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Viewing 121 to 150 of 10280
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0215
Amey Y. Karnik, Adrian Fuxman, Phillip Bonkoski, Mrdjan Jankovic, Jaroslav Pekar
The use of advanced cooling system actuators and control for improving vehicle fuel efficiency has been gaining significant attention. In addition to scheduling the actuators for fast powertrain warmup, the thermal management system can also contribute to improving fuel economy by operating the powertrain system at elevated coolant temperatures which reduces friction and improves thermal efficiency. Operating at elevated temperatures increases the risk of temperature constraint violation in presence for fast changing disturbances, such as changes in combustion heat load, vehicle speed or demanded cabin heat, can increase the risk of temperature constraint violation. An advanced cooling system with appropriate management strategy is required that uses active devices to allow greater flexibility in managing engine temperatures and operating near constraints.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0524
Venkat Pisipati, Srikanth Krishnaraj, Amy McGuckin Webb, Pavankumar Reddy Kandukuri
The Automotive industry’s use of digital tools such as Computer Aided Engineering (CAE) to perform virtual validation has progressed to effectively replace a large percentage of physical validation. This is primarily due to cost and time efficiencies virtual validation offers versus conventional physical prototyping and testing. With product development cycles becoming more compressed, CAE has assumed a more significant role in advanced design and structural evaluation. One of the major challenges to upfront effective and efficient CAE analyses is the availability of Computer Aided Design (CAD) data. Many OEMs and their suppliers are looking to leverage existing CAE models by mapping or adapting previous models using morphing tools to develop CAE models for quick analysis feedback. For Tier 1 suppliers, such as Inteva Products, this agility is becoming paramount.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-1416
Rambabu Radakrishnan, Ganesh Dharmar, Mohanraj Balakrishnan, Sarath Padattil
Infotainment screens have become critical interface between occupant and Vehicle. Historical development of In-vehicle infotainment (IVI) has shown us the growth of interface size and usability is tremendously increased. The basic small segmented displays of past decades have transformed into large touch screen interface. Earlier small screen interfaces had minimal information and less driver assist functions. It was mainly entertainment based information, which does not require much attention from driver. But recently it has changed from glancing the screen to seeing the screen, due to increased driver assist functions like GPS navigation etc. The amount of information displayed is also increased tremendously. This scenario requires the screen positioning inside vehicle with following requirements like visibility without any obscuration, zero in vehicle reflection on glass areas due to infotainment screen illumination and legibility requirements.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-1443
Nazan Aksan, Lauren Sager, Sarah Hacker, Benjamin Lester, Jeffrey Dawson, Matthew Rizzo
We examined relative effectiveness of heads-up visual displays for lane departure warning (LDW) 36 middle-aged drivers (25-50 years, mean = 36 years) and 36 older drivers (65-90 years, mean =77). The LDW included yellow "advisory" visuals in the center screen when the driver started drifting toward the adjacent lane. The visuals turned into red "imminent" when the tires overlapped with the lane markers. The LDW was turned off if the driver activated the turn signal. The visuals could be easily segregated from the background scene, making them salient but not disruptive to the driver's forward field of view. The visuals were placed adjacent to the left and right lane markers in the lower half of the center screen.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-1430
Se Jin Park, Murali Subramaniyam, Seoung Eun Kim, Tae Hyun Kim, Hee Su Sin, Dong Hag Seo, Hyu Hyeong Nam, Jeong Cheol Lee
Seating comfort is associated with the various factors and one of the principal components of a vehicle environment which can affect passenger’s comfort is vibration. The seat design plays a vital role in the vibration isolation as it is directly in contact with human body. Vibration isolation properties of a seat depend upon its dynamic parameters such as cushion, spring stiffness, and damping of seat suspension. In recent years, automotive seat designers are paying more attention for the improvement of seat cushion properties. This paper provides information about a new automotive seat concept which use double-wall 3D air mat in cushion along with foam cushion. The air-mats base fabrics are interlinked with numerous spacer threads to make a 3D structure. An optimization-based method is used to determine the optimal seat dynamic parameter for cushion (particularly for double-wall 3D air mat) based on minimizing occupant’s body discomfort.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0652
