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2016-01-04
WIP Standard
AIR1389B
This report presents, paraphrased in tabular format, an overview of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) and the joint Aviation Regulations (JAR) for aircraft oxygen systems. It is intended as a ready reference for those considering the use of oxygen in aircraft and those wishing to familiarize themselves with the systems requirements for existing aircraft. This document is not intended to replace the oxygen related FAr/JAR but rather to index them in some order. For detailed information, the user is referred to the current issue of the relevant FAR/JAR paragraph referenced in this report.
2016-01-03
WIP Standard
ARP5572A
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides information and guidance for the control of hazardous laser energy in the navigable airspace. This document provides guidance to all laser proponents and the FAA on the optimal use of control measures during propagation of a laser beam in the navigable airspace. This document does not cover control measures already set for in federal, state, and local regulations for the safe operations of lasers. FAA will review control measures in their aeronautical study of proposed outdoor laser operations. The purpose of this document is to establish a recommended practice for controlling laser systems to ensure the safe co-existence of aircraft operations and various types of laser activities. This document describes means for mitigating hazards related to laser beam propagation in the navigable airspace.
2016-01-03
WIP Standard
ARP5293A
This document applies to laser proponents involved with the use of laser systems outdoors. It may be used in conjunction with AS4970, ARP5535, and ARP5572 and the ANSI Z136 series of laser safety standards.
2016-01-02
Standard
AS6030A
This Common Interface Control Plan (CICP) establishes the methodology for developing, controlling, and managing the technical interfaces between and within systems. An interface defines the interaction at a defined point between entities to achieve a combined system capability. A common interface defines the shared interaction between multiple systems on either side of the interface. The document is not intended to directly control any other aspects of program management, such as matters of contractual, financial, or those of an intellectual property rights nature. Members in the interface control process include: procurement authorities, design authorities, and other related agencies as defined in the specific System Interface Control Plan (SICP). For the purposes of this plan, only the terms Procuring Organization and Producing Organization will be used. This plan is predicated upon formal agreements between participating organizations that provide: 1.
2015-12-31
WIP Standard
J670
The vehicle dynamics terminology presented herein pertains to passenger cars and light trucks with two axles and to those vehicles pulling single-axle trailers. The terminology presents symbols and definitions covering the following subjects: axis systems, vehicle bodies, suspension and steering systems, brakes, tires and wheels, operating states and modes, control and disturbance inputs, vehicle responses, and vehicle characterizing descriptors. The scope does not include terms relating to the human perception of vehicle response.
2015-12-19
Standard
AS5725B
This standard defines implementation requirements for the electrical interface between: a. aircraft carried miniature store carriage systems and miniature stores b. aircraft parent carriage and miniature stores c. surface based launch systems and miniature stores The interface provides a common interfacing capability for the initialization and employment of smart miniature munitions and other miniature stores from the host systems. Physical, electrical, and logical (functional) aspects of the interface are addressed.
2015-12-17
Article
Big changes are coming to the government's 5-Star Safety Rating system for new vehicles. In this episode of SAE Eye on Engineering, Senior Editor Lindsay Brooke looks at the new ratings aimed at making crash testing more accurately represent real-world crashes. 
2015-12-07
WIP Standard
AS6371
This Aerospace Standard will provide the basis for a certification approach and contain the methods or criteria for verification of performance required for Oxygen Dispensing Units to be used by Cabin Crew up to 25,000 ft. cabin altitude.
2015-12-03
Article
Experts in the cyber security field emphasized the need for the automotive supply chain to be prepared for hacks during a recent panel discussion.
2015-12-03
WIP Standard
J1757-2
Set-up a consistent geometry and requirements for measuring the Vehicles HUD, covering the AR-HUD performance.
2015-12-03
Standard
J3077_201512
This document provides a summary of the activities to-date of Task Force #1 - Research Foundations – of the SAE’s Driver Vehicle Interface (DVI) committee. More specifically, it establishes working definitions of key DVI concepts, as well as an extensive list of data sources relevant to DVI design and the larger topic of driver distraction.
2015-12-01
Magazine
Hot-stamping process Hot-stamping process from Schuler employs flexible 'pressure controlled hardening' Fuel cell futures no longer a dream Fuel cell technology is catching up with the hype as fuel cell vehicles become reality. Hot Technologies 2016 Our annual review of significant, innovative, and just plain cool technology applications for the new model year.
2015-12-01
Magazine
Uncertainty quantification The technique is a must for next-generation simulation tools. Oil-pump sizing Researchers from Hinduja Tech investigate options for low friction and power consumption. The future of Indian commercial aviation The growth in traffic that airport modernization has supported has also made a significant contribution to the local and national economies, while the improved infrastructure has been positive for the perception of India in the global market. Driving EVs toward lower cost The race ison to reduce battery and electric-drive systems cost while improving efficiency. Powering on Rolls-Royce's Chief Engineer discusses new technologies that inspire current R&D design and evaluation work as part of its strategic roadmap for future big commercial programs. HMIs extend beyond the cab Telematic functions are being integrated into multi-function user interfaces.
