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2015-11-17
Technical Paper
2015-32-0745
Yu-fan Chen, Cheng-ping Yang, I-ming Chen, Tyng Liu
A systematic modeling methodology using Function Power Graph (FPG) to analyze mechanical systems is proposed in this paper, and the novel Centrifugal Anti-lock Braking System (C-ABS) is used as the example. In this paper, a systematic modeling process combined with the FPG method and SimulationX-based modeling has been demonstrated. First, schematic diagram and working principle of the C-ABS model has been developed and illustrated. Based on the FPG method, several symbols (power unit, clutch/brake unit, and connection unit) for the C-ABS have been introduced. Second, system mode, operation, and function inspection of the C-ABS have been analyzed. Then, each component model of the C-ABS (wheel, disc brake, gearbox, and centrifugal braking device) has been established, and then the schematic diagram of the C-ABS has been transferred into practical image of the system structure (or physical model) through SimulationX to identify the dynamic characteristics of the C-ABS.
2015-11-17
Technical Paper
2015-32-0709
Barath Mohan, Venkata Mangaraju Karanam, Chandramouli Padmanabhan
The aim of the present study is to develop feasible test methods to measure tire parameters that can be used in two wheeler industry for tire development. In this work, test methods are developed to measure the longitudinal friction coefficient and stiffness characteristics of motorcycle tires. Using the measured longitudinal forces from the testing procedure, a fairly accurate tire model has been developed. Based on this tire model the braking performance of the motorcycle is estimated using an analytical model of the vehicle. These are validated with experimental data. It is found that there is a good match between the results. The test is conducted for various bias ply tires used in motorcycles and the results are presented. The test methods proposed are shown to be adequate to estimate tire characteristics that are important for tire development and is less expensive compared to the standard testing facilities available.
2015-11-17
Technical Paper
2015-32-0810
Hisato Tokunaga, Kazuhiro Ichikawa, Takumi Kawasaki, Masato Kogirima, Eiji Sakurada, Tomo Yamamoto
High performance motorcycles require dynamic performance that encompasses superior handling, wherein the wheels are one of the key components that determine the dynamic performance of the motorcycle. In this paper, we will clarify the dynamic parameters for the wheels that have an impact on the handling while also constructing a design technique in which numerical shape optimization is applied.
2015-11-17
Technical Paper
2015-32-0785
Girish Kokane, Nizar Ahamed, Ravindra Kharul
Ride comfort and handling present conflicting requirements on damping properties of a suspension system. While ride comfort demands a softer damping, a higher damping force makes the ride handling better. Conventional dampers, being solely velocity dependent, are always a compromise between these two requirements. A damper can be made position sensitive, in addition to its velocity dependence, in order to obtain the best of both the worlds. A position-sensitive damper can have a softer damping force for low amplitude road excitations, as observed on highways and a higher damping force for higher amplitude road excitations, as observed in off-road conditions. Thus such a damper can be optimized not only for a good comfort, but for a good handling performance also. General designs for a position sensitive damper involve a bypass arrangement around the piston. This paper discusses an alternate arrangement for achieving position sensitive damping and its benefits.
2015-11-17
Technical Paper
2015-32-0786
Kishor Kothe, Nizar Ahamed, Girish Kokane, Ravindra Kharul
Vehicle suspension systems are designed keeping in mind the requirement for vehicle articulations and load transfer between chassis & tires. Another factor which is given due importance is the avoidance of extremities with end cushions. As such extremities result in generation of impact loads which could eventually lead to failure of end cushions and the vehicle chassis. Number of occurrences of these extremities is an indication of how good a vehicle suspension design is. This paper presents a methodology developed that converts a shock absorber to a potential sensor, that not only measures the travel and velocity, but also the different kind of loads generated at different events. It includes instrumentation, data acquisition and its analysis for evaluating the performance of the shock absorber and also to provide additional insights into its design.
