts after being tailored by the Acquirer. The requirements have been organized by the following five CM functions: a. Configuration Planning and Management b. Configuration Identification c. Configuration Change Management d. Configuration Status Accounting e. Configuration Verification and Audit
2014-11-19
WIP Standard
J1451
This dictionary of terms was prepared for use by those with a need to describe and understand the dynamics and handling of two-wheeled, single track vehicles. It is intended to span the gap between vehicle dynamics specialists and those with a more general interest. This report is pertinent to such areas as vehicle design and development, the description of two-wheeler properties, rider training and education, and the preparation of standards and regulations. This report was prepared by the SAE Motorcycle Committee, which solicits suggestions for improvements and additions to be considered in future revisions. Comments should be directed to SAE Headquarters.
2014-11-19
Standard
J782_201411
This recommended practice is a source of information for body and trim engineers and represents existing technology in the field of on-highway vehicle seating systems. It provides a more uniform system of nomenclature, definitions of functional requirements, and testing methods of various material components of motor vehicle seating systems.
2014-11-14
Standard
TSB001_201411
ABSTRACT
2014-11-13
Standard
AS6500
This standard is applicable to all phases of the system acquisition life cycle. It is intended for use on all programs with manufacturing content. It requires proven manufacturing management practices with the goal of delivering affordable and capable systems to the extent that it is invoked contractually. The term “organization” as used in this document refers to the company or facility that is implementing this standard, such as when imposed contractually by the customer. NOTE: The term “shall” is used wherever the criterion for conformance with the specific recommendation requires that there be no deviation. The term “should” is used wherever noncompliance with the specific recommendation is permissible.
2014-11-11
Technical Paper
2014-32-0099
Ken Naitoh, Daiki Ikoma, Hiroki Sagara, Taro Tamura, Taiki Hashimoto, Yoshiyuki Nojima, Masato Tanaka, Kentaro Kojima, Kenya Hasegawa, Takuya Nakai, Shouhei Nonaka, Tomoaki Kubota
In our previous reports based on computations and fluid dynamic theory, we proposed a new compressive combustion principle for an inexpensive and relatively quiet engine reactor that has the potential to achieve thermal efficiency over 50% even for small combustion chambers having less than 100 cc. This can be achieved with colliding supermulti-jets that create complete air insulation to encase burned gas around the chamber center. We originally developed two small prototype engine systems for gasoline. First one with one rotary valve for pulsating intake flow and sixteen nozzles of jets colliding has no pistons. Next, we developed the second one having a strongly-asymmetric double piston system with the supermulti-jets colliding, although there are no poppet valves. The second prototype engine can vary point-compression strength due to the supermulti-jets and homogeneous compression level due to piston, by changing phase and size of two gears.
2014-11-11
WIP Standard
J3083
This Recommended Practice (RP) document will provide guidance on performing a non-handbook reliability prediction for automotive electronic products by utilizing field return data. It will include a description of what kind of data is required, possible sources of data, how to collect it, and the methodology of how to process these data to obtain failure rates. This document will also include the existing failure rate data Delphi Electronics & Safety is currently using for reliability prediction and the Excel-based tool for these types of calculations.
2014-11-11
Technical Paper
2014-32-0104
Alexander Shkolnik, Daniele Littera, Mark Nickerson, Nikolay Shkolnik, Kukwon Cho
Abstract This paper describes the development of small rotary internal combustion engines developed to operate on the High Efficiency Hybrid Cycle (HEHC). The cycle, which combines high compression ratio (CR), constant-volume (isochoric) combustion, and overexpansion, has a theoretical efficiency of 75% using air-standard assumptions and first-law analysis. This innovative rotary engine architecture shows a potential indicated efficiency of 60% and brake efficiency of >50%. As this engine does not have poppet valves and the gas is fully expanded before the exhaust stroke starts, the engine has potential to be quiet. Similar to the Wankel rotary engine, the ‘X’ engine has only two primary moving parts - a shaft and rotor, resulting in compact size and offering low-vibration operation. Unlike the Wankel, however, the X engine is uniquely configured to adopt the HEHC cycle and its associated efficiency and low-noise benefits.
2014-11-10
Book
Ian K. Jennions
Integrated Vehicle Health Management: Implementation and Lessons Learned is the fourth title in the IVHM series published by SAE International. This new book introduces a variety of case studies, lessons learned, and insights on what it really means to develop, implement, or manage an integrated system of systems. Integrated Vehicle Health Management: Implementation and Lessons Learned brings to the reader a wide set of hands-on stories, made possible by the contribution of twenty-three authors, who agreed to share their experience and wisdom on how new technologies are developed and put to work. This effort was again coordinated by Dr. Ian K. Jennions, Director of the IVHM Centre at Cranfield University (UK), and editor of the previous books in the series.
2014-11-07
WIP Standard
J1938
The following subjects reflect the automotive environment and are based on good engineering practices and past ("lessons learned") experiences. Since it is impossible to be all inclusive and cover every aspect of quality and reliability, this document should be used as a basis for preparation of a more comprehensive and detailed checklist that reflects the accumulated "lessons learned" at a particular Company. It is not the intent of this document to give a lot of detail, only to point out the type of subjects that need to be investigated and acted upon.
2014-11-06
WIP Standard
AS6886
This document standardizes requirements, practices, and methods related to: (a) refrigerant supply chain management, procurement, inspection, and tests/evaluation to assure the authenticity and conformance of refrigerant being acquired, and (b) response strategies when suspect or confirmed counterfeit refrigerant is discovered
2014-11-06
WIP Standard
J2129
This SAE Information Report lists the method which outside sources will follow when submitting documents for origination or review by the SAE CONAG Council.
2014-11-04
Standard
J2403DA_201411
This document is intended to supplement SAE J2403 by providing the content of Table 1, Table 2, and Table 3 from SAE J2403 in a form that can be sorted and searched for easier use. It is NOT intended as a substitute for the actual document, and any discrepancies between this Digital Annex and the published SAE J2403 document must be resolved in favor of the published document. This document provides the content of Table 1 and Table 2 published in SAE J2403 into the single table in the 'Term' tab, while the 'Recommended Term Definitions' tab provides the content of Table 3 in SAE J2403 and the 'Glossary' tab provides the content of Table 4 in SAE J2403.
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