This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) provides a method for gas turbine engine performance computer programs to be written using Fortran COMMON blocks. If a “function-call application program interface” (API) is to be used, then ARP4868 and ARP5571 are recommended as alternatives to that described in this document. When it is agreed between the program user and supplier that a particular program shall be supplied in Fortran, this document shall be used in conjunction with AS681 for steady-state and transient programs. This document also describes how to take advantage of the Fortran CHARACTER storage to extend the information interface between the calling program and the engine subroutine.
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) document provides recommended practices for the calibration and acceptance of icing wind tunnels to be used in testing of aircraft components and systems and for the development of simulated ice shapes. This document is not applicable to air-breathing propulsion test facilities configured for the purposes of engine icing tests. Use of facilities as part of an aircraft's ice protection Certification Plan should be reviewed and accepted by the applicable regulatory agency prior to testing. Following acceptance of a test plan, data generated in these facilities may be submitted to regulatory agencies for use in the certification of aircraft ice protection systems and components. Certain types of tests may be appropriate in facilities with capabilities that are not as rigorously characterized as by the practices defined herein, and the acceptability of these tests should be coordinated with the applicable regulatory agency.
This standard defines logistics product data generated during the requirements definition and design of an industry or government system, end item or product. It makes use of the Extensible Markup Language (XML) through the use of entities and attributes that comprise logistics product data and their definitions. The standard is designed to provide users with a standard set of data tags for all or portions of logistics product data and customer defined sub-sets of logistics product data. The standard can be applied to any indsutry or government product, system or equipment acquisition program, major modification program, and applicable research and development projects. This standard is for use by both industry and government activities. As used in this standard, the requiring authority is generally the customer and the customer can be a government or industry activity. The performing activity may be either a industry or government activity.
This document describes a set of standardized reports that can be generated using the logistics product data elements contained in GEIA-STD-0007-B. Each report is defined by selection options, processing, format, report sequence, and data sources. The selection options paragraph identifies recommended mandatory and optional selections that can be made by the user to tailor the report content. The processing paragraph identifies qualifying criteria for report data, report calculations, and specific instructions regarding how the data should be presented on the report. Each report has a sample report showing its format. Report sequences specify the sort criteria for a given report, and each Part/Section within a report. There is an attached listing of data sources for the elements that are on a report. The listing provides the report header for each element; and its GEIA-STD-0007-B data element/attribute along with the appropriate entity.
This handbook is intended to provide additional information on the use and tailoring of the data in GEIA-STD-0007. The standard provides a new approach to Logistics Support Analysis Record (LSAR) (i.e., MIL-STD-1388-2B) data with emphasis on data transfer (e.g., XML Schemas) versus data storage (e.g., relational tables). GEIA-STD-0007 identifies the range of logistics product data that is generated during the development and acquisition of a system or end item. It does not prescribe the supportability analyses required to generate logistics product data. How the data is generated via analysis techniques/tools, how it is stored and processed, and how the data is used to generate specific logistics support products, is left to the performing activity. GEIA-STD-0007 is a data transfer standard implementing the logistics data concepts of GEIA-STD-927, Common Data Schema for Complex Systems.
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AI) provides a review of real-time modeling methodologies for gas turbine engine performance. The application of real-time models and modeling methodologies are discussed. The modeling methodologies addressed in this AIR concentrate on the aerothermal portion of the gas turbine propulsion system. Characteristics of the models, the various algorithms used in them, and system integration issues are also reviewed. In addition, example cases of digital models in source code are provided for several methodologies.
This document defines the process steps involved in collecting and processing engine test data for use in understanding engine behavior. It describes the use of an aero-thermal cycle model for reduction and analysis of those data. The analysis process may include the calculation of modifiers to match the model to measured data, and prediction of engine performance based on that analysis
This document describes a fuel-consumption test procedure that utilizes industry accepted data collection and statistical analysis methods to determine the difference in fuel consumption between vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of more than 10,000 pounds. This test procedure can be used for an evaluation of two or more different vehicles but is not to be used to evaluate a component change. Although on-road testing is allowed, track testing is the preferred method because it has the greatest opportunity to minimize weather and traffic influences on the variability of the results. All tests shall be conducted in accordance with the weather constraints described within this procedure and shall be supported by collected data and analysis. This document provides information that may be used in concert with SAE Recommended Practices J1264, J1252, J1321, and J2966 as well as additional current and future aerodynamic and vehicle performance SAE standards.
