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Viewing 241 to 270 of 22751
2015-01-14
Journal Article
2015-26-0105
Prakash Kamat, Yogesh Aghav, Nitin Gokhale, M N Kumar
Abstract An innovative Diffusive Air Jet (DAJ) Combustion Chamber concept has been introduced in the present work. The DAJ Combustion Chamber design is based on the study of rate of heat release (ROHR) curve and its correlation with emission generation. The objective is to lower the trade-off between NOx and soot without sacrificing fuel economy of Direct Injection (DI) diesel engine. DAJ Combustion Chamber modifies ROHR curve to the desired one so that it lowers engine out emissions. To study its effect, a large bore, six cylinder engine with mechanical fuel injection system has been used. Three dimensional simulation software is used for the model calibration of basic reentrant cavity. Local emissions and ROHR curve have been studied using reentrant cavity shape. It has been modified to DAJ Combustion Chamber using Air Jet Chambers (AJCs). AJCs are positioned in the three dimensional model in such a way that they affect local in-cylinder emissions.
2015-01-14
Journal Article
2015-26-0108
Vijay Narkhede, Dinesh Kumar, R M Cursetji, Touquire A Sidiquie
Abstract Diesel engines are becoming popular because of more fuel efficient and durability. While the CO and HC impurities are significantly lower than in gasoline engines, the design strategies for reduction of Particulate Matter and Nitrogen Oxides remain a major challenge for environment. The work mainly focused on reduction of NOx from diesel engines using SCR technology under Indian driving conditions and furl availability. With BS III/IV fuel available in the country, the catalyst system of choices the Vanadia Tungsten Titania (VWT) system because of its proven resistance to Sulfur poisoning. However, under urban driving conditions on Indian roads, the major obstacle is the low engine out temperatures which are below the normal operating temperature window (200 to 450 °C) of VWT - SCR.
2015-01-14
Journal Article
2015-26-0090
Federico Stola, Matteo De Cesare, Luca Lacchini, Nicolò Cavina, Sandeep Sohal
Abstract The Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) system installed on the exhaust line is currently widely used on Diesel heavy-duty trucks and it is considered a promising technique for light and medium duty trucks, large passenger cars and off-highway vehicles, to fulfill future emission legislation. Some vehicles of these last categories, equipped with SCR, have been already put on the market, not only in the US, where the emission legislation on Diesel vehicles is more restrictive, but also in Europe, demonstrating to be already compliant with the upcoming Euro 6. Moreover, new and more stringent emission regulations and homologation cycles are being proposed all over the world, with a consequent rapidly increasing interest for this technology. As a matter of fact, a physical model of the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) supply system is very useful, not only during the product development phase, but also for the implementation of the on-board real-time controller.
2015-01-14
Journal Article
2015-26-0104
Santhoji Katare, Carolyn Hubbard, Seha Son
Abstract Aftertreatment system design involves multiple tradeoffs between engine performance, fuel economy, regulatory emission levels, packaging, and cost. Selection of the best design solution (or “architecture”) is often based on an assumption that inherent catalyst activity is unaffected by location within the system. However, this study acknowledges that catalyst activity can be significantly impacted by location in the system as a result of varying thermal exposure, and this in turn can impact the selection of an optimum system architecture. Vehicle experiments with catalysts aged over a range of mild to moderate to severe thermal conditions that accurately reflect select locations on a vehicle were conducted on a chassis dynamometer. The vehicle test data indicated CO and NOx could be minimized with a catalyst placed in an intermediate location.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0109
Prashant Kumar Sharma, Suryanarayanan Venkatachalam, Pradeep Paulraj, Vasudeo Ganesh Halbe, Senthur Pandian
Abstract As the number of vehicles and environment pollution is increasing day by day, the emission regulation gets more stringent by the emission regulation authorities. Vehicle manufacturers' develop new ways and technologies to meet the norms levied for cleaner vehicles. Especially in diesel engines, NOx emissions are considered an important pollutant to be treated. In EURO 5 regulation NOx emission value is 0.18g/km for passenger cars which is further reduced to 0.08 g/km in EURO 6 regulation for diesel engines. In order to meet such stringent emission norms without compromising on engine performance, Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) is one of the solution to achieve EURO 6 NOx emission levels from diesel engines. In SCR technology the reduction of NOx is done through ammonia which is injected into exhaust stream in the form of Aqueous Urea solution known as DEF.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0102
Dhaval Dhruv, Sribathy Thirumavalavan, Manoj Kumar Thangamaniraj, Vinodhkumar Vellaichamy
Abstract To meet OBD norms for exhaust gas oxygen sensor component, there are various methods developed to monitor health of the same in engine management system. Here a new diagnosis strategy for exhaust gas oxygen sensor response is proposed, mainly applicable for start-stop vehicles. This diagnosis strategy is executed during the change in engine running state to stop state due to start-stop feature. In general, before the engine stop is triggered, the lambda in the engine can be rich or lean; then when engine is stopped, fuel injection is cut-off and only air passes through. Due to inertia of engine rotation after fuel cut-off, this air is still passed across oxygen sensor in exhaust path. So here if lambda before fuel cut-off is maintained rich, then rich to lean (i.e. air) transition is realized by oxygen sensor. These are transitions where the oxygen sensor response is evaluated having the coordination with start-stop module.
