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Viewing 151 to 180 of 10963
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-1058
L.V. Pavan Kumar Maddula, Ibrahim Awara
Abstract Increased focus on fuel efficiency and vehicle emissions has led the automotive industry to look into low weight alternative designs for powertrain system components. These new design changes pose challenges to vehicle attributes like NVH, durability, etc. Further, the requirement of high power applications produces even more complexities. The present work explains how a potential design change of half shafts driven by a desire to reduce weight and cost can lead to NVH problems caused by half shaft resonances and explains how using multiple dynamic vibration absorbers can solve the issue to meet customer expectation while improving efficiency. With the aid of Finite Element Analysis (FEA) & optimization software, interactions between multiple DVA’s on a system was understood and optimal damper parameters for effective damping was identified. The final DVA design was tested and verified on the vehicle for optimal attribute performance.
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-1225
Jayaraman Krishnasamy, Martin Hosek
Abstract An advanced electric motor with hybrid-field topology has been developed for automotive traction applications. Departing from the conventional radial- and axial-field designs, the hybrid-field motor features three-dimensional magnetic flux paths, which are enabled by a novel isotropic soft magnetic material produced by a unique additive-manufacturing process based on spray forming. The motor is expected to offer an unprecedented combination of high power output, compact size, low weight and energy efficiency, achieving more than two times higher power density than state-of-the-art high-performance traction motors.
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-1284
Khushal Ahmad, Monis Alam
Abstract With the ever increasing number of vehicles on road and the rise of the electric and automated vehicles, it is important to minimize the consumption of energy by each vehicle, regenerative braking is in wide use today, however, the research in the field of regenerative suspension is limited. The regenerative suspension has huge capabilities in power generation especially on third world roads having rather bumpy rides. A huge amounts of energy is wasted in shock absorbers due to friction. This study emphasizes on the implementation of the energy present in the suspension system by replacing the Shock Absorber with a Energy transfer system Involving Hydraulic cylinder, Hydraulic Motor and Dynamo. The energy which is usually lost as heat due to friction in conventional Suspension is used to drive a dynamo through Hydraulic System designed in this paper and electricity is generated.
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-0459
Salah H. R. Ali, Badr S. N. Azzam, T. A. Osman, A. M. Moustafa
Abstract The frictional composite is an important material in braking system for automotive, trucks or heavy-duty vehicles. In this paper, a proposed frictional composite material has been developed to achieve the ISO requirements for heavy-duty vehicle brakes. This new frictional material has been fabricated with various compositions. Tribological, chemical, mechanical, thermal conductivity and acoustic noise level tests have measure its performance compared to other two commercial samples under certain operating conditions. Surface characteristics of selected samples have been performed using white light optical microscopy (WLOM) in 2D images to insure the material homogeneity. Additionally, surface roughness analyses using atomic force microscopy (AFM) into 2D and 3D images before and after frictional operation have been investigated.
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-0455
Harshad Hatekar, Baskar Anthonysamy, V. Saishanker, Lakshmi Pavuluri, Gurdeep Singh Pahwa
Abstract Structural elastomer components like bushes, engine mounts are required to meet stringent and contrasting requirements of being soft for better NVH and also be durable at different loading conditions and different road conditions. Silent block bushes are such components where the loading in radial direction of bushes are high to ensure the durability of bushes at high loads, but has to be soft on torsion to ensure good NVH. These requirements present with unique challenge to optimize the leaf spring bush design, stiffness and material characteristics of the rubber. Traditionally, bushes with varying degree of stiffness are selected, manufactured and tested on vehicle and the best one is chosen depending on the requirements. However, this approach is costly, time consuming and iterative. In this study, the stiffness targets required for the bush were analysed using static and dynamic load cases using virtual simulation (MSC.ADAMS).
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-0454
Colin Young
Abstract Contacts between different meshed components in a finite element model frequently present modeling challenges. Tracking the progress of contact and separation is computationally expensive and may result in non-convergence of the model. In many contact problems of practical interest, such as bolted assemblies or in a shaft bearing where the shaft is constrained against rotation, it is clear that the components are in essentially constant contact and relative motion between them is negligible. In these cases, we can reduce the computational burden by defining an interface between the bodies using modeling devices other than the surface element contact commands. Some approaches in common use, such as tying the meshed surfaces together, or applying fixed boundary condition constraints in various directions, while they resolve convergence issue, can result in non-physical stress distributions and unconservative results in some cases.
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-1326
Santhoji Katare, Ravichandran S, Gokul Ram, Giri Nammalwar
Abstract Model based computer-aided processes offer an economical and accelerated alternative to traditional build-and-test "Edisonian" approaches in engineering design. Typically, a CAE based design problem is formulated in two parts, viz. (1) the inverse design problem which involves identification of the appropriate geometry with desired properties, and (2) the forward problem which is the prediction of performance from the product geometry. Solution to the forward problem requires development of an accurate model correlated to physical data. This validated model could then be used for Virtual Verification of engineering systems efficiently and for solving the inverse problem. This paper demonstrates the rigorous process of model development, calibration, validation/verification, and use of the calibrated model in the design process with practical examples from automotive chassis and powertrain systems.
