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2015-10-21
Standard
J3047_201510
This recommended practice will promote a temperature and duration guideline that mitigates the risk of thermal injuries to the heated seat user. In addition, recommendations are established to indicate to the user when the heater is operating, and warnings that should be included in the vehicle literature.
2015-10-14
Article
Mobileye’s unique perspective on a smart camera/system-on-a-chip technology is bringing safety-assisted and next semi-automated highway driving to production cars.
2015-10-12
Article
Webasto Polar Cab TS uses patented thermal storage technology to provide greater comfort for off-highway equipment operators, while reducing idle time and saving fuel.
2015-10-12
Article
TRB Lightweight Structures recently released an aerospace-grade lightweight honeycomb composite panel designed for interior applications, expanding the application areas for its range of composite flat panels. Recent investments for manufacturing composites include the procurement of a new 3- x 1.5-m autoclave system.
2015-10-08
Standard
J3078/6_201510
SAE J3078/6 specifies a test method for simulating solar heating in the laboratory and measuring the radiant heat energy from a natural or simulated source. It is applicable to Off-Road Self-Propelled Work Machines as defined in SAE J1116 and Agricultural Tractors as defined in ANSI/ASAE S390.
2015-10-08
Standard
J1810_201510
This SAE Standard describes those factors which affect the accuracy and reliability of voltage indicating units and electrical indicating and sending units for fuel level, pressure, and temperature suitable for off-road, self-propelled work machines as described in SAE J1116 and agricultural tractors as defined in ASAE S390. Indicating units are divided into two groups, fully sealed and partially sealed. Serviceable lighting is not covered by this document unless otherwise specified. No ISO document has been found to be compatible.
2015-10-07
WIP Standard
J3113
SAE Jxxxx provides principles and a process for developing icons for use in electronic displays related to Off Road Work Machines as stated defined in SAE J 1116. Following the process insures that icons are derived from ISO registered graphical symbols or ISO compliant non-registered graphical symbols.
2015-10-07
Magazine
HMIs extend beyond the cab Telematics functions are being integrated into multi-function user interfaces. Standards step forward in design of off-highway electronics Functional safety standards are starting to impact many development projects, while the auto industry's AUTOSAR standard is being deployed to help enable software reuse and simplify designs. Leveraging automotive lightweighting techniques to improve off-highway emissions Where systems engineers can gain efficiencies in off-highway equipment is agnostic, they'll take it anywhere, and so they should, but one of the ways, often underestimated, is through the use of strong and lightweight advanced materials. Waste heat recovery for the long haul A WHR system based on an organic Rankine cycle has been developed for a long-haul Iveco Stralis truck.
2015-10-06
Magazine
2016 Malibu sheds 300 lb, adds new hybrid system More wheelbase, style, fuel economy, and comfort aim to move GM's volume midsize sedan from the sidelines to the fast lane. Lighter, more powerful 2016 Honda Pilot The third-generation SUV gets a sleek new look and plenty of slick technology for enhanced performance and safety. 2016 Mazda MX-5 stays true to its roots Mazda engineers give the industry a lesson in getting more from less. 2016 Land Rover Discovery Sport spearheads more efficient Land Rovers JLR's space-efficient, flexible SUV moves to JLR's new Ingenium modular engines. Audi chooses high technology, cautious design evolution for new A4 In addition to lighter weight and significant improvements in efficiency, the new car employs plenty of technology and driver support.
2015-10-05
WIP Standard
J3112
Test standard to test effectiveness of a/c compressor with oil separator for reducing the oil circulation rate through the refrigerant loop of a mobile air conditioning system
2015-10-05
WIP Standard
AS8047A
This aerospace standard (AS) defines the requirements of portable protective breathing equipment for use during smoke/fire conditions on board an aircraft.
2015-10-01
Article
Both suppliers revealed futuristic demonstrators at the Frankfurt Motor Show that portend what vehicle cabins will look like when fully autonomous cars hit the road. Comfort and connectivity are major themes.
