This title includes the technical papers developed for the 2016 Stapp Car Crash Conference, the premier forum for the presentation of research in impact biomechanics, human injury tolerance, and related fields, advancing the knowledge of land-vehicle crash injury protection. The conference provides an opportunity to participate in open discussion about the causes and mechanisms of injury, experimental methods and tools for use in impact biomechanics research, and the development of new concepts for reducing injuries and fatalities in automobile crashes. The topics covered this year include: • Head/brain biomechanics • Thorax, spine, and pelvis biomechanics • Foot-Ankle Biomechanics • Injury and effect of directional impacts • Pedestrian and cyclist injury factors and testing • Commercial truck and pedestrian accidents factors and testing
More than 120 authors from science and industry have documented this essential resource for students, practitioners, and professionals. Comprehensively covering the development of the internal combustion engine (ICE), the information presented captures expert knowledge and serves as an essential resource that illustrates the latest level of knowledge about engine development. Particular attention is paid toward the most up-to-date theory and practice addressing thermodynamic principles, engine components, fuels, and emissions. Details and data cover classification and characteristics of reciprocating engines, along with fundamentals about diesel and spark ignition internal combustion engines, including insightful perspectives about the history, components, and complexities of the present-day and future IC engines.
Solar Energy Harvesting: How to Generate Thermal and Electric Power Simultaneously describes energy harvesting using a hybrid concentrating photovoltaic (PV) system with simultaneous thermal generation for energy storage. Several designs have been proposed to build a system that takes advantage of the entire solar spectrum through direct electric generation using concentrated light onto photovoltaics while generating thermal energy using wavelengths of light not captured by the PV cell. This title addresses the current technologies and state-of-the-art designs, as well as the methodologies, underlying physics, and engineering implications.
Fusing aluminum in a multi-material lightweight vehicle is presented via studies on joining dissimilar materials, joining methods, and the performance of the joined materials. The use of aluminum offers a material that embodies properties to meet new standards as the automotive industry continues to pursue improvements in fuel efficiency and emissions. Aluminum’s strength, light weight, and corrosion resistance offers manufacturers a material alternative to steel and an additional material, which has long been known in the industry, to be employed in automotive construction. Topics of technical interest include: • Forming • Galvanic Corrosion • Welding, Fastening, Bonding • Maximizing Weight Benefits Production of strong, lightweight structures will contribute significantly to automobile manufacturers meeting mandated fuel economy standards, as well as customer preferences for utility, comfort, and safety.
With new and more stringent standards addressing emission reduction and fuel economy, the importance of a well-developed engine thermal management system becomes even greater. With about 30% of the fuel intake energy dissipated through the cooling system and another 30% through the exhaust system, it is to be expected that serious research has been dedicated to this field. Thermal Management in Automotive Applications, edited by Dr. T. Yomi Obidi, brings together a focused collection of SAE technical papers on the subject. It offers insights into how thermal management impacts the efficiency of engines in heavy vehicles, the effects of better coolant flow control, and the use of smart thermostat and next-generation cooling pumps. It also provides an in-depth analysis of the possible gains in optimum warm-up sequence and thermal management on a small gasoline engine.
The new Bosch Automotive Handbook , now in its 9th English edition, has been completely revised and enhanced to include the most recent developments in automotive technology. About 200 specialist authors contributed to this new version of every engineer’s must-have reference. The book's format has been revised: it is now 20 percent longer and wider, as this allows for a larger font size. This makes the texts and graphics easier to read. The index has been strongly expanded to make looking up technical terms easier. The Bosch Automotive Handbook is a best-seller, with a broad global readership. Students of engineering programs consult it, as do researchers and engineers in the automotive industry. Mechanics who are studying to become master craftsmen also use it as a reference work. Experts trust the well-founded and extensive expertise that can be found in the classic. The Bosch Automotive Handbook is widely regarded around the world as a standard work for automotive technology.
Thermal Energy Storage Technologies for Sustainability is a broad-based overview describing the most up-to-date information on latent, sensible, and thermo-chemical energy storage systems, and their applications across industries. Beginning with a discussion of the efficiency and conservation advantages of balancing energy demand with production, the book goes on to describe current state-of-the art technologies. Not stopping with description, the authors also discuss design, modeling, and simulation of representative systems, and end with several case studies of systems in use.
Brand new research on the automotive HVAC sector This report highlights the findings of research conducted throughout 2013 by ABOUT Automotive in the automotive air conditioning market. Now in its 5th edition, it presents updates and extends the previous sector analysis, providing valuable insights in a number of areas, including: • The market for automotive climate control, determining the trends and topical issues; • The main manufacturers serving this sector, identifying how the market is divided in terms of market share and market value on a regional basis; • Trends in key product and process technologies, both current and future; and • OEM trends and rationale in adopting different types of climate control. The report provides answers to such vital questions as: • What are the market shares of the leading companies, and what will the automotive HVAC market be worth by 2020?
