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2014-05-16
Standard
J1207_201405
This SAE Recommended Practice sets forth the instrumentation, environment, and test procedures to be used in measuring the silencer system effectiveness in reducing intake or exhaust sound level of internal combustion engines. The system shall include the intake or exhaust silencer, related piping, and components. This procedure is intended for engine-dynamometer testing and is not necessarily applicable to vehicle testing (see Appendix A). The effect of the exhaust or intake system on the sound level of the overall machine must be determined using other procedures. This procedure may be successively applied to various silencer configurations to determine relative effectiveness for that engine. Insertion loss for individual silencers may be calculated through measurement of the silenced and unsilenced system.
2014-05-16
Standard
J1074_201405
This SAE Recommended Practice sets forth the equipment, environment, and test procedures to be used in measuring sound levels of engines. The purpose is to provide a uniform method of measuring the maximum acoustical radiation from the exterior surfaces of an engine under representative engine operating conditions. The measured sound levels will be useful in development of engines, comparison of engines, and installation of engines in various applications. The correlation of the measured engine sound levels to the various application sound levels will have to be developed.
2014-05-16
Standard
J1060_201405
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes a rating scale for subjective evaluations of noise and discomfort in motor vehicles. Through test procedures utilizing specific vehicles on specific roads, the scale may be utilized to assess the relative contributions of tires to noise and discomfort. The noise and ride comfort characteristics attributed to automotive tires have traditionally been estimated by subjectively assigning number designations (commonly on a 1 to 10 scale) to the audible and tactile sensations observed while traversing a given road course in a vehicle equipped with the tires under evaluation. Regardless of advances in objective measurements of tire properties related to noise and discomfort, subjective evaluation will continue to be necessary for the purpose of establishing the significance of such measurements.
2014-05-16
Standard
J57_201405
This procedure provides for the measurement of the sound generated by a test tire, mounted on a single-axle trailer, operated at multiple speeds. The procedure describes test practices for both United States and International practices. Specifications for the instrumentation, the test site, and the operation of the test apparatus are set forth to minimize the effects of extraneous sound sources and to define the basis of reported sound levels.
2014-05-13
Article
Boeing and Embraer S.A. announced plans to open a joint research center to advance a sustainable aviation biofuel industry in Brazil. The two companies will perform joint biofuel research, as well as fund and coordinate research with Brazilian universities and other institutions.
2014-05-09
Article
BMW is doubling down on its commitment to carbon fiber with major capacity increases at the plant that makes the material for its new i brand of lightweight electrified vehicles. The plant (located in Moses Lake, WA, and owned by a joint venture between BMW and SGL Group called SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers) currently operates two production lines, exclusively for BMW i, with annual output of about 3000 ton (2721 t).
2014-05-08
Magazine
Executive Viewpoints Off-highway industry executives write about some of the challenges and trends facing the industry over the next 20 years, and the innovation that will be required to stay competitive and sustainable. Annual product guide A product roundup showcasing the newest and most innovative supplier technologies in a variety of areas such as Powertrain & Energy, Electronics, Hydraulics, Materials, Testing & Simulation, Body and Chassis, and Interiors.
2014-05-05
Journal Article
2014-01-9099
Lindsay J. Miller, Susan Sawyer-Beaulieu, Edwin Tam
Polyurethane (PU) foam is used for many automotive applications with the benefits of being lightweight, durable, and resistant to heat and noise. Applications of PU foams are increasing to include non-traditional purposes targeting consumer comfort. An example of this is the use of PU foam between the engine and engine cover of a vehicle for the purpose of noise abatement. This addition will provide a quieter ride for the consumer, however will have associated environmental impacts. The additional weight will cause an increase in fuel consumption and related emissions. More significant impacts may be realized at the end-of-life stage. Recycling PU foams presents several challenges; a lack of market for the recyclate, contamination of the foams, and lack of accessibility for removal of the material.
2014-05-04
Article
A new electrolyte developed the U.S. Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) serves not only as an ion conductor, but also as a cathode supplement in batteries. Potential uses of the technology include remote keyless entry systems, cardiac pacemakers, sensors, and other applications "where replacing or recharging a battery is not possible or desirable."
