This report provides data and general analysis methods for calculation of internal and external, pressurized and unpressurized airplane compartment pressures during rapid discharge of cabin pressure. References to the applicable current FAA and EASA rules and advisory material are provided. While rules and interpretations can be expected to evolve, numerous airplanes have been approved under current and past rules that will have a continuing need for analysis of production and field modifications, alterations and repairs. The data and basic principles provided by this report are adaptable to any compartment decompression analysis requirement.
This document provides guidance for oxygen cylinder installation on commercial aircraft based on rules and methods practiced in aerospace industry and applicable in other associations. It covers considerations for oxygen systems from beginning of project phase up to production, maintenance, and servicing. The document is focused on requirements regarding DOT approved oxygen cylinders. However, its basic rules may also be applicable to new development pertaining to use of such equipment in an oxygen environment. For information regarding oxygen cylinders itself, reference should be made to AIR825/12 also.
The scope of this document is related to the particular needs of oxygen equipment with regards to packaging and transportation. The document provides guidance for handling chemical, gaseous and liquid oxygen equipment. It summarizes national and international regulations to be taken into account for transportation on land, sea and air and provides information on classification of hazardous material. The aim of this document is to summarize information on packaging and transportation of oxygen equipment. Statements and references to regulations cited herein are for information only and should not be considered as interpretation of a law. Processes to maintain cleanliness of components and subassemblies during processing and assembly or storage of work-in-progress are outside the scope of this document.
Develop an Aerospace Recommended Practice that describes means of certification compliance for approval of passive rotorcraft engine/APU induction system ice protection (inadvertent and full icing).
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides guidance to achieve the optimum integration of new aircraft systems which have an impact on the cockpit layout or crew operating procedures. This process may also be used for modification of existing cockpits.
Develop and propagate recommended practices for the design, development, testing and implementation of head worn displays in piloted airborne platforms
Recommended Qualification Tests for Halogen Miniature Lamps Less Than 35 Watts for Aircraft Applications
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides the qualification test procedure requirements for low wattage halogen lamps (less than 35 Watts) intended for use primarily in aircraft applications. The purpose of these tests is to provide a laboratory means of determining the performance characteristics of lamps in airplane power and environmental conditions and to verify the integrity of the lamp design and production process.
pilots, air traffic controllers, dispatchers, aviation meteorologists
This document presents criteria for flight deck controls and displays for airborne collision avoidance systems providing vertical-only guidance, and provides design guidance for operational, functional, and installation characteristics and requirements for airborne collision avoidance systems in existing and future aircraft.
This document recommends criteria for standardization of flight deck interior doors and their operation which will provide optimum use under normal and emergency conditions.
This document recommends criteria for the control and display of communications and navigation equipment on the flight deck. The equipment includes: a. Communications: Ultra High Frequency (UHF), Very High Frequency (VHF), and High Frequency (HF) Radios, Cabin/Service Interphones, Public Address (PA), Select Call (SELCAL), Call Select (CALSEL), Satellite Communications (SATCOM), b. Navigation: Very High Frequency Omnidirectional Range (VOR), Tactical Air Navigation (TACAN), Automatic Direction Finder (ADF), Distance Measuring Equipment (DME), Instrument Landing System (ILS), Markers (MKR), Omega, Very Low Frequency (VLF), Inertial Navigation Systems (INS), Inertial Reference Systems (IRS), Satellite Navigation (SATNAV), Low Range Radio Altimeter (LRRA).
This document recommends criteria and requirements for a Flight Management System (FMS) for transport aircraft. The FMS shall provide the functions of Lateral Navigation, Vertical Navigation, and Performance Management and may include Time of Arrival Control. The FMS design shall take Human Factors considerations into account to produce a fault tolerant system.
This report presents, paraphrased in tabular format, an overview of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) and the joint Aviation Regulations (JAR) for aircraft oxygen systems. It is intended as a ready reference for those considering the use of oxygen in aircraft and those wishing to familiarize themselves with the systems requirements for existing aircraft. This document is not intended to replace the oxygen related FAr/JAR but rather to index them in some order. For detailed information, the user is referred to the current issue of the relevant FAR/JAR paragraph referenced in this report.
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides information and guidance for the control of hazardous laser energy in the navigable airspace. This document provides guidance to all laser proponents and the FAA on the optimal use of control measures during propagation of a laser beam in the navigable airspace. This document does not cover control measures already set for in federal, state, and local regulations for the safe operations of lasers. FAA will review control measures in their aeronautical study of proposed outdoor laser operations. The purpose of this document is to establish a recommended practice for controlling laser systems to ensure the safe co-existence of aircraft operations and various types of laser activities. This document describes means for mitigating hazards related to laser beam propagation in the navigable airspace.
This document applies to laser proponents involved with the use of laser systems outdoors. It may be used in conjunction with AS4970, ARP5535, and ARP5572 and the ANSI Z136 series of laser safety standards.
