This specification covers procedures for ultrasonic immersion inspection of premium grade wrought titanium and titanium alloy round billet 5.0 inches (127 mm) and over in nominal diameter. This inspection procedure has been used typically for locating internal defects such as cracks, voids, inclusions, and other structural discontinuities which may or may not be exposed to the surface in billets, but usage is not limited to such applications. Testing normally will be by longitudinal procedure, but shear wave procedure may be added when agreed upon by purchaser and vendor. This specification includes zoned inspection and digital data acquisition.
Abstract In AFP manufacturing systems, manually inspection of parts consumes a large portion of total production time and is susceptible to missing defects. The aerospace industry is responding to this inefficiency by focusing on the development of automated inspection systems. The first generation of automated inspection systems is now entering production. This paper reviews the performance of the first generation system and discusses reasonable expectations. Estimates of automated inspection time will be made, and it will be shown that the automated solution enables a detailed statistical analysis of manufactured part quality and provides the data necessary for statistical process control. Data collection allows for a reduction in rework because not all errors need to be corrected. Expectations will be set for the accuracy for both ply boundary and overlap/gap measurements. The time and resource cost of development and integration will also be discussed.
This document defines design, performance, and test criteria for self-sealing breakaway valves for use in crash-resistant aircraft fuel systems.
This specification covers the procedure for ultrasonic inspection of wrought titanium and titanium alloy products 0.25 inch (6.4 mm) and over in cross-section (thickness) or diameter.
National Aerospace and Defense Contractors Accreditation Program (Nadcap) Audit and Inspection Procedures and Checklists for the Sealant Manufacturers Accreditation Program
This document has been declared "CANCELLED" as of June 2017 and has been superseded by PRI AC7200/1. By this action, this document will remain listed in the Numerical Section of the Aerospace Standards Index noting that it is superseded by PRI AC7200/1. Cancelled specifications are available from SAE.
This document has been declared "CANCELLED" as of June 2017. By this action, this document will remain listed in the Numerical Section of the Aerospace Standards Index. Cancelled specifications are available from SAE.
Small Form Factor Embedded Systems New Technologies Drive Diverse Solutions Making Laser Weapons a Reality Modelling and Simulation Tools for Systems Integration on Aircraft Rotorcraft Anti-Icing Systems Redundant Transmitting System in Aircraft (RTSA) Cassini Stays in Touch with NASA's Radio Science Subsystem Laser Integration on Silicon Photonic Circuits Through Transfer Printing New fabrication approach allows the massively parallel transfer of III-V coupons to a silicon photonic target wafer. High Energy Computed Tomographic Inspection of Munitions Inspection system provides additional level of quality assurance for R&D, reverse engineering, and malfunction investigations. Terahertz (THz) Radar: A Solution for Degraded Visibility Environments (DVE) Operating at higher frequencies than other types of radar produces tighter beams and finer resolution. Imaging Detonations of Explosives Using high-speed camera pyrometers to measure and map fireball/shock expansion velocities.
The purpose of this standard is to provide uniform methods for the ultrasonic inspection of wrought metals and wrought metal products.
Techniques for Suspect/Counterfeit EEE Parts Detection by External Visual Inspection, Remarking and Resurfacing, and Surface Texture Analysis Using SEM Test Methods
This document describes the requirements of the following test methods for counterfeit detection of electronic components: Method A: General EVI, Sample Selection, and Handling Method B: Detailed EVI, including Part Weight measurement Method C: Testing for Remarking Method D: Testing for Resurfacing Method E: Part Dimensions measurement Method F: Surface Texture Analysis using SEM The scope of this document is focused on leaded electronic components, microcircuits, multi-chip modules (MCMs), and hybrids. Other EEE components may require evaluations not specified in this procedure. Where applicable this document can be used as a guide. Additional inspections or criteria would need to be developed and documented to thoroughly evaluate these additional part types. If SAE AS6171/2 is invoked in the contract, the base document, AS6171 General Requirements shall also apply.
Foreign Object Damage (FOD) Prevention Program - Requirements for Aviation, Space, and Defense Organizations
This standard defines FOD Prevention Program requirements for organizations that design, develop, and provide aviation, space, and defense products and services; and by organizations providing post-delivery support, including the provision of maintenance, spare parts, or materials for their own products and services. It is emphasized that the requirements specified in this standard are complementary (not alternative) to customer, and applicable statutory and regulatory requirements. Should there be a conflict between the requirements of this standard and applicable statutory or regulatory requirements, the latter shall take precedence.
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to parts and materials used in vehicle manufacture which are intended to be acceptable color matches to a specified standard. This document is intended for use with parts or materials which are opaque or nearly so. Materials covered by this document include topcoat paint finishes, interior soft trim, interior and exterior hard trim, and exterior film and flexible trim. This practice requires judgments by observers with a minimum of normal color vision and preferably superior as rated with the FM-100 Hue Test as specified in ASTM E1499, Guide for Selection, Evaluation, and Training of Observers.