Ravi Ranjan, Lakshmaiah Brahmasani, Parvej Khan
This paper reports a study on Charge air cooler effectiveness, Pressure drop and Acceleration Performance of a utility vehicle, for different layouts positioning of Inter cooler, radiator, condenser and fan module in order to finalize efficient Power train cooling system layout. The main objective was effective utilization of front end opening area, eliminating inter cooler heat load on the radiator, so that radiator size, fan size and Fan Motor wattage can be optimized to achieve desired cooling performance requirements with the cooling system (CRFM) module. Effect of the inter cooler effectiveness, Intake pressure drop and Vehicle acceleration were studied to finalize the position of inter-cooler along with other engine cooling components. The cooling system restriction was optimized (reduced) by reducing radiator core thickness with finalizing inter cooler position just above the radiator.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0654
Lakshmaiah Brahmasani, Sarangapani K, Samson Solomon, Parvej Khan
The paper presents the development of a rear powertrain cooling system of a minivan. The packaging of cooling system is such that the radiator faces towards the rear of the vehicle bumper which is opposite to the conventional rear cooling system (i.e. radiator faces towards the front of the vehicle to get ram air benefit). In small minivan, the space ahead of engine is used as floor for passenger foot. Due to these space constraint, the cooling system has no choice, but to move rear of the vehicle and above the departure plane to meet packaging requirements. Furthermore, in conventional rear cooling system, in front of the radiator, there will be engine and exhaust system, which heats up the air going to the radiator and reduces radiator cooling performance. Thus the cooling system is placed such that the radiator faces the rear bumper to draw in cooler air. In this condition we don’t depend on the ram air but on the fan to meet required airflow.
2016-04-05
Journal Article
2016-01-0656
Jung Hyun Kim, Taewoo Kim, SungJin Park, JungJae Han, Choongsoo Jung, Young rock Chung, Sangsoo Pae
In cold start driving cycles, high viscosity of the lubrication oil (engine oil) increases the mechanical friction losses compared with warmed up condition. Thus, an engine oil warm up system can provide the opportunity to reduce the mechanical friction losses during cold start. In this study, an engine oil heater using EGR is used for the fast warm up of the engine oil. This paper presents the effect of the engine oil heater on the fuel economy and emissions over a driving cycle (NEDC). A numerical model is developed to simulate the thermal response of the powertrain using multi-domain 1-D commercial powertrain simulation software (GT-Suite) and it is calibrated using test data from a full size sedan equipped with a 2.0L diesel engine. The model consists of an engine model, coolant circuit model, oil circuit model, engine cooling model, friction model, and ECU model.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0647
Azmi Osman, M. Khairul Arif Muhammad Yusof, Mohammad Rafi
Additional fuel consumption reduction during the NEDC test cycle and real life driving can be effectively achieved by quickly raising the temperatures of the powertrain’s parts, oils and coolant closer to the optimal operating temperatures. In particular, the engine cooling system today must play a bigger role in the overall thermal management of the powertrain’s fluids and metals during warm-up, idle and severe operating conditions. In responding to these additional requirements, the previously proposed cost effective split cooling system has been further evolved to expedite the powertrain’s warming up process without compromising the overall heat rejection performance during severe operating conditions. In achieving these warming and cooling functions, the coolant flow rate in the cylinder head is almost stagnant when the single thermostat is closed and at its maximum when the thermostat is fully opened.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0525
Sameer Srivastava, Sandeep Raina, Kapil Kumar Pandey, Arnab Sandilya, Shankar Bose, Kumar Vivek
An automobile Carpet comprises a face fabric (Poly Ehtylene Terephthalate a.k.a PET) for aesthetics with Poly Ethylene lamination/backing (for strength such as Tear, Abrasion etc and Sound barriers to some extent) and Silencer pads functioning as Sound Absorbers and cushioning effect. In a strive to maintain quality, myriads of checks/tests are done during the part development stages. However, in due course of time its exposure to Sunlight and severe weather conditions degenerate the aesthetic quality. Carpets prepared with appropriate additives, UV stabilizers, apposite lamination/backing have shown protracted and extended performance. This paper relates to effects of ageing on aesthetic performance of Automotive Non-Woven Fabrics.