2014-05-04
Article
Pennzoil Platinum and Pennzoil Ultra Platinum with PurePlus Technology are full synthetic motor oils formulated from natural gas.
2014-05-01
Article
The forklift is one of the few applications where less battery weight is not necessarily a good thing.
2014-05-01
Article
Conti's new 48-V hybrid system is a package-efficient module aimed at delivering much of the functionality of a 200- to 400-V hybrid system for a fraction of the cost. It will enter production in 2016 at two OEMs.
2014-05-01
Standard
ARP4260B
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) contains methods used to measure the optical performance of airborne electronic flat panel display (FPD) systems. The methods described are specific to the direct view, liquid crystal matrix (x-y addressable) display technology used on aircraft flight decks. The focus of this document is on active matrix, liquid crystal displays (LCD). The majority of the procedures can be applied to other display technologies, however, it is cautioned that some techniques need to be tailored to different display technologies. The document covers monochrome and color LCD operation in the transmissive mode within the visual spectrum (the wavelength range of 380 to 780 nm). These procedures are adaptable to reflective and transflective displays paying special attention to the source illumination geometry. Photometric and colorimetric measurement procedures for airborne direct view CRT (cathode ray tube) displays are found in ARP1782.
2014-04-28
Article
3-D catalytic activity of new open-frame nanoparticles is twenty times that of existing formulations.
2014-04-27
Article
Average MY2012 vehicle CO2 emissions fell by 22 g/mi from MY2011, with a corresponding improvement in fuel economy, according to a new report by the U.S. EPA. The figures of 376 g/mi and 23.6 mpg figures are both records, the agency said.
2014-04-21
Article
Vehicle has 18 mi/30 km all-electric range from lithium-ion battery pack. Uses 2.0-l twin-scroll turbo engine with combination peak output of 270 hp/201 kW and 300 lb ft/407 N-m. Offers "predictive navigation" for high fuel efficiency, and can save battery capacity for areas that may require electric vehicle-only operation. European drive cycle ratings are 3.8 l/100 km (62 mpg) and just 89 grams CO₂/100 km.
2014-04-16
Article
Acoustic panels are installed almost everywhere including in front of the engine and on the rear hatch.
2014-04-15
Article
Written for those who have an interest in or need to understand automotive fuels, SAE International offers the third edition of its best-selling Automotive Fuels Reference Book.
2014-04-15
Journal Article
2014-01-9076
Rakesh Kumar Maurya, Avinash Kumar Agarwal
Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engines are attracting attention as next-generation internal combustion engines mainly because of very low NOx and PM emission potential and excellent thermal efficiency. Particulate emissions from HCCI engines have been usually considered negligible however recent studies suggest that PM number emissions from HCCI engines cannot be neglected. This study is therefore conducted on a modified four cylinder diesel engine to investigate this aspect of HCCI technology. One cylinder of the engine is modified to operate in HCCI mode for the experiments and port fuel injection technique is used for preparing homogenous charge in this cylinder. Experiments are conducted at 1200 and 2400 rpm engine speeds using gasoline, ethanol, methanol and butanol fuels. A partial flow dilution tunnel was employed to measure the mass of the particulates emitted on a pre-conditioned filter paper.
2014-04-14
Article
The passenger-vehicle and commercial-vehicle industries are working to meet government regulations for emissions and fuel economy while ironing out potential unintended issues.
2014-04-14
Standard
ARP5446A
These recommendations are provided to aid the international air transport industry by identifying a standard, minimum amount of safety instructions that should be given to sight-impaired passengers. This document is not meant to address problems associated with communicating safety information to sight- impaired passengers who are also hearing impaired or non- conversant in the language(s) used by the cabin crew to disseminate general safety information to passengers. Aircraft operators are encouraged to customize the safety instructions for their own operations in order to ensure that required safety information is provided to sight-impaired passengers.
