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Viewing 1 to 30 of 2177
2016-09-27
Technical Paper
2016-01-8124
Xinyu Ge, Hua Gu, Ying Wang
China becomes to the world’s largest vehicle market in terms of sales volume, and automobiles sales keep growing in recent years, although the growing rate is decreased. Given an environmental stress, more stringent emission regulations are drafted to control engine emissions. In order to reduce vehicle emissions, environmental friendly new-energy vehicles, such as battery electric vehicle and plug-in hybrid vehicle are promoted by government policies. Chinese government plans to boost sales of new-energy cars to account for about five percent of China’s total vehicle sales. It is well known that more electric and electronic components will be integrated into a vehicle platform during vehicle electrification. The Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS) was first adopted by the European Union (EU), and it restricts the use of six hazardous materials in the manufacture of electronic and electric equipment.
2016-09-20
Journal Article
2016-01-1990
Nisha Kondrath, Nathaniel Smith
Abstract In aerospace applications, it is important to have efficient, small, affordable, and reliable power conversion units with high power density to supply a wide range of loads. Use of wide-band gap devices, such as Silicon Carbide (SiC) and Gallium Nitride (GaN) devices, in power electronic converters is expected to reduce the device losses and need for extensive thermal management systems in power converters, as well as facilitate high-frequency operation, thereby reducing the passive component sizes and increasing the power density. A performance comparison of state-of-the art power devices in a 10 kW full-bridge dc-dc buck converter operating in continuous conduction mode (CCM) and at switching frequencies above 100 kHz will be presented in this manuscript. Power devices under consideration are silicon (Si) IGBT with Si antiparallel diodes, Si IGBT with SiC antiparallel diodes, Si MOSFETs, SiC MOSFETs, and enhancement-mode GaN transistors.
2016-09-20
Journal Article
2016-01-2051
Andreas Himmler, Lars Stockmann, Dominik Holler
Abstract The application of a communication infrastructure for hybrid test systems is currently a topic in the aerospace industry, as also in other industries. One main reason is flexibility. Future laboratory tests means (LTMs) need to be easier to exchange and reuse than they are today. They may originate from different suppliers and parts of them may need to fulfill special requirements and thus be based on dedicated technologies. The desired exchangeability needs to be achieved although suppliers employ different technologies with regard to specific needs. To achieve interoperability, a standardized transport mechanism between test systems is required. Designing such a mechanism poses a challenge as there are several different types of data that have to be exchanged. Simulation data is a prominent example. It has to be handled differently than control data, for example. No one technique or technology fits perfectly for all types of data.
2016-09-14
Technical Paper
2016-01-1879
Libo Huang, Liang Chang, Jie Bai, Huanlei Chen
Abstract Millimeter-wave automotive radars can prevent traffic accidents and save human lives as they can detect vehicles and pedestrians even in night and in bad weather. Various types of automotive radars operating at 24 and 77 GHz bands are developed for various applications, like adaptive cruise control, blind-spot detection and lane change assistance. In each year, millions of millimeter-wave radar are sold worldwide. Millimeter-wave radar is composed of radar hardware and radar signal processing software, which detects the targets among noise, measures the distance, longitudinal speed and the azimuth angle of the targets, tracks the targets continuously, and controls the ego vehicle to brake or accelerate. Performance of the radar signal processing software is closely related with the radar hardware properties and radar measurement conditions.
2016-09-14
Technical Paper
2016-01-1895
Xin Bi, Zheng Ma, Wei Wang, Jinsong Du
Abstract A 24GHz multi-function assist system has been developed for advanced automotive radar, which includes different applications in Blind Spot Detection (BSD), Lane Change Assist (LCA), Doors Open Warning (DOW) and Rear Cross Traffic Alert (RCTA). The multi-function radar is based on the micro-strip antenna, which has a reasonable design on main-lobe and side-lobes. According the antenna, the radar can operate in mid-range mode with a high gain and a narrow beam width, whilst performing well in short-range and wide-angle mode.