2015-09-29
Article
Covestro’s Makrofol SR906 is a polycarbonate film that offers good scratch and weathering resistance, making it suitable for use in automotive instrument panels.
2015-09-29
Technical Paper
2015-01-2869
Sumit Sharma, Sandeep Sharma, Umashanker Gupta, Ravi Joshi, Shailesh Pawar
Abstract Buses are always one of the main and favorite sources of public transit. Thousands of people die or injure every year in bus accidents. Bus seat can also cause severe injury to the occupants in case of frontal impact. Seat structure of the bus should absorb sufficient energy to minimize the passenger injury. Most of the occupants seated in the second row or further back were injured by hitting the seat back in the row in front of them. In India, AIS023 (Automotive Industry Standards) is one of the several mandatory standards from CMVR (Central Motor Vehicles Rules) to ensure the seat strength and occupant safety during accidents. This standard specifies minimum and maximum deformations range for the seat back to minimize the passenger injury with adequate seat strength. Present study includes the Finite Element Analysis (FEA) and correlation of bus seat as per AIS023 test setup with LS-Dyna explicit tool. Reasonable correlation was found between test and simulation results.
2015-09-29
Technical Paper
2015-01-2888
Devadatta Mukutmoni, Tristan Donley, Jaehoon Han, Karthik Mahadevan Muthuraman, P. David Campbell, Tom Mertz
Abstract Design and evaluation of construction equipments and vehicles in the construction industry constitute a very important but expensive and time consuming part of the engineering process on account of large number of variants of prototypes and low production volumes associated with each variant. In this article, we investigate an alternative approach to the hardware testing based design process by implementing a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation based methodology that has the potential to reduce the cost and time of the entire design process. The simulation results were compared with test data and good agreement was observed between test data and simulation.
2015-09-29
Technical Paper
2015-01-2838
Dharmar Ganesh, Riyaz Mohammed, Hareesh Krishnan, Radakrishnan Rambabu
Abstract In-vehicle displays such as an instrument cluster in a vehicle provide vital information to the user. The information in terms of displays and tell-tales needs to be perceived by the user with minimal glance during driving. Drivers must recognize the condition of the vehicle and the state of its surroundings through primarily visual means. Drivers then process this in the brain, draw on their memory to identify problem situations, decide on a plan of action and execute it in order to avoid an accident. There are visual hindrances seen in real world scenario such as obscuration, reflection and glare on the instrument cluster which prevents the vital information flow from vehicle to the driver. In order to ensure safety while driving, the instrument cluster or driver displays should be placed in an optimized location.
2015-09-29
Technical Paper
2015-01-2873
Sumit Sharma, Sandeep Sharma, Sanjay Tiwari, Umashanker Gupta
Abstract The safety of the heavy duty commercial vehicle (HCV) occupants in an accident is an imperative task and should be considered during the design and development of cabins. The sufficient cabin survival space must be remained after the accident. The main aim of this study is to develop a Finite Element (FE) model of HCV cabin and validate to the test as per AIS029. The present study also includes the assessment of the energy absorption capabilities of the HCV cab during the pendulum impact test. Initially a detailed 3D FE model of a fully suspended HCV cabin was developed and then pendulum impact test simulation was carried out using LS-Dyna explicit solver. Simulation results were compared with the test results and were found in a great agreement in terms of survival space and overall deformation behavior. The load transfer path was described at the time of pendulum impact. The largest amount of impact energy was absorbed by the frontal region of the cabin.
2015-09-29
Technical Paper
2015-01-2792
Olof Erlandsson, Thomas Skare, Arnaud Contet
Abstract The automotive industry have become more and more interested in recovering waste heat from internal combustion engines, especially with future, tighter fuel and CO2 emission regulations in sight. In this study, we consider an automotive Rankine Waste Heat Recovery System on a long-haulage truck. This system transforms some of the combustion engine's waste heat into useful energy, but it still needs to return remaining heat to the surrounding, either through a direct condenser or from an indirect condenser via a Low Temperature Radiator, and this in the regular cooling module of the vehicle. We focus on the integration of WHR-dedicated LTR or condenser into a generic, conventional truck-cooling module with an AC condenser, a cross-flow Charge Air Cooler, a down-flow High Temperature Radiator, and a fan. WHR cooling concepts considered are an indirect system with LTR; either in front or back of CAC, a direct system with condenser either in front or back of CAC.
