What’s an MOF? No, it’s not the latest acronym kids these days are using. It stands for metal organic framework (MOF), a new solution in the transportation industry that could allow for more efficient storage of natural gas and other gases, such as hydrogen and carbon dioxide. Check out this video to learn more.
Global Viewpoints The latest strategies are investigated for vehicle development by automakers and major suppliers. Sports cars embrace array of green technology IMSA Tudor United SportsCar Championship promotes a variety of green technologies to link racing to the road. More gears, more challenges Many strategies, as well as key software and hardware aspects related to controllers, networks, sensors, and actuators, must be considered to keep automatic transmissions shifting smoothly as more gears are added to improve fuel economy. Advancing structural composites Industry experts address the opportunities and challenges involved with moving toward composite-intensive vehicles, including Nissan's effort to produce a high-volume, fully recyclable composite liftgate with low metal content.
Harley-Davidson has for a number of years dispatched an engineer to SAE's annual Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Symposium for the purpose of gathering intel and making contacts in the EV field. One tangible result of Harley's SAE participation is Project LiveWire, the company’s first electric motorcycle concept.
On a global scale, racecars burn an irrelevant amount of fuel, so racing series’ interest in fuel-saving technology has nothing to do with saving the planet from racecars’ environmental impact. Transporting teams to the tracks burns far more fossil fuels than any fuel actually consumed at the track.
The Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has launched its new Institute for Functional Imaging of Materials, which aims to accelerate discovery, design, and deployment of new materials, according to a release from the laboratory.
Aramco Services, a unit of Saudi Aramco, is opening a facility in Detroit to collaborate with automakers to produce both better fuels and better engines.
Water Spray and High Humidity Endurance Test Methods for SAE AMS1424 and SAE AMS1428 Aircraft Deicing/Anti-icing Fluids
This document establishes the minimum requirements for an environmental test chamber, and test procedures to carry out anti-icing performance tests according to the current materials specification for aircraft deicing/anti-icing fluids. The primary purpose for such a test method is to determine the anti icing endurance under controlled laboratory conditions of AMS1424 Type I and AMS1428 Type II, III, and IV fluids.
Boeing opened a new research and technology center to work with Brazilian researchers and scientists to develop aerospace technologies. The new Boeing Research & Technology-Brazil (BR&T-Brazil) center is focused on sustainable aviation biofuel development, advanced air traffic management, remote sensing, advanced metals and bio-materials, and support and services technologies.
What researchers at MIT refer to as an exotic state of matter--a “random solid solution”--affects how ions move through battery material.
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides design guidance and a method for testing thermal performance of airplane in-flight food storage carts. It is noted that thermal performance criteria is not part of AS8056.
This SAE Recommended Practice describes the basic content requirements, bar-code specifications, and functional test specifications of a vehicle emission configuration (VEC) label. On the vehicle, the VEC label is to be mounted under the hood in a readily accessible location for use of a bar-code scanning device. This document specifies a permanent vehicle emission configuration label that can be automatically identified through a bar-coded format.
GMZ Energy has announced the successful demonstration of a high-temperature thermoelectric generation (TEG) unit designed for automotive (civilian and military) waste-heat recapture. In the demo, it generated an output power well in excess of its 200-W design goal.
Five collegiate teams collected four-digit mpg during the 35th running of SAE Supermileage, where 19 custom-designed vehicles competed for the best fuel economy title.
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) defines lightning strike zones and provides guidelines for locating them on particular aircraft, together with examples. The zone definitions and location guidelines described herein are applicable to Parts 23, 25, 27, and 29 aircraft. The zone location guidelines and examples are representative of in-flight lightning exposures.
This document recommends contents for Emergency Medical Kits, including medications and instrumentation, intended for use on passenger-carrying aircraft serviced by at least 1 flight attendant. Recommended practices for carriage of, access to, and maintenance of Emergency Medical Kits are also included.
These Protocols can be used for all forms of motorsports; however, only certain combinations of Green Racing Elements will result in motorsport competitions that are recognized as Green Racing events. As new information, fuels and technologies emerge, addendums or new protocols will be developed. The SAE International (SAE) Motorsports Engineering Activity is also an invaluable source of reference materials and ongoing technical advice providing access to the constantly evolving set of best safety and operational practices for current and emerging technologies. This is especially true with regard to high voltage safety and the adoption of other advanced propulsion and fuel system technologies.
Steering a better path New mechanisms developed by NIT Warangal are simpler than the Ackermann type and allow all four wheels to undergo pure rolling. Monitoring fine particle concentrations A robust and versatile system has been developed by Pegasor Oy to measure engine exhaust particulate mass and number more accurately. New rules shuffle the F1 deck New turbocharged hybrid-electric power units and revised aerodynamics may scramble the familiar order in Formula One for 2014.
SAE International offers a new book that provides an in-depth assessment of the most important technology, manufacturing, and supply chain aspects of the fast-paced world of electric motors.
