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Viewing 1 to 30 of 162
2017-03-28
Journal Article
2017-01-1297
Robert Peckham, Sumit Basu, Marcelo Ribeiro, Sandra Walker
Abstract This study emphasizes the fact that there lies value and potential savings in harmonizing some of the inherent differences between the USA, EU, and China regulations with respect to the role of vehicle mass and lightweighting within Fuel Economy (FE) and Green House Gas (GHG) regulations. The definition and intricacies of FE and mass regulations for the three regions (USA, EU, and China) have been discussed and compared. In particular, the nuances of footprint-based, curb-mass-based, and stepped-mass-based regulations that lead to the differences have been discussed. Lightweighting is a customer benefit for fuel consumption, but in this work, we highlight cases where lightweighting, as a CO2 enabler, has incentives that do not align with rational customer values. A typical vehicle’s FE performance sensitivity to a change in mass on the standard regional certification drive cycles is simulated and compared across the three regions.
2017-01-10
Technical Paper
2017-26-0017
Celine Adalian, Alba Fornells, Núria Parera
Abstract In the 70’s, to reduce vehicle crash fatalities, NHTSA launched a Program, called NCAP, to compare the safety of cars. This Program was copied in Europe and around the world. It has been demonstrated that this kind of public assessment has forced OEM’s to invest in safety and to develop safer vehicles. Nowadays, NCAPs exist for nearly all regions around the world; all of them with the aim of improving vehicle safety. They apply the philosophy of an “overall rating”. In that way the information aims to be clearer and more general and will help to compare cars. Nevertheless, even though in every NCAP the overall assessment is given by a unique star rating, the specifications and requirements in each protocol are different. Each NCAP has been adapted to each region’s conditions, accidentology and traffic and therefore assessment criteria have their own peculiarities.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-1701
Luciano Lukacs
Abstract The challenges around global products have been lately one of the key challenges for the lighting community. This paper will present a survey which was held with costumers from China, India, Europe and Brazil understanding the difference and similarities regarding the lighting attributes. It brings also a discussion how to develop a lamp globally that fulfils everyone's needs and addresses potential trade-offs in design and performance.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-1685
Omar Abu Mohareb, Phan-Lam Huynh, A. Al-Janabi, Michael Grimm, Hans-Christian Reuss
Abstract This paper addresses the performance and potential of using electric vehicles in the Gulf Arab states. Based on a survey executed in Salalah, Oman, a representative test driving cycle has been set up. This cycle is the first of its kind for this region, where it is driven with a vehicle provided with special measurement equipment to log important values, e.g. vehicle's speed and position, temperatures and solar irradiance. More than 40 test drives are performed to obtain a representative driver profile. The driving cycle and driver profile are used in a simulation model which is capable of simulating the energy consumption for internal combustion engine or electric motor propulsion systems. The simulation model which contains detailed models for the driver, driving cycle, vehicle components and its dynamics is validated and used to compare the consumed energy for the two different propulsion systems.
2013-09-24
Technical Paper
2013-01-2438
Yaamini Devi Loganathan, Maksood Shaikh, Praveen Sharma
Foreign investments help in productive capacity building for both the parent organization in the home country, and in the host country. Preferably, investment promotion is encouraged as it creates biggest impact on creating backward and forward linkages besides generating direct and indirect employment. Commercial vehicle is one such industry. In this knowledge world, organizations can excel or sustain their excellence, only if there is a continuous learning at all levels. To a great extent, competitive advantage of a transnational organization lies in its ability to identify and transfer best practices, core competencies. Knowledge sharing happens in a natural way between its geographically dispersed and diverse units. Technology paves way in creating and leveraging knowledge at an exponential rate, besides reducing time, effort and cost while achieving business goals.
