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2016-05-26
Standard
J2954_201605
SAE TIR J2954 establishes an industry-wide specification guideline that defines acceptable criteria for interoperability, electromagnetic compatibility, minimum performance, safety and testing for wireless charging of light duty electric and plug-in electric vehicles. The current version addresses unidirectional charging, from grid to vehicle, but bidirectional energy transfer may be evaluated for a future standard. The specification defines various charging levels that are based on the levels defined for SAE J1772 conductive AC charge levels 1, 2 and 3, with some variations. A standard for wireless power transfer (WPT) based on these charge levels will enable selection of a charging rate based on vehicle requirements, thus allowing for better vehicle packaging, and ease of customer use. The specification supports home (private) charging and public wireless charging.
2016-05-24
Standard
J1752/1_201605
This SAE Recommended Practice provides supporting information for the emission and immunity measurement procedures defined in the SAE J1752 series of documents.
2016-05-10
WIP Standard
AS20708/14B
No Scope Available
2016-05-10
WIP Standard
AS20708/1B
No Scope Available
2016-05-10
WIP Standard
AS20708/4B
No Scope Available
2016-05-10
WIP Standard
AS20708/2B
No Scope Available
2016-05-10
WIP Standard
AS20708/3B
No Scope Available
2016-05-10
WIP Standard
AS20708/6B
No Scope Available
2016-05-10
WIP Standard
AS20708/7B
No Scope Available
2016-05-10
WIP Standard
AS20708/5B
No Scope Available
2016-05-10
WIP Standard
AS20708/9B
No Scope Available
2016-05-10
WIP Standard
AS20708/8B
No Scope Available
2016-04-05
Journal Article
2016-01-1161
Akira Mori
Abstract In 2007, researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology successfully completed a Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) experiment. Ever since, interest in WPT has been growing. At Toyota, we have been developing the underlying technology of a WPT system. Simultaneously we have been working with regulatory committees to create a standard for WPT. In particular, there are concerns that WPT’s radiated emissions could cause harm to humans and the neighboring electronic equipment. There are many challenges that need to be overcome, but a key concern is understanding WPT’s electromagnetic compatibility (EMI: Electro-Magnetic Interference and EMF: Electro-Magnetic Field). In this paper, we show the technical issues, the evaluation method, and the development status of EMI and EMF on PHVs/EVs when using WPT. For Electromagnetic interference (EMI) performance, we investigated both an open area test site and an electromagnetic anechoic chamber as evaluation environments.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-1547
Jun Yin, Xinbo Chen, Lixin Wu, Jianqin Li
Abstract Traditional active suspension which is equipped with hydraulic actuator or pneumatic actuator features slow response and high power consumption. However, electromagnetic actuated active suspension benefits quick response and energy harvesting from vibration at the same time. To design a novel active and energy regenerative suspension (AERS) utilizing electromagnetic actuator, this paper investigates the benchmark cars available on the market and summaries the suspension features. Basing on the investigation, a design reference for AERS design is proposed. To determine the parameters of the actuator, a principle is proposed and the parameters of the actuator are designed accordingly. Compared the linear type and rotary type Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM), the rotary type is selected to construct the actuator of the AERS. Basing on the suspension structure of the design reference model and utilizing rotary type PMSM, a novel AERS structure is proposed.
2016-04-05
Journal Article
2016-01-0543
Takashi Hara, Masaki Kato, Kazuki Mizutani
Abstract There are such outside door handles called smart handles which have a transmitting antenna, a lock/unlock sensor, and a sensor detection circuit, with which operation of door lock is possible just by "touching" the electrostatic-capacitance type sensor of the handles.As the design of the outside handles, body color painting and Cr plating are adopted. However, if plating is applied over the entire surface of a smart handle, electromagnetic waves transmitted from the antenna will be blocked since plating material is electrically conductive. In addition to this, touching a part other than the sensor may change the electrostatic-capacitance of the sensor, which results in unwanted functioning of the lock/unlock sensor. Because of this, only part of the handle, which does not hinder the transmission of electromagnetic waves and does not cause unwanted functioning, is covered by plating, that is called, "Partially plated specifications" (Figure 1).
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0055
Mark Steffka, Cyrous Rostamzadeh
Abstract Automotive systems can generate un-intentional radio frequency energy. The levels of these emissions must be below maximum values set by the Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) for customer satisfaction and/or in order to meet governmental requirements. Due to the complexity of electromagnetic coupling mechanisms that can occur on a vehicle, many times it is difficult to measure and identify the noise source(s) without the use of an electromagnetic interference (EMI) receiver or spectrum analyzer (SA). An efficient and effective diagnostic solution can be to use a low-cost portable, battery powered RF detector with wide dynamic range as an alternative for automotive electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) and design engineers to identify, locate, and resolve radio frequency (RF) noise problems. A practical circuit described here can be implemented easily with little RF design knowledge, or experience.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0045
Takanori Uno, Akahori Ichiro, Yoichiro Hara
Abstract In this paper, consideration is made to create a simulation model of the BCI test method, which is one of the EMC evaluation methods for in-vehicle electronic devices, and an intrinsic model of a BCI probe is provided. Using this model, it is demonstrated that when the impedance of the BCI probe is sufficiently high, the BCI probe serves as a transformer with a winding ratio of 1:1, and the admittance of a line or a load connected to each wire becomes proportional to the magnitude of current flowing in each wire. This model can also be applied when the leakage inductance inside the BCI probe is taken into consideration. The validity of this model is verified by experiment using a jig which can clamp multiple wires. In addition, by using this model, it is demonstrated that the S-parameters for dozens of wires clamped in the BCI probe can be generated using the S-parameter measurement results from when one wire is in the BCI probe.
