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2017-09-20
WIP Standard
AMS2628B
This specification covers procedures for ultrasonic immersion inspection of premium grade wrought titanium and titanium alloy round billet 5.0 inches (127 mm) and over in nominal diameter. This inspection procedure has been used typically for locating internal defects such as cracks, voids, inclusions, and other structural discontinuities which may or may not be exposed to the surface in billets, but usage is not limited to such applications. Testing normally will be by longitudinal procedure, but shear wave procedure may be added when agreed upon by purchaser and vendor. This specification includes zoned inspection and digital data acquisition.
2017-09-19
Technical Paper
2017-01-2127
Joao Pedro Malere
Abstract The cost-benefit analysis is one of the key decision aspects regarding the investment on IVHM systems especially for aerospace applications where the evaluation of the impacts of such systems on costs, safety and weight are critical for the vehicle operation during its lifecycle. This paper presents the application of linear programming to select and to quantify how many components an IVHM system should consider in order to maximize the total value that it delivers. This approach advantage is that it uses an exact algorithm, that guarantees the optimal solution given the inputs provided by the user. The formulation shows how the technical value of an IVHM solution can be evaluated taking into account key aspects for aerospace platforms such as weight, reliability and bus capacity restrictions through a linear integer programming model solved using the branch-and-bound method.
2017-09-19
Technical Paper
2017-01-2125
Mohammad Barkat, Vivek Karan, Pradeep N
Abstract The exponential increase in the number of aircrafts and air travelers has triggered new innovations which aim to make airline services more reliable and consumer friendly. Quick and efficient maintenance actions with minimum downtime are the need of the hour. Areas that have a large potential for improvement in this regard are the real time use of diagnostic data, filtering/elimination of nuisance faults and machine learning capabilities with respect to maintenance actions. Although, numerous LRUs installed on the aircraft generate massive amounts of diagnostic data to detect any possible issue or LRU failure, it is seldom used in real time. The turnaround time for LRU maintenance can be greatly reduced if the results of the diagnostics conducted during LRU normal operation is relayed to ground stations in real-time. This enables the maintenance engineers to plan ahead and initiate maintenance actions well before the aircraft lands and becomes available for maintenance.
2017-09-19
Technical Paper
2017-01-2126
Ashutosh Kumar Jha, Gaurav Sahay, Adishesha Sivaramasastry
Abstract In aerospace industry, the concept of Integrated Vehicle Health Management (IVHM) has gained momentum and is becoming need of the hour for entire value chain in the industry. The expected benefits of lesser time for maintenance reduced operating cost and ever busy airports are motivating aircraft manufacturers to come up with tools, techniques and technologies to enable advanced diagnostic and prognostic systems in aircrafts. At present, various groups are working on different systems and platforms for health monitoring of an aircraft e.g. SHM (Structural Health Monitoring), PHM (Prognostics Health Monitoring), AHM (Aircraft Health Monitoring), and EHM (Engine Health Monitoring) and so on.
2017-09-19
Technical Paper
2017-01-2123
Violet Leavers
Abstract The need to maintain aircraft in remote, harsh environments poses significant challenges. For example, in desert assignments or on-board carrier vessels where frequent rotation of staff with variable levels of skill and experience requires condition monitoring equipment that is not only robust and portable but also user friendly and requiring a minimum of training and skill to set up and use correctly. The mainstays of any on-site aircraft maintenance program are various fluid and particulate condition monitoring tests that convey information about the current mechanical state of the system. In the front line of these is the collection and analysis of wear debris particles retrieved from a component’s lubricating or power transmission fluid or from magnetic plugs. It is standard practice within the specialist laboratory environment to view and image wear debris using a microscope.
2017-09-19
Technical Paper
2017-01-2124
Violet Leavers
Abstract Within the aviation industry analysis of wear debris particles recovered from magnetic plugs and lubricating fluids is an essential condition monitoring tool. However, in large organisations, high staff turnover in remote work environments often leaves dangerous gaps in on-site support and background knowledge. The current work develops interactive software for wear debris particle classification, root cause diagnosis and serviceability prognostics. During the research several hundred wear debris particle images were collected, analysed and classified by a number of experts. At each stage of the analysis the experts were questioned about the knowledge and experience used to make their diagnoses and prognoses. The end result is an extensive knowledge base representing the combined expertise of a number of highly trained engineers, each with decades of hands-on experience.