2012-10-22
Technical Paper
2012-01-2104
Mitchell Miller, Janice Meraglia, James Hayward
Proposes adoption of an industry standard marking protocol to assure the authenticity of high-reliability electronics. The protocol is seen as a key ingredient in the industry's effort to control counterfeit electronic parts escapes. The specifications of the marking protocol have been informed by the experience of the authors, who are currently participating in a DNA marking program mandated by the Defense Logistics Agency. The protocol would set out these criteria for an effective marking program: Simplicity Proven uncopyability Reportability: transparency and ease of oversight Legal validity: empowering of law enforcement Quick ramp-up and seamless implementation Extreme fidelity and absolute character of results - reliability of the mark at a very high level Universal adoption
2010-10-06
Technical Paper
2010-36-0459
Marcus Coletta, Francisco Ueliton, Thales Ferreira
In the automotive industry, 8D has been used for many years as the main tool to analyze and solve Quality claims. Due to the complexity of global products manufactured in a global supply chain, a high number of recalls and recurrences problems appeared. Applying Six Sigma skills developed a new methodology that has enhanced the capability to solve problems and avoid reoccurrence. The proposal of this paper is to introduce this methodology to the automotive industry as well as the main benefits and achievements that were reached.
2010-10-06
Technical Paper
2010-36-0147
Thiago De Laurentis, Rosa Maria Matienzo, Veronica Wildberger Lisboa Okano
Automotive is a competitive and dynamic industry requiring advanced technical tools in order to achieve optimal cost, timing, resources, with a balance of affordability and quality. The strategy of developing global products and platforms is a challenge to common project management practices. Powertrain Integration team is responsible for applying project management methodology in all 5 Powertrain pillars: Drive Train, Installations System, Control and Emissions, Fuel System and Engine teams. It is essential that project scope is controlled, assumptions are managed and the project execution is directed in order to meet financial (ATROS - after tax return on sales) and technical targets such as vehicle attributes and product requirements. Global teams bring many advantages to the company, nevertheless more complex project management techniques must be applied to the project.
2010-10-06
Technical Paper
2010-36-0069
Gustavo Dal Poggetto, Lucas Antonio Moscato
The purpose of this study is to establish the criteria of election of an electrical architecture tailor-made for the emerging markets, to be applied during the whole vehicle's lifecycle. A literature review about related subjects as the meaning of "electrical architecture," its techniques, criteria and methodologies of development, and the definitions of emerging and developed markets is also presented. Based on the bibliographical research, documentary analysis and unstructured interviews with active members of the automotive industry, the criteria for election of electrical architectures for emerging markets was established, as well as their describers and swing-weights, required by the use of the additive aggregation method - a multi-criteria decision taking method. The criteria were applied in two case studies of automotive industry: the developments of a low-cost hatch vehicle and a mid-size luxury sedan vehicle, both designed for emerging markets.
2009-11-10
Technical Paper
2009-01-3153
Diana Giorgini
Torino Piemonte Aerospace project (TPA) implemented a scientific, strategic planning method that simultaneously supports selected aerospace Piemonte Region (located in North-Western Italy) SMEs in their internationalisation process and offers the world aerospace community a competitive Supply Chain for professional procurement and for world-class partners and suppliers identification. Strategic Planning Framework adopted by TPA is a disciplinary tool which measured the competitive strength of the Piemonte aerospace cluster (TPA companies) and analyzed the external environment (market trends, business models, strategic assets). Within the limits of Competitive Positioning analysis, TPA Team performed the selection of the 66 top class aerospace and defence companies able to match buyers' needs and interact with international markets.
2009-10-06
Technical Paper
2009-01-2916
Amrut A. Patki
The world of globalization and competitive pricing structure always leads to Outsourcing. A number of companies have used outsourcing as a tool to reduce cost or make some processes more efficient. Instead of directly jumping to outsourcing as a solution, companies need to analyze the issue systematically. Some companies in the world use a systematic approach to outsourcing and some don't. At least every company and management needs to know certain guidelines for outsourcing. This paper is an effort towards showing that systematic approach. I recommend all companies, ventures, joint ventures, partnerships to go through this paper and check whether there is an opportunity for improvement in the current process. This paper is very useful to the management and strategy leaders.