2016-02-19
Standard
ARP6248
The purpose of this procedure is to establish a technique for reliably and repeatedly measuring the RF shielding characteristics of EMI conductive gasket materials and EMI conductive gaskets. Depending on the materials used for the construction of the measuring setup, the EMI conductive gaskets can be characterized against various joint surfaces. This standard will directly provide shielding effectiveness values up to 40 GHz, and will also be applicable for small samples of conductive EMI gaskets.
2016-02-01
WIP Standard
AIR6374
The scope of this document is to provide a guidance of the common contamination types and their concentrations in order to size FTIS components and characterize its performance on generic commercial aircraft.
2015-12-16
WIP Standard
AS5698A
This standard defines the requirements and characteristics of electrical power for spacecraft. This standard also defines analysis, verification, and testing methodologies to be used to ensure that the loads operate when connected to the specified power quality and performance as defined by this standard.
2015-12-10
WIP Standard
AIR6897
This AIR is intended to provide basic guidance on the features that should be considered for implementation when contemplating the design and development of rechargeable lithium battery systems for utilization onboard aircraft. These guidelines will apply to “installed” equipment which would be part of the original or supplemental type certification or military airframe qualification.
2015-10-28
WIP Standard
AIR5872A
This Aerospace Information Report presents an overview of the application and control of fixed and variable displacement pumps with the emphasis on the controls most commonly used on variable displacement pumps. It describes various options to control the operation of hydraulic pumps in terms of controlling the pump output pressure and/or flow and assisting in the selection of the pump.
2015-10-15
WIP Standard
AS6349
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) establishes the minimum performance standards for an AC to AC converter power sources in aerospace electric power systems. AC to AC converters are designed and used as a subsystem to deliver various ac voltage levels within power distribution systems for general aviation applications, cockpit lighting and aircraft cabin interiors.
2015-09-22
Technical Paper
2015-36-0113
Juliano Mologni, Jefferson Ribas, Cesareo Siqueira, Luis Amaral, José Pissolato Filho
Abstract The effects of specific parts inside the vehicle body in a radiated immunity numerical simulation is addressed. The benefits of numerical simulations for electromagnetic compatibility analysis is well known and reported in the literature, nevertheless, the accuracy of the results depends on the mathematical models that is being considered. Numerous simulations were performed, detailing how specific parts of a vehicle can affect the electric field inside a vehicle. The commercial package ANSYS HFSS™ was used due to the extremely fast and accurate simulations since it uses the finite element method technique, which includes hybridizations with the method of moments. This allows full simulations to be performed in a few minutes with controlled convergence, allowing a more extensive investigation. Simulation results are compared with experimental data obtained from experiments performed at Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais showing a good agreement.
2015-09-17
Standard
J551/15_201509
This SAE Standard specifies the ESD test methods and procedures necessary to evaluate electronic modules intended for vehicle use. It describes test procedures for evaluating electronic modules in complete vehicles. A procedure for verifying the simulator that is used to generate the electrostatic discharges is given in Appendix A. Functional status classifications for immunity to ESD are given in Appendix B.
2015-09-15
Technical Paper
2015-01-2533
Philippe Coni, Frederic Merino, Frederic Renaud
Abstract Projected capacitive touchscreen (PCAP) became popular thanks to the introduction of the Apple iPhone, iPad and iPod. Electrical field generated for touch detection is known to be impaired by external fields, for example Cold Cathode Fluorescent Lamp, USB charger or AMLCD driving. Commercial product shall live with this issue, but the high intensity radiated field required for avionics application is several orders of magnitude higher than required for commercial product. In such an environment, standard touchscreens could have hazardous behavior. Thanks to the unique 20 years' experience on projected capacitive technology (Aircraft fighter), we designed a new projected capacitive touchscreen, based on a ruggedized touch controller and dedicated ASIC, able to operate in extreme electromagnetic environment.
2015-07-29
WIP Standard
AIR6343
This AIR is intended to provide basic guidance on the methodologies that should be utilized when contemplating the design and development of rechargeable lithium battery systems for utilization onboard aircraft. These guidelines will apply to “installed” equipment which would be part of the original or supplemental type certification or military airframe qualification.
2015-07-22
Standard
J551/17_201507
This SAE Standard specifies the test methods and procedures for testing passenger cars and commercial vehicles to magnetic fields generated by power transmission lines and generating stations. SAE J551-1 specifies general information, definitions, practical use, and basic principles of the test procedure.
2015-06-12
WIP Standard
AIR6511
This document shall provide the fundamental safety considerations in pursuing the design of a 48/60 VDC aircraft electrical system. This departure from the current standard of 28 VDC will provide the benefits of reducing the operational weight and fuel consumption of the aircraft by increasing the DC system voltage level.
2015-05-19
WIP Standard
ARP6063
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides guidance for the verification and certification of a “commercial” fixed wing aircraft fuel tank inerting system (FTIS) and will provide technical references and data regarding ground and flight testing of an FTIS. The intent of this ARP is to address issues associated with the verification requirements based on current regulatory guidance per AC25.981-2C
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