The C2M0025120D from Cree is the industry’s first commercially available silicon carbide (SiC) 1200-v MOSFET with an RDS(ON) of 25 mO in an industry-standard TO-247-3 package.
Boeing announced an agreement to acquire ETS Aviation, a provider of fuel-efficiency management and analytics software. ETS Aviation solutions provide more than 120 airlines and corporate flight departments the tools necessary to accurately monitor fuel consumption, identify fuel savings opportunities, and track and report carbon emissions.
When making cellulosic ethanol from plants, one problem is what to do with a woody agricultural waste product called lignin.
The Class 8 demonstrator notched 10.7 mpg with a fully loaded tractor-trailer, representing a 75% fuel-economy increase and a 43% greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction compared to a 2009 baseline truck.
Measurement Procedure for Determination of Silencer Effectiveness in Reducing Engine Intake Or Exhaust Sound Level
This SAE Recommended Practice sets forth the instrumentation, environment, and test procedures to be used in measuring the silencer system effectiveness in reducing intake or exhaust sound level of internal combustion engines. The system shall include the intake or exhaust silencer, related piping, and components. This procedure is intended for engine-dynamometer testing and is not necessarily applicable to vehicle testing (see Appendix A). The effect of the exhaust or intake system on the sound level of the overall machine must be determined using other procedures. This procedure may be successively applied to various silencer configurations to determine relative effectiveness for that engine. Insertion loss for individual silencers may be calculated through measurement of the silenced and unsilenced system.
Subjective Rating Scale for Evaluation of Noise and Ride Comfort Characteristics Related to Motor Vehicle Tires
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes a rating scale for subjective evaluations of noise and discomfort in motor vehicles. Through test procedures utilizing specific vehicles on specific roads, the scale may be utilized to assess the relative contributions of tires to noise and discomfort. The noise and ride comfort characteristics attributed to automotive tires have traditionally been estimated by subjectively assigning number designations (commonly on a 1 to 10 scale) to the audible and tactile sensations observed while traversing a given road course in a vehicle equipped with the tires under evaluation. Regardless of advances in objective measurements of tire properties related to noise and discomfort, subjective evaluation will continue to be necessary for the purpose of establishing the significance of such measurements. The rating scale of this recommendation is applicable to assessment of each of the wide variety of audible and tactile disturbances referred to by such terms as bump, thump, slap, shake, etc.
This procedure provides for the measurement of the sound generated by a test tire, mounted on a single-axle trailer, operated at multiple speeds. The procedure describes test practices for both United States and International practices. Specifications for the instrumentation, the test site, and the operation of the test apparatus are set forth to minimize the effects of extraneous sound sources and to define the basis of reported sound levels.
This SAE Recommended Practice sets forth the equipment, environment, and test procedures to be used in measuring sound levels of engines. The purpose is to provide a uniform method of measuring the maximum acoustical radiation from the exterior surfaces of an engine under representative engine operating conditions. The measured sound levels will be useful in development of engines, comparison of engines, and installation of engines in various applications. The correlation of the measured engine sound levels to the various application sound levels will have to be developed.
Boeing and Embraer S.A. announced plans to open a joint research center to advance a sustainable aviation biofuel industry in Brazil. The two companies will perform joint biofuel research, as well as fund and coordinate research with Brazilian universities and other institutions.
BMW is doubling down on its commitment to carbon fiber with major capacity increases at the plant that makes the material for its new i brand of lightweight electrified vehicles. The plant (located in Moses Lake, WA, and owned by a joint venture between BMW and SGL Group called SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers) currently operates two production lines, exclusively for BMW i, with annual output of about 3000 ton (2721 t).
Executive Viewpoints Off-highway industry executives write about some of the challenges and trends facing the industry over the next 20 years, and the innovation that will be required to stay competitive and sustainable. Annual product guide A product roundup showcasing the newest and most innovative supplier technologies in a variety of areas such as Powertrain & Energy, Electronics, Hydraulics, Materials, Testing & Simulation, Body and Chassis, and Interiors.
Polyurethane (PU) foam is used for many automotive applications with the benefits of being lightweight, durable, and resistant to heat and noise. Applications of PU foams are increasing to include non-traditional purposes targeting consumer comfort. An example of this is the use of PU foam between the engine and engine cover of a vehicle for the purpose of noise abatement. This addition will provide a quieter ride for the consumer, however will have associated environmental impacts. The additional weight will cause an increase in fuel consumption and related emissions. More significant impacts may be realized at the end-of-life stage. Recycling PU foams presents several challenges; a lack of market for the recyclate, contamination of the foams, and lack of accessibility for removal of the material. PU foam pieces are likely to end up being landfilled after the vehicle is shredded, negating the benefit of choosing this material for its recyclability over another non-recyclable material.
A new electrolyte developed the U.S. Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) serves not only as an ion conductor, but also as a cathode supplement in batteries. Potential uses of the technology include remote keyless entry systems, cardiac pacemakers, sensors, and other applications "where replacing or recharging a battery is not possible or desirable."