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WIP Standard
2014-04-15
Only those incidents where a piece of ground support equipment directly associated with the "turnaround" servicing of an aircraft was involved are reviewed. Specifically excluded are those incidents that occurred during heavy maintenance, overhaul activity, or aircraft taxiing. This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) summarizes aircraft damage, coupled with contributory factors, caused by GSE. it also offers recommendations in reducing exposure to aircraft damage.
WIP Standard
2014-04-15
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) describes two general types of Ground Support Equipment (GSE) battery chargers. The conventional industrial battery charger typically requiring up to 8 hours to recharge a 100% discharged battery, hereafter called “Conventional Charger”. The other type a fast battery charger typically used as an opportunity charger for ground support equipment, hereafter called “Fast Charger”. Recommendations that apply to both types will refer generically to “charger”.
WIP Standard
2014-04-15
This SAE Recommended Practice (ARP) outlines the functional and design requirements for a battery powered, self propelled belt conveyor for handling baggage and cargo at aircraft bulk cargo holds.
WIP Standard
2014-04-14
The purpose of this SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) is to provide management, designers, and operators with information to assist them to decide what type of power train monitoring they desire. This document is to provide assistance in optimizing system complexity, performance and cost effectiveness. This document covers all power train elements from the point at which the gas generator energy is transferred to mechanical energy for propulsion purposes. The document covers engine power train components, their interfaces, transmissions, gearboxes, hanger bearings, shafting and associated rotating accessories, propellers and rotor systems as shown in Figure 1. This document addresses application for rotorcraft, turboprop, and propfan drive trains for both commercial and military aircraft. Information is provided to assist in; a. Defining technology maturity and application risk b. Cost benefit analysis (Value analysis) c. Selection of system components d. Selection of technology e.
Standard
2014-03-11
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) covers handicapped passenger boarding devices used airside to transfer handicapped passengers between the terminal building and the aircraft. It provides an elevating platform to facilitate access to the aircraft; it does not cover devices for in-terminal or streetside transfers, wheelchairs for on-board aircraft or in-terminal usage, or aircraft boarding bridges. However, it should be recognized that for many handicapped passengers, a boarding chair is necessary for the lifting operation and movement to the passenger's seat inside the aircraft cabin. Such wheelchairs are widely used in larger aircraft, and the Federal Aviation Agency has developed a performance specification for a boarding chair for commuter aircraft.
Standard
2014-03-11
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) outlines the design and functional requirements for aircraft passenger lifts, operated manually and self-propelled. The primary function of the lift described in this document is to act as an elevator between ground level and aircraft doorsills to a maximum of 144 in.
Standard
2014-03-11
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) is intended to recommend a minimum standard, for the design and manufacturer of a self-propelled, chassis mounted passenger boarding vehicle. The vehicle will permit safe operation while minimizing aircraft damage and personnel safety hazards associated with commercial aircraft boarding operations. The vehicle described is intended to be used for assisting wheelchair passengers and passengers with disabilities on and off aircraft with door sill heights of 60 in (152.4 cm) and above.
WIP Standard
2014-02-21
SAE ARP 5120 provides recommended best practices, procedures, and technology to guide the physical and functional development, integration, verification, and validation of highly reliable Engine Health Management System (EHMS) for gas turbine engines, including aircraft engines and Auxiliary Power Units (APUs). This ARP also serves as a concise reference of considerations, approaches, activities, and requirements for producing the end-to-end engine health monitoring system comprised of both on and off-board subsystems for the sensing, acquisition, analysis, detection, and data handling functions of an EHMS. These functions and related maintenance activities promote engine safety. These functions may also be used to effect continued operation or return to service decisions when demonstrated as compliant with the applicable airworthiness requirements defined by the responsible Aviation Authority. Where practical, this document delineates between military and commercial practices.
WIP Standard
2013-12-19
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides best practices and guidance for creating an architecture for integrated vehicle health management systems. Where possible, this document will also provide references to tools to conduct architectural trades. Finally, this document will provide use cases to expose considerations and stakeholders to be included in these trades and utilization of an IVHM system (which may lead to new functional or non-functional requirements).