2016-04-05
Journal Article
2016-01-0281
Alaa El-Sharkawy, Dipan Arora, Abd El-Rahman Hekal, Amr Sami, Muhannad Hendy
In this paper, transient component temperatures in the vehicle under-hood and underbody are estimated. The main focus is on the component temperatures as a result of radiation from exhaust, convection by underbody or under-hood air and heat conduction through the components. The exhaust surface temperature is simulated as function of time and for various vehicle duty cycles such as city traffic, road load and grade driving conditions. At each time step the radiation flux to the surrounding component is estimated, heat addition or removal by convection is evaluated based on air flow, air temperature and component surface area. Geometrical properties of the components are obtained by fitting them into pre-set shapes (e.g., cylinders, spheres, ellipsoids, etc.).
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0218
Balashunmuganathan Vasanth, Kumar Sathish, Mayur Sah
In an automotive air conditioning, aero-acoustic noise originating from HVAC (Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning) unit is one of the major concerns for the customer satisfaction. “Fan blower excessive noise” is one among the top issues for all automotive manufacturers. In this paper, a 3D computational analysis is carried out for a passenger car HVAC unit to predict the noise originated from the HVAC unit. HVAC modeling is done using Uni graphics and ANSA and the analysis is carried out using the commercial CFD software STAR CCM+. The inputs for the analysis are the airflow at HVAC Inlet, blower speed and the pressure drop characteristics of evaporator, filter and heater core. The computational model is done by considering the blower region as MRF (Moving Reference Frame) and the air flow is considered incompressible. DES (Detached Eddy Simulation) model is used to resolve the eddies generated by the turbulent flow.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0249
Balashunmuganathan Vasanth, Kumar Sathish, Murali Govindarajalu, Mohsin Khan
In recent years reducing the automobile HVAC (Heating Ventilation and automobile conditioning) noise inside the vehicle cabin is one of the main criterions for all OEMs to provide comfort level to the passengers. The primary function of the HVAC is to deliver more air to the cabin with less noise generation for various blower speeds. Designing the optimum HVAC with less noise is one of the major challenges for all automotive manufacturers. It is critical to predict the noise level of the HVAC during initial design stages of the program by simulation techniques since the parts shall not be available and physical testing cannot be carried out. In this study, a computational 1D (one dimensional) analysis is carried out to compute the airflow noise originated from the HVAC unit and transferred to the air coming out from the HVAC outlet for the passenger car. Modeling and meshing are done using Unigraphics and the analysis is carried out using the commercial 1D software GT suite.
2016-04-05
Journal Article
2016-01-0282
Julio Abraham Carrera
Recent emissions standards have become more restrictive in terms of CO2 and NOx reduction. This has been translated into higher EGR rates at higher exhaust gas temperatures with lower coolant flow rates for much longer lifetimes. In consequence, Thermal Load for EGR coolers has been increased and boiling and its interaction with thermal fatigue are now a critical issue during their development. It is almost impossible to avoid localized boiling inside an EGR cooler and, in fact, it would not be strictly necessary when it is below the Critical Heat Flux (CHF). However when CHF is exceeded, film boiling occurs leading to the sudden drop of the heat transfer rate and the metal temperature rise. In consequence, thermal stress increases even when film boiling is reached only in a small area inside the part. It is very difficult to accurately predict under which conditions CHF is reached and to stablish the margins to avoid it.
2016-02-10
WIP Standard
ARP4927A
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides guidance to achieve the optimum integration of new aircraft systems which have an impact on the cockpit layout or crew operating procedures. This process may also be used for modification of existing cockpits.
2016-02-10
WIP Standard
AS264F
The desired system for aircraft instrument panel and cockpit lighting is one that will furnishlight of adequate intensity and distribution under all conditions of external lighting so that the crew may read instrumentation, placards, check lists, manuals, maps, instrument color coding, distinguish controls, etc., without undue interference with their vision outside of the aircraft.
2016-02-05
Magazine
Off-highway hybrids: Opportunities and challenges With oil prices declining and emissions regulations in North America 'stabilized,' is there a place for hybrid powertrains in this new world of cheap oil? Looking for a better image Display advances are helping to reduce operator fatigue. Charging up electrified powertrains Control technologies race forward while batteries improve and adopt standard sizes. Measuring and accounting for suspension TARDEC teamed with SEA Ltd. to develop a system to measure the suspension parameters, center of gravity, and moments of inertia of wheeled vehicles in the never ending quest to model and predict vehicle dynamic behavior. Looking at mobility in 2050 Cuneyt L. Oge begins his term as 2016 SAE International President with a vision about the future of auto- and aero-mobility.
