Getting a grip on AWD efficiency The safety and performance benefits of all-wheel drive are undeniable, but so are the penalties of added weight, friction losses, and complexity. Clever axle disconnects and E-axles are driving future AWD developments. E pluribus unum Inputs from many sensors are being combined to give safety systems a true vision of vehicle surroundings, with the resulting sensor fusion becoming a mainstay of autonomous vehicle electronics. Lightweighting poses repair challenges Mass-produced aluminum bodies and mixed-material structures present challenges for assembly and repair, as automakers increasingly pursue these lightweight strategies. Setting the standard Meggitt CTO Emeritus begins term at helm of SAE International, seeks to encourage cross-sector relations, elevate image of SAE as aerospace industry leader.
Wireless sensing--the road to future digital avionics A look at the comparative performance of wired and wireless sensors, type of wireless sensors & interfaces, frequency performance, protocols, network topologies and qualification standards. Testing reality in an increasingly complex design space Digital simulation tools have transformed the designing and testing of new airplanes, as well as the way they are manufactured and sustained.
This document applies to hardware and software and provides CM requirements to be used for NASA Acquisitions and in House DDT&E activities as tailored by the customer or acquirer. The requirements have been organized using the five CM functions and 37 CM principles contained in the SAE 649B Standard: a. Configuration Planning and Management b. Configuration Identification c. Configuration Change Management d. Configuration Status Accounting e. Configuration Verification and Audit
This document applies to hardware and software and provides CM requirements to be used for NASA Acquisitions and In House DDT&E activities as tailored by the customer or acquirer. The requirements have been organized using the five CM functions and 37 CM principles contained in the SAE 649B Standard: a. Configuration Planning and Management b. Configuration Identification c. Configuration Change Management d. Configuration Status Accounting e. Configuration Verification and Audit
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) covers forced air technology including: reference material, equipment, safety, operation, and methodology. This resource document is intended to provide information and minimum safety guidelines regarding use of forced air or forced air/fluid equipment to remove frozen contaminants. During the effective period of this document, relevant sections herein should be considered and included in all/any relevant SAE documents.
Tech Mahindra Ltd. recently launched its Automotive Aftermarket Suite, which enables the company to offer solutions in telematics and sensor-based predictive maintenance for thousands of cars on the road worldwide.
This document is intended for use by designers and producers of electronic sub-assemblies, assemblies, and equipment used in ADHP applications to conduct lifetime assessments of microcircuits with the potential for early wearout; and to implement mitigations when required; and by the users of the ADHP equipment to assess those designs and mitigations.
SAE J1939-75 Generator Sets and Industrial Applications defines the set of data parameters (SPNs) and messages (PGNs) for information predominantly associated with monitoring and control generators and driven equipment in electric power generation and industrial applications. Applications using the SAE J1939-75 document may need to reference SAE J1939-71 for the SAE J1939 parameters and messages for monitoring and controlling the power units, e.g. engines and turbines, that power the generators and driven industrial equipment.
CRIMP TOOLS, TYPE 1, TERMINAL, HAND OR POWER ACTUATED, WIRE TERMINATION, PNEUMATIC TOOL FOR WIRE BARREL SIZES 0000 THROUGH 8
SCOPE IS UNAVAILABLE.
The purpose of this SAE Information Report is to specify the requirements necessary to fully define the Serial Data Communication Interface (SCI) used in the reprogramming of emission-related powertrain Electronic Control Units (ECU) in Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) vehicles. It is intended to satisfy new regulations proposed by the federal U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and California Air Resource Board (CARB) regulatory agencies regarding "pass-thru programming" of all On-Board Diagnostic (OBD) compliant emission-related powertrain devices. These requirements are necessary to provide independent automotive service organizations and after-market scan tool suppliers the ability to reprogram emission-related powertrain ECUs for all manufacturers of automotive vehicles. Specifically, this document details the SCI physical layer and SCI data link layer requirements necessary to establish communications between a diagnostic tester and an ECU.
