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Book
2014-07-08
This 2014 edition of the Automotive Cockpits and Dashboards Report is the latest in the series of reports by Supplier Business looking at trends and developments in the vehicle cockpit space. Over time we have seen many changes in terms of the design and structure of the main modules and components that go to make up the dashboard and cockpit element of the vehicle’s interior. In particular the increasing level of in-vehicle connectivity has caused interior designers to rethink the layout and content of the dashboard and center console. In this report the main trends and developments are highlighted, with particular reference to examples of the way in which the industry has responded to the challenge. The strongest influence on the vehicle’s cockpit and dashboard continues to be the requirement for in-vehicle connectivity. Consumer demand for seamless connectivity between home, office and vehicle dominates the cockpit’s interior design and structure. The technology required to provide the level of connectivity demanded by users is increasingly complex and, by necessity, has to embrace advanced driver active safety systems (ADAS) and the anticipated development of semi-autonomous and ultimately, fully autonomous vehicles.
Book
2013-10-08
Ulrich W. Seiffert, Mark Gonter
Even though a number of developed countries enjoy a high level of vehicle safety, more than 1.2 million fatalities still occur each year on roadways worldwide. There remains a need to continue improving vehicle and road safety. New technologies in sensors and electronic control units, and the growing knowledge of car-to-car and car-to-infrastructure technologies have led to a fusion of the previously separated areas of accident avoidance (popularly known as active safety) and mitigation of injuries (popularly known as passive safety) into the newer concept of integrated vehicle safety. This new approach represents a further step toward lowering accident rates. This book, written by two of the foremost automotive engineering safety experts, takes a unique and comprehensive approach to describing all areas of vehicle safety: accident avoidance, pre-crash, mitigation of injuries, and post-crash technologies, providing a solutions-based perspective of integrated vehicle safety. Also covered are accident investigation and worldwide legislation as they apply to integrated vehicle safety.
Book
2013-08-01
Jeffrey A. Pike
The amount of load that can be borne by the different components of the lumbar region is fairly well understood, as are resulting injuries from overloading. Less severe lumbar injuries involve a wide range of factors, including: heredity, obesity, age, occupation, sports, cardiovascular risk factors, and depression. Some of the most painful conditions that require high levels of care involve lumbar spine fracture or soft tissue injury from falls, contact sports, vehicle collisions, aircraft ejection, and underbody blasts from roadway explosions (military injuries). Each of these injury scenarios elicits a different kinematic response of the spine as a result of load direction, magnitude, and duration. Updated from a popular earlier volume, this new compendium includes landmark papers from 1994 through 2013 that focus exclusively on lumbar injuries. It also features an introductory chapter, “Blunt Lumbar Trauma” that provides an overview of the anatomy of the lumbar region, injury, and injury mechanisms, as well as an extensive literature update.
Book
2013-02-05
John D. Lee, Trent W. Victor, Michael A. Regan
It is estimated that, in the United States, around 20 percent of all Police-reported road crashes involve driver distraction as a contributing factor. This figure increases if other forms of inattention are considered. Evidence (reviewed in this volume) suggests that the situation is similar in other countries and that driver distraction and inattention are even more dangerous as contributing factors in crashes than drug and alcohol intoxication. Having a solid evidence-base from which to develop injury countermeasures is a cornerstone of road-safety management. This book adds to the accumulating evidence-base on driver distraction and inattention. With 24 chapters by 52 authors from more than 10 countries, it provides important new perspectives on the definition and meaning of driver distraction and inattention, the mechanisms that characterize them, the measurement of their effects, strategies for mitigating their effects, and recommendations for further research. The goal of this book is to inspire further research and countermeasure development to prevent and mitigate the potentially adverse effects of driver distraction and driver inattention, and, in doing so, to save lives.