2008-10-20
Technical Paper
2008-21-0012
Kent E. Helfrich
Against the backdrop of broadening global economic development and an accelerating demographic shift from rural to urban communities, the automotive industry delivers a highly localized consumer product with broad-ranging technical, commercial, social and political impact. Diverse governmental regulations require a flexible approach to vehicle system design and integration. Advanced propulsion technologies are a key enabler to delivering exciting, safe, valuable vehicles to consumers while meeting these diverse governmental regulations. In this paper, we will introduce and discuss the three primary drivers of advanced automotive propulsion systems: Fuel Economy, Energy Diversity, and Emissions Reduction. Within this framework we will discuss regional regulatory requirements and how these three issues impact the choices made by global automotive OEMs.
2008-10-20
Technical Paper
2008-21-0018
David D Ward
The modern road vehicle has an essential dependence on advanced electronics to control functionality and to deliver demands for safety, environmental efficiency, comfort and brand differentiation required by manufacturers, legislators and consumers. System functional safety is a central part of the design and implementation of these systems. To ensure common approaches in a global marketplace, and avoid duplicated effort, it is necessary to have consensus in the form of standards and guidelines. While the standards-making bodies take the lead in such activities, there is also an important role for industry consensus groups. This paper presents a short overview of standards relevant to safety-related software development in road vehicles, with suggestions for areas in which future improvements could be undertaken.
2008-10-20
Technical Paper
2008-21-0040
R. H. Somashekhar
The speed of innovations and pressure for reducing cost has forced automotive industry to move towards standardization. This standardization enhances the ease and success of Global Product Development (GPD) from a technology viewpoint. However, for overall success, an effective process model shall, additionally, support GPD. The process needs of the present day GPD programmes and more so the future ones, heavily, challenge the prevalent process maturity models. This paper presents a process framework that can be adapted by the industry to achieve industry-wide process maturity for GPD.
2008-10-20
Technical Paper
2008-21-0030
Robert C. Lange
This paper presents a very brief discussion of views concerning motor vehicle safety, technology development, trends in personal mobility, shared responsibilities regarding the public health challenge, and the vision for a future state. This discussion is broad in scope and therefore presents a very high level overview of the current and a possible future state, and also enables consideration of potential areas to consider in reducing risk for crash and injury reduction.
2008-10-20
Technical Paper
2008-21-0044
Bob Brincheck
Capitalism has followed cheap labor since before the Industrial Revolution. However, high-skilled work like programming and engineering has recently begun traveling to low-cost nations, and as a result, the eternal challenge of balancing cost and risk has even more serious consequences. The new outsourcing models that help companies stay cost-competitive in the short run, may hurt them in the long run by creating competitors who adapt or outright steal their intellectual property. This paper outlines how product lifecycle management (PLM) solutions can be used to outsource engineering without sacrificing cost controls, intellectual property integrity, or in-house engineering talent. It describes collaboration models built around advanced design technology that inject efficiency into engineering processes at every level, enabling companies to balance short and long term concerns.
2008-10-07
Technical Paper
2008-36-0010
Joel Soares Anjos, Gilberto Francisco M. de Souza
Since the globalization, the automotive competition is growing every day, and automotive products (vehicles and components) are often developed in one country though it's made, used and applied in other markets. The operating conditions such as height, climate, topography, customer perception and other variables are often different from one market to another and could influence on the products reliability. If the market operating conditions are not considered in the vehicle development phase, the product may not fully perform its intended function over useful life period, and also may experience an excessive level of field complaints and/or failure modes specific to those markets and also damage the image of the brand.
2008-10-07
Technical Paper
2008-36-0308
Marcos Amatucci, Roberto Carlos Bernardes
Product Development (PD) carried out in subsidiaries of multinational corporations (MNCs) located in countries with emerging markets provides advances in factors of production, creates high-quality jobs, increases specialisation of the workforce, and it is favourable to a strategic insertion of the host country in the international division of labour. Most importantly, it enhances the overall productivity and competitiveness of the MNC as a whole, because it shrinks the time-to-market, dropping development costs and releasing the pipeline pressure from traditional designing centres of the company. This paper analyses the overall conditions of Product Development competence building at subsidiaries of automotive companies located in Brazil, and puts forward an explanatory model of this competence building process.