Standard
2013-10-22
This Recommended Practice outlines the electrical performance characteristics for a continuous duty, diesel or gasoline engine driven brushless alternator unit for supplying 400-Hertz electrical power to commercial transport aircraft. It is intended to assist the airlines in standardizing recommendations for various sizes and configurations of equipment and it is a guide for the preparation of detailed specifications. The unit is primarily intended to supply power to the aircraft during passenger loading and unloading, and during servicing operations. The combination of the equipment specified herein and the interconnecting cables(s) between the 400-Hertz alternator and the aircraft shall provide power characteristics at the aircraft receptacle which meet MIL-STD-704 requirements for Category "B" equipment. Other limits which are necessary to meet specific conditions must be specified by the purchaser.
Standard
2013-09-26
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) is broken into various categories for convenience and ease of identification. It is the purpose of this document to provide certain criteria for the design and selection of stairways, for the boarding of passengers onto an aircraft. The criteria presented are limited to those factors which affect the safety of the passengers and are coordinated, where applicable, with the practices of the architectural profession, with respect to the design of stairways. Comprehensive design requirements for passenger stairs can be found in the industry documents listed under 2.1.3, 2.1.4, and 2.1.5 hereafter. The recommended practices are applicable to both mobile variable-elevation type stairways and to fixed-elevation stairways of the type built into an aircraft fuselage.
WIP Standard
2013-09-24
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) applies to Point-Of-Use, Central and Mobile Pre-Conditioned Air Equipment. It does not apply to aircraft mounted equipment.
Standard
2013-09-19
This document is applicable to civil aerospace airframe structural applications where stakeholders are seeking guidance on the definition, development and certification of Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) technologies for aircraft health management applications. For the purpose of this document, SHM is defined as “the process of acquiring and analyzing data from on-board sensors to evaluate the health of a structure.” The suite of on-board sensors could include any presently installed aircraft sensors as well as new sensors to be defined in the future.
WIP Standard
2013-07-23
This Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) was created to help industry deal with existing barriers to the successful implementation of Integrated Vehicle Health Management (IVHM) technology in the aerospace and automotive sectors. That is,given the common barriers that exist, this ARP can be applied not only to aerospace but also to the automotive, commercial and military vehicle sectors. Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) in all of these sectors are heavily dependant upon a large number of component suppliers in order to design and build their products. The advent of IVHM technology has accentuated the need for improved coordination and communication between the OEM and its suppliers –to ensure that suppliers design health ready capabilities into their particular components. The goal is to provide uniform requirements, practices and methods to address the sharing and application of component IVHM design information and the need for efficient real-time communication of health state data in running vehicles.
Standard
2013-04-22
This document outlines the functional and design requirements for baggage/cargo tow tractors used for airline services.
WIP Standard
2013-04-09
1. To determine the observable and non-observable (from a strictly monitoring viewpoint) methods in which the identified susceptibilities can be tracked and/or managed during or after an event and to record these in a matrix form. This matrix will be circulated to the other SAE groups with expertise in related topics with a request for them to complete. 2. The HM-1 committee will work with FAA, EASA *, ICAO, Industry and others to produce an SAE ARP that will provide details on the applicability of aircraft health monitoring technologies that can be used for assessing the safety, operational and maintenance effects related to volcanic ash incidents. *in particular to take into account the results of the intended EASA Advance Notice of Proposal relative to volcanic ash airworthiness issues
Standard
2013-03-28
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) considers the following major areas: 1. major components and their ratings; 2. selection criteria for optimum design balance for electrical systems; 3. effects of operating conditions and environment on both maintenance and life of components; 4. trouble signals - their diagnosis and cure.
WIP Standard
2013-03-25
This document is applicable to military aircraft where stakeholders are seeking guidance on the development and approval of Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) technologies and on the integration of these technologies into encompassing maintenance and operational support systems. The document will refer to those guidelines prepared under SAE ARP6461 that are relevant and applicable to military applications.
WIP Standard
2013-03-13
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) describes field-level procedures to determine if 400 Hz electrical connections for external power may have been subjected to excessive wear, which may result in inadequate disengagement forces.
Standard
2013-02-05
This ARP provides an insight into how to approach a cost benefit analysis (CBA) to determine the return on investment (ROI) that would result from implementing a propulsion Prognostics and Health Management (PHM) system on an air vehicle. It describes the complexity of features that can be considered in the analysis, the different tools and approaches for conducting a CBA and differentiates between military and commercial applications. This document is intended to help those who might not necessarily have a deep technical understanding or familiarity with PHM systems but want to either quantify or understand the economic benefits (i.e., the value proposition) that a PHM system could provide.