This Technical Information Report defines the diagnostic communication protocol TP1.6. This document should be used in conjunction with SAE J2534-2 in order to fully implement the communication protocol in an SAE J2534 interface. Some Volkswagen of America and Audi of America vehicles are equipped with ECU(s), in which a TP1.6 proprietary diagnostic communication protocol is implemented. The purpose of this document is to specify the requirements necessary to implement the communication protocol in an SAE J2534 interface. This Technical Information Report describes how a tester can be connected to a vehicle to perform diagnostics using the TP1.6 protocol. Details regarding ECU to ECU communication have been left out.
Implementation and Evaluation of Predictive Concepts for Hybrid Electric Vehicle Fuel Economy Improvement
Abstract In the era where governmental agencies are perennially pushing automobile OEMs for reducing harmful emissions and customers looking for vehicles with better fuel economy values, it is imperative on the manufacturers to implement new technologies to appease them. Of the many new technologies, the most promising ones are the new control strategies/algorithms which predictively access the road condition, weather, traffic situations and help automobile to function in the most efficient mode. These control strategies/algorithms are termed as “Predictive technologies”. The most common way to assess the benefit of such new technologies is to simulate the vehicle behavior in conjunction with the existing complex control strategies of Hybrid vehicles in simulation environment.
Abstract Regular service of the vehicle is to be done with high precision service equipment, to ensure the factory performance of the vehicle over the entire life of product usage. However, complex nature of the physical processes involved in the service of the vehicle subsystems makes it costly for optimizing the service equipment performance for entire range of operation. Air-conditioning service (ACS) equipment is one such product in the diagnostics domain which deals with compressible, transient and two phase flow in open loop systems. Development of control system for the service equipment to perform optimally over the entire operational range requires accurate mathematical model of the system under study. Application of mathematical model based approach requires calculation of geometrical details, environment information and fluid properties during the process for estimating the process behavior.
Abstract The engine research and development has a significant contribution to meet the stringent emission norms and the changing global market demands. Leveraging the available virtual engineering methods to improve performance, velocity, quality and diminish the lead time is the key for any global brand to stay in the competition. It is the key element to reduce the research and development costs substantially by virtually developing the idea as it is conceived. Engine development test cells consist of expensive test and measurement systems which demand skilled labor and advanced equipment. Effective utilization of the test cells is essential to meet the scheduled project deadlines and cost targets. Engine Design process and tools when used effectively can increase the efficiency and lower the test cell operation costs substantially. This paper discusses the examples for this application in the area of engine installation, sensitive instrumentation/assembly.
Abstract The Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) system installed on the exhaust line is currently widely used on Diesel heavy-duty trucks and it is considered a promising technique for light and medium duty trucks, large passenger cars and off-highway vehicles, to fulfill future emission legislation. Some vehicles of these last categories, equipped with SCR, have been already put on the market, not only in the US, where the emission legislation on Diesel vehicles is more restrictive, but also in Europe, demonstrating to be already compliant with the upcoming Euro 6. Moreover, new and more stringent emission regulations and homologation cycles are being proposed all over the world, with a consequent rapidly increasing interest for this technology. As a matter of fact, a physical model of the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) supply system is very useful, not only during the product development phase, but also for the implementation of the on-board real-time controller.
Current products from 3M can be used to repair aluminum- and carbon fiber-intensive vehicles, but the company is working with OEMs such as General Motors to develop optimized solutions for multi-material structural applications.
Rubber, Fluorocarbon Elastomer, High Temperature, Fluid and Compression Set Resistant (O-Rings, Class 1, 75 Hardness)
The purpose of this specification sheet is to set up a standardized part numbering system for o-rings procured to MIL-R-83248, Class 1 (75 ± 5 hardness).
Rubber, Fluorocarbon Elastomer, High Temperature, Fluid and Compression Set Resistant (O-Rings, Class 2, 90 Hardness)
The purpose of this specification sheet is to set up a standardized part numbering system for o-rings procured to MIL-R-83248, Class 2 (90 ± 5 hardness).
Procedure for Certification that Requirements for Mobile Air Conditioning System Components, Service Equipment, and Service Technician Training Meet SAE J Standards
This SAE Standard provides manufacturers, testing facilities and providers of technician training with a procedure for certifying compliance with the appropriate standards. Manufacturers or seller who advertise their products as Certified to an SAE J standard shall follow this procedure. Certification of a product is voluntary; however, this certification process is mandatory for those advertising meeting SAE Standard(s) requirements. Only certifying to this standard allows those claiming compliance to advertise that their product (unit), component, or service meets all requirements of the specific SAE standard. Certification of compliance to this and the appropriate standard and use of the SAE label on the product shall only be permitted after all the required information has been submitted to SAE International and it has been posted on the SAE web site.