This document reviews the state of the art for data scaling issues associated with air induction system development for turbine-engine-powered aircraft. In particular, the document addresses issues with obtaining high quality aerodynamic data when testing inlets. These data are used in performance and inlet-engine compatibility analyses. Examples of such data are: inlet recovery, inlet turbulence, and steady-state and dynamic total-pressure inlet distortion indices. Achieving full-scale inlet/engine compatibility requires a deep understanding of three areas: 1) geometric scaling fidelity (referred to here as just “scaling”), 2) impact of Reynolds number, and 3) ground and flight-test techniques (including relevant environment simulation, data acquisition, and data reduction practices).
The guidelines addressed in this Aerospace Information Report (AIR) applies only to the simulation and subsequent data-reduction of inlet total-pressure distortion data from Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD). The guidelines can be used as part of a turbine-engine inlet-flow-distortion methodology.
Model Architecture and Interfaces Recommended Practice for Ground Vehicle System and Subsystem Dynamical Simulation
The “Model Architecture and Interfaces Recommended Practice for Ground Vehicle System and Subsystem Dynamical Simulation” defines the architectural structure of a ground vehicle system dynamical model by partitioning it into subsystem models and by defining subsystem interfaces required to enable plug-and-play operation of a dynamical simulation models. All types of ground vehicle were considered in the development of the architecture, such as, passenger cars, light and medium duty trucks, heavy duty tractor trailer trucks, and vehicles/equipment for military, farming, construction, and mining. Versatility of this architectural partitioning is demonstrated by showing how it can be applied to different vehicle configurations. Application examples of architecture are provided for a large number of the publicly known ground vehicle configurations in production, testing, or development.
Aircraft Turbine Engine Fuel System Component Endurance Test Procedure (Room Temperature Contaminated Fuel)
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice describes a method for conducting room temperature, contaminated fuel, endurance testing when the applicable specification requires nonrecirculation of the contaminants. The objective of the test is to determine the resistance of engine fuel system components to wear or damage caused by contaminated fuel operation. It is not intended as a test for verification of the component's filter performance and service life. ARP1827 is recommended for filter performance evaluation. The method described herein calls for nonrecirculation of the contaminants and is intended to provide a uniform distribution of the contaminant at the fuel system inlet. Two systems for contamination addition are included, the conveyer and the slurry injection system.
This SAE Recommended Practice describes a procedure for locating the three-dimensional reference system on a motor vehicle as built.
This Recommended Practice, Operational Definitions of Driving Performance Measures and Statistics, provides functional definitions of and guidance for performance measures and statistics concerned with driving on roadways. As a consequence, measurements and statistics will be calculated and reported in a consistent manner in SAE and ISO standards, journal articles proceedings papers, technical reports, and presentations so that the procedures and results can be more readily compared. Only measures and statistics pertaining to driver/vehicle responses that affect the lateral and longitudinal positioning of a road vehicle are currently provided in this document. Measures and statistics covering other aspects of driving performance may be included in future editions. For eye glance-related measures and statistics, see SAE J2396 (Society of Automotive Engineers, 2007) and ISO 15007-1 (International Standards Organization, 2002).
The test procedure included in this document are used to determine a benchmark SgRP for Class A vehicles where design intent information is unknown.
Presents the seating accommodation model used to determine seat track length for accommodation in design.
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) is applicable to rotorcraft structural health monitoring (SHM) applications, both commercial and military, where end users are seeking guidance on the definition, development, integration, qualification, and certification of SHM technologies to achieve enhanced safety and reduced maintenance burden based on the lessons learned from existing Health and Usage Monitoring Systems (HUMS). While guidance on SHM business case analysis would be useful to the community, such guidance is beyond the scope of this AIR. For the purpose of this document, SHM is defined as “the process of acquiring and analyzing data from on-board sensors to evaluate the health of a structure.” The suite of on-board sensors could include any presently installed aircraft sensors as well as new sensors to be defined in the future. Interrogation of the sensors could be done onboard during flight or using ground support equipment.
This document describes requirements for standardized processes (and associated technologies) that ensure type design data are retrievable and usable for the life of a type certificate (50+ years). These processes are primarily concerned with, but not limited to, digital type design data retained in threedimensional representations and associated data that is required for complete product definition, such as tolerances, specification call-outs, product structure and configuration control data, etc. This process standard includes process requirements for managing the evolution of technologies required to ensure the availability of the data for the life of the product. This data must be available to meet regulatory, legal, contractual and business requirements. This process standard is not intended to incorporate every company specific requirement and does not dictate specific organizational structures within a company.
This document describes the design and assembly force guidelines for conventional shipping caps, torque caps, and body plugs. All possible design and applications could not be anticipated in creating these guidelines. Where there are questions of adherence to to this document, such as use of an “off-the-shelf” design, always consult the responsible Ergonomics Department.
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides guidance for the presentation of gas turbine engine transient performance models with the capacity to be implemented as computer programs operating in real time and is intended to complement AS681. Such models will be used in those applications where a transient program must interface with physical systems. These applications are characterized by the requirement for real time transient response. These models require attention to unique characteristics that are beyond the scope of AS681. This document is intended to facilitate the development of mathematical models and the coordination of their requirements with the user. It will not unduly restrict the modeling methodology used by the supplier. The objective of this document is to define a recommended practice for the delivery of mathematical models intended for real time use. Models used in this application may also be contained in deliverable computer programs covered by AS681.
The purpose of this document is to specify the functional requirements for a miniature connector to be used for health monitoring purposes on aircrafts (including harsh environment such as the powerplant). It is actually a family of miniature connectors that is specified in this document for various uses (e.g. pin counts) and environments. This specification will be used by the SAE connector committee to work on a dedicated connector standard.
This standard defines the minimum requirements for conducting Measurement Systems Analysis (MSA) for variable and attribute assessment on characteristics as defined on the drawing or specification. It does not define the detailed analytical methods for each type of study as these can be found in existing published texts (see Section 2 for guidance).
This SAE Recommended Practice presents a series of standard calculations and numerical methods for processing safety test instrumentation data that has been acquired during impact tests with instruments installed in ATD’s (crash test dummies), vehicle structures, and laboratory fixtures. The output data from performing these calculations may have applications that include energy analysis, biomechanical analysis, regulation compliance, or other purposes. However, application of the output data from these calculations is outside the scope of this document. It is the intent of this document to present a basic set of calculations that are applicable to test labs that follow the practices set forth by SAE J211-1, SAE J211-2, SAE J2570, and SAE J1733. For the calculations that are described in other sources, the relevant documents are referenced.
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides a performance station designation system for unconventional propulsion cycles and their derivatives. The station numbering conventions presented herein are for use in all communications concerning propulsion system performance such as computer programs, data reduction, design activities, and published documents. They are intended to facilitate calculations by the program user without unduly restricting the method of calculation used by the program supplier. The contents of this document will follow AS755 where applicable.
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) covers combustion heaters used in the following applications: a. Cabin heating (all occupied regions and windshield heating) b. Wing and empennage anti-icing c. Engine and accessory heating (when heater is installed as part of the aircraft) d. Aircraft de-icing
This ARP is intended to promote better understanding of gas system characteristics and operation in order to aid in system selection and design. Various gas systems are classified in a broad sense, component operation is described in moderate detail, pertinent design parameters are discussed, and possible modes for system operation are listed.
Define and develop test parameters, test methods, measurements, and acceptable performance criteria for composite aircraft seat structures.
As a simulation of road driving, wind tunnel testing of full-size vehicles produces certain errors in the aerodynamic forces, aerodynamic moments, and surface pressures. The magnitude of these errors, in general, depends on the following: a.) Flow quality, b.) Determination of the reference dynamic pressure, c.) Wind tunnel floor boundary layer, d.) Test section geometry and position of the car within that geometry, e.) Shape of the vehicle, f.) Blockage ratio: The ratio of the cross-sectional area of the vehicle to the cross-sectional area of the wind tunnel nozzle, g.) Wheel rotation, and h.) Internal flow in the model. The SAE Standards Committee, Open Throat Wind Tunnel Adjustments, had as a goal to document the knowledge of the influence of model interference on wind tunnel test results for automotive open jet wind tunnels. This document contains the following information related to this subject: a.) Design data of open throat wind tunnels, b.)
The ARP shall cover the objectives and activities of Verification & Vallidation Processes required to assure high quality and/or criticality level of an IVHM Systems and Software.
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) documents a common understanding of terms, compliance issues and occupant injury criteria to facilitate certification of oblique facing seat installations specific to Part 25 aircraft.