2015-12-01
Magazine
Touch and go Avionics developments are changing life in the cockpit and at airborne work stations Sandwich cores for the future Decreasing weight while increasing strength is always critical, from airliners to future space missions to Mars. Research in sandwich cores today may lead to radical improvements in the future.
2015-11-30
WIP Standard
ARP6527
The scope of this document is to provide guidance concerning the use of oxygen when flying into and out of high elevation airports. Normally for aircraft operations that fly at high altitude, oxygen requirements involving a decompression are generally easy to understand and follow because of the increased delta between cabin and ambient pressures. This document is intended to address a transition zone where cabin and ambient pressures are closely the same and oxygen usage can be compounded by physiologic subjectivity that often accompanies hypoxia. This transition zone is further diluted by regulations which are based not on science but rather sociological mores often not supported by empirical science. An example of this is reflected by differential regulatory requirements between CFR’s 91, 121 and 135. Operators who fly into these high altitude airports will undoubtedly be required to address the inherent threats and errors associated with this transition zone.
2015-11-13
Article
Aerodynamic experts are cautiously optimistic that a long-awaited leap in vehicle fuel efficiency is advancing toward near-term production: the replacement of the two exterior mirrors with camera-based streaming-vision technology—at no overall cost penalty.
2015-11-11
Article
Traffic fatalities have declined significantly over the last several years, but the U.S. is on track to have its deadliest year since 2007, according to the National Safety Council. That’s shining the spotlight on crash testing, according to industry experts in a Technical Webinar Series from the Editors of SAE.
2015-11-09
WIP Standard
J3114
The Task Force covers human factors issues involving the integration of automated driving systems into the vehicle, focusing on issues that affect driver performance and experience through the driver-vehicle-interface (DVI). The Task Force will address the associated human factors issues within Levels 2 through Level 4 as defined by SAE J3016.
2015-11-09
Technical Paper
2015-22-0003
Masami Iwamoto, Yuko Nakahira
Accurate prediction of occupant head kinematics is critical for better understanding of head/face injury mechanisms in side impacts, especially far-side occupants. In light of the fact that researchers have demonstrated that muscle activations, especially in neck muscles, can affect occupant head kinematics, a human body finite element (FE) model that considers muscle activation is useful for predicting occupant head kinematics in real-world automotive accidents. In this study, we developed a human body FE model called the THUMS (Total HUman Model for Safety) Version 5 that contains 262 one-dimensional (1D) Hill-type muscle models over the entire body. The THUMS was validated against 36 series of PMHS (Post Mortem Human Surrogate) and volunteer test data in this study, and 16 series of PMHS and volunteer test data on side impacts are presented. Validation results with force-time curves were also evaluated quantitatively using the CORA (CORrelation and Analysis) method.
2015-11-09
Technical Paper
2015-22-0013
Erwan Jolivet, Yoann Lafon, Philippe Petit, Philippe Beillas
Finite Element Human Body Models (HBM) have become powerful tools to study the response to impact. However, they are typically only developed for a limited number of sizes and ages. Various approaches driven by control points have been reported in the literature for the non-linear scaling of these HBM into models with different geometrical characteristics. The purpose of this study is to compare the performances of commonly used control points based interpolation methods in different usage scenarios. Performance metrics include the respect of target, the mesh quality and the runability. For this study, the Kriging and Moving Least square interpolation approaches were compared in three test cases. The first two cases correspond to changes of anthropometric dimensions of (1) a child model (from 6 to 1.5 years old) and (2) the GHBMC M50 model (Global Human Body Models Consortium, from 50th to 5th percentile female).
2015-11-09
Technical Paper
2015-22-0009
Meghan K. Howes, Warren N. Hardy, Amanda M. Agnew, Jason J. Hallman
High-speed biplane x-ray was used to research the kinematics of the small intestine in response to seatbelt loading. Six driver-side 3-point seatbelt simulations were conducted with the lap belt routed superior to the pelvis of six unembalmed human cadavers. Testing was conducted with each cadaver perfused, ventilated, and positioned in a fixed-back configuration with the spine angled 30° from the vertical axis. Four tests were conducted with the cadavers in an inverted position, and two tests were conducted with the cadavers upright. The jejunum was instrumented with radiopaque markers using a minimally-invasive, intraluminal approach without inducing preparation-related damage to the small intestine. Tests were conducted at a target peak lap belt speed of 3 m/s, resulting in peak lap belt loads ranging from 5.4-7.9 kN. Displacement of the radiopaque markers was recorded using high-speed x-ray from two perspectives.