Standard
2013-01-04
The tow vehicle should be designed for towbarless movement of aircraft on the ground. The design will ensure that the unit will safely secure the aircraft nose landing gear within the coupling system for any operational mode.
Standard
2012-12-17
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) describes the dimensions, design, layout, performance, and capability of a towbarless tow vehicle (TLTV), mainly used for push-back operation on the nose gear.
Standard
2012-12-05
The main purpose of this test was to determine the application advantages of cushion tow hitches in comparison to the commonly used rigid tow hitch type fitted on heavy aircraft towing tractors. As diverse opinions emerged about its suitability since the introduction on the market of this new tow hitch type, it was intended to physically measure and evaluate the damping capability of this cushioned tow link when applied in practice.
Standard
2012-12-05
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) defines interface configurations for the ground air conditioning service connection on commercial transport aircraft. In addition, it defines the clearances required to accommodate the connection of ground air conditioning hose couplings. Two types of service connections are included. The Type A connection (Figure 1) is a slotted ring with integral locking pads and is comparable to the MS33562 connection. The Type B connection (Figure 2) is a flanged tube with external locking lugs (Figure 3). The Type B connection has the same interface dimensional requirements as the Type A connection.
Standard
2012-11-21
This Aerospace Recommended Practice includes the following areas: basis for system requirements; selection of materials coupled with hazards and safety; configuration of design; system operations; and evaluation testing.
Standard
2012-11-21
The purpose of this SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) is to standardize locations of aircraft ground service connections to accommodate the trend toward fixed systems, which use the passenger loading bridge as a vehicle for a source of utilities. It must be recognized that, in standardizing the locations of the aircraft service connections, they must continue to be served efficiently in those instances where mobile ground support equipment is used. There is an ever increasing number of fixed installations for aircraft servicing.
Magazine
2012-11-06
Big shifts coming in powertrains During the rest of this decade, many observers expect transmission controls to undergo more changes than in the past 10-15 years. Transmission controls are being revamped to meet tighter fuel economy laws, letting engines run at optimal speeds. Collaborating for cheaper carbon fiber Oak Ridge National Laboratory and several industry partners work together to overcome the challenges to lower-cost carbon fiber. Creating the 54.5-mpg car Part 2 of AEI's three-part series looks at how vehicle engineers are facing a 'stress test' as the countdown to 2025 CAFE begins. How will the aggressive new regulations influence U.S. passenger cars in the next decade-and what will they cost to implement?
Standard
2012-11-01
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) outlines recommended ramp pavement marking standards for proper guidance and positioning of GSE on commercial transport aircraft parking and handling stands (gates), in line with International Civil Aviation (ICAO) recommendations applicable to airport aprons. Throughout this document, the minimum essential criteria are identified by use of the key word "shall". Recommended criteria are identified by use of the key word "should" and, while not mandatory, are considered to be of primary importance in providing safety effective ramp markings. Deviation from recommended criteria should only occur after careful consideration and thorough service evaluation have shown alternate methods to provide an equivalent level of safety.
Magazine
2012-10-23
Seeking validation Increased system complexity poses new challenges for software design and ECU system validation, mandating the need for simulation tools that can easily handle the complexity, while providing cost-effective, industry-proven verification tools and processes. Mapping the road to 54.5mpg Part 1 of AEI's three-part series looks at the CAFE challenge and the product-development options being weighed to meet it-while engineers look forward to the critical 2018 mid-term review.
WIP Standard
2012-09-25
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides guidelines for the design of Integrated Vehicle Health Management (IVHM) systems. This guidance is technology-independent; the principles are therefore generally applicable to the majority of potential IVHM design scenarios, including “clean sheet” system design, where IVHM is considered as a primary design consideration and the retrofit of existing systems with IVHM capability, where the design process leverages and supports existing system elements. In either case, the document will provide guidance on the design considerations for an IVHM system throughout the analysis, concept development, and synthesis stages of the IVHM Design process and provide discussion for the users’ consideration on the trades, metrics, and lifecycle impacts of IVHM design decisions.
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