2014-04-09
Article
Misfire detection is most difficult, SAE Congress panel tells attendees, and overall emissions diagnosis is harder than with passenger cars and light-duty trucks.
2014-04-09
Article
A lively panel discussion at the SAE 2014 World Congress explored the role of battery-equipped vehicles in a smart, vehicle-to-grid network.
2014-04-01
Article
Engineering boss Pierpaolo Antonini noted several technology developments that will help maintain the diesel's viability in the face of increasingly stringent global emission regulations.
2014-04-01
Article
The flywheel energy-storage technology that was used in, among other things, the Le Mans-winning Audi R18 e-tron quattro is being sold by Williams to GKN Land Systems for use mainly in mass-transit vehicles.
2014-04-01
Article
IMSA Tudor United SportsCar Championship promotes a variety of green technologies to link racing to the road.
2014-04-01
Journal Article
2014-01-1451
George Karavalakis, Daniel Short, Diep Vu, Mark Villela, Robert Russell, Heejung Jung, Akua Asa-Awuku, Thomas Durbin
Gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines have improved thermodynamic efficiency (and thus lower fuel consumption) and power output compared with port fuel injection (PFI) and their penetration is expected to rapidly grow in the near future in the U.S. market. In addition, the use of alternative fuels is expanding, with a potential increase in ethanol content beyond the current 10%. Increased emphasis has been placed on butanol due to its more favorable fuel properties, as well as new developments in production processes. This study explores the influence of mid-level ethanol and iso-butanol blends on criteria emissions, gaseous air toxics, and particulate emissions from two wall-guided gasoline direct injection passenger cars fitted with three-way catalysts. Emission measurements were conducted over the Federal Test Procedure (FTP) driving cycle on a chassis dynamometer.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-1441
Joseph Kazour, Bizhan Befrui, Harry Husted, Michael Raney, Daniel Varble
Abstract Innovative nozzle hole shapes for inwardly opening multi-hole gasoline direct injectors offer opportunities for improved mixture formation and particulate emissions reduction. Compared to increased fuel pressure, an alternative associated with higher system costs and increased pumping work, nozzle hole shaping simply requires changes to the injector nozzle shape and may have the potential to meet Euro 6 particulate regulations at today's 200 bar operating pressure. Using advanced laser drilling technology, injectors with non-round nozzle holes were built and tested on a single-cylinder engine with a centrally-mounted injector location. Particulate emissions were measured and coking deposits were imaged over time at several operating fuel pressures.
2014-04-01
Journal Article
2014-01-1454
Jing Gong, Jian Cai, Chenglong Tang
Propanol isomers are oxygenated fuels and have higher octane number and energy density compared to methanol and ethanol. In recent years, with the development of fermentation method, propanol isomers have gained more attention as engine additive to reduce the emission and the consumption of traditional fossil fuels. In this study, Hydrocarbon (HC), carbon monoxide (CO) and particulate matter (PM) emission characteristic of propanol isomers/gasoline blends were comparatively investigated at different blending ratios (0, 10, 20, 40 and 100) combined with exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) in a spark-ignition engine. The number distribution of particulate matter emission is mainly studied in addition to the particulate matter mass distribution. Results show that pure propanol isomers yield significantly different emission characteristics compared to the other blends.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-1401
Romaeo Dallanegra, Rinaldo Caprotti
Abstract The use of Diesel Particulate Filters (DPFs) as a means to meet ever more stringent worldwide Particulate Matter/ Particle Number (PM/ PN) emissions regulations is increasing. Fuel Borne Catalyst (FBC) technology has now been successfully used as an effective system for DPF regeneration in factory and service fill as well as retrofit applications for several years. The use of such a technology dictates that it be stable in long term service and that it remains compatible with new and emerging diesel fuel grades. In order to ensure this, neat additive stability data have been generated in a very severe and highly transient temperature cycle and a large selection of current (Winter 2012) market fuels have been evaluated for stability with this FBC technology. Results indicate that FBC technology remains suitable. The incidence of Internal Diesel Injector Deposits (IDIDs) is increasing, particularly for advanced FIE systems.
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