2016-02-04
Standard
J1542_201602
This SAE Recommended Practice is applicable to all liquid-to-air, liquid-to-liquid, air-to-liquid, and air-to-air heat exchangers used in vehicle and industrial cooling systems. This document outlines the tests to determine durability characteristics of the heat exchanger under thermal cycling.
2016-02-03
WIP Standard
ARP6377
Develop and propagate recommended practices for the design, development, testing and implementation of head worn displays in piloted airborne platforms
2016-02-03
Standard
J2976_201602
This recommended practice is intended to provide industry technical personnel with an overview of vehicle speedometer system accuracy and offset requirements and odometer system accuracy requirements. Speedometer and odometer systems covered by this document are integrated into a vehicle's electrical and electronics system, assembled directly into the vehicle by the OEM, and use rotational data from at least one vehicle wheel that is appropriately converted into longitudinal vehicle speed and distance traveled information. This standard is limited to radial ply tires on new (as manufactured) cars, light trucks, and medium duty trucks. Other methods for measuring vehicle speed and distance traveled may be used provided they meet the performance recommendations herein. Any local market regulatory requirements must be met and shall supersede this document. Service parts are beyond the scope of this recommended practice.
2016-02-01
Technical Paper
2016-28-0033
K Deepak
Abstract Demand of hybrid vehicle increases more and more due to raise in fossils fuel prices. Automotive OEM’s of worldwide invest their potential in developing automobiles with higher fuel efficiency, light weight, comfortable and low cost as possible without negotiation in quality and safety. Air conditioner systems in buses utilizes 30% of power from engines for functioning of its components which increases the fuel consumption and decreases effective performance. In this project, Organic phase change material (PCM) paraffin 14-carbon with blend of 1.0 %wt of copper oxide (CuO)/titanium oxide (TiO2) nanoparticles dispersed fluid is used to store cooling energy in form of latent thermal heat. This composite material is filled in Aluminium shell of thickness 3mm and fixed in direct contact with refrigerant cycle. The newly developed PCM sample is subjected to differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) in order to determine phase change temperature and latent heats.
2016-02-01
Technical Paper
2016-28-0068
Nishant Kataria, Kota Nageswara rao Puli, Pankaj Maheshwari, Sandeep Raina
Abstract In automotive seating, there are multiple applications wherein parts have relative motions. During the relative motion of parts, noise is generated due to friction which can be irritant to the end user. This paper focuses on, one such application where conventional noise reduction solutions like grease application are not very effective. Typically, Seats can have two types of Head Restraint, a) Adjustable, b) Non Adjustable. In Adjustable type of Head restraint, during adjustment by the end user, head restraint rod rubs against the metal plate inside the locking guide. This creates friction and that in turn results in noise. The paper focuses on understand the phenomenon of noise, identifying the root cause and studying about potential solutions to reduce the noise to acceptable level. In this paper, parameters affecting the noise are studied and evaluated.
2016-02-01
Technical Paper
2016-28-0061
SasiKumar Muthusamy, Rangarajan Srinivasan, Upendra Naithani, Senthilkumar Pachamuthu
Abstract This paper presents development and verification of an analytical model for a standalone performance study of mini-channel evaporator controlled with thermostatic expansion valve (TXV) for R134a mobile air-conditioning system. The analytical model was developed and validated using MATLAB program. In the existing literatures, studies of analytical evaporator model integrated with TXV for standalone performance was very limited. Effort has been considered to integrate TXV and evaporator model i.e. when there is a change in air flow rate, TXV adjusts refrigerant mass flow rate based on heat load and operating superheat. The developed analytical model emphasize on prediction of refrigerant mass flow rate, heat transfer and refrigerant side pressure drop characteristics. In-tube refrigerant flow was divided into two-phase region and superheated region, considering both dry and wet condition of effectiveness - NTU method.
2016-02-01
Technical Paper
2016-28-0172
Praharsh Srivastava, Kamal Sharma, Raushan Jha
Abstract Rapid advent of mobile air conditioning industry has witnessed a wide use of fixed displacement swash plate compressor due to its small size, compact structure and light weight. An accurate prediction of volumetric efficiency and power of compressor at early stages of design serves as a very useful information for designer. No work regarding the power and volumetric efficiency prediction for double headed fixed displacement swash plate compressor is reported in the existing literature. This paper presents a mathematical model for a double acting fixed displacement swash plate compressor with the objective of evaluating the shaft torque and volumetric efficiency of compressor. Shaft torque, in turn is a measure of compressor power. The geometrical description of swash plate yields a kinematic model to obtain the piston displacement as an explicit function of angle of rotation of shaft.