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-1113
Yulong Lei, Pengxiang Song, Hongpeng Zheng, Yao Fu, Zhenjie Liu, Xuanyi Fu
Abstract Hydraulic retarders have been widely used in heavy-duty vehicles because of its advantages such as large braking torque and long operating hours. They can be used instead of service brakes in non-emergency braking conditions and can also reduce frequency and time of driver’s actions in braking process, thereby minimizing heat-related problems. In order to accurately produce braking torque needed for the vehicle in time by using hydraulic retarder, which enable the vehicle to travel stably and safely during downhill driving, aiming at the constant-speed function of hydraulic retarder, the research of constant-speed control method is conducted in this paper. The structure and working principle of hydraulic retarder is introduced and the dynamic characteristic is analyzed. And the theoretical model of vehicle and hydraulic retarder are established based on dynamic analysis of the vehicle downhill driving.
2017-03-28
Journal Article
2017-01-1111
Marcello Canova, Cristian Rostiti, Luca D'Avico, Stephanie Stockar, Gang Chen, Michael Prucka, Hussein Dourra
Abstract To improve torque management algorithms for drivability, the powertrain controller must be able to compensate for the nonlinear dynamics of the driveline. In particular, the presence of backlash in the transmission and drive shafts excites sharp torque fluctuations during tip-in or tip-out transients, leading to a deterioration of the vehicle drivability and NVH. This paper proposes a model-based estimator that predicts the wheel torque in an automotive drivetrain, accounting for the effects of backlash and drive shaft flexibility. The starting point of this work is a control-oriented model of the transmission and vehicle drivetrain dynamics that predicts the wheel torque during tip-in and tip-out transients at fixed gear. The estimator is based upon a switching structure that combines a Kalman Filter and an open-loop prediction based on the developed model.
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-1176
Hafiz S. Khafagy
Abstract Auto stop-start (Engine stop-start, ESS) has become a widely used feature to reduce fuel consumption and CO2 emissions particularly in congested cities. Typically, vehicles equipped with such systems include two DC power sources that are coupled in parallel: a primary and a secondary power source. The primary power source supplies energy to the starter to crank the engine, while the secondary power source supplies energy to the rest of the vehicle electric loads. During an auto-stop event, a controllable switch decouples the two power sources. Moreover, operating current, voltage and the State of Charge (SOC) are monitored to ensure enough energy for the next auto-start event. When any of these operating parameters are below the threshold values, the controllable switch opens to isolate the two batteries and then the engine is automatically started.
2017-03-28
Collection
The papers in this collection are to provide a forum for presentations on steering and suspension related topics as it applies to ground vehicles. Papers address new approaches as well as advances in application of steering, suspension related technologies.
2017-03-28
Collection
This technical paper collection is focused on vehicle dynamics and controls using modeling and simulation, and experimental analysis of passenger cars, heavy trucks, and wheeled military vehicles. The papers address active and passive safety systems to mitigate rollover, yaw instability and braking issues; driving simulators and hardware-in-the-loop systems; suspension kinematics and compliance, steering dynamics, advanced active suspension technologies; and tire force and moment mechanics.
2017-03-22
Article
Replacing the decade-old Jeep Compass is the new-for-2017 Jeep Compass, FCA’s (and Jeep’s) first truly global vehicle program. Styled to resemble a slightly scaled-down Grand Cherokee, the new C-segment SUV is being produced in four plants (Mexico, China, India and Brazil) and offered in 17 powertrain combinations including diesels and 6-speed manual gearboxes.
CURRENT
2017-03-21
Standard
AS5714
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) prescribes the Minimum Performance Standards (MPS) for wheel, brake, and wheel and brake assemblies to be used on aircraft certificated under 14 CFR Parts 23, 27, and 29. Compliance with this specification is not considered approval for installation on any aircraft.
2017-03-13
Article
Startup-company Twin Spring Coupling features its new power transfer coupling that is warrantied to 300 lb·ft (407 N·m) of torque.
CURRENT
2017-03-13
Standard
J2995_201703
This recommended practice will specify a standard duty cycle and set of conditions for component-level durability testing. The "duty cycle" refers to a set of loading conditions (e.g. torque or pressure and cycling count), and the 'test conditions" refers to environmental conditions such as temperature, humidity, and part conditioning from prior exposure (e.g. heat aging).
CURRENT
2017-02-13
Standard
J2611_201702
This SAE information report covers the basic guidelines concerning off-road tire conditions that warrant replacement, removal, or repair. This material can assist the tire user in establishing specific written procedures for each job site.
