Additive Manufacturing of Aerospace Composite Structures: Fabrication and Reliability introduces the reader to the current state of technologies involved in processing and design of polymer-reinforced fiber composites using additive manufacturing’s automated fiber placement methods, through ten seminal SAE International papers. Currently, the material layup strategy in terms of process selection and manufacturability is usually not prioritized in the design phase. Engineers do not have a good way to see how their design choices can affect the manufacturing process beyond their initial structural-level considerations. The result is typically a large amount of experimental testing necessary to qualify the materials and structures typified in the classical building-block approach. Such an environment makes mistakes difficult to solve and, should redesign be required, obtaining reliable information is hard to piece together.
Experimental and Simulation Tools for Thin-Film Solar Cells describes the methods used for the optical characterization and design of thin-film solar cells. A description of the cells under study (CdTe, CIGS, CZTS, Perovskite, and organic) is given, followed by coupling experimental and simulation studies in order to improve solar cell performances. A detailed discussion on specific optical tools (ellipsometry, photoluminescence and photoreflectance) is included, and a link between materials and measurements is made by studying the relevant physical principles. Finally, a numerical model is provided that can be used to design the structure of a thin-film solar cell.
"Design and Manufacture of Plastic Components for Multifunctionality: Structural Composites, Injection Molding, and 3D Printing presents the latest information on how plastics manufacturers are increasingly being driven towards carbon emission reduction, lightweighting, and cost savings through process integration. These technologies have the potential to revolutionize future products with built-in functionality such as sensors, smart packaging, and damage detection technology for everything from milk bottles and salad packaging to automotive bumpers and plane fuselages. This book introduces the three core manufacturing methods for multifunctional materials, composites, injection molding, and 3D printing, all processes facing challenges for the implementation of new technology.
"Sustainable development is a globally recognized mandate and it includes green or environment-friendly manufacturing practices. Such practices orchestrate with the self-healing and self-replenishing capability of natural ecosystems. Green manufacturing encompasses synthesis, processing, fabrication, and process optimization, but also testing, performance evaluation and reliability. The book shall serve as a comprehensive and authoritative resource on sustainable manufacturing of ceramics, metals and their composites. It is designed to capture the diversity and unity of methods and approaches to materials processing, manufacturing, testing and evaluation across disciplines and length scales. Each chapter incorporates in-depth technical information without compromising the delicate link between factual data and fundamental concepts or between theory and practice. Green and sustainable materials processing and manufacturing is designed as a key enabler of sustainable development.
"Titanium Powder Metallurgy contains the most comprehensive and authoritative information for, and understanding of all key issues of titanium powder metallurgy (Ti PM). It summarizes the past, reviews the present and discusses the future of the science and technology of Ti PM while providing the world titanium community with a unique and comprehensive book. It covers all important aspects of titanium powder metallurgy, including powder production, powder processing, green shape formation, consolidation, property evaluation, current industrial applications and future developments. It also documents the fundamental understanding and technological developments achieved since 1937, and demonstrates why powder metallurgy now offers a cost-effective approach to the near net or net shape fabrication of titanium, titanium alloys and titanium metal matrix composites for a wide variety of industrial applications.
Due to problems associated with the design and manufacturing of composite materials, there is a need to introduce computational and intelligent systems engineering methodology in materials engineering. Soft Computing in the Design and Manufacturing of Composite Material offers an intelligent approach to advance material engineering, and significantly improves the process of designing and manufacturing a new material. This title includes chapters covering topics such as soft computing techniques, composite materials engineering, design and manufacturing of composite materials, numerical modeling, prediction, and optimization of the composite materials performance, development of the hybrid models, and control of the composite material performance.
"In the second edition of Emerging Nanotechnologies for Manufacturing, an unrivalled team of international experts explores existing and emerging nanotechnologies as they transform large-scale manufacturing contexts in key sectors such as medicine, advanced materials, energy, and electronics. From their different perspectives, the contributors explore technologies and techniques as well as applications and how they transform those sectors. With updated chapters and expanded coverage, the new edition of Emerging Nanotechnologies for Manufacturing reflects the latest developments in nanotechnologies for manufacturing, and covers additional nanotechnologies applied in the medical fields, such as drug delivery systems. New chapters on graphene and smart precursors for novel nanomaterials are also added. This important and in-depth guide will benefit a broad readership, from R&D scientists and engineers to venture capitalists.
This book bridges the technology and business aspects of thermosets, providing a practical guide designed for engineers working in real-world industrial settings. The author explores the criteria for material selection, provides information on material properties for each family of thermosets, and discusses the various processing options for each material type. He explains advantages and disadvantages of using thermosets and composites in comparison to competing materials and assesses cost aspects, enabling the reader to balance out technical and economic constraints when choosing a thermoset and processing technology for a given application. This second edition contains a new section on composites solutions for practical problems, gathering information on trends contributing to the breakthrough of composites in various sectors.
Filament winding is the most efficient method of manufacturing composite shapes. This book explores all aspects of filament winding, including capabilities and limitations of the process, fiber and resin handling, winding theory, software and numerical control, and more. Completely revised and updated from the previous version, the book focuses on automation, with five out of nine chapters discuss aspects of filament winding automation. The remaining chapters introduce mechanical testing, pressure vessels, and a description of industrial applications of filament winding. Photos of winding machines, composite fabrication, and end products accompany the text. Engineers, manufacturers, and instructors will appreciate this book’s practical approach.
"The rapidly-expanding aerospace industry is a prime developer and user of advanced metallic and composite materials in its many products. This book concentrates on the manufacturing technology necessary to fabricate and assemble these materials into useful and effective structural components. Detailed chapters are dedicated to each key metal or alloy used in the industry, including aluminum, magnesium, beryllium, titanium, high strength steels, and superalloys. In addition the book deals with composites, adhesive bonding and presents the essentials of structural assembly. This book will be an important resource for all those involved in aerospace design and construction, materials science and engineering, as well as for metallurgists and those working in related sectors such as the automotive and mass transport industries.
"Because of its capacity for continuous development and flexibility of use, the laser has become a mainstream manufacturing tool in many industrial sectors. This timely book relays the state-of-the-art in laser materials processing technology and applications and likely advances to be made from current research taking place around the world. The book also promotes appreciation for laser applications in a variety of industrial sectors. After two introductory chapters, the book reviews the main areas of laser processing. Starting with laser cutting and machining, the book discusses laser welding, annealing and hardening. It then considers surface treatment, coating and materials deposition as well as other engineering techniques such as peening and net-shape engineering, before discussing laser micro and nano-fabrication techniques. The book concludes by looking at modelling and process control.
The past few decades have seen an explosive increase in our ability to create nanostructures and nanosystems with a great degree of control, using a diversity of techniques. This ability has been accompanied by a similar enhancement in our ability to characterize structures and systems at the nanoscale. Nanotechnology: A Crash Course provides a broad overview of those nanostructures and nanosystems (together termed "Nanotechnology"). It covers structural characteristics and properties of nanostructures, nanofabrication techniques, methods for characterizing nanostructures, and applications for nanomaterials. The book also provides a thought-provoking assessment of the possible implications of nanotechnology in society, and likely future trends.