The gradual path to semi or fully autonomous drive is seen for connectivity and electromechanical hardware, with improvements to data bandwidth for maximum connectivity, enhanced GPS for greater accuracy, and mining "Big Data" needed for traffic management.
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) provides a performance station designation system for aircraft propulsion systems and their derivatives. The station numbering conventions presented herein are for use in all communications concerning propulsion system performance such as computer programs, data reduction, design activities, and published documents. They are intended to facilitate calculations by the program user without unduly restricting the method of calculation used by the program supplier. The contents of this document were previously a subset of AS755E. Due to the growing complexity of station numbering schemes and an industry desire to expand nomenclature descriptions, a decision was made to separate the “station numbering” and “nomenclature” contents of AS755 into two separate documents. AS755 will continue to maintain standards for station numbering. SAE Aerospace Standard AS6502 will maintain standards for classical nomenclature moving forward.
Performance Requirements for R-134a and R-1234yf Refrigerant Diagnostic Identifiers (RDI) for Use with Mobile Air Conditioning Systems
This SAE Standard applies to refrigerant identification equipment to be used for identifying refrigerant HFC-134a (R-134a) and HFO-1234yf (R-1234yf) refrigerant when servicing a mobile A/C system or for identifying refrigerant in a container to be used to charge a mobile A/C system. Identification of other refrigerants is the option of the equipment manufacturer, although it shall not misidentify refrigerants, per 3.2.
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) covers information relative to ULDs (Unit Load Devices) container and pallet configurations, maximum usable container, pallet and bulk compartment volumes and tare weights for the lower deck of various wide-body aircraft. Bulk compartment volumes are also included for standard-body aircraft. This document brings together data concerning the lower deck capacity of wide-body and standard- body airplanes. The information includes airplanes manufactured by Airbus, Boeing, British Aerospace, British Aircraft, Fokker-VFW, Hawker Siddeley, Ilyushin, Lockheed and McDonnell- Douglas.
The scope of the document is to define communication best practices in order to minimize problems for the vehicle owner when installing equipment which has a permanently or semi-permanently diagnostic communication device connected to the SAE J1962 connector or hardwired directly to the in-vehicle network.
This document discusses the work done by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Waterways Experiment Station (WES) in support of SAE A-5 Committee activity on Aerospace Landing Gear Systems. It is an example of how seemingly unrelated disciplines can be combined effectively for the eventual benefit of the overall aircraft systems, where that system includes the total airfield environment in which the aircraft must operate. In summary, this AIR documents the history of aircraft flotation analysis as it involves WES and the SAE.
High-tech design causes time to remanufacture engines to nearly triple and adds to cost, while used engines remain a competitive factor. However, Purdue University data shows remanufacturing is far more energy efficient than installing a new powerplant.
SEMA develops step-by-step system in conjunction with California Air Resources Board to help participating members comply with emissions regulations. Clemson University I-CAR is an active participant, providing laboratory facilities for analysis to aid SEMA members who are aftermarket manufacturers.
This document is used for placing Configuration Management Requirements on Defense Contracts after being tailored by the Acquirer. When effectively and consistently applied, Configuration Management (CM) provides a positive impact on product quality, cost, and schedule. The planning and execution of Configuration Management (CM) is an essential part of the product development and life cycle management process. It provides control of all configuration documentation, physical parts and software representing or comprising the product. Configuration Management's overarching goal is to establish and maintain consistency of a product's functional and physical attributes with its requirements, design and operational information throughout its life cycle. When effectively and consistently applied, Configuration Management (CM) provides a positive impact on product quality, cost, and schedule.
"Craft shop" approach of low-volume, all-aluminum, high-end makes is too restrictive for America's best-selling vehicle. SEMA Show training classes by I-CAR demonstrate special techniques necessary and the learning curve for mainstream body shop technicians.