2015-11-17
Technical Paper
2015-32-0829
Toshiki Yamashita, Tomoaki Kodama, Yasuhiro Honda, Toshio Otaka, Yuji Mizutani
The main purpose of Formula SAE Competition (hereafter called “FSAE”, “Formula Society of Automotive Engineering”) is to let students learn the basic ability necessary for engineers through design, fabrication and test projects. Higher running performance of a manufactured vehicle is one of the most important themes that should be studied in Student Formula Japan Competition (hereafter called SFJ Competition). Also, SFJ Competition is the series of the FSAE. the purpose of this study, the chassis must be required light weighting and high stiffness. The former can reduce the centrifugal force and the inertial force in the turning and the latter can contribute to demonstrate the suspension performance according to design [1], [2], [3], [4]. The SFJ Competition has Skid Pad event to compete for steerage responsiveness and high suspension performance on turning.
2015-11-17
Technical Paper
2015-32-0723
Hiroshi Ishii, Daisuke Saeki, Tomo Yamamoto, Manabu Morikawa, Eiji Sakurada, Kazuhiro Ichikawa, Seiichi Sonoda, Taku Nagata, Toshiyuki Kimura
In motorcycles, the size and output performance of the engine itself has a major effect on the maneuverability of the motorcycle. In particular for cases where a high output engine is mounted on a lightweight frame, these effects are even more of a concern. In the case of developing a racing motorcycle with a high power engine, the behavior of the motorcycle differs depending on the output range used and there are a lot of cases where changes to the basic dimensions of the motorcycle as well as the main components are required. Here, there are a lot of cases where the rider and drive-able courses are limited to compatibility with distinct specifications and when considering use as a general mass production motorcycle by riders with varying levels of skills and in various environments, it difficult to determine how to provide support.
2015-11-17
Journal Article
2015-32-0834
Thomas Lich, Wilko Gordon Block, S N Prashanth, Brad Heiler
Anti-lock Braking Systems (ABS) for motorcycles have already contributed significantly to the safety of powered two-wheelers (PTW) on public roads by improving bike stability and controllability in emergency braking situations. In order to address further riding situations, another step forward has been achieved with Motorcycle Stability Control (MSC) system. By combining ABS, electronically combined braking system (eCBS), traction control and inertial sensors even in situations like braking and accelerating in corners the riders' safety can be improved. The MSC system controls the distribution of braking and traction forces using an algorithm that takes into account all available vehicle information from wheels, power train and vehicle attitude. With its ability to control fundamental vehicle dynamics, the MSC system will be a basis for further development and integration of comprehensive safety systems.
2015-11-13
Article
The mixed-materials construction and the new C1XX platform enabled the development team to reduce base curb weight by 278 lb versus its predecessor and undercut its closest competitor, the mass-efficient (and shorter) Audi Q5, by a claimed 100 lb.
2015-11-05
Standard
J3063_201511
This SAE Technical Information Report provides a compendium of terms, definitions, abbreviations, and acronyms to enable common terminology for use in engineering reports, diagnostic tools and publications related to active safety systems. This information report is a survey of active safety systems and related terms. The definitions offered are descriptions of functionality rather than technical specifications. Included are warning and momentary intervention systems, which do not automate any part of the dynamic driving task on a sustained basis like those defined in SAE J3016 Automated Driving Systems.
2015-11-03
Magazine
Active in aero Several automakers-notably Mercedes-Benz and Audi - used the Frankfurt Motor Show stage to reveal sleek vehicles that aggressively employ active aerodynamic elements and other advances to reduce drag. Composites permeate inside and out Composite materials are gaining popularity for both unseen structural components and for exterior eye candy. Powertrain testing: coping with complexity With increasing use of electrical components to extend the performance of conventional combustion engines, powertrain development has never been more complicated. The good news is that test and development engineers are harnessing advanced simulation techniques and computer processing to develop the most efficient and fun powertrains ever. Can ads help in vehicle-to-vehicle rollout? Porsche unveils new downsized, boosted 3.0-L boxer six. Johnson Controls, Faurecia envision interiors for autonomous driving. Jaguar enters performance crossover SUV segment.
2015-11-02
Article
In collaboration with General Motors, ContiTech developed the fiberglass-reinforced polyamide strut mount for the new 2016 Cadillac CT6, reducing weight by 25% compared to an aluminum design.
