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Article
2014-07-07
The U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Office has issued a request for information (RFI) to the research community and relevant stakeholders, according to a release. The DOE is seeking feedback about fuel-cell technology validation, commercial acceleration, and potential deployment strategies for continuous fuel-cell rechargers (range-extenders) on board light-duty battery-electric vehicle fleets. 
Article
2014-07-01
A new version of Elektrobit's (EB's) Assist Electronic Horizon Solution features new functions that offer more flexibility for implementing predictive driver assistance systems.
Technical Paper
2014-07-01
Björn Lundberg, Jonas Sjoblom, Åsa Johansson, Björn Westerberg, Derek Creaser
Parameter tuning was performed against data from a full scale engine rig with a Diesel Oxidation Catalysts (DOC). Several different catalyst configurations were used with varying Pt loading, washcoat thickness and volume. To illustrate the interplay between kinetics and mass transport, engine operating points were chosen with a wide variation in variables (inlet conditions) and both transient and stationary operation was used. A catalyst model was developed where the catalyst washcoat was discretized as tanks in series both radially and axially. Three different model configurations were used for parameter tuning, evaluating three different approaches to modeling of internal transport resistance. It was concluded that for a catalyst model with internal transport resistance the best fit could be achieved if some parameters affecting the internal mass transport were tuned in addition to the kinetic parameters. However it was also shown that a model with negligible internal transport resistance still could obtain a good fit since kinetic parameters could compensate for transport limitations.
Technical Paper
2014-07-01
Jingyi Zhang, Fuyuan Yang
Abstract This paper was targeted on achieving in-cycle real-time prediction of NOx emission of diesel engines in both steady-state and transient processes based on cylinder pressure. Specifically, input parameters of the NOx emission model were determined, an offline empirical model of NOx emission was built based on steady-state test data, and in-cycle real-time prediction of NOx emission was achieved in the in-cylinder combustion analysis tool. Based on the mechanism of NOx formation, combustion state parameters in strong correlation with NOx emission were extracted from cylinder pressure, rate of cylinder pressure, rate of heat release, accumulated heat release and burned zone temperature. Quantitative correlations between combustion state parameters and NOx emission were calculated based on steady-state test data and the inputs of the empirical model of NOx emission were determined. The quadratic polynomial model from combustion state parameters to NOx emission was built based on steady-state test data.
Technical Paper
2014-07-01
Praveen Chavannavar
Abstract Various engine platforms employ Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) technology to reduce the tail pipe emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) from diesel engines as part of an overall strategy to comply with the emission regulations in place in various countries. High levels of NOx conversion (greater than 98%) in SCR aftertreatment may provide operating margin to increase overall fuel efficiency. However, to realize the potential fuel efficiency gains, the SCR technology employed should achieve high NOx conversion with limited reductant slip over transient application cycles in addition to steady state operation. A new approach to SCR controls was developed and implemented. This approach does not rely on any maps to determine the amount of urea solution to be dosed, thus significantly reducing calibration and development time and effort when implementing the SCR technology on multiple engine platforms and applications. In addition, the controls technique is completely model based and was able to achieve high NOx conversion efficiencies through the SCR system, while ensuring limited ammonia slip due to sharp transient events in the application cycle.
Magazine
2014-07-01
Global Viewpoints The latest strategies are investigated for vehicle development by automakers and major suppliers. Sports cars embrace array of green technology IMSA Tudor United SportsCar Championship promotes a variety of green technologies to link racing to the road. More gears, more challenges Many strategies, as well as key software and hardware aspects related to controllers, networks, sensors, and actuators, must be considered to keep automatic transmissions shifting smoothly as more gears are added to improve fuel economy. Advancing structural composites Industry experts address the opportunities and challenges involved with moving toward composite-intensive vehicles, including Nissan's effort to produce a high-volume, fully recyclable composite liftgate with low metal content.
Article
2014-06-30
Harley-Davidson has for a number of years dispatched an engineer to SAE's annual Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Symposium for the purpose of gathering intel and making contacts in the EV field. One tangible result of Harley's SAE participation is Project LiveWire, the company’s first electric motorcycle concept.
Article
2014-06-30
On a global scale, racecars burn an irrelevant amount of fuel, so racing series’ interest in fuel-saving technology has nothing to do with saving the planet from racecars’ environmental impact. Transporting teams to the tracks burns far more fossil fuels than any fuel actually consumed at the track.
Article
2014-06-26
The Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has launched its new Institute for Functional Imaging of Materials, which aims to accelerate discovery, design, and deployment of new materials, according to a release from the laboratory.
Article
2014-06-24
Aramco Services, a unit of Saudi Aramco, is opening a facility in Detroit to collaborate with automakers to produce both better fuels and better engines.
Standard
2014-06-24
This document establishes the minimum requirements for an environmental test chamber, and test procedures to carry out anti-icing performance tests according to the current materials specification for aircraft deicing/anti-icing fluids. The primary purpose for such a test method is to determine the anti icing endurance under controlled laboratory conditions of AMS1424 Type I and AMS1428 Type II, III, and IV fluids.
Article
2014-06-23
Boeing opened a new research and technology center to work with Brazilian researchers and scientists to develop aerospace technologies. The new Boeing Research & Technology-Brazil (BR&T-Brazil) center is focused on sustainable aviation biofuel development, advanced air traffic management, remote sensing, advanced metals and bio-materials, and support and services technologies.
Article
2014-06-20
What researchers at MIT refer to as an exotic state of matter--a “random solid solution”--affects how ions move through battery material.
Standard
2014-06-20
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides design guidance and a method for testing thermal performance of airplane in-flight food storage carts. It is noted that thermal performance criteria is not part of AS8056.