2008-10-07
Technical Paper
2008-36-0403
Paulo César De Carli, Mauricio César Delamaro, Valério Antonio Pamplona Salomon
Digital factory is a concept that offers a collaborative approach to enhance product and production engineering processes through simulation. Products, processes and resources are modeled to be used to develop and test the product conception and manufacturing processes, before their use in the real factory. The purpose of this paper is to present the steps to identify the Critical Success Factors (CSF) priorities in a digital factory project implementation in a Brazilian company and how the Delphi and AHP Methods are aiding to identify these CSF priorities.
2008-10-07
Technical Paper
2008-36-0398
Pablo Yugo Yoshiura Kubo, Maurício César Delamaro, Silvestre Prado de Souza Neto, Narã Vetter, Thiago Teixeira dos Santos
The main objective of this paper is to make a prospective analysis about the tendencies of the world wide strategies of commercial vehicles development, in relation of the current local and international scenery. It has been done a research by using the Delphi method, which consists into regulate, systematically, the presentation of questions about a specified problem to a group of specialists. In order to guarantee more representative data, it has been adopted three distinct groups: academics, OEMs managers and Tier 1 suppliers managers. The results showed that the three mentioned groups have similar opinion about the necessity of having a product development in the subsidiaries companies; also it has been pointed the necessity of having more taylor made vehicles, due to the intrinsic characteristics of this industry segment.
2008-10-07
Journal Article
2008-01-2707
Marna T. Rentería, Anders Andersson
Provision of service information in various languages has been a must in the automotive industry. However, in the commercial vehicle industry, it is unclear how manufacturers are managing this daunting task. California Air Resource Board (CARB) 2010 regulations are awakening the commercial vehicle service information managers who are responsible for providing this information according to SAE J2403 terminology. Now is the time to mimic the automotive industry by collaborating on terminology, and in the meantime, begin discussion on how we all manage multiple languages.
2008-06-23
Journal Article
2008-01-1764
Pat Y. Geng, Lutz Reichenbaecher, Albrecht Spangenberg, Don E. Burnett, Dennis Doerr
Because of the wide array of commercial or market fuels in use today, all components, engines, and vehicles must be vigorously tested to confirm emissions performance, driveability and material compatibility. To support the requirements of the modern global vehicle engineer, various testing and validation fuels are used to represent quality that ranges from good to poor for fuel that are currently in the market or that will be introduced into the market in the future. Testing and validation fuels have been developed specifically for emissions compliance testing to meet new environmental regulations in different parts of the world, vehicle performance and reliability needs. Demand for new testing and validation fuels will continue to grow.
2008-04-14
Journal Article
2008-01-0412
Carlos Eduardo DaSilva
Making the decision to extend a supply chain into the international market can add value to a company's competitive advantage, particularly for global businesses with local manufacturing partners. This paper will address key elements to foster a successful Program Project Management using Critical Chain principles for source identification, adjustment and harmonization of the necessary knowledge and standards to balance the differences between cultures and technology, including in this discussion a Risk Management tool and the transition to a Global Quality approach to build and maintain strong relationships throughout a worldwide supply base.
2008-04-14
Journal Article
2008-01-1279
Ravi Anand, Beena Anand, Subra Ganesan
Increasingly Automotive OEMs and their suppliers find themselves spread across different continents. This in turn gives rise to knowledge, physical assets and key decision makers also being spread across the globe. This poses significant challenges for the companies to effectively manage and keep track of their resources. It is also challenging to work with teams spread across globe and for the team to arrive at intelligent decisions quickly and efficiently. In last few years we have spent significant amount of person hours trying to create systems and Software to help manage Workflow and Assets spread across diverse Geographic and Political areas.