2015-09-29
Technical Paper
2015-01-2809
Sajit Pillai, Julian LoRusso, Matthew Van Benschoten
Abstract Cylinder deactivation was evaluated both analytically and experimentally on a six cylinder diesel engine to understand potential fuel economy and emission improvements. The benefits of cylinder deactivation in Spark Ignited (SI) engines are well documented, however there is little information on the application of the technology for diesel engines. The analytical model was evaluated at low load, steady state conditions. The modified baseline model that includes cylinder deactivation maintains comparable emission levels through the optimization of Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) and Variable Geometry Turbocharger (VGT). The results demonstrated reductions in Brake Specific Fuel Consumption (BSFC) and higher exhaust gas temperatures for low and part load operating points. An experimental test validated the analytical results. Disabling fuel injectors and the valve train on half of the engine's cylinders allowed for the implementation of cylinder deactivation.
2015-09-22
Article
Without idling the truck’s main engines, an auxiliary power unit can provide heating and cooling to maintain a comfortable temperature in the cab and sleeper, as well as power laptops, gaming machines, and microwaves. Fleets need to provide drivers with the ability to maintain their wanted comfort level on the road while also ensuring resources are being used wisely.
2015-09-22
WIP Standard
AIR6256
The aim of this document is to provide a comprehensive synopsis of regulations applicable to aircraft oxygen systems. The context of physiological requirements, international regulations, operational requirements and airworthiness standards is shown to understand the role of aircraft oxygen systems and to demonstrate under which circumstances is needed on aircraft. With regards to National Aviation Regulations States are committed to the Convention on International Aviation (Chicago Convention). The majority of states have adopted, with some deviations, FAA and EASA systems including operational and airworthiness requirements. Accordingly the extent of this document is primarily focused on FAA/EASA requirements.
2015-09-22
Technical Paper
2015-36-0301
Gonzalo Taboada
Abstract The proposed paper establishes a standard for load control of the air conditioning system and leak detection, for Trucks, Tractors, Harvester, Sprayers and Construction Machines. Also develop tests to measure the performance of air conditioning system in product audits. These processes are focused on mass production and not for repairs. The target, is establish an parameter objectively, for the comfort conditions offered by air conditioning systems, because the field claims, generally are subjective. All test and controls are designed for, ecologic fluid. R-134a In this paper, parameters are shown to directly control, the comfort provided by the air conditioning system of Agricultural Equipment, Construction and Industrial Vehicles, taking measurements of temperature inside the cabin and ambient conditions. Also, we have indirect parameters, for comparison with the internationally established comfort zones by ASHRAE organization for inside a cabin.
2015-09-22
Technical Paper
2015-36-0316
Marcelo Luiz Vieira Lóss, Luciana Pisati Jansen
Abstract Costumers today are discerning, savvy, style conscious and extremely well aware of latest design trends and quite naturally, are lot more demanding than any generation before then. The growth in the application of plastic replacing natural leather, fabrics, metallic and ceramic materials, in order to increase productivity and decrease production costs, has been demanding process development to improve quality and not only mirror the appearance of the original materials, with their texture and colors but also presenting new opportunities and alternatives. The Challenge in automotive interior Design for emerging markets are the choice of materials finish, execution and harmony to guarantee customer satisfaction considering that costumers are spending more time on interior vehicles than ever.
2015-09-22
Technical Paper
2015-36-0549
Wendler Augusto Zacariotto, Lorenzo Campos Coiado, Daniel Braga Barros, Lia Toledo Moreira Mota, Alexandre de Assis Mota
Abstract This work aims the implementation of a system able to estimate the occupancy rate (number of occupants) inside motor vehicles. This system is based on a Wireless Sensors Network using the standard IEEE 802.15.4, connected to a computer. The estimation of occupancy rate inside the motor vehicle can provide better energy efficiency and therefore optimize fuel and battery consumption.