Book
2010-12-06
Gary L. Rupp
This book focuses on the study of secondary task demands imposed by in-vehicle devices on the driver while driving. It provides a mechanism for researchers to evaluate how in-vehicle devices such as navigation systems – as well as other devices such as cell phones – affect driver distraction and impact safety. This book, which features the work presented by international experts at the 4th International Driver Metrics Workshop, in June 2008, offers a summary of the current state of driver metrics research. Edited by workshop moderator Dr. Gary L. Rupp, the book introduces vital information to support the design of in-vehicle information and communication systems (IVIS). Topics covered include: • Driver object and event detection • Peripheral detection tasks (PDT) • Tactile-based detection tasks (TDT) • Modified Sternberg method for assessing visual and cognitive load of in-vehicle tasks • Modified Sternberg method for assessing peripheral detection task and lane change tests • The relationship between performance metrics and crash risk • Characterizing driver behaviors observed in naturalist driving studies • Developing metrics from lane change test studies
Book
2010-04-13
This SAE Special Publication presents papers from the Occupant Protection: Biomechanics session.
Book
2010-03-22
Kathleen DeSantis Klinich, Matthew Reed
A detailed understanding of the size, shape, and postures of children is required to design effective restraint systems for protecting children in motor vehicle crashes. Compiled and edited by experts in the fields of anthropometry, ergonomics, and child restraint, this book includes 14 important papers which provide a comprehensive overview of the methods for collecting, analyzing, and applying child anthropometry data for crash safety purposes. A detailed understanding of the size, shape, and postures of children is required to design effective restraint systems for protecting children in motor vehicle crashes. Compiled and edited by experts in the fields of anthropometry, ergonomics, and child restraint, this book includes 14 important papers which provide a comprehensive overview of the methods for collecting, analyzing, and applying child anthropometry data for crash safety purposes.
Book
2010-01-01
Eugene Faber, Paul Olson, Robert Dewar
This third edition contains invaluable new information you need to know about driver perception and response, and related human factors and design issues. If you work with driver perception and response cases in any capacity, this book is an invaluable addition to your reference library. This text contains the most current information available in the area of driver perception and perception-response time. Existing chapters have been expanded, and new chapters have been added to present completely new material on many related driver perception and response issues including: Roadway design and the driver Work zones Railroad grade crossings Roadway signage Weather and driving Driver distraction
Book
2009-03-27
Axel Larsen, Tommaso Sgobba, Gary E. Musgrave
Progress in space safety lies in the acceptance of safety design and engineering as an integral part of the design and implementation process for new space systems. Safety must be seen as the principle design driver of utmost importance from the outset of the design process, which is only achieved through a culture change that moves all stakeholders toward front-end loaded safety concepts. This approach entails a common understanding and mastering of basic principles of safety design for space systems at all levels of the program organization. Fully supported by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS), written by the leading figures in the industry, with frontline experience from projects ranging from the Apollo missions, Skylab, the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station, this book provides a comprehensive reference for aerospace engineers in industry. It addresses each of the key elements that impact on space systems safety, including: the space environment (natural and induced); human physiology in space; human rating factors; emergency capabilities; launch propellants and oxidizer systems; life support systems; battery and fuel cell safety; nuclear power generators (NPG) safety; habitat activities; fire protection; safety-critical software development; collision avoidance systems design; operations and on-orbit maintenance.
Book
2008-08-19
This SAE Special Publication presents papers from the session Avionics, Glass Cockpit Revolution; Safety; and Human Factors.
Book
2008-06-01
Marc Green, Merrill Allen, Bernard S. Abrams, Leslie Weintraub, J. Vernon Odom
Written for attorneys, law enforcement personnel, optometrists, highway engineers, automobile manufacturers, legislators, expert witnesses, and other related professionals, this book is your reference for accident cases with a vision component. While it does have a focus on the roadway environment, it is primarily about vision and the visual science that applies to analyzing all types of transportation accidents and non-transportation accidents such as auto accidents, pedestrian accidents, falls, medical errors, warnings, eyewitness identification, and more. This new edition is divided into four sections for ease of use: o Basic Vision—the operation of normal vision o Clinical Vision—impairments of vision due to disease and aging o Roadway Vision—factors affecting vision in the roadway environment o Forensic Vision — application of the preceding material to accident analysis
Book
2007-05-02
Robert Dewar, Paul Olson
In this update of the 2002 edition, the authors introduce the field of human factors with daunting traffic accident statistics and encouraging progress made regarding transportation design. Expert contributors to two dozen chapters address all elements of the transportation safety equation: the driver, vehicle, roadway environment, and accident causation and remediation.