Now in its fourth edition, this book remains the indispensable guide to internal combustion engines. It serves as valuable reference for both students and professional engineers needing a practical overview of the subject. Thoroughly updated, clear, comprehensive and well-illustrated, with a wealth of worked examples and problems, its combination of theory and applied practice is sure to help you understand internal combustion engines, from thermodynamics and combustion to fluid mechanics and materials science. Co-published by SAE International and Macmillan Press. Topics include: • Thermodynamic Principles • Combustion and Fuels • Spark Ignition Engines • Induction and Exhaust Processes • Turbocharging • Experimental Facilities
The diesel engine has been recognized as the most promising internal combustion engine available today due to its superior thermal efficiency and reliability. By focusing on engine performance and system integration, this book establishes the theory of diesel engine system design, including the approaches used in its modeling and analysis. Diesel Engine System Design links everything diesel engineers need to know about engine performance and system design in order for them to master all the essential topics quickly and apply the techniques to solve practical design problems. It provides detailed coverage of the fundamental concepts and generic techniques in diesel engine system design, presenting the fundamentals of dynamic and static diesel engine system designs by introducing the engine thermodynamic cycle and vehicle powertrain performance, followed by the critical boundary conditions for engine system design in the areas of combustion, emissions, and aftertreatment.
Revised and extended, this new edition provides the foundation for diesel engines design, based on traditional methods in thermodynamics, dynamics, structural analysis, chemistry, heat transfer, and applied analysis of system operation. It also offers additional material and examples for the calculation of combustion process, thermal efficiency, heat release, NOx emissions, and diesel turbocharging. Diesel Engine Engineering-2nd Edition demonstrates operating processes with detailed graphs and schematic diagrams, illustrates the characteristics and modes of diesel engine operation, describes the thermodynamics parameters and emissions of a working cycle, discusses how various design factors affect the system reliability, offering correct techniques to improve stability and endurance. Main areas of technical expertise include: • Diesel Engine Turbocharging • Automated Control of Diesel Engines • Thermodynamics of Diesel Engines
This book intends to fills the information gap between regularly scheduled journals and university level textbooks by providing in-depth coverage over a broad scope. The present volume provides informative chapters on thermodynamic performance of fuel cells, macroscopic modeling of polymer-electrolyte membranes, the prospects for phosphonated polymers as proton-exchange fuel cell membranes, polymer electrolyte membranes for direct methanol fuel cells, materials for state of the art PEM fuel cells, and their suitability for operation above 100°C, analytical modelling of direct methanol fuel cells, and methanol reforming processes.
The efficiency of thermal systems (HVAC, engine cooling, transmission, and power steering) has improved greatly over the past few years. Operating these systems typically requires a significant amount of energy, however, which could adversely affect vehicle performance. To provide customers the level of comfort that they demand in an energy-efficient manner, innovative approaches must be developed.
In 1967, Derwyn M. Severy and his colleagues published several SAE papers that demonstrated improvements in occupant retention with rigid (stiff) seats, sparking a debate that lasted for nearly four decades. The Debate Between Stiff and Yielding Seats presents an interesting and informative history of this debate, delving into the many questions and answers that continue to surround each of these seat types. The Debate Between Stiff and Yielding Seats begins with new material from editor David C. Viano, explaining the key factors that allowed the debate to be resolved. The publication then analyzes the effects of stiff and yielding seats on various crash scenarios, followed by an exploration of high retention seats. Patent information, new studies, and historical information are also included, making this comprehensive collection an essential resource for any safety professional's library.
This research report documents the findings, the effects, and limitations of 42 volt electrical system architecture on vehicle exterior and interior lighting systems. The work covered in this report reflects the group's work to date which has focused on Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) control of 12V incandescent (filament) lamps from a 42V supply (the nominal voltage of a vehicle with a 36V battery under charge). This report is the compilation of several "mini reports". Each test section includes methodology, analysis, results, discussion and detailed conclusions. Chapters include: Abstract Overall Conclusions Introduction Background Specification for PWM Drive and more
Role of the Seat in Rear Crash Safety addresses the historic debate over seatback stiffness, energy absorbing yielding, occupant retention and whiplash prevention; and it provides a scientific foundation for the direction GM pursued in the development and validation of future seat designs. It also describes the multi-year research study into the role of the seat in rear crash safety - first by addressing the need for occupant retention in the more severe rear crashes; and then by addressing the needs for an adequately positioned head restraint and changes in the compliance of the seatback to lower the risks of the whiplash in low-speed crashes.
Packed with information on the servicing and retrofitting of air-conditioning refrigerant systems so that shops and technicians can meet federal regulations, satisfy customers, and prevent damage to the environment. The second edition of the Automotive Air-Conditioning Refrigerant Service Guide was written to provide the latest information to automotive air-conditioning service professionals in order to help them comply with federal certification requirements and prevent damage to the environment. With an emphasis on proper recovery and recycling techniques for both R-12 and R-134a, as well as the proper retrofitting of R-12 systems to R-134a, the book will serve as a valuable instructional tool and resource for technicians.