2015-01-12
Article
An advanced start-stop system using two different battery chemistries is now in the prototype phase, Johnson Controls officials announced during the first media day at the 2015 North American International Auto Show in Detroit.
2015-01-06
Article
Toyota announced at CES that it will grant royalty-free use of all 5680 of its solely owned fuel-cell patents, including those pending from development of the first hydrogen fuel-cell production vehicle, the Toyota Mirai.
2015-01-05
Article
Treating molten metal with ultrasound is cleaner and more efficient than using argon rotary degassing to produce high-quality castings, according to scientists at Brunel University London. Cost reduction is another benefit, demonstrated in the research team's pilot-scale trials.
2015-01-01
Journal Article
2014-01-9101
Susan Sawyer-Beaulieu, Edwin K.L. Tam
Abstract Life-cycle assessments (LCAs) conducted, to date, of the end-of-life phase of vehicles rely significantly on assumed values and extrapolations within models. The end phase of vehicles, however, has become all the more important as a consequence of increasing regulatory requirements on materials recovery, tightening disposal restrictions, and the rapid introduction of new materials and electronics, all potentially impacting a vehicle's efficacy for achieving greater levels of sustainability. This article presents and discusses selected research results of a comprehensive gate-to-gate life-cycle-inventory (LCI) of end-of-life vehicle (ELV) dismantling and shredding processes, constructed through a comprehensive and detailed case study, and argues that managing and implementing creative dismantling practices can improve significantly the recovery of both reusable and recyclable materials from end-of-life vehicles.
2014-12-30
Article
With air traffic expected to increase four-fold between now and 2050, a global fleet of composite planes could help reduce carbon emissions by up to 15%, a value researchers say roughly corresponds to current emissions levels.
2014-12-23
Article
The potential impact to public health from GDI engine particulates is driving new developments in fuel delivery, controls, and combustion strategies.
2014-12-23
Article
Plastic composite parts outnumber bio-based material vehicle applications, but "green" projects are making inroads by overcoming various hurdles.
2014-12-19
WIP Standard
J551/15
This SAE Standard specifies the ESD test methods and procedures necessary to evaluate electronic modules intended for vehicle use. It describes test procedures for evaluating electronic modules in complete vehicles. A procedure for verifying the simulator that is used to generate the electrostatic discharges is given in Appendix A. Functional status classifications for immunity to ESD are given in Appendix B.
2014-12-12
Article
BorgWarner Chief Technology Officer, Christopher P. Thomas, discusses the company's new exhaust gas recirculation modules, EcoFlash ignition system, and heavy-duty controlled coolant pump for commercial diesel and natural gas engines, as well as the trends driving their development.
2014-12-04
Article
Electric cars offer the big benefit of almost no maintenance. In this week's SAE Eye on Engineering, Senior Editor Lindsay Brooke looks at the almost maintenance-free life of owning an electric car. SAE Eye on Engineering can be viewed at http://youtu.be/iXo_jaFhZvw. 
2014-12-03
Article
The American National Standards Institute on Dec. 2 issued a progress report (http://publicaa.ansi.org/sites/apdl/evsp/ANSI_EVSP_Roadmap_May_2013.pdf) on an organized standardization effort to help electric vehicles thrive in the U.S. marketplace.