2015-10-22
Standard
J3029_201510
This SAE Recommended Practice (RP) establishes uniform powered vehicle level test procedure for Forward Collision Avoidance and Mitigation (FCAM) systems (also identified as Automatic Emergency Braking (AEB) systems) used in highway commercial vehicles and coaches greater than 4535 Kg (10,000 lb.) GVWR. This RP does not apply to trailers, dollies, etc. and does not intend to exclude any particular system or sensor technology. These FCAM systems utilize various methodologies to identify, track and communicate data to the operator and vehicle systems to warn, intervene and/or mitigate in the longitudinal control of the vehicle.
2015-10-21
Standard
J1149_201510
This SAE Standard covers minimum requirements for two types of metallic tubing and pipe as used in automotive air brake systems. It includes material and performance specifications, corrosion precautions, and installation recommendations. Copper tubing is designated Type 1, and galvanized steel pipe Type 2.
2015-10-19
Article
Two books from SAE International detail advancements in these areas through the compilation of relevant technical papers.
2015-10-19
WIP Standard
AS6350
Recent Salt-Fog environmental qualification testing in accordance with RTCA/DO-160G, Paragraph 14, Category S identified both discrepancies in the performance specification documents and potential in-service corrosion problems with the charging valve. A new SAE AS for Valve; Aircraft, Pneumatic, High-Pressure Charging is necessary to resolve these items.
2015-10-15
WIP Standard
J2611
This SAE information report covers the basic guidelines concerning off-road tire conditions that warrant replacement, removal, or repair. This material can assist the tire user in establishing specific written procedures for each job site.
2015-10-15
WIP Standard
J2828
This SAE Informational report applies to tires used on off-road, rubber-tired work machines as identified in SAE J1116. This SAE document provides general guidelines for proper handling of potential and actual off-road tire fires and possible related explosions.
2015-10-12
Article
Magna International Inc. has received the Best Product Development Performance Award from its customer Mahindra for a new ladder frame used across multiple vehicle platforms. The award was presented at Mahindra’s Supplier Conference in Warsaw, Poland, and recognizes Cosma International, Magna’s body and chassis operating group, for the design, engineering, and development of the frame for Mahindra’s Scorpio SUV and other vehicle platforms.
2015-10-08
Standard
J876_201510
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes uniform engineering nomenclature for wide base disc wheels and demountable rims. This nomenclature and accompanying figures are intended to define fundamental wide base disc wheel and demountable rim terms. The dimensions given are those necessary to maintain serviceability and interchangeability of the wide base disc wheels and demountable rims with standard hardware. Valve clearances have not been included in this document.
2015-10-07
Magazine
Tearing down the global barriers Steering systems are becoming increasingly sophisticated, as Ian Adcock discovers when talking to the men leading Nexteer's European expansion €1.1 billion worth of Bentley luxury Bentley's Bentayga is the first in a new generation of luxury cross-overs. Ian Adcock reveals its engineering secrets Goal: "virtual" perfection Should simulations be 100% accurate?
2015-10-06
WIP Standard
J1802/1
This SAE Recommended Practice contains the reference information for SAE J1802.
2015-10-05
WIP Standard
J1615
Male pipe threads, including male dryseal pipe threads, when made into assemblies or installed into ports, will generally leak if not covered with a sealant. This SAE Recommended Practice is intended as a guide to assist designers and/or users in the selection and application of various types of thread sealants. The designers and users must make a systematic review of each type and application and then select the sealant to fulfill the requirements of the application. The following are general guidelines and are not necessarily a complete list.
2015-10-05
WIP Standard
J1131
This SAE Standard is intended to establish uniform methods of testing SAE J844 tubing and fitting assemblies as used in automotive air brake systems. This document also establishes minimum qualifications for tensile and pressure capabilities, vibrational durability under cyclic temperatures, serviceability, and fitting compatibility requirements. The specific tests and performance criteria applicable to the tubing are set forth in SAE J844. NOTE--The test values contained in this document are for test purposes only. For environmental and usage limitations see SAE J844.Fittings--A type of fitting for use with SAE J844 nonmetallic tubing is included in SAE J246; however, it is not intended to restrict or preclude the use of other designs of fittings that comply with this document.