Book
2007-03-30
Michael D. Freeman, Lawrence Nordhoff, Gunter Siegmund
For more than 50 years, crash studies involving human subjects have improved understanding of occupant and vehicle kinematics, helped explain injury mechanisms in lower speed collisions, and led to improved seat and vehicle design. Human Subject Crash Testing: Innovations and Advances includes 42 of the most important historical and current studies which used living human subjects in frontal, side, and rear-end impacts. Covering more than 50 years of research (from 1955 through 2006), the book includes numerous landmark SAE papers, as well as papers from other conference proceedings. Papers were chosen based on criteria that included quality and rigor of methods, uniqueness, number of subjects, and long-term reference value. This book also features a comprehensive bibliography, which contains brief summaries of other relevant human subject crash test studies that are not included in the book.
Book
2005-09-13
Leonard Evans
Traffic Safety applies the methods of science to better understand one of the worlds major problems -- harm in road traffic. It goes to the heart of the problem, with unconstrained analyses and identification of more effective countermeasures. Chapters include: Introduction Data sources Overview of traffic fatalities Vehicle mass and size Environment, roadway, and vehicle Gender, age, and alcohol effects on survival Older drivers Driver performance Driver behavior Alcohol Occupant protection Airbag benefits, airbag costs Measures to improve traffic safety How you can reduce your risk The dramatic failure of US safety policy Vision for a safer tomorrow
Book
2004-03-08
This SAE Special Publication, Human Factors in Driving and Telematics, and Seating Comfort, presents a rich variety of papers relating to human performance within the driving context.
Book
2003-04-25
Richard F. Gabriel
This book provides an introduction to the role, value, scope and the unique contributions the field of human factors can bring to the design process for all products. Aimed at the engineer and manager with no formal training in the life and social sciences, it is not intended to train the methods of human factors, but rather to provide knowledge that will enable engineers and managers to determine if including human factors in the planning and execution of product design is justified. Chapters include: Reasons Engineers Provide for Limiting Emphasis on Human Factors The Academic Disciplines Supporting Human Factors Human Factors Engineering and more
Book
2003-01-10
The CAESAR (Civilian American and European Surface Anthropometry Resource) research project was a landmark study that has brought us the most current data on civilian body measurements. This final report details the methodology of the study and the data gathering process. It gives detailed explanation on the survey instruments used, how the study was conducted and who was included to achieve a valid demographic sampling. The product provides a wealth of information on this large scale and statistically valid research project.
Book
2002-11-18
The CAESAR (Civilian American and European Surface Anthropometry Resource) research project was a landmark study that has brought us the most current data on civilian body measurements. This final report details the methodology of the study and the data gathering process. It gives detailed explanation on the survey instruments used, how the study was conducted and who was included to achieve a valid demographic sampling. The product provides a wealth of information on this large scale and statistically valid research project.
Book
2001-04-05
Don B. Chaffin
This book presents seven case studies in which digital human models were used to solve different types of physical problems associated with proposed human-machine interaction tasks. This book includes contributions from researchers at Ford, Boeing, DaimlerChrysler, General Motors, the U.S. Air Force, and others.
Book
1998-11-02
This book covers premier research in biomechanics and modeling of the upper and lower extremities and head, neck and spine. Papers in this book also cover crash testing and restraint system performance and occupant protection as well as thoracic injury criteria, human body simulations, and injuries in motorsports. Among the papers included are: A Parametric Finite Element Model of the Human Pelvis; Small Female Upper Extremity Interaction with a Deploying Side Air Bag; Head-Neck Kinematics in Dynamic Forward Flexion; Human Head-Neck Response During Low Speed Rear End Impacts; Biomechanical Assessment of Human Cervical Spine Ligaments; Biomechanical Analysis of Indy Race Car Crashes; and ATD Positioning Based on Driver Posture and Position.
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