2014-12-03
Article
At the recent 2014 L.A. Auto Show, various OEMs put their latest hydrogen fuel-cell electric vehicles on stage. Engineers developing FCEVs are working against overlapping regulatory clocks, and OEM collaborations are taking the some of the sting out of development time and costs.
2014-11-30
Magazine
Riding on a high Rudi Schurmans and Ben Patel head up Tenneco's suspension and clean air divisions. Ian Adcock discovers what the automotive future holds for them Driverless revolution has begun! Breakthrough Photonic radar promises greater accuracy at lower cost, Ian Adcock discovers Winds of change are here Simulating aerodynamics will make a step-change in vehicle design, as Stephen Remondi, President and CEO of EXA, explains to Ian Adcock
2014-11-26
Article
Lead-acid batteries have clear advantages in cost and low-temperature performance, but Li-ion has its own set of pluses.
2014-11-25
Article
Allison Transmission is offering a new option to fully electrify components used with its H 40/50 EP hybrid propulsion system for transit buses and coaches. Co-developed with Vanner Inc., Increased Accessory Power II provides power from the hybrid system to accessories such as electric air conditioning, electric air compressors, and power steering systems.
2014-11-24
Article
SEMA develops step-by-step system in conjunction with California Air Resources Board to help participating members comply with emissions regulations. Clemson University I-CAR is an active participant, providing laboratory facilities for analysis to aid SEMA members who are aftermarket manufacturers.
2014-11-19
Article
The rise of new geographical auto markets (and stagnation of others), the proliferation of new "connected-car" technologies including automated driving, and a diminishing case for car ownership are among a number of challenges facing automotive industry decision makers.
2014-11-18
Article
Market success of the new fuel-cell sedan depends to a large extent on steady installation of hydrogen fueling stations worldwide.
2014-11-18
Article
Potential exists for more efficient re-use of rare earth elements, Purdue professor asserts. Regardless of choice, original component design should be engineered for dismantling to enhance end-of-life recovery, he tells Automotive Aftermarket Industry Week forum in Las Vegas.
2014-11-17
Article
Among the many premium interior features in the 2015 Hyundai Genesis is a “world-first” safety technology—an in-cabin CO2 sensor control system, located under the glove box, that combats occupant drowsiness.
2014-11-13
Article
Having two gear ratios rather than the single ratio that is typical of EVs enables the eAxle to boost the i8's all-wheel-drive performance across its entire speed range.
2014-11-12
Article
A Level 2 electric vehicle charger that can dispense power based on the available grid supply is undergoing its first field test in Detroit.
2014-11-12
Magazine
Harley-Davidson's e-bike shocker (video) Is the motorcycle market ready for a Harley-Davidson EV? Project LiveWire was designed to provide answers, said Chief Engineer Jeff Richlen. Airbus has its eye on the future of cleaner flight CleanSky 2 targets are to increase aircraft fuel efficiency enough to reduce CO2 emissions by 20-30% and reduce aircraft NOx and noise emissions by 20-30% compared to newly designed aircraft entering into service in 2014-or essentially halve 2005 CO2 emissions levels by 2050. Soul EV extends the range frontier (video) Specially formulated NCM battery cells are key in giving the vehicle class-leading EV range while enabling engineers to fit a high-energy-density battery pack underfloor with little sacrifice of passenger cabin space.
2014-11-11
Technical Paper
2014-32-0035
Sayaka Yasoshina, Ryo Saito
Abstract Environmental problems such as air pollution have recently led to increasingly demanding emissions regulations. To address this issue, the present study aims to develop a technology that will enable the exhaust gas from compact generators, with output of less than 3 kVA, to satisfy the world's most demanding emissions regulations. The method we used is driven by pulsed secondary air injection with a catalyst. Whereas pump-driven methods have conventionally been the mainstream approach to attaining sufficient secondary air quantity to reduce emissions, our objective was to create a pump-free method for increasing the secondary air quantity by focusing on secondary air pipe pulsation. Our study had two aims: one was to create a computation method for predicting the optimum secondary air pipe length that maximizes secondary air, and the other was to verify this method by using actual equipment, and to achieve our target emissions values.
Viewing 241 to 270 of 22751

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