Abstract In recent year, with the booming of Chinese economy and domestic civil air transportation market, China's aircraft manufacturers have been trying to develop their own commercial aircraft and changing from the subcontracting-manufacturer to aircraft developer, which turned to be a very hard task. One of the main challenges in front of China's aircraft manufacturers and airborne equipment suppliers is how to apply the airworthiness standards, such as ARP4754A, ARP4761, DO-178B(C) and DO-254, etc, into their engineering practice. Chinese companies are struggling in improving their capabilities to satisfy certification requirements and are making some remarkable progress these years. The paper first introduces the current status of Chinese aviation industry, and then the challenges to China's airborne equipment suppliers are analyzed. Based on these, the customization considerations of airworthiness standards and ARP4754 Practice in Chinese context are discussed.