This standard describes general and detailed methods of sampling and testing for surface passivity of corrosion-resistant steel parts. These tests may also be useful to determine if there is a need for passivation.
Abstract Vehicle front panel is an interior part which has a major impact on the consumers’ experience of the vehicles. To keep a good appearance during long time aging period, most of the front panel is designed as a rough surface. Some types of surface defects on the rough surface can only be observed under the exposure of certain angled sun light. This brings great difficulties in finding surface defects on the production line. This paper introduces a novel polarized laser light based surface quality inspection method for the rough surfaces on the vehicle front panel. By using the novel surface quality inspection system, the surface defects can be detected real-timely even without the exposure under certain angled sun light. The optical fundamentals, theory derivation, experiment setup and testing result are shown in detail in this paper.
This standard defines a color index system used by, but not limited to, Government activities in a format suitable for color identification, color selection, color matching, and quality control inspection. It also describes the designation and use of color media that is available to conduct these activities. Use of the color index referenced in this standard is intended to promote standardization and consistency in the color of items produced for Government use. Color media is described as follows: Color Chip Representation, Fan Deck: Suitable for color identification and selection. Color Chip Representation, Color Book: Suitable for color identification and selection. Precise Color Matching, Individual Color Chips: Suitable for color matching and quality control inspection purposes. Precise Color Matching, Set of Color Chips: Suitable for color matching and quality control inspection purposes.
Techniques for Suspect/Counterfeit EEE Parts Detection by Delid/Decapsulation Physical Analysis Test Methods
This method standardizes inspection, test procedures and minimum training and certification requirements to detect Suspect/Counterfeit (SC) Electrical, Electronic, and Electromechanical (EEE) components or parts utilizing Delid/Decapsulation Physical Analysis. The methods described in this document are employed to either delid or remove the cover from a hermetically sealed package or to remove the encapsulation or coating of an EEE part, in order to examine the internal structure and to determine if the part is suspect counterfeit. Information obtained from this inspection and analysis may be used to: a. prevent inclusion of counterfeit parts in the assembly b. identify defective parts c. aid in disposition of parts that exhibit anomalies This test method should not be confused with Destructive Physical Analysis as defined in MIL-STD-1580. MIL-STD-1580 describes destructive physical analysis procedures for inspection and interpretation of quality issues.
This standard details two methods of inspecting PTFE lined spherical or journal bearing wear outside the test apparatus. The methods described herein are applicable only to bearings which were unidirectionally loaded and the area of sliding wear is known and held constant throughout the dynamic test. The two methods described are: Destructive Inspection - Cut and measure (not applicable to molded liners) Nondestructive Inspection - Radial play (gauge) measurement
This specification covers procedures for ultrasonic immersion inspection of premium grade wrought titanium and titanium alloy forgings. Premium grade is a term used to describe titanium alloys used for critical rotating components in turbine engines. For details, see SAE AMS2380, the specification that covers the procedures for approval of products of premium-quality titanium alloys and the controls to be exercised in producing such products.
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to parts and materials used in vehicle manufacture which are intended to be acceptable color matches to a specified standard. This document is intended for use with parts or materials which are opaque or nearly so. Materials covered by this document include topcoat paint finishes, interior soft trim, interior and exterior hard trim, and exterior film and flexible trim. This practice requires judgments by observers with a minimum of normal color vision and preferably superior as rated with the FM-100Hue Test as specified in ASTM E1499, Guide for Selection, Evaluation, and Training of Observers.
XRF technique for counterfeit detection is applicable to electrical, electronic and electromechanical (EEE) parts as listed in AS6171 General Requirements. In general, the detection technique is meant for use on piece parts prior to assembly on a circuit board or on the parts that are removed from a circuit board. The applicability spans a large swath of active, passive and electromechanical parts. If AS6171/3 is invoked in the contract, the base document, AS6171 General Requirements shall also apply.
The intent of this document is to define the methodology for suspect parts inspection using radiological inspection. The purpose of radiology for suspect counterfeit part inspection is to detect deliberate misrepresentation of a part, either at the part distributor or original equipment manufacturer (OEM) level. Radiological inspection can also potentially detect unintentional damage to the part resulting from improper removal of part from assemblies, which may include, but not limited to, prolonged elevated temperature exposure during desoldering operations or mechanical stresses during removal. Radiological inspection of electronics includes film radiography and filmless radiography such as digital radiography (DR), real time radiography (RTR), and computed tomography (CT). Radiology is an important tool used in part verification of microelectronic devices.