2017-02-13
WIP Standard
J2789
This Recommended Practice is useful to determine the inertia value (wheel load and tire radius) using three basic methods (fixed brake work split, dynamic weight transfer, and axle rating) to determine the wheel load and two methods to determine the tire radius (SLR and rolling radius). The inertia values are required to determine the amount of energy and brake work imposed on the brake during testing. The inertia level (mechanical or simulated) is required also to calculate deceleration levels from a given torque value or the torque level for a given deceleration value or set-point. This procedure is applicable to all passenger cars and light trucks up to 4,540kg of GVWR.
2017-02-09
Article
UQM Technologies signed a development agreement with Meritor to jointly develop E-axles for the medium- and heavy-duty EV commercial market, according to a February 2 announcement. Prototypes are expected by early fall of 2017.
2017-02-09
WIP Standard
J2247
This SAE Recommended Practice identifies the minimum truck tractor electrical power output of the stop lamp and ABS (antilock brake system) circuits measured at the primary SAE J560 tractor trailer interface connector(s).
CURRENT
2017-02-09
Standard
J1469_201702
This SAE Recommended Practice provides procedures and methods for testing service, spring applied parking, and combination brake actuators with respect to durability, function, and environmental performance. A minimum of six test units designated A, B, C, D, E, and F are to be used to perform all tests per 1.1 and 1.2.
CURRENT
2017-02-02
Standard
J380_201702
Specific gravity is a nondestructive test used as a quality control check of the consistency of formulation and processing of brake lining. The specific gravity and the range of specific gravity are peculiar to each formulation and, therefore, the acceptable values or range must be established for each formulation by the manufacturer. Specific gravity alone shows nothing about a materials in use performance. The specific gravity of sintered metal powder friction materials, particularly those which have steel backing members, is usually determined somewhat differently. Reference ASTM B 376.
CURRENT
2017-02-02
Standard
J379_201702
Hardness measurements are used as a quality control check of the consistency of formulation and processing of brake linings. Gogan hardness is nondestructive (the penetrator causes shallow surface deformation.). Gogan hardness method alone does not show anything about a lining’s ability to develop friction or to resist fade when used as a friction element in brakes. The hardness and the range of hardness are peculiar to each formulation, thickness, and contour; therefore, the acceptable values and ranges must be established for each formulation and part configuration by the manufacturer.
CURRENT
2017-02-02
Standard
J2581_201702
This SAE Information report defines the thermal transport properties important in the assessment of heat management capability of brake lining, shoe, disc and drum materials. The report discusses thermal diffusivity, specific heat capacity, thermal conductivity and thermal expansion. Measurement techniques for the appropriate ASTM standards are identified. The thermal transport properties discussed are material sample properties, not the properties of entire components such as pad assemblies.
2017-01-31
WIP Standard
AIR6417
This Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides information related to experience with carbon brake quality-assurance rejected takeoff tests, and considerations regarding test setup, test conditions, test frequency and cost considerations.
2017-01-25
Article
Dr. Christian Wiehen, Chief Technology Officer for WABCO, discusses ADAS, platooning and automated future for trucks.
2017-01-23
Article
Volvo Construction Equipment offers increased payload capacities among other features on the new A45G articulated hauler.
CURRENT
2017-01-12
Standard
ARP5429A
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) applies to fatigue testing of landing gear and landing gear components.
2017-01-10
Technical Paper
2017-26-0259
Sandeep V. Sawangikar, Jeevan N. Patil, Sivakumar Palanivelu, Arun Kumar K
Abstract Steering system deliver a precise directional control to the vehicle chassis and ensure the safe driving at all maneuvers. Hydraulic power assisted system (HPAS) helps drivers to steer by boosting steering assistance of the steering wheel while retaining the road feel. HPAS performance is associated with the design characteristics of rotary valve, steering, suspension, kinematics, brake, tire, vehicle speed and load transfer. Thus a detailed power steering system model is absolutely necessary to evaluate and optimize the performance characteristics. However, many components of HPAS system are proprietary in nature so it is very challenging to get component characteristic of each sub-system for the complete power steering system model. Hence, it is very important to establish a technique to extract all such influencing characteristics with available test facility.
2017-01-10
Technical Paper
2017-26-0261
Ashesh Anil Shah, Ashok Patidar
Abstract Paper explains conversion of existing drum brake system to disc brake system with complete digital validation at structural as well as thermal level to make sure First Time Right Design before physical part development. To provide leverage to quick design, modification and selection of brake system according to vehicle configuration, a virtual computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation process is developed and validated with test results. Temperature variation over brake drum and disc in internal standard braking cycle is measured virtually and correlated with test results. Also Fade testing criteria’s were considered during CFD analysis. This up gradation is must considering technology enhancement trend and safety in automotive segment. In current competitive market scenario and as per customer requirements, front disc brake module is becoming necessary not only for passenger segment but also for commercial segment vehicle.
Viewing 151 to 180 of 10963

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