2015-10-02
WIP Standard
J3111
The scope of this recommended practice is to establish definitions and recommended methods for the measurement of lateral run-out and disc thickness variation in the laboratory and vehicle for passenger cars and light duty trucks up to 4546 kg gross vehicle weight. This recommended practice will breakdown the instrumentation (sensors and sizes), test setup, and data processing.
2015-09-29
Technical Paper
2015-01-2726
Balaji Lomada, N G Rajakumar, V Vijaykumar
Abstract Commercial vehicles have steering systems with one or more steering links connecting the steering gear box pitman arm and front axle steering arm. In case of twin steer vehicles, intermediate pivot arm is used to transfer the motion proportionately between the two front axles. Intermediate pivot arm is also used in some longer front over-hang vehicles to overcome their packaging constraints and to optimize the mechanical leverage. The pivot shaft is a mechanical part of the intermediate pivot arm assembly upon which pivot arm can swivel in one axis. Steering forces transferred through the drag links generates resultant forces and bending moments on the pivot shaft. In this work, study has been carried out on premature failure of the pivot shaft in city bus application model (Entry + 1 step). Metallurgical analysis of failed part indicated the failure to be due to fatigue. Pivot shaft was tested in rig with similar load conditions in order to replicate the failure.
2015-09-29
Technical Paper
2015-01-2724
Peiwen Mi, Guoying Chen
Abstract Electric Power Steering System (EPS) can directly provide auxiliary steering torque via a motor. The motor and the reducer in mechanical system will make the friction torque in steering system larger, as a result, the ability of steering returning will be reduced. Therefore, during the design of EPS system control strategy, an extra active return-to-middle control strategy is needed. For the fact that most of the low-end vehicles equipped with EPS system do not have a steering wheel angle sensor, a control strategy has to work without the datum of steering wheel angle. This paper proposes an active return-to-middle control method without steering wheel angle sensor, based on the estimated aligning torque which is converted to the pinion, and expounds how to determine the steering system current motion state in detail. This control method will work just during the turning condition, so it has no effect on the EPS basic assist characteristics.
2015-09-29
Technical Paper
2015-01-2722
Sundarram Arunachalam, Ramprabhu Kannan, Nagarajan Gopikannan, Jayaramareddy Sekar
Abstract With advancement of technology, better safety and higher vehicle reliability is primary requirement of end customer especially in public transportation. Hence there exist challenges in design and development of steering system for long haulage and tipper application. In the steering system, track rod is used to steer both the front tyre under different operating condition assisted by power steering system. This paper deals with the failures observed on track rod in long haulage and tipper application with loading conditions. Also the methodology adapted to resolve the field failures.
2015-09-29
Technical Paper
2015-01-2723
Yaning Han, Hongyu Zheng, Ying Wan, Changfu Zong
Abstract Electro-hydraulic power steering system (EHPS) maintains the advantages of Hydraulic power steering system (HPS) and Electric power steering system (EPS).It is even more superior than this two. In the foreseeable future, this system will have a certain development space. Assistant characters analysis was carried out in this paper. Control strategy based on steering states and feedback control strategy were designed too. Besides, aiming at the emergency steering conditions, steering angular velocity additional controlling strategy was brought out. Under emergency steering conditions, steering angular velocity additional controlling strategy will be applied. Additional steering moment will be calculated to ensure the assistant follow steering rapidly.
2015-09-29
Technical Paper
2015-01-2720
Sundarram Arunachalam, Ramprabhu Kannan, Jayaramareddy Sekar
Abstract Steering gear box function is one of the important requirements in heavy vehicles in order to reduce driver fatigue. Improper functioning of steering gear box not only increases the driver fatigue, also concerns the safety of the vehicle. In this present investigation, the engine oil mixing up with steering oil has been identified and steering gear box failure has been observed in the customer vehicle. The root cause of failure has been analyzed. Based on the investigations, in particular design of steering pump has been failed at customer end. The same design of steering pump were segregated and analyzed. Initial pressure mapping study has been conducted. The pressure mapping results revealed that the cavity pressure obstructs the flow of suction pressure. It indicates that obstacle at suction port due to the existence of internal leakage that causes back pressure in the internal cavity of steering pump which sucks engine oil.
Viewing 241 to 79 of 79

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