2017-09-19
Technical Paper
2017-01-2140
Mario Marchetti, Guillaume Casteran, Celine Jobard, Bruno Saintot, Patrice Bourson, Marc Fontana
Abstract Aircrafts and runways de-icing operations with anti-icing fluids are still the most commonly used methods. In the specific case of aircrafts, they do contain glycols. Nevertheless, since two decades now, major environmental concerns are raised, along with important associated costs. Furthermore, once applied either on aircrafts or on runways, these fluids are diluted because of water brought from adverse weather conditions (rain, snow, icy conditions), conducting to increasing the freezing point from a subzero level to 0°C. The characterization of the freezing points of these fluids is indeed crucial for safety reasons. For years now, Raman spectroscopy is used for the characterization of these fluids, specifically the freezing point. But the presence of dyes did perturb the usual spectroscopic characterization.
2017-09-19
Technical Paper
2017-01-2155
Michal Salacinski, Piotr Broda, Piotr Samoraj
Abstract Polish Armed Forces are currently operating hundred helicopters belonging to Mi family. Metal fuselage is usually resistant to the battle and the human factor. Unfortunately, metal rotor blades of Mi helicopters are sensitive to operating conditions. Single blade is made from monolithic aluminum spar and mutually separated trailing sections, which are bonded to the spar. The sections are constructed of metal sandwich panels. During aggressive military operating conditions blades sections are often damaged by debonding from the spar, fatigue cracks of section skin, dents and perforations as well as erosion. The manufacturer assumed that structurally damaged sections should be exchanged. Provided repair technologies are applied only to cosmetic damages. Unfortunately, there is a limit to number repairs which prevents replacement of two neighboring sections due to the high temperature of curing cycle during the section replacement.
2017-09-19
Technical Paper
2017-01-2025
Eugenio Rodriguez
Abstract One of the most important activities associated with the Aerospace or Defense industry is maintenance. Maintainability procedures have a direct impact on safety and operational availability of systems. The processes and procedures that are used during maintenance activities, whether removing and replacing a component of a system, or conducting troubleshooting, are generally discrete by design, and in most cases, a maintainer, or a field service representative (FSR), will follow a sequence of steps as part of a maintenance work package or work instruction to complete the necessary tasks. Depending on the system, those maintenance activities could be complex, requiring a large maintenance window and the availability of resources to ensure completion.
2017-09-19
Technical Paper
2017-01-2050
Piotr Synaszko, Michal Salacinski, Patryk Ciezak
Abstract The work concerns the selection of measurement parameters for selected non-destructive testing methods of Mi helicopter rotor blades after repair. Considered repair cases involve metal cracks in the sandwich skin and repair damage of honeycomb structure (puncture, dent). In the event of a crack, repair is performed by applying a composite-metal repair package. In case of damage of the core, its broken piece is replaced by a new one and then applied the same metal-composite package as in the case of crack repair. The present work focuses on detecting disbond between skin and core below repair patch and cracks under the repair package. Detecting cracks and assessing their length is important because the repair technology provides the repair package without removing of cracked part of skin. Authors have used laser shearography and C-scan methods for MIA and ET.
2017-09-18
WIP Standard
J1939/73
SAE J1939-73 Diagnostics Application Layer defines the SAE J1939 messages to accomplish diagnostic services and identifies the diagnostic connector to be used for the vehicle service tool interface. Diagnostic messages (DMs) provide the utility needed when the vehicle is being repaired. Diagnostic messages are also used during vehicle operation by the networked electronic control modules to allow them to report diagnostic information and self-compensate as appropriate, based on information received. Diagnostic messages include services such as periodically broadcasting active diagnostic trouble codes, identifying operator diagnostic lamp status, reading or clearing diagnostic trouble codes, reading or writing control module memory, providing a security function, stopping/starting message broadcasts, reporting diagnostic readiness, monitoring engine parametric data, etc.
2017-09-17
WIP Standard
J1257
This recommended practice applies to mobile construction type cranes with cantilevered, telescopic booms when used in lifting crane service.
2017-09-13
WIP Standard
AS8012
The purpose of the document is to provide the guidelines of the technological approach for developing a PHM system for EMAs with particular reference to their possible use as primary flight control actuators. It provides a basic description of the physics of the most common degradation processes,a reliability assessment and a discussion on the signals, with the associated data processing, required to build up an effective health monitoring system.
