This document is intended to give guidance to users, regulators and persons in the aviation field who may be affected by the potential hazard of lasers aimed at aircraft by the general public. The potential hazards include startle (distraction, disruption, disorientation, and incapacitation), glare, flashblindness and eye injury. (Some information may also be useful for non-aviation users, such as persons driving vehicles. Additional information can be found in ANSI Z136.6, “Safe Use of Lasers Outdoors”.)
Develop and propagate recommended practices for the design, development, testing and implementation of head worn displays in piloted airborne platforms
Recommended Qualification Tests for Halogen Miniature Lamps Less Than 35 Watts for Aircraft Applications
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides the qualification test procedure requirements for low wattage halogen lamps (less than 35 Watts) intended for use primarily in aircraft applications. The purpose of these tests is to provide a laboratory means of determining the performance characteristics of lamps in airplane power and environmental conditions and to verify the integrity of the lamp design and production process.
pilots, air traffic controllers, dispatchers, aviation meteorologists
This document presents criteria for flight deck controls and displays for airborne collision avoidance systems providing vertical-only guidance, and provides design guidance for operational, functional, and installation characteristics and requirements for airborne collision avoidance systems in existing and future aircraft.
This document recommends criteria for standardization of flight deck interior doors and their operation which will provide optimum use under normal and emergency conditions.
This document recommends criteria for the control and display of communications and navigation equipment on the flight deck. The equipment includes: a. Communications: Ultra High Frequency (UHF), Very High Frequency (VHF), and High Frequency (HF) Radios, Cabin/Service Interphones, Public Address (PA), Select Call (SELCAL), Call Select (CALSEL), Satellite Communications (SATCOM), b. Navigation: Very High Frequency Omnidirectional Range (VOR), Tactical Air Navigation (TACAN), Automatic Direction Finder (ADF), Distance Measuring Equipment (DME), Instrument Landing System (ILS), Markers (MKR), Omega, Very Low Frequency (VLF), Inertial Navigation Systems (INS), Inertial Reference Systems (IRS), Satellite Navigation (SATNAV), Low Range Radio Altimeter (LRRA).
This document recommends criteria and requirements for a Flight Management System (FMS) for transport aircraft. The FMS shall provide the functions of Lateral Navigation, Vertical Navigation, and Performance Management and may include Time of Arrival Control. The FMS design shall take Human Factors considerations into account to produce a fault tolerant system.
Definitions and Experimental Measures Related to the Specification of Driver Visual Behavior Using Video Based Techniques
This SAE Recommended Practice defines key terms and metrics applied in the analysis of video based driver eye glance behavior. It can be applied in environments from real world trials to laboratory based driving simulator studies evaluating Transport Information and Control Systems (TICS). The procedures described in this document could also apply to more general assessments of driver visual behavior in the absence of TICS or other advanced display and control systems associated with Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). Driver workload studies, design of traffic control devices and roadways, modality interference from use of cell phones, mirror redesign, situational awareness, and the effects of driver stress from sleep loss and trip delays are just a few of the studies that would benefit from a standard practice for measuring visual allocation.
This report presents, paraphrased in tabular format, an overview of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) and the joint Aviation Regulations (JAR) for aircraft oxygen systems. It is intended as a ready reference for those considering the use of oxygen in aircraft and those wishing to familiarize themselves with the systems requirements for existing aircraft. This document is not intended to replace the oxygen related FAr/JAR but rather to index them in some order. For detailed information, the user is referred to the current issue of the relevant FAR/JAR paragraph referenced in this report.
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides information and guidance for the control of hazardous laser energy in the navigable airspace. This document provides guidance to all laser proponents and the FAA on the optimal use of control measures during propagation of a laser beam in the navigable airspace. This document does not cover control measures already set for in federal, state, and local regulations for the safe operations of lasers. FAA will review control measures in their aeronautical study of proposed outdoor laser operations. The purpose of this document is to establish a recommended practice for controlling laser systems to ensure the safe co-existence of aircraft operations and various types of laser activities. This document describes means for mitigating hazards related to laser beam propagation in the navigable airspace.
This document applies to laser proponents involved with the use of laser systems outdoors. It may be used in conjunction with AS4970, ARP5535, and ARP5572 and the ANSI Z136 series of laser safety standards.
This Common Interface Control Plan (CICP) establishes the methodology for developing, controlling, and managing the technical interfaces between and within systems. An interface defines the interaction at a defined point between entities to achieve a combined system capability. A common interface defines the shared interaction between multiple systems on either side of the interface. The document is not intended to directly control any other aspects of program management, such as matters of contractual, financial, or those of an intellectual property rights nature. Members in the interface control process include: procurement authorities, design authorities, and other related agencies as defined in the specific System Interface Control Plan (SICP). For the purposes of this plan, only the terms Procuring Organization and Producing Organization will be used. This plan is predicated upon formal agreements between participating organizations that provide: 1.
The vehicle dynamics terminology presented herein pertains to passenger cars and light trucks with two axles and to those vehicles pulling single-axle trailers. The terminology presents symbols and definitions covering the following subjects: axis systems, vehicle bodies, suspension and steering systems, brakes, tires and wheels, operating states and modes, control and disturbance inputs, vehicle responses, and vehicle characterizing descriptors. The scope does not include terms relating to the human perception of vehicle response.
This standard defines implementation requirements for the electrical interface between: a. aircraft carried miniature store carriage systems and miniature stores b. aircraft parent carriage and miniature stores c. surface based launch systems and miniature stores The interface provides a common interfacing capability for the initialization and employment of smart miniature munitions and other miniature stores from the host systems. Physical, electrical, and logical (functional) aspects of the interface are addressed.