2016-09-14
Journal Article
2016-01-1892
Jiao Guo, Weiwen Deng, Sumin Zhang, Shiqian Qi, Xin Li, Chenghao Wang
Abstract The conventional radar modeling methods for automotive applications were either function-based or physics-based. The former approach was mainly abstracted as a solution of the intersection between geometric representations of radar beam and targets, while the latter one took radar detection mechanism into consideration by means of “ray tracing”. Although they each has its unique advantages, they were often unrealistic or time-consuming to meet actual simulation requirements. This paper presents a combined geometric and physical modeling method on millimeter-wave radar systems for Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) modulation format under a 3D simulation environment. With the geometric approach, a link between the virtual radar and 3D environment is established. With the physical approach, on the other hand, the ideal target detection and measurement are contaminated with noise and clutters aimed to produce the signals as close to the real ones as possible.
2016-08-01
Standard
AIR6236A
This AIR provides guidance to the EMI test facility on how to check performance of the following types of EMI test equipment: - Current probe - Line Impedance Stabilization Network (LISN) - Directional coupler - Attenuator - Cable loss - Low noise preamplifier - Rod antenna base - Passive antennas All performance checks can be performed without software. A computer may be required to generate an electronic or hard copy of data. This is not to say that custom software might not be helpful; just that the procedures documented herein specifically eschew the necessity of automated operation.
2016-08-01
Magazine
Seeing the Light Achieving Full-Color, Day or Night Readability for Flat-Panel Displays Multiple Node Networking Using PCIe Interconnects PCI Express (PCIe) interconnects, and how they can be used to support multiple node low latency data transfers over copper or optical cables, is gaining momentum in embedded computing solutions. Zero-Emissions Electric Aircraft Theory vs Reality Analyzing Radar Signals With Demodulation Combining Software and Hardware for Highly Specialized Multichannel Spectrum Monitoring Advanced Thermal Management Solutions Thermoelectric Cooling Thermal Ground Planes Thermal Management of Laser Diodes The Effect of Substrate Emissivity on the Spectral Emission of a Hot-Gas Overlayer Process Approach to Determining Quality Inspection Deployment Experimental Setup to Assess Blast and Penetration-Induced Secondary Debris in a Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) Environment Non-Contact Circuit for Real-Time Electric and Magnetic Field Measurements
2016-07-27
WIP Standard
J1455
The scope of this recommended practice encompasses the range of environments which influence the performance and reliability of the electronic equipment designed for heavy duty on and off road vehicles, as well as any appropriate stationary applications which also use these vehicle derived components. A few examples of such vehicles are on and off highway trucks, trailers, buses, construction equipment and agricultural equipment including implements.
2016-06-17
Standard
EIA599A
This Standard is applicable to suppliers of electronic components, assemblies, equipment and related materials. This standard establishes the general requirements to achieve a certified process. The use of this standard is intended for any manufacturing or service company whose goal is to achieve customer satisfaction through continuous improvement.
2016-06-17
Standard
RB9
This Reliability Bulletin is provided as a guide for engineering and managment personnel concerned with Failure Mode and Effect Analyses (FMEA). In Addition, it provides information concerning technical and functional relationship of Failure Mode and Effect Analyses to associated disciplines, as for example, Maintainability, Safety, and System Effectiveness Analyses. This Bulletin covers requirements, concepts, interface, procedures and reports of FMEA. This Bulletin should contribute to greater utilization of FMEA results and to the understanding and appreciation of the purpose of FMEA on the part of engineering and management personnel.
2016-06-17
Standard
RB4A
A guide for the use by companies contracting for design of electronic products with the Department of Defense (DOD) and other government agencies. This Bulletin present concepts and techniques for quantifying electronic equipment reliability. The techniques are responsive to the requirements of various branches of the Department of Defense and are also useful with regard to other Government agencies (e.g., NASA).
2016-06-16
Standard
EIAEDIF1
The increase in the number of silicon foundries and CAD/CAE system and workstation companies, and the problem of movement of data among in-house design systems has made a standard interchange format for electronic design data essential. The benefits of the general adoption of a standard interchange format are important and far reaching. The customer receives a much wider variety of feasible choices, and free competition in both CAEYCAD system/tool businesses and foundry businesses is enhanced. The electronic circuit designer and customer of CAE/CAD system and foundry service can expect compatibility among these products. The designer can choose equipment and services best suited for a particular task with a minimum of overhead. Foundries can work with customers regardless of the CAE/CAD equipment that the customer is using.