CURRENT
2017-09-13
Standard
ARP5637A
The information in this document is intended to apply to commercial jet transport category airplanes that incorporate plastic (polycarbonate or acrylic) lenses on exterior light assemblies, or are being considered for such an application as opposed to glass lens designs. Exterior lighting applications include position light assemblies, anticollision light asemblies, and landing light assemblies. However, much of the material provided herein is general in nature and is directly applicable to many aircraft categories including, but not limited to, helicopters, general aviation aircraft, and military aircraft.
CURRENT
2017-09-11
Standard
ARP1621C
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) defines minimum requirements for an aircraft transport ULD to transport horses properly and safely by air, to protect the horse(s) from injuries, and to protect the aircraft from corrosion created by waste spill. The ULD is designed to accommodate one horse or several.
2017-09-04
Technical Paper
2017-24-0044
Jeremy Rochussen, Jeff Son, Jeff Yeo, Mahdiar Khosravi, Patrick Kirchen, Gordon McTaggart-Cowan
Abstract Alternative fuel injection systems and advanced in-cylinder diagnostics are two important tools for engine development; however, the rapid and simultaneous achievement of these goals is often limited by the space available in the cylinder head. Here, a research-oriented cylinder head is developed for use on a single cylinder 2-litre engine, and permits three simultaneous in-cylinder combustion diagnostic tools (cylinder pressure measurement, infrared absorption, and 2-color pyrometry). In addition, a modular injector mounting system enables the use of a variety of direct fuel injectors for both gaseous and liquid fuels. The purpose of this research-oriented cylinder head is to improve the connection between thermodynamic and optical engine studies for a wide variety of combustion strategies by facilitating the application of multiple in-cylinder diagnostics.
2017-08-29
WIP Standard
AMS1431E
This specification covers a deicing and anti-icing compound in the form of a solid. Unless otherwise stated, all specifications referenced herein are latest (current) revision. These compounds have been used typically at airports on aircraft maneuvering areas, such as aprons, runways, and taxiways, for the prevention and removal of frozen deposits of snow, frost, and ice, but usage is not limited to such applications.
2017-08-29
WIP Standard
J1366
The scope of this SAE Information Report is limited to a lift crane mounted on a fixed or floating platform, lifting loads from a vessel alongside. The size of the vessel is assumed not to exceed that of a workboat as defined in 3.15.
2017-08-29
WIP Standard
J1238
The scope of this SAE Recommended Practice is limited to cranes mounted on a fixed platform lifting loads from a vessel alongside. The size of the vessel is assumed not to exceed that of a work boat as defined in 3.14.
CURRENT
2017-08-29
Standard
AS81306A
This specification covers tools used to install tiedown straps on wire bundles and for installing connector accessory shield termination bands (see 6.1).
CURRENT
2017-08-29
Standard
AS6332
How to Purchase Global Anti-Icing and De-Icing Standards
2017-08-27
Article
Engineered Propulsion Systems (EPS) Graflite V8 4.3-L, four-stroke engine is rated at 320 to 420 hp. It is expected to go into production in 2018.
2017-08-24
WIP Standard
J220
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to the boomstop for the main boom of all mobile construction type cranes having rope supported booms, equipped for hook work, clamshell, magnet, grapple, or concrete bucket attachments.
2017-08-16
WIP Standard
J1028
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to stationary usage of mobile construction-type cranes, crawler or rubber-tire mounted, on outriggers or on tires, when used for lifting crane, clamshell, dragline, magnet, pile driver, or similar service.
2017-08-15
WIP Standard
J1093
This SAE Information Report applies to wire rope supported, latticed crane boom systems mounted on mobile construction type cranes for lift crane service. The purpose of this document is to establish criteria for the analytical evaluation of the basic structural competence of wire rope supported latticed crane boom systems. The criteria and procedures specified include the evaluation of elastic stability for the overall boom system and individual members of the system.
2017-08-15
WIP Standard
J999
This SAE Standard applies to cranes which are equipped to adjust the boom angle by hoisting and lowering means through rope reeving. The purpose of this standard is to define the function and to stipulate the requirements of an automatic device to prevent raising a variable angle boom above its highest specified angle.
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