2015-09-22
Technical Paper
2015-36-0333
Carlo Vezzá, Eider Moraes, Fernando Ooki
Abstract The acoustic comfort inside the vehicle justifies important attention during its development phase, because customers desire a quiet interior to have a more relaxing environment, easier to have conversations and to listen to the radio. Generally, acoustic insulators are distributed on vehicle body to minimize the portion of noise that enters the vehicle and, in the interior, absorber components are used to reduce the cabin noise reverberation. Internal noise absorption is mainly performed by headliners, carpets and seats. In order to contribute to the sound absorption inside the vehicle made through the seats and to propose a foam and fabric configuration that demonstrates the best acoustic performance, this work aims to compare combinations of three different foam densities with eight different fabrics using the Kundt´s tube.
2015-09-22
Technical Paper
2015-36-0409
Gabriel Kuntzer, Mario E. S. Martins, Fernando M. Bayer, Paulo A. Soliman, Marcello Sangaletti
Abstract The performance required by the actual spark ignition engines have increased the demands on the cooling system. In addition, in formula style competitions like Formula SAE the use of aerodynamics brought new problems about airflow restriction, requiring a complex study in the heat exchange area. The ideal cooling system in this case uses a heat exchanger that will maintain the engine on the optimum working temperature. To make this possible the paper presents a methods of evaluating heat exchangers and to predict the heat generated by the engine. In order to get the data needed for the analysis, some experimental measurements are made, the water pump flow rate are measured and temperature sensors are added to both, cold and hot, fluids. The air velocity profile through the radiator core showed to be a very important factor in this situation, trying to predict it, CFD simulations have been used.
2015-09-18
WIP Standard
J2395
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to both Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) and aftermarket ITS message-generating systems for passenger vehicles and heavy trucks. The recommended practice describes the method for prioritizing ITS in-vehicle messages and/or displayed information based on a defined set of criteria. Each criterion has a fixed number of levels that are used to rate/rank a given message or information item to determine its prioritization value. The prioritization value is used to determine the priority in which simultaneous, or overlapping, in-vehicle messages are presented to the driver.
2015-09-18
WIP Standard
ARP5526E
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) documents a common understanding of terms, compliance issues and design criteria to facilitate certification of seat installations specific to Part 25 aircraft. This ARP provides general guidance for seats to be installed in Part 23 aircraft and Parts 27 and 29 rotorcraft and does not specify specific designs or design methods for such certification.
2015-09-17
WIP Standard
J3110
This SAE standard applies to any and all Flushing Methods intended for use to internally clean, decontaminate, and recondition components and sections of the refrigerant circuit within a vehicle air conditioning system. This standard provides testing and acceptance criteria for determining the minimum performance of a Flushing Method, intended for use in the servicing and repair process of vehicle air conditioning system. This standard will only specify the Flushing Method performance criteria. Specifications for air conditioning Flushing Fluids are outlined in SAE J3091.
2015-09-15
Technical Paper
2015-01-2415
Kyle Shimmin, Greg Russell, Robert A. Reuter, Steven Iden
Abstract A reduced order dynamic aircraft model has been created for the purpose of enabling constructive simulation studies involving integrated thermal management subsystems. Such studies are motivated by the increasing impact of on-board power and thermal subsystems to the overall performance and mission effectiveness of modern aircraft. Previous higher-order models that have been used for this purpose have the drawbacks of much higher development time, along with much higher execution times in the simulation studies. The new formulation allows for climbs, accelerations and turns without incurring computationally expensive stability considerations; a dynamic inversion control law provides tracking of user-specified mission data. To assess the trade-off of improved run-time performance against model capability, the reduced order formulation is compared to a traditional six degree-of-freedom model of the same air vehicle.
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