2015-11-09
Technical Paper
2015-22-0008
Jérôme Uriot, Pascal Potier, Pascal Baudrit, Xavier Trosseille, Philippe Petit, Olivier Richard, Sabine Compigne, Mitsutoshi Masuda, Richard Douard
Sled tests focused on pelvis behavior and submarining can be found in the literature. However, they were performed either with rigid seats or with commercial seats. The objective of this study was to get reference tests to assess the submarining ability of dummies in more realistic conditions than on rigid seat, but still in a repeatable and reproducible setup. For this purpose, a semi-rigid seat was developed, which mimics the behavior of real seats, although it is made of rigid plates and springs that are easy to reproduce and simulate with an FE model. In total, eight PMHS sled tests were performed on this semi-rigid seat to get data in two different configurations: first in a front seat configuration that was designed to prevent submarining, then in a rear seat configuration with adjusted spring stiffness to generate submarining. All subjects sustained extensive rib fractures from the shoulder belt loading.
2015-11-09
Technical Paper
2015-22-0014
Samantha L. Schoell, Ashley A. Weaver, Jillian E. Urban, Derek A. Jones, Joel D. Stitzel, Eunjoo Hwang, Matthew P. Reed, Jonathan D. Rupp
The aging population is a growing concern as the increased fragility and frailty of the elderly results in an elevated incidence of injury as well as an increased risk of mortality and morbidity. To assess elderly injury risk, age-specific computational models can be developed to directly calculate biomechanical metrics for injury. The first objective was to develop an older occupant Global Human Body Models Consortium (GHBMC) average male model (M50) representative of a 65 year old (YO) and to perform regional validation tests to investigate predicted fractures and injury severity with age. Development of the GHBMC M50 65 YO model involved implementing geometric, cortical thickness, and material property changes with age. Regional validation tests included a chest impact, a lateral impact, a shoulder impact, a thoracoabdominal impact, an abdominal bar impact, a pelvic impact, and a lateral sled test.
2015-11-09
Book
This title carries the papers developed for the 2015 Stapp Car Crash Conference, the premier forum for the presentation of research in impact biomechanics, human injury tolerance, and related fields, advancing the knowledge of land-vehicle crash injury protection. The conference provides an opportunity to participate in open discussion the causes and mechanisms of injury, experimental methods and tools for use in impact biomechanics research, and the development of new concepts for reducing injuries and fatalities in automobile crashes. The topics covered this year include: • Biomechanical Testing and Modeling of Human Response and Injury in Side Impacts • Biomechanics of the Thorax/Abdomen • Estimating Effects of Vehicle Mass and Active Safety Technologies on Injury/Fatality Risk • Computational Models and ATDs • Response and Injury to Pedestrians and Cyclists • Human and ATD Response to High-Speed Vertical Loading
2015-11-09
Book
This title carries the papers developed for the 2015 Stapp Car Crash Conference, the premier forum for the presentation of research in impact biomechanics, human injury tolerance, and related fields, advancing the knowledge of land-vehicle crash injury protection. The conference provides an opportunity to participate in open discussion the causes and mechanisms of injury, experimental methods and tools for use in impact biomechanics research, and the development of new concepts for reducing injuries and fatalities in automobile crashes. The topics covered this year include: • Biomechanical Testing and Modeling of Human Response and Injury in Side Impacts • Biomechanics of the Thorax/Abdomen • Estimating Effects of Vehicle Mass and Active Safety Technologies on Injury/Fatality Risk • Computational Models and ATDs • Response and Injury to Pedestrians and Cyclists • Human and ATD Response to High-Speed Vertical Loading
2015-11-04
Article
Voice-activated commands have been engineered into new vehicles to help drivers keep their eyes on the road and reduce driver distraction. But a recent study by AAA's Foundation for Traffic Safety has found that voice command technology is not as effective as hoped.
2015-10-21
Article
Advanced driver assistance systems are becoming increasingly complex as developers add capabilities and enhance sophistication. That’s prompted the three companies to team up and offer an ADAS solution that can serve as a development platform for autonomous driving.
2015-10-14
Article
The three arch-competitors formed the new CMC to speed development of intelligent bikes and their integration into the V2V and V2I ecosystem.
2015-10-14
Article
Mobileye’s unique perspective on a smart camera/system-on-a-chip technology is bringing safety-assisted and next semi-automated highway driving to production cars.
2015-10-08
Standard
J3078/6_201510
SAE J3078/6 specifies a test method for simulating solar heating in the laboratory and measuring the radiant heat energy from a natural or simulated source. It is applicable to Off-Road Self-Propelled Work Machines as defined in SAE J1116 and Agricultural Tractors as defined in ANSI/ASAE S390.
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