2016-06-16
Standard
EIA408
This standard applies to the interconnection of data terminal equipment and numerical control equipment at the tape reader interface. The data terminal would typically be connected to a remote data source/sink such as a computer. This standard is applicable for the interchange of signals when used in conjunction with electronic equipment, each interchange circuit of which has a single return (signal ground) that can be interconnected at the interface point.
2016-06-16
Standard
EIAEDIF2
This volume is the second in a series of monographs which will make the standard (ANSUEIA 548-1988) easier to understand. It is intended to be used as a companion to the EDIF Reference Manual Version 2.0.0, which is also published by the EL4 (ISBN 0-7908-0000-4). This volume gives an introduction to the concept of connectivity in the format. Concepts are explained in a general way; constructs, such as net, appear in italics throughout this volume. Whenever more detail is desired about a topic the italicized constructs should be consulted in the EDIF Reference Manual. The EDIF Reference Manual contains the official definition of the format and should always be taken as the authoritative source of information. Further application guides will be provided in later volumes of this series.
2016-06-16
Standard
EMCB1_1
This EIA Bulletin No. EMCB1-1, "Historical Rationale for Military EM1 Limits", is presented by the Electronic Industries Association G46 Electromagnetic Compatibility Committee. It has been prepared to provide a reference source for electromagnetic compatibility practitioners to enable more knowledgeable application of EMI requirements in equipment and system specifications and designs.
2016-06-16
Standard
EIAQAB7
This document has been formulated as a suggested guide in assisting EIA Engineering Department Panels and JEDEC Councils in cooperating with the Defense Department and other Federal agencies in the preparation of suggested reliability requirements for various types of electronic products as part of a program designed to enhance the reliability of defense and related equipment. The document is to be followed merely as a guide and is not intended to limit technical groups in the consideration of the factors to be taken into account in the development of reliability specifications for recommendation to the Government.
2016-06-16
Standard
EIAIS731_1
The purposeo f this Interim Standard is to support the development and improvement of systems engineering capability. The scope of this standard includesa ll activities that associate with or enable systems engineering. Systems engineering is an inter-disciplinary approach and means to enable the realization of successful systems. In this context, systems engineering is not limited to what either Systems Engineering organizations or Systems Engineers do. Rather it is the interaction of many people, processes, and organizations resulting in the accomplishment of the required activities.
2016-06-16
Standard
EIAIS731_2
This document describes the Appraisal Method (AM ) for the Systems Engineering Capability Model (SECM). An appraisal compares an organization's Systems Engineering capabilities against the Specific Practices of the Focus Areas and the Generic Characteristics defined in EIA/731, Part 1.
2016-06-16
WIP Standard
J2222
This SAE Standard establishes the minimum performance and endurance requirements for coiled electrical cables used for hookup between trucks, trailers and dollies. The component standards SAE J2394 (replaced SAE J1067) for cable and SAE J560 for connectors must be consulted to determine the complete performance and endurance requirements of the system. Related TMC Recommended Practices may be consulted for information associated with selection, installation and inspection of these coiled electrical cables. This document is intended to set out requirements for the majority of conditions rather than for specialized applications or environments.
2016-06-15
Technical Paper
2016-01-1781
Matthew Maunder, Phil Grant, Duncan Mawdsley
Abstract Engine sound quality is a key attribute for sporty cars - it powerfully conveys the brand image to the driver/passengers and onlookers, and provides driver involvement by giving instant feedback about how a car is operating. Providing this has become more difficult with tighter pass-by noise regulations and the near-universal adoption of turbocharging. In the last two decades, sporty sound inside the cabin has been regained using intake sound generator systems that transfer sound more directly to the vehicle interior. The high cost of these systems is more recently driving a move towards electronic Active Sound Design with systems delivering synthetic sound through loudspeakers. However, the purist sports car market perceives this approach to be fake or artificial. An alternative approach is provided by a system for Realistic Augmented Sound by Ricardo (RAS-R) that offers a choice of two realistic engine sound sources.