2016-02-01
Technical Paper
2016-28-0157
Divye Gupta, Prateek Bansal, Rahul Goel, Ujjwal Sharma
Abstract Our team aims towards designing, validating and fabricating an electro-mechanical device that can dynamically control the inside temperature of the vehicle depending upon the outside temperature conditions. This device purely uses non-conventional source of energy and is economical to install and operate. Vehicle temperature modulator is designed keeping in mind the environment and weather conditions of South East Asian Nations and can be further modified according to the norms of any other country. This unit is capable of being employed in any segment vehicle present in India i.e. A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, A6, B1, B2 and SUV.
2016-02-01
Technical Paper
2016-28-0197
Nithin Alex John, Mona Sherki, Sanjay A Patil
Abstract New generation automobiles are equipped with power windows which eases the passenger’s effort in moving the vehicle windows up and down. Many of them are stuffed with advanced features like automatic up/down option for ensuring functionality with a single press of the switch. Even though it adds comfort to driver & passenger, inadvertent use of power window can be fatal if a person’s body part gets trapped inside. An effective solution for this problem is anti-pinch mechanism, which releases the object safely just when it gets trapped. It detects the object trapped and immediately moves the window down so that trapped object will get released easily. The anti-pinch algorithm used in this project is based on the “Method of Monitoring Movable Element”, method monitor traveling distance of a power window pane. In order to achieve this different from conventional techniques we are using Ultrasonic sensor.
2016-02-01
Technical Paper
2016-28-0240
Naveen Sukumar, Sayak Mukherjee, Praneeth Kurisetty, Umashanker Gupta
Abstract The cabin or cab is an enclosed space where the driver and co-driver are seated. Structural parameters such as modal and stiffness characteristics are of key importance for its durability study and driver’s comfort. The desired strength and stiffness value of the cabin have to be met at the development phase itself. In developing new cabin models numerical simulations are used for estimating vehicle performance to reduce the development cycle. But, the conventional method of modeling the cabin using 2-d elements and performing subsequent iteration steps to arrive at the desired stiffness and strength value will be cumbersome and time consuming. Thus, a methodology of FE modeling of the truck cabin using 1-D elements has been proposed in this paper which will reduce the analysis time of successive iterations. For this purpose an existing proven driver’s cabin is modeled using 1-D elements.
2016-02-01
Technical Paper
2016-28-0233
Sindhu Ls, Vishwas Vaidya
Abstract The OEM's aim is to reduce development time and testing cost, hence the objective behind this work is to achieve a flexible stateflow model so that changes in the application during supply chain or development, on adding/deleting any switches, varying timer cycle, changing the logic for future advancements or else using the logic in different application, would end in minimal changes in the chart or in its states which would reflect least changes in the code. This research is about designing state machine architecture for chime/buzzer warning system and wiper/washer motor control system. The chime/buzzer stateflow chart includes various input switches like ignition, parking, seat belt buckle, driver door and speed accompanied with warning in the form of LED, lamp and buzzer. The logic is differentiated according to gentle and strong warning. Various conditions and scenarios of the vehicle and driver are considered for driver door and seat belt which is resolved in the chart.
2016-02-01
Technical Paper
2016-28-0226
Rakesh Kumar, Aditya Malladi
Abstract For effective occupant protection, automotive vehicle structure needs to be developed for seat anchorage test to prevent the failure of seat anchorages during high speed impacts. Seat anchorages (SA) certification test is mandatory for M & N category vehicles in India. Conventional way of testing automotive vehicle structures for seat anchorage test is using deceleration sled with the help of bungee ropes. Deceleration pulse generated from the physical test is used as a loading input in the current CAE process. With the current CAE method, final deformation of the vehicle structure looks similar to physical test, however, the vehicle visual interactions differ significantly during the deformation event. In the current study, a modified loading methodology is proposed to match both the final deformation as well as vehicle visual interactions. Loading and boundary conditions of physical test were understood in detail with the help of simple free body diagrams.
2016-01-25
WIP Standard
AIR6373
pilots, air traffic controllers, dispatchers, aviation meteorologists
Viewing 121 to 150 of 10280

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