This is an expert overview on the topic of tire recycling. It summarizes current practices and the factors that have contributed to their growth and efficacy as viable, economically and environmentally sound methods of dealing with post-consumer tires. There are around 1 billion tires produced each year across the globe. It is estimated that for every tire sold another joins the waste stream. This publication explores innovative alternatives available to simply disposing of tires. In fact, waste tire products have many desirable properties in key application areas from thermoplastic elastomers to road surfaces. The primary area of study of this report is the EU, but reports from the US have also been cited. Statistics are incorporated from the EU markets, which illustrate changes in the industry since the inception of the European Tire Recycling Association a decade ago.
The AVL International Commercial Powertrain Conference is the premier forum for truck, agricultural and construction equipment manufacturers to discuss powertrain technology challenges and solutions across their industries. The topics of the conference, which happens every two years, cover all five elements of a modern powertrain: engine, transmission, electric motor, battery and the electronic control which are used basically the same way in the quest for optimal efficiency and environmental compatibility. This event offers a unique opportunity for highly regarded professionals to address the synergy effects and distinctive characteristics of commercial vehicles, agricultural tractors and non-road vehicles, and industrial machinery. These proceedings include 21 papers from four categories of sessions: Setting the Scene; Different Worlds-Different Technologies; Engineering Partnerships and What Next in Development and Production.
The focus of this book is on measurement techniques, fundamentals of NOx formation in the engine, exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), aftertreatment controls, fuel injection variables that lower NOx emissions, and fuel effects on NOx and particulate emissions. Diesel Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: Landmark Research 1995-2001 is based on extensive SAE literature from the past six years and is the first SAE Progress in Technology book published on the topic of measurement and control of diesel nitrogen oxide emissions. The papers in this book have been chosen as the most valuable on this topic.
This book describes the present state of knowledge regarding the nature of air pollutants, their sources, and their real and potential effects on health. Featuring in-depth analyses of the air quality improvement programs in both the United States and Europe. Improving Air Quality provides automotive engineers with practical information on the progress that has already been made, and the possibilities for further advances which can lead to increasing environmental improvements.
This book chronicles a 35-year success story - the technology that was developed and the progress that was made to achieve the goal of reducing air pollution from automobiles. "Air pollution from automobiles as of the year 2000 will have been lowered to levels less than 5% of those for pre-control era vehicles," writes author J. Robert Mondt, who spent over 30 years working on the development of emission control systems for automobiles. Mondt covers both the technological and political aspects of this effort, from the early environmental concerns in California to the Clean Air Acts of the 1960s to the introduction of catalytic converters in 1975. He also covers the revised Clean Air Acts of the 1960s to the introduction of catalytic converters in 1975.
This book presents an analysis on the potential effects of globalization on the automotive industry and the environment. Energy challenges, market economy growth, and population dynamics are considered. The authors also present future scenarios for transportation technologies to meet the ever growing global demand for transportation of goods and services while minimizing energy and environmental impacts and maximizing cost, value and widespread acceptance.
This book evaluates the current worldwide state of knowledge about the interrelationship between emissions and air quality. This study describes the contribution of passenger car and commercial vehicle traffic to local and global emission situations, and the consequences for the environment.
"In the design of new CI engines, it is of paramount importance to reduce the pollutants and fuel consumption," writes author Marco Nuti. In this, the first book devoted entirely to exhaust emissions from two-stroke engines, Nuti examines the technical design issues that will determine how long the two-stroke engine survives into the twenty-first century. Dr. Nuti, director of Technical Innovation at Piaggio, thoroughly explores pollutant formation and control from unburned hydrocarbon emissions, carbon monoxide emissions, catalytic aftertreatment, and secondary air addition.
Scrap Tires: Disposal and Reuse details the historical, technological, and economic issues related to the scrap tire industry, and the manner in which the scrap tire problem is addressed. The ultimate solution will be hastened by progress in the establishment of profitable commercial enterprises and markets to utilize scrap tires for their inherent intrinsic value. Scrap Tires provides advice on how scrap tires can be used for fuels, sealants, rubber mats, playground surfaces, equestrian arenas, wastewater treatment plant composts, golf courses, and more. Written from a business perspective, Scrap Tires focuses on the economics of tire recycling, providing valuable advice to individuals or companies. In addition to an exploration of markets, the book describes how tires are chopped, the machinery used in chopping tires, the grinding process, and the engineering properties of tire chips.
This Terminology is a compendium of motor vehicle safety and environmental engineering words and phrases, and their definitions. They have been extracted verbatim from SAE Standards, Recommended practices, and Information Reports.