This Aerospace Standard will provide the basis for a certification approach and contain the methods or criteria for verification of performance required for Oxygen Dispensing Units to be used by Cabin Crew up to 25,000 ft. cabin altitude.
Set-up a consistent geometry and requirements for measuring the Vehicles HUD, covering the AR-HUD performance.
This document provides a summary of the activities to-date of Task Force #1 - Research Foundations – of the SAE’s Driver Vehicle Interface (DVI) committee. More specifically, it establishes working definitions of key DVI concepts, as well as an extensive list of data sources relevant to DVI design and the larger topic of driver distraction.
The scope of this document is to provide guidance concerning the use of oxygen when flying into and out of high elevation airports. Normally for aircraft operations that fly at high altitude, oxygen requirements involving a decompression are generally easy to understand and follow because of the increased delta between cabin and ambient pressures. This document is intended to address a transition zone where cabin and ambient pressures are closely the same and oxygen usage can be compounded by physiologic subjectivity that often accompanies hypoxia. This transition zone is further diluted by regulations which are based not on science but rather sociological mores often not supported by empirical science. An example of this is reflected by differential regulatory requirements between CFR’s 91, 121 and 135. Operators who fly into these high altitude airports will undoubtedly be required to address the inherent threats and errors associated with this transition zone.
The Task Force covers human factors issues involving the integration of automated driving systems into the vehicle, focusing on issues that affect driver performance and experience through the driver-vehicle-interface (DVI). The Task Force will address the associated human factors issues within Levels 2 through Level 4 as defined by SAE J3016.
Off-Road Self-Propelled Work Machines Operator Enclosure Environment Part 6: Determination of Effect of Solar Heating
SAE J3078/6 specifies a test method for simulating solar heating in the laboratory and measuring the radiant heat energy from a natural or simulated source. It is applicable to Off-Road Self-Propelled Work Machines as defined in SAE J1116 and Agricultural Tractors as defined in ANSI/ASAE S390.
SAE Jxxxx provides principles and a process for developing icons for use in electronic displays related to Off Road Work Machines as stated defined in SAE J 1116. Following the process insures that icons are derived from ISO registered graphical symbols or ISO compliant non-registered graphical symbols.
Performance Standard for Cabin Crew Portable Protective Breathing Equipment for Use During Aircraft Emergencies
This aerospace standard (AS) defines the requirements of portable protective breathing equipment for use during smoke/fire conditions on board an aircraft.
This standard provides performance and test requirements for operator restraint systems provided for off-road self-propelled work machines. This document applies to pelvic restraint systems (Type 1) for off-road, self-propelled work machines fitted with ROPS and commonly used in construction, earthmoving, forestry, and mining as referred to in SAE J1040 and industrial machines fitted with ROPS as referred to in SAE J1042.
The aim of this document is to provide a comprehensive synopsis of regulations applicable to aircraft oxygen systems. The context of physiological requirements, international regulations, operational requirements and airworthiness standards is shown to understand the role of aircraft oxygen systems and to demonstrate under which circumstances is needed on aircraft. With regards to National Aviation Regulations States are committed to the Convention on International Aviation (Chicago Convention). The majority of states have adopted, with some deviations, FAA and EASA systems including operational and airworthiness requirements. Accordingly the extent of this document is primarily focused on FAA/EASA requirements.
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to both Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) and aftermarket ITS message-generating systems for passenger vehicles and heavy trucks. The recommended practice describes the method for prioritizing ITS in-vehicle messages and/or displayed information based on a defined set of criteria. Each criterion has a fixed number of levels that are used to rate/rank a given message or information item to determine its prioritization value. The prioritization value is used to determine the priority in which simultaneous, or overlapping, in-vehicle messages are presented to the driver.
This AIR is arranged in the following two sections: 2E - thermodynamic characteristics of working fluids, which contains thermodynamic diagrams for a number of working fluids currently in use and supplied by various industrial firms; and 2F - properties of heat transfer fluids, which contains data, primarily in graphical form, on fluids that are frequently used in fluid heat transfer loops. Other properties of the environment, gases, liquids, and solids, can be found, as follows, in AIR 1168/9: 2A-Properties of the natural environment; 2B-Properties of gases; 2C-Properties of liquids and 2D- Properties of solids.
This Information Report provides recommendations for alphanumeric messages that are supplied to the vehicle by external (e.g., RDS, satellite radio) or internal (e.g., infotainment system) sources while the vehicle is in-motion. Information/design recommendations contained in this report apply to OEM (embedded) and aftermarket systems. Ergonomic issues with regard to display characteristics (e.g., viewing angle, brightness, contrast, font design, etc.) should review ISO 15008.
The purpose of this AIR is to compile in one definitive source, commonly accepted calibration, acceptance criteria and procedures for simulation of Supercooled Large Droplet (SLD) conditions within icing wind tunnels. Facilities that meet the criteria for either some or all of the recognized conditions will have known SLD icing simulation capability.
This interface document SAE J2286 revises the requirements for file formats as were originally described in SAE J1924. This document describes Interface 1 (I/F 1) in SAE J2461. This document does not imply the use of a specific hardware interface, but may be used with other hardware interfaces such as SAE J1939, ISO 15765 or ISO 14229. The requirements of SAE J2286 supersede the requirements defined by SAE J1924. SAE J2461 establishes the requirements for Interface 1 (I/F 1), as a replacement of the file-based interface described by SAE J1924, as shown by Figure 1. Interface 1 (I/F) is a bi-directional link between the OEM Shop Floor Program (CSCI 1) and the Vendor Component Program (CSCI 2). Using I/F 1, the OEM Shop Floor Program communicates the desired parameters and programming limits for an assembly job to the Vendor Component Program (VCP). In response, the VCP returns programming results to the OEM Shop Floor Program (CSCI 1).