This Common Interface Control Plan (CICP) establishes the methodology for developing, controlling, and managing the technical interfaces between and within systems. An interface defines the interaction at a defined point between entities to achieve a combined system capability. A common interface defines the shared interaction between multiple systems on either side of the interface. The document is not intended to directly control any other aspects of program management, such as matters of contractual, financial, or those of an intellectual property rights nature. Members in the interface control process include: procurement authorities, design authorities, and other related agencies as defined in the specific System Interface Control Plan (SICP). For the purposes of this plan, only the terms Procuring Organization and Producing Organization will be used. This plan is predicated upon formal agreements between participating organizations that provide: 1.
This standard defines implementation requirements for the electrical interface between: a. aircraft carried miniature store carriage systems and miniature stores b. aircraft parent carriage and miniature stores c. surface based launch systems and miniature stores The interface provides a common interfacing capability for the initialization and employment of smart miniature munitions and other miniature stores from the host systems. Physical, electrical, and logical (functional) aspects of the interface are addressed.
This Aerospace Standard will provide the basis for a certification approach and contain the methods or criteria for verification of performance required for Oxygen Dispensing Units to be used by Cabin Crew up to 25,000 ft. cabin altitude.
The scope of this document is to provide guidance concerning the use of oxygen when flying into and out of high elevation airports. Normally for aircraft operations that fly at high altitude, oxygen requirements involving a decompression are generally easy to understand and follow because of the increased delta between cabin and ambient pressures. This document is intended to address a transition zone where cabin and ambient pressures are closely the same and oxygen usage can be compounded by physiologic subjectivity that often accompanies hypoxia. This transition zone is further diluted by regulations which are based not on science but rather sociological mores often not supported by empirical science. An example of this is reflected by differential regulatory requirements between CFR’s 91, 121 and 135. Operators who fly into these high altitude airports will undoubtedly be required to address the inherent threats and errors associated with this transition zone.
The Task Force covers human factors issues involving the integration of automated driving systems into the vehicle, focusing on issues that affect driver performance and experience through the driver-vehicle-interface (DVI). The Task Force will address the associated human factors issues within Levels 2 through Level 4 as defined by SAE J3016.
Performance Standard for Cabin Crew Portable Protective Breathing Equipment for Use During Aircraft Emergencies
This aerospace standard (AS) defines the requirements of portable protective breathing equipment for use during smoke/fire conditions on board an aircraft.
The aim of this document is to provide a comprehensive synopsis of regulations applicable to aircraft oxygen systems. The context of physiological requirements, international regulations, operational requirements and airworthiness standards is shown to understand the role of aircraft oxygen systems and to demonstrate under which circumstances is needed on aircraft. With regards to National Aviation Regulations States are committed to the Convention on International Aviation (Chicago Convention). The majority of states have adopted, with some deviations, FAA and EASA systems including operational and airworthiness requirements. Accordingly the extent of this document is primarily focused on FAA/EASA requirements.
This AIR is arranged in the following two sections: 2E - thermodynamic characteristics of working fluids, which contains thermodynamic diagrams for a number of working fluids currently in use and supplied by various industrial firms; and 2F - properties of heat transfer fluids, which contains data, primarily in graphical form, on fluids that are frequently used in fluid heat transfer loops. Other properties of the environment, gases, liquids, and solids, can be found, as follows, in AIR 1168/9: 2A-Properties of the natural environment; 2B-Properties of gases; 2C-Properties of liquids and 2D- Properties of solids.
The purpose of this AIR is to compile in one definitive source, commonly accepted calibration, acceptance criteria and procedures for simulation of Supercooled Large Droplet (SLD) conditions within icing wind tunnels. Facilities that meet the criteria for either some or all of the recognized conditions will have known SLD icing simulation capability.
This document presents minimum criteria for the design and installation of LED assemblies in aircraft. The use of “shall” in this specification expresses provisions that are binding. Non-mandatory provisions use the term “should.”
The test procedure included in this document are used to determine a benchmark SgRP for Class A vehicles where design intent information is unknown.
This document is intended to describe technologies available, application needs, and operational requirements relating to the use of fiber optic sensing systems on aerospace platforms: a. To define standard terminology used in describing fiber optic sensing systems and their performance. b. To identify current interfaces used for fiber optic sensing systems. c. To define environmental, reliability, and maintainability capabilities of fiber optic sensing system components. d. To describe the fiber optic sensor and instrumentation technologies that forms the current state of the art. e. To describe current and future unmet needs of the aerospace industry for measurements using fiber optic sensors.
Determine the required minimum oxygen concentration to be breathed prior to, during, and after a loss of cabin pressurization, and determine recommended means necessary to provide the required oxygen concentrations.
Presents the seating accommodation model used to determine seat track length for accommodation in design.
This section presents the basic equations for computing ice protection requirements for nontransparent and transparent surfaces and for fog and frost protection of windshields. Simplified graphical presentations suitable for preliminary design and a description of various types of ice, fog, frost, and rain protection systems are also presented.