2016-06-15
Standard
EIAIS109
The CDIF Family of Standards is primarily designed to be used as a description of a mechanism for transferring information between CASE tools. It facilitates a successful transfer when the authors of the importing and exporting tools have nothing in common except an agreement to conform to CDIF. The language that is defined for the Transfer Format also has applicability as a general language for ImportExport from repositories. The CDIF Integrated Meta-model defined for CASE also has applicability as the basis of standard definitions for use in repositories.
2016-06-15
Standard
EIAIS110
This document is intended to be used by anyone wishing to understand and/or use CDIF. This dticument provides a definition of an encoding for CDIF transfers. -those evaluating CDIF -those who wish to understand the principles and concepts of a CDIF transfer -those developing importers and exporters.
2016-06-15
Standard
EIAIS111
This document is intended to be used by anyone wishing to understand and/or use CDIF. This document provides a definition of a single subject area of the CDIF integrated Meta-model. It is suitable for: -those evaluating CDIF -those who wish to understand the principles and concepts of a CDIF transfer -those developing importers and exporters.
2016-06-15
Standard
EIAIS106
This standard will assist the vendors and users of CASE tools in developing mechanisms for interchanging information between CASE tools. This standard specifies an element of a family of related standards. When used together, these standards specify a mechanism for transfemng information between CASE tools. This standard, EIAIIS-IO6 CDIF - CASE Data Interchange Format - Overview, describes the architecture of the CDIF Family of Standards and provides an overview to all the current standards that form the CDIF Family of Standards.
2016-06-15
Standard
EIAIS108
This standard defines how CDIF supports multiple exchange Syntaxes and Encoding, and describes how CDIF meta-models are concretely represented during a transfer. EIAIZS-IO9 CDIF - Trartsfer- Format - Syntax SYNTAX.1 and EIAIIS-II0 CDIF - Transfer Format - Encoding ENCODING.1 define one specific CDIF Syntax and Encoding.
2016-06-15
Standard
EIAIS107
This standard will assist the vendors and users of CASE tools in developing mechanisms for interchanging information between CASE tools. This standard specifies an element of a family of related standards. When used together, these standards specify a mechanism for transferring information between CASE tools.
2016-06-15
Technical Paper
2016-01-1783
Oliver Engler
Mercedes-AMG GmbH specializes in unique, high-performance vehicles. The image of AMG as the successful performance brand of Mercedes-Benz is reflected in its impressive successes in the world of motorsport and its unique vehicles. One of these vehicles is the SLS AMG Coupé Electric Drive. After an elaborate series of tests as well as numerous test drives, we have created the SLS eSound which captures the exceptional dynamism of this unique super sports car with electric drive. Starting with a characteristic start-up sound, which rings out on pressing the "Power" button on the AMG DRIVE UNIT, the occupants can experience a tailor-made driving sound for each driving situation: incredibly dynamic when accelerating, subdued when cruising and as equally characteristic during recuperation. The sound is not only dependent on road speed, engine speed and load conditions, but also reflects the driving situation and the vehicle's operating state with a suitable driving noise.
2016-06-15
Standard
AMS3813B
This specification and its supplementary detail specifications cover ropes manufactured from aramid-fiber yarns and covered with a protective jacket.
2016-06-15
Journal Article
2016-01-1825
Jung-Han Woo, Da-Young Kim, Jeong-Guon Ih
Abstract To hear the powerful and spectrally rich sound in a car is costly, because the usual car audio system adopts small loudspeakers. Also, the available positions of the loudspeakers are limited, that may cause the reactive effect from the backing cavity and the sound distortion. In this work, a part of the roof panel of a passenger car is controlled by array actuators to convert the specified large area to be a woofer. An analogous concept of the acoustic holography is employed to be projected as the basic concept of an inverse rendering for achieving a desired vibration field. The vibration of the radiating zone is controlled to be in a uniform phase, and the other parts outside it are to be made a no-change zone in vibration. The latter becomes a baffle for the woofer, and the backing cavity is virtually infinite if the sound radiation into the passenger cabin is only of concern.
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