2008-01-09
Technical Paper
2008-28-0026
Patrick Leteinturier
The number of vehicles in world has been steadily increasing over the years. Asia Pacific is blessed to have the fastest growth rate in the world, with China experiencing over 20% vehicle production growth in the recent and coming years. As India jumps on this explosive bandwagon which could see growth rates higher than China, there is a need to understand the environmental and cost aspects arising from the vast increase of automobiles. The need to protect the environment, combined with the limited resource of oil, has led to the need for more fuel-efficient vehicles with intelligent engine and transmission control systems. This paper/presentation will look into the tough emissions regulations, lower CO2 requirement, different fuels and their efficiency, alternative fuel and the infrastructure to support such a paradigm shift, cost to achieve the desired, and GEMS-K1 (Gasoline Engine Management System - Kit 1) as a solution to meet some of the issues mentioned.
2008-01-09
Technical Paper
2008-28-0015
Sanath V Kumar
North America, Japan, and Europe, where intensity of transportation use is the highest have been in the lead to introduce and continuously tighten regulations. With globalization, other emerging markets are not far behind in introducing tighter controls for both emissions and fuel quality. Several combinations of engine management and emission control systems are able to meet the increasingly stringent regulations. Examples of engine/emission control system combinations as well as the methodology to develop the emission control systems are discussed. Recent announcements from several OEMs that US 2010 Heavy Duty regulations and Euro V Heavy Duty emission regulations can be met without aftertreatment for NOx will be discussed.
2007-11-28
Technical Paper
2007-01-2865
Renato Franco Arzolla
The chance of success on automotive components & systems launches can be greatly improved by using proper project planning and execution methods. This paper assesses some of these methods by discussing the basics on project management techniques focused on results and proposes practices for targeting such flawless launches - projects which achieve the company & customer established goals and focus on exceeding the desired quality, related either to objective and/or subjective attributes (that aspects not covered by specifications or standards, but which are desired by the customer). A case study is also presented, showing the results the use of such techniques has brought to a global automotive systems supplier.
2007-11-28
Technical Paper
2007-01-2575
Catia da Silva Ferreira, Paulo Carlos Kaminski
Competition among car makers increases each day, as such companies look forward to launching new vehicle models which meet the different consumer niche. As a result, developing different vehicles simultaneously is a market requirement, and doing so might lead to increased production costs in case no appropriate developing and launching strategy is applied. Upon this scenario, the platform strategy has been a practice among car makers for decades and has promoted both standardization and reuse of vehicle components and systems. The most recent global architecture strategy has been used by some of the world car makers, combining communization and standardization to increased flexibility if compared to the conventional platform, which represents a higher number of derivative vehicles as well. The objective of this work is to identify the relevant variables taken into consideration when selecting an appropriate strategy for developing a new global vehicle.
2007-05-15
Technical Paper
2007-01-2193
Mike Patching, James Taylor, Hameed Khan
For several decades the majority of vehicle floor coverings have been designed around traditional carpet with an increased emphasis on covering the sheet metal with acoustic treatments. Current global vehicle design initiatives provide new challenges and these are directed towards the review of current product design in the light of vehicle life style concepts and vehicle life cycle requirements. At the same time practical solutions are needed to address global cost competitiveness. This paper gives a historic overview of automotive floor covering development from start to present and outlines current trends in new material and flooring concepts. It discusses technologies and product design approaches that are applicable to a more eco based carpet design and the covering of vehicle surfaces whilst meeting the global cost and practical key performance criteria for future vehicles.
2007-01-23
Technical Paper
2007-01-0034
R. J. Pearson, J.W.G. Turner
The future exploitation of global energy resources is currently being hotly debated by politicians and by sections of the scientific community but there is little guidance available in the engineering literature as to the full gamut of options or their viability with respect to fuelling the world's vehicles. In the automotive industry extensive research is being undertaken on the use of alternative fuels in internal combustion engines and on the development of alternative powerplants but often the long-term strategy and sustainability of the energy sources to produce these fuels is not clearly enunciated. The requirement to reduce CO2 emissions in the face of accelerating global warming scenarios and the depletion of fossil-fuel resources has led to the widespread assumption that some form of ‘hydrogen economy’ will prevail; this view is seldom justified or challenged.
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