The scope of this document is to: Specify techniques to detect SC parts using electrical testing. Provide various levels of electrical testing that can be used by the User to define test plans for detecting SC parts. Provide minimum requirements for testing laboratories so that User/Requester can determine which test houses have the necessary capabilities. (For example: technical knowledge, equipment, procedures and protocols for performing electrical testing for verification analysis.) Note: User/Requester is defined in AS6171 General Requirements Specify Burn-In and environmental tests. The environmental tests include Temperature Cycling for Active Devices and Thermal Shock for Passive Devices. Seal Tests are described and recommended for hermetic devices. The following terminology is used throughout this document: Shall = is mandatory; Should = is recommended; and Will = is planned (is considered to be part of a standard process).
Techniques for Suspect/Counterfeit EEE Parts Detection by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) Test Methods
This document defines capabilities and limitations of FTIR spectroscopy as it pertains to counterfeit electronic component detection and suggests possible applications to these ends. Additionally, this document outlines requirements associated with the application of FTIR spectroscopy including: operator training, sample preparation, various sampling techniques, data interpretation, computerized spectral matching including pass/fail criteria, equipment maintenance, and reporting of data. The discussion is primarily aimed at analyses performed in the mid-infrared (IR) from 400 to 4000 wavenumbers; however, many of the concepts are applicable to the near and far IR. If AS6171/9 is invoked in the contract, the base document, AS6171 General Requirements shall also apply.
Techniques for Suspect/Counterfeit EEE Parts Detection by External Visual Inspection, Remarking and Resurfacing, and Surface Texture Analysis Test Methods
This document describes the requirements of the following test methods for counterfeit detection of electronic components: Method A: General External Visual Inspection (EVI), Sample Selection, and Handling Method B: Detailed EVI Method C: Testing for Remarking and Resurfacing Method D: Surface Texture Analysis by SEM
Techniques for Suspect/Counterfeit EEE Parts Detection by Delid/Decapsulation Physical Analysis Test Methods
This method standardizes inspection, test procedures and minimum training and certification requirements to detect Suspect/Counterfeit (SC) Electrical, Electronic, and Electromechanical (EEE) components or parts utilizing Delid/Decapsulation Physical Analysis. The methods described in this document are employed to either delid or remove the cover from a hermetically sealed package or to remove the encapsulation or coating of an EEE part, in order to examine the internal structure and to determine if the part is suspect counterfeit. Information obtained from this inspection and analysis may be used to: prevent inclusion of counterfeit parts in the assembly identify defective parts aid in disposition of parts that exhibit anomalies This test method should not be confused with Destructive Physical Analysis as defined in MIL-STD-1580. MIL-STD-1580 describes destructive physical analysis procedures for inspection and interpretation of quality issues.
Abstract Inspection of fasteners prior to installation is critical to the quality of aerospace parts. Fasteners must be inspected for length/grip and diameter at a minimum. Inspecting the fasteners mechanically just prior to insertion can cause additional cycle time loss if inspection cannot be performed at the same time as other operations. To decrease fastener inspection times and to ensure fastener cartridges contain the expected fastener a system was devised to measure the fastener as it travels down the fastener feed tube. This process could be adapted to inspection of fasteners being fed to the process head of a running machine eliminating the mechanical inspection requirement and thus decreasing cycle time.
Testing of Adhesive Bonds on Large Industrial Components made of CFRP with a Robot Inspection System Using Active Thermography, Leading to Reduced Cycle Times
Abstract The integration of omega stringers to panels made of carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) by adhesive bonding, which is achieved by baking in an autoclave, must be subject to high quality standards. Failures such as porosity, voids or inclusion must be detected safely to guaranty the functionality of the component. Therefore, an inspection system is required to verify these bonds and detect different kinds of defects. In this contribution, the advantages of a robotic inspection system, which will be achieved through continuous testing, will be introduced. The testing method is the active thermography. The active thermography has major advantages compared with other non-destructive testing methods. Compared to testing with ultrasonic there is no coupling medium necessary, thus testing will be significantly enhanced.
This specification details requirements and procedures for the detection of defects in aircraft and engine components during maintenance and overhaul operations.
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) is intended as a guide in establishing inspection procedures to determine the condition of inservice accumulators. A minimum inspection program is recommended to determine the existence of corrosion and damage. Recommendations are also provided for corrective action if it is determined that the environment is contributing to the deterioration of the surface protection system treatments.
TS251 Manufacturing, Inspection and Qualification Requirements for Rivet, Blind, Self-Plugging, Flush-Break, Mechanically Locked Stem, Aluminum Alloy (2014a Material) AS64400 and AS64403 AS64400L and AS64403L
This specification covers the technical requirements for SAE ITC AS series, blind, Aluminium alloy rivets that are self-plugging & have a mechanically locked, flush break stem, in both the plain & Lock Creator versions.