Standard
2014-06-16
This SAE Recommended Practice describes the basic content requirements, bar-code specifications, and functional test specifications of a vehicle emission configuration (VEC) label. On the vehicle, the VEC label is to be mounted under the hood in a readily accessible location for use of a bar-code scanning device. This document specifies a permanent vehicle emission configuration label that can be automatically identified through a bar-coded format.
Article
2014-06-12
GMZ Energy has announced the successful demonstration of a high-temperature thermoelectric generation (TEG) unit designed for automotive (civilian and military) waste-heat recapture. In the demo, it generated an output power well in excess of its 200-W design goal.
Article
2014-06-12
Five collegiate teams collected four-digit mpg during the 35th running of SAE Supermileage, where 19 custom-designed vehicles competed for the best fuel economy title.
WIP Standard
2014-06-11
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) defines lightning strike zones and provides guidelines for locating them on particular aircraft, together with examples. The zone definitions and location guidelines described herein are applicable to Parts 23, 25, 27, and 29 aircraft. The zone location guidelines and examples are representative of in-flight lightning exposures.
WIP Standard
2014-06-09
This document recommends contents for Emergency Medical Kits, including medications and instrumentation, intended for use on passenger-carrying aircraft serviced by at least 1 flight attendant. Recommended practices for carriage of, access to, and maintenance of Emergency Medical Kits are also included.
Standard
2014-06-04
These Protocols can be used for all forms of motorsports; however, only certain combinations of Green Racing Elements will result in motorsport competitions that are recognized as Green Racing events. As new information, fuels and technologies emerge, addendums or new protocols will be developed. The SAE International (SAE) Motorsports Engineering Activity is also an invaluable source of reference materials and ongoing technical advice providing access to the constantly evolving set of best safety and operational practices for current and emerging technologies. This is especially true with regard to high voltage safety and the adoption of other advanced propulsion and fuel system technologies.
Magazine
2014-06-01
Steering a better path New mechanisms developed by NIT Warangal are simpler than the Ackermann type and allow all four wheels to undergo pure rolling. Monitoring fine particle concentrations A robust and versatile system has been developed by Pegasor Oy to measure engine exhaust particulate mass and number more accurately. New rules shuffle the F1 deck New turbocharged hybrid-electric power units and revised aerodynamics may scramble the familiar order in Formula One for 2014.
Article
2014-05-31
SAE International offers a new book that provides an in-depth assessment of the most important technology, manufacturing, and supply chain aspects of the fast-paced world of electric motors.
Article
2014-05-29
The C2M0025120D from Cree is the industry’s first commercially available silicon carbide (SiC) 1200-v MOSFET with an RDS(ON) of 25 mO in an industry-standard TO-247-3 package.
Article
2014-05-28
Boeing announced an agreement to acquire ETS Aviation, a provider of fuel-efficiency management and analytics software. ETS Aviation solutions provide more than 120 airlines and corporate flight departments the tools necessary to accurately monitor fuel consumption, identify fuel savings opportunities, and track and report carbon emissions.
Article
2014-05-22
When making cellulosic ethanol from plants, one problem is what to do with a woody agricultural waste product called lignin.
Article
2014-05-21
The Class 8 demonstrator notched 10.7 mpg with a fully loaded tractor-trailer, representing a 75% fuel-economy increase and a 43% greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction compared to a 2009 baseline truck.
Standard
2014-05-16
This SAE Recommended Practice sets forth the instrumentation, environment, and test procedures to be used in measuring the silencer system effectiveness in reducing intake or exhaust sound level of internal combustion engines. The system shall include the intake or exhaust silencer, related piping, and components. This procedure is intended for engine-dynamometer testing and is not necessarily applicable to vehicle testing (see Appendix A). The effect of the exhaust or intake system on the sound level of the overall machine must be determined using other procedures. This procedure may be successively applied to various silencer configurations to determine relative effectiveness for that engine. Insertion loss for individual silencers may be calculated through measurement of the silenced and unsilenced system.
Standard
2014-05-16
This SAE Recommended Practice sets forth the equipment, environment, and test procedures to be used in measuring sound levels of engines. The purpose is to provide a uniform method of measuring the maximum acoustical radiation from the exterior surfaces of an engine under representative engine operating conditions. The measured sound levels will be useful in development of engines, comparison of engines, and installation of engines in various applications. The correlation of the measured engine sound levels to the various application sound levels will have to be developed.
Standard
2014-05-16
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes a rating scale for subjective evaluations of noise and discomfort in motor vehicles. Through test procedures utilizing specific vehicles on specific roads, the scale may be utilized to assess the relative contributions of tires to noise and discomfort. The noise and ride comfort characteristics attributed to automotive tires have traditionally been estimated by subjectively assigning number designations (commonly on a 1 to 10 scale) to the audible and tactile sensations observed while traversing a given road course in a vehicle equipped with the tires under evaluation. Regardless of advances in objective measurements of tire properties related to noise and discomfort, subjective evaluation will continue to be necessary for the purpose of establishing the significance of such measurements. The rating scale of this recommendation is applicable to assessment of each of the wide variety of audible and tactile disturbances referred to by such terms as bump, thump, slap, shake, etc.
Standard
2014-05-16
This procedure provides for the measurement of the sound generated by a test tire, mounted on a single-axle trailer, operated at multiple speeds. The procedure describes test practices for both United States and International practices. Specifications for the instrumentation, the test site, and the operation of the test apparatus are set forth to minimize the effects of extraneous sound sources and to define the basis of reported sound levels.
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