The papers in this collection focus on the latest research related to methods and techniques for reconstructing vehicular crashes involving wheeled and tracked vehicles, pedestrians, and roadside features. Emphasis is placed on experimental data and theoretical methods that will enable reconstructionists to identify, interpret and analyze physical evidence from vehicular crashes.
Active Safety, Advanced Driver Assistance Systems, Integrated Safety Countermeasures and Their Safety Performance, 2015
Active Safety and Driver assistance systems are gaining importance as many passive safety systems have already been found to have yielded significant safety benefits that are possible from the deployment of those systems in the fleet. Similar success will much depend upon how fast these systems proliferate the entire passenger vehicle fleet. It will also depend on the deployment strategies used by the industry and the government as well as consumer acceptance and market demand for these systems. Additionally, opportunities exist to use the information gained from the various onboard sensors and vision systems in active safety systems for improving the effectiveness of today’s passive safety systems such as seat belts, airbags, and post-crash safety systems even further by the integration of active and passive safety systems.
The 22 papers in this technical paper collection covers: energy dissipation in high speed frontal collisions; tire friction comparison of three tire types; determining when an object enters the headlight beam pattern of a vehicle; the accuracy of pedestrians in estimating the speed of a moving vehicle; using data from a drivecam event recorder to reconstruct a vehicle-to-vehicle impact and much more.
The 29 papers in this technical paper collection discuss accident reconstruction. Topics covered include air brake performance, acceleration and braking performance of buses and motorcycles, sanding applications, close-range photogrammetry,3D scanners, and more. The 29 papers in this technical paper collection discuss accident reconstruction. Topics covered include air brake performance, acceleration and braking performance of buses and motorcycles, sanding applications, close-range photogrammetry,3D scanners, and more.
The 9 papers in this technical paper collection focus on occupant protection in accident reconstruction. Topics include: particle image velocimetry; heavy truck engine retarders; repeatability and reliability of drag sled testing; pedestrian impact on low friction surface; photogrammetric measurement error associated with lens distortion; passenger vehicle response to low-speed impacts involving a tractor semitrailer; and more.
Experimental methods and computational applications related to tire and wheel systems as well as vehicle dynamics and simulation topics are included in the 40 papers in this technical paper collection.
This technical paper collection contains 25 papers dealing with topics relevant to the reconstruction of on-road and off-road vehicular accidents. Topics include vehicle dynamic simulation programs, human factors, reconstruction of accidents involving motorcycles and reconstruction of light vehicle rollover accidents, and the latest research on event data recorders (EDRs). Emphasis is placed on the application, interpretation and use of